Sgf the executive summary


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Sgf the executive summary

  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONThe administration of President Goodluck EbeleJonathan came into being in May 2011. At thesecond year the administration considers itappropriate to render an account of its activitiesto the nation. This report therefore highlights theachievements of this government in advancing therule of law, democracy and development inNigeria.The rendering of this report is part of the processthis administration has put in place to entrenchaccountable governance. This Administrationbelieves that without accountability, propagandawill dominate the political space and thereforeblur the distinction between political campaignand governance performance.Advancing Democracy2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION (CONT.)This report presents the verifiable performance index for the JonathanAdministration. We make bold to say that in two years the governmenthas protected the rights of the citizens, promoted sustainabledevelopment and guaranteed the integrity of state institutions.Nigeria operates a system of presidential democracy. To properly assessthe democracy quotient of every model of governance, we need anexpansive concept of democracy. The definition of democracy by formerOAU Secretary-General, Dr. Salim Ahmed Salim, is very illuminating: In hiswords:“In essence, democratic governance refers to a political socio-economic framework in which every individual and every communitybecomes an equal member of society, and is provided with a space ofengagement in shaping the destiny of society”……Advancing Democracy3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION (CONT.)He continued that: “It is a totality that encompasses the political, socialand economic domains in a mutually reinforcing and symbolic nature. It isa dynamic process that is nurtured and enriched with the growth andevolution of a society. I need to also point out in this regard thatdemocratic governance is not only a relationship within society. At thissecond level, it underscores such virtues as tolerance, dialogue, andunderstanding, social integration, gender equality, abidance to norms,respect for fundamental rights, and adherence to the rule of law andnegation to corruption’’.Advancing Democracy4
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION (CONT.)After 13 years of unbroken democratic governance in Nigeria, there isthe need to bench mark our successes and challenges with a view tomaking faster progress and also make amends where needed. Thisrevaluation will help to refocus our concept of democracy; re-establish the fundamentals and re-emphasize the need not onlyto preserve democracy but to deepen it.Advancing Democracy5
  6. 6. JONATHAN’S MODEL OF LEADERSHIPJonathan’sModelof LeadershipFrom the definition ofdemocracy above we candistinguish between twocomponents of democracy, thefundamentals of democracy andthe incidentals to democracy.Fundamentals of democracy arethose elements that make up thesubstance of democracy.This report considers them to bethe pillars of democracy withoutwhich the taste of democracy islost.Advancing Democracy6
  7. 7. JONATHAN’S MODEL OF LEADERSHIP(CONT.)The fundamental (which include personal liberties, popular participation,respect for the individuals’ rights, provision of equal opportunities,majority rule and minority rights, etc) principles of democracy findexpression in basic human freedoms. Protection and enjoyment of thesefreedoms guarantees human worth which inspires the confidence to notonly to aim at the optimum in life but also the agility to protest anddefend abuses of personal rights and social interest.The incidentals to democracy are what in this clime popularly referred toas democracy dividends, which in ordinary language means the goodproducts of democracy. It is important to emphasize that this product ofdemocracy can only be good if it is indeed, a product of free society withpopular participation. It must not only be verifiable, but also, subject toaccountable satisfaction of the populace.Advancing Democracy7
  8. 8. DEMOCRACY: JONATHAN’S MODEL OFLEADERSHIP (CONT.)The policy thrust of thisadministration therefore is notonly to deliver democracydividends but to make it good inaccordance with the bestprinciples of democracy. Thisexplains the emphasis onconsultation and dialogue,process and procedure, clearand need-driven projects conception, open and competitive procurementprocess, equitable distribution of social amenities, diligent planning andexecution strategies, checks and balances, rule of law; and extensiveexpansion of civil space together with respect for citizens’ right amongothers.Advancing Democracy8
  9. 9. DEMOCRACY: JONATHAN’S MODEL OFLEADERSHIP (CONT.)We are quick to add that the process of democratization demands a lot ofrestraints, patience and at times pains. We are proud to explain the Mr.President’s uncommon restraint at the face of many challenges is amanifestation of a great desire to deepen democratic culture in all aspectsof our national life.The report in this chapter on Governance will give a summary account ofthe Administration’s strides in advancing democratic culture with theconsequential delivery of good dividends under the following headings:Advancing Democracy9
  10. 10. EXPANDING CIVIC SPACEIn the last two years, thecivic space has beenexpanded for democracyand civic participation.We are convinced thatcivic consciousness is alubricant to democracy.This has given rise tounprecedented growth inthe number of civilsociety groups in Nigeria.Advancing Democracy10
  11. 11. EXPANDING CIVIC SPACE (CONT.)These groups are not only active in advocating for civil rights butsometimes actually engage themselves into political activism. Suchexamples include Save Nigeria Group, Occupy Nigeria, Corruption Watchand others of whom take on Government at the slightest opportunity;for example, was the involvement of Save Nigeria Group in the fuelsubsidy removal protests that was ab initio - a labour-led protest.On Sept. 6th, 2012 Mr. President hosted Civil Society Organizations to aPresidential Retreat. It was an open forum for members to express theirviews before Mr. President on the on-going constitutional review andother matters of interest. Over three hundred groups attended theretreat, and voted on a number of national issues. This has neverhappened before. It created a sense of participation in the constitutionalreview process, therefore the willingness of the Federal Government togive civil society a prime role was a pleasant one.Advancing Democracy11
  12. 12. EXPANDING CIVIC SPACE (CONT.)During this period under review, the Federal Government has concededto the demands of the people in a manner previously unprecedented.Not only that, it has reversed some decisions based on the complaintsand suggestions of the people. Remarkably, trade disputes are now,more than ever before, resolved through dialogue. Pro-poor and Genderempowerment issues now take centre stage. Within the period, morethan ever before, we have witnessed more opportunities for both menand women. There are presently 13 female ministers and 26 femaleSpecial Advisers/SSAPs/SAPs playing critical and uncommon roles in theGovernment.Flowing from the above, we have recorded the followingoutcomes:Advancing Democracy12
  13. 13. OUTCOME• A high sense of freedom has arisenamong the citizens.• Citizens are now bolder and moreassertive,• High sense of participation in issues ofgovernance has been awakenedamong the citizens.• Governance issues are now more freelyand openly discussed without any fear,• Opposition parties and groups enjoytotal liberty, as a result they are nowmore confident and stronger, therebymaking the political space morecompetitive, democratic and reflectiveof every shade of opinion.Advancing Democracy13
  14. 14. OUTCOME (CONT.)• Citizens are more confident and freely resort to court in defense oftheir rights, etc.• Press freedom has been entrenched and greatly expanded, with theNigeria Press being regarded by most people as the freest in Africa.Advancing Democracy14
  15. 15. ENTRENCHING CHECKS ANDBALANCESThe essence of separation of powers is to ensure the balance of poweramong the Executive, Legislative and the Judiciary. In a presidentialdemocracy like ours, the powers of each arm is enormous, more particularlythe powers of the executive. Our democratic history is dotted with blackspots where the exercise of certain powers by any of the arms ofgovernment has frustrated progressive governance and indeed endangereddemocracy.For this reason, President Jonathan’s administration has committed toensuring stability of the system by strengthening the independence of eacharm of government, through non interference with affairs peculiar to them,perfecting and diligently enhancing their fiscal independence, improvingconsultation among them in matters of national interests, involving themreasonably in executive actions and unprecedented avoidance of highhandedness among others. This has yielded some democracy dividendwithin the three arms of Government.Advancing Democracy15
  16. 16. OUTCOMEAt the Executive Arm• Enhanced commitment to due process and rule of law• Total absence of disobedience to court process/judgments• A growing cordiality among the three arms of government.• Public interest takes preeminence• Dialogue and conciliation is fast gaining ground as the best way towardsnational consensus• The culture of consultation is fast becoming the norm• Industrial stability as a result of a more hands-on approach to labourissues etc.Advancing Democracy16
  17. 17. OUTCOMEAt the Legislative Arm• A more assertive legislative practice,• Stability in the leadership of the legislature,• Stable funding of legislative activities,• Enhanced oversight activities,• Enhanced public hearings on all matters of public interests,• More public confidence in the ability of the legislature tointervene in matters arising from the exercise of executiveactions,• More diligent legislative works and processAdvancing Democracy17
  18. 18. OUTCOMEAt the Judicial Arm• Judicial activities have risen to greater prominence,• More assertive Judiciary,• Citizens are more confident in the Judiciary,• Greater acceptance of Judicial pronouncements as fair Justice• A more active Nigerian Judicial Council indicating more ability ofthe Judiciary to discipline itself etc.Advancing Democracy18
  19. 19. ELECTORAL PROGRESSAdvancing Democracy19
  20. 20. ELECTORAL PROGRESS (CONT.)The right to vote and be voted for has been described as the bastion ofdemocracy. For this right to be meaningful the citizens must have theconfidence that votes must count and the electoral process must becredible enough to encourage citizens to present themselves forelection. The most critical aspiration of democracy is to secure for thepeople the right to choose their government through a credible electoralsystem.President Jonathan on assumption of office as acting Presidentcommitted to execute to the letter, the electoral reforms which hispredecessor started. In addition to a holistic implementation of theJustice Uwais Committee recommendations, President Jonathanintroduced the campaign for one man, one vote, one woman, one vote,one girl, one vote and one boy, one vote.Advancing Democracy20
  21. 21. ELECTORAL PROGRESS (CONT.)He announced publicly that nobody should rigelection for him. In order to convince thedoubting Thomas’s who never believed thatthat will be possible in Nigeria, he appointedProf. Attahiru Jega, a renowned unionist andcivil liberties advocate as the Chairman ofIndependent National Electoral Commission(INEC). Furthermore, he declared to Nigeriansthat he was appointing Professor Jega based onthe Professor’s reputation, and that he hadnever met him.Additionally, the Independent NationalElectoral Commission has enjoyed adequatefunding for their activities, unprecedentedautonomy and independence of actions.Advancing Democracy21
  22. 22. ELECTORAL PROGRESS (CONT.)OUT COME• The country witnessed the most credible elections in 2011• Voters turn out dramatically improved as a result of citizen’sconfidence in the electoral system• The international community acknowledged that the 2011 electionswere the freest and fairest in Nigerian history• The electoral process has continued to improve since 2011; giving riseto more and generally accepted electoral outcomes from INECconducted the gubernatorial elections in Kebbi and Ondo States in2012; and Edo State in 2013. In the Ondo and Edo States, oppositionparties defeated the ruling party.• More permanent electoral infrastructure are now being put in placee.g. permanent voters cards and registers• Better and diligent planning and execution of elections is now moreappreciated• As a result of effective policing of elections, thuggery and ballot boxsnatching has become almost extinct.Advancing Democracy22
  23. 23. ELECTORAL PROGRESS (CONT.)OUT COME• INEC decisions are now being respected by all stakeholders in thedischarge of its regulatory role over political parties etc.• Issue based campaigns and diligent commitment to theconsciousness that vote counts are beginning to bench mark ourpolitical commitments• As a regulator, INEC decisions are now being respected by allpolitical parties etc.• Issue based campaigns and diligent commitment to theconsciousness that vote counts are beginning to bench mark ourpolitical commitmentsAdvancing Democracy23
  24. 24. FEDERAL CHARACTERThe principle of Federal Character in the management of public affairshas become the strongest string that holds the nation together. Thisbecame a critical issue during the 1978 Constituent Assemblydeliberations and was elevated as a major condition for the unity of thenation. That conference recommended the institutionalization of theFederal Character principles in the constitution. However, the thenmilitary Government only provided for it as part of the fundamentalobjective principle of state policy and went ahead to enact the FederalCharacter Act to superintend the implementation of the principle in thepublic service of the Federation.Federal Character principle recognizes that the country is multi-ethnicand greatly diverse in many ways and so necessary to give each sectiona sense of belonging in Resource allocation and the distribution ofFederal positions in the public service of the Federation.Advancing Democracy24
  25. 25. FEDERAL CHARACTER (CONT)This diversity must be taken into account. It is expected that by sodoing ethnic domination or fears of same, which purportedly triggeredoff national crises in the past will be avoided. It is also believed that thediligent application of the principle will help all sections of the countryachieve parity in growth and development. On assumption of office, itwas discovered that many agitation and cries of marginalization havearisen as a result of disregard to the Federal Character principle in mostfederal appointments and project allocations. It was also discoveredthat these among others have contributed to budgeting turbulence inthe National Assembly.Consequently, the latest appointments to major federal positions havebeen carefully carried out to correct outstanding imbalances. This hasnot been easy and has led to delays in filling certain vacant positions asefforts are made to weigh in the balance such decisions.Advancing Democracy25
  26. 26. FEDERAL CHARACTER (CONT)Our efforts in the last two years have yielded some result but much isyet to be achieved.Advancing Democracy26
  27. 27. SUMMARY OF APPOINTEES PER STATES/No. State No. of Appointee1 Abia 162 Adamawa 203 Akwa Ibom 124 Anambra 255 Bauchi 146 Bayelsa 177 Benue 198 Borno 149 Cross River 1110 Delta 2711 Ebonyi 612 Edo 2313 Ekiti 1014 Enugu 13Advancing Democracy27
  28. 28. 15 FCT 416 Gombe 1317 Imo 2018 Jigawa 919 Kaduna 2120 Kano 2021 Katsina 2122 Kebbi 1423 Kogi 2624 Kwara 2225 Lagos 826 Nassarawa 1027 Niger 1128 Ogun 2229 Ondo 14SUMMARY OF APPOINTEES PER STATEAdvancing Democracy28
  29. 29. SUMMARY OF APPOINTEES PER STATE30 Osun 2431 Oyo 1032 Plateau 1233 Rivers 1634 Sokoto 735 Taraba 636 Yobe 937 Zamfara 5Grand Total 551Advancing Democracy29
  30. 30. Also in the allocation of federal projects, this administration met grossimbalance. However, the determination to give each geo-political zonea sense of belonging has been the driving force behind the efforts inthe last two years. In striving to achieve parity, consideration is paid topeculiar needs of each zone.OUTCOME• Confidence is building in each geo-political zone that it does notmatter where the President comes from, that adherence to the ruleof law and the principle of federal character guarantees sense ofbelonging.• Zones that had felt marginalized in the past now have a greatersense of belonging.• There is more awareness that Governments can be heldaccountable if they subvert the Federal Character principle.SUMMARY OF APPOINTEES PER STATEAdvancing Democracy30
  31. 31. CORRUPTIONThis Government wholly asserts that Corruption is unacceptable andshould be shunned because of its negative effects on our socio-economic development. There have been several efforts to curbcorruption in the past. However, we have discovered that the usualemphasis on the “hunter’s approach”, has secured very limited results.This Administration decided to follow a deliberate strategy with thefollowing components:-Advancing Democracy31
  32. 32. CORRUPTION (CONT.)• eliminate as practicable as possible, all opportunities for Corruption by:improving Process, Transparency, and Accountability in governmentprocurement. Equally significant is the increasing emphasis on Public PrivatePartnership approach as a way of reducing opportunities for corrupt practice.• Improvement on Investigation and Prosecution mechanisms by: -strengthening all anti-corruption agencies through training, better fundingand non interference in their activities.• Collaboration among the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary toaccelerate the dispensation of justice especially in cases involving corruption.In cases like Fuel Subsidy probe and Pension Funds probe the FederalGovernment built on the initial reports from the Legislature and movedaggressively to expose and prosecute those found culpable. The effort isongoing and we will not stop until culpable individuals or groups are broughtto book.Advancing Democracy32
  33. 33. CORRUPTION (CONT.)• Improving funding and capacity building to ensure independence ofthe Judiciary and inspire confidence in all law enforcement agencies.This has led to a judiciary that now demands the highest level ofintegrity from judges especially as regards those handling high-profilepublic-interest cases. In recent times there has been severepunishment for those found wanting.• Enhancement of complimentarity among the Anti -corruptionagencies i.e. ICPC, EFCC and Code of Conduct Bureau. This hasenhanced information sharing and reduction in duplication of effortsin dealing with any particular matter.• A more assertive National Assembly in discharging its oversightfunctions especially in investigations and public hearing on wide rangeof cases.• The Freedom of Information Act is in place and can be used as aneffective check against the abuse of power.Advancing Democracy33
  34. 34. CORRUPTION (CONT.)• The increasing use of e-platforms for government business is mean topromote efficiency and eliminate choke points that service corruptionin government. The use of electronic purse for distribution of fertilizeris a radical change from the inefficient middle-man dominatedmethods of the past.OUTCOME:• A more strategic and institutional fight against corruption by usingimproved systems and processes had resulted in greater servicedelivery to the people and value for money for governmentexpenditure,• The improvement in our economic outlook is partially as a result of theeasing of bottlenecks and reduction of corrupt practices ingovernance.Advancing Democracy34
  35. 35. CORRUPTION (CONT.)• Nigerians can expect a steady improvement in the national andinternational perception of Nigeria on issues of corruption,• A more rules-driven fight against corruption.• It has become clear to many that no matter how long it takes thatoffenders will face the music,• Reported incidents of corruption are on the decline.Advancing Democracy35
  36. 36. SECURITYGovernment accepts that security oflife and property of the citizen is itsprimary obligation and an essentialcondition for sustaining our nationaldevelopment. That is why thisadministration has been firm in itsapproach to the key securitychallenges of the nation. It is thereforeheart-warming that we have diligentlyproceeded with the AmnestyProgramme. It is a reasonable successand as a result, the Niger Delta Regionis reasonably calm save for theoccasional flashes that one expectsafter more than a decade of crisis.Advancing Democracy36
  37. 37. SECURITY (CONT.)In South West and some parts of the North, the security situation has beenstable because of success of the following strategies:-• Improved training, equipping and motivation of the security forces.• Swift and decisive deployment of operatives and personnel to troublespots.• Better policing and information gathering.• Heightened public awareness and co-operation especially forintelligence gathering and communal vigilance.However, the situation in some other parts of the country wasunprecedented. We experienced a wave of kidnapping and terror that noNigerian could have contemplated some few years ago. The training andorientation of most of our agencies had being to defend the integrity of thenation from external threats and unpatriotic elements.Advancing Democracy37
  38. 38. SECURITY (CONT.)No one had ever budgeted for suicidal and anti social acts like kidnappingwhich was totally unknown to our valued system, our cultures andworldview. Indeed, when for instance it was first said that a Nigerian wasinvolved in a plot to bomb a US-bound aircraft on Christmas Day 2009,Nigerians were in total shock and outrage.The new reality is that some misguided ones amongst us are in league withforeign mercenaries to commit acts of terror while others are driven bygreed to the abominable acts of kidnapping and other acts of banditry.• This requires that Government redesigns the entire security architectureand the orientation and training of its operators. In the interim we havehad to bring in the military more and more into internal operations. Thishas produced very noticeable results in Aba and other parts of the SouthEast zone. In doing this, we have taken utmost care to ensure that therights of innocents citizens are always protected.Advancing Democracy38
  39. 39. SECURITY (CONT.)• In the north, no one everimagined that some misguidedelements would join hands withmercenaries and take up armsagainst the nation. For months,the Government, leaders, eldersand all people of goodwill havepleaded with these elements andtheir instigators to see reason.Even as I speak, the door remainsopen for any peaceful andhonourable method to disarm,and re-orientate and rehabilitatethis group.Advancing Democracy39
  40. 40. SECURITY (CONT.)We are therefore faced with their persistent carnage against fellowNigerians, the continuing dislocation of the lives of other citizens andtreasonable threats to the territorial integrity of the nation.Government has had to reinforce the security personnel of the Joint TaskForce in areas under the threat of these hardened elements. Weultimately, declared State of Emergency in three States in the North-Eastof Nigeria. This act was in response to brazen challenges of the authorityof state and in order to protect lives and property of Nigerians, as well asthe territorial integrity of the country, Government has continued toprotect the rights of all abiding citizens in these areas and is gratified bythe wide support its actions have received at home and from abroad.Advancing Democracy40
  41. 41. SECURITY (CONT.)• The Amnesty Programme is working and the Niger Delta is relativelycalm.• Kidnapping has drastically reduced in affected parts the South Eastand South South zones, places like Aba and others have returned tonormalcy.• The Civil populace are once again secure• Civil rights are protected and respected; and when they are infringedupon, it is promptly addressed.• Insurgency is being contained, and will soon be a thing of the past.Advancing Democracy41
  42. 42. CONCLUSION:President Jonathan’s leadership style is not justabout symbolism. It is about substance. As thereport shows this government in two years hasestablished a sustainable framework foreconomic development. Its fiscal and monetarypolicies have incentivized the private sector toinvest in the critical infrastructure that will helpgrow the economy and increase householdincome. The President is rebuilding the political,social and economic infrastructure of thenation. He has sustained faith in democracy andtherefore, secured the future of democracy inNigeria. He has repaired the broken bridges andindeed is the face of hope, for a Nigeria that isstable, prosperous and peaceful.Advancing Democracy42