8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk This presentation is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License P...
8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Karen Blakeman RBA Information Services Tel: +44 118 947 2256 [email_address]   h...
What Google's homepage may look like in 2084 www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2005/10/10/opinion/1010opart.html   8 June 2009 Ka...
Two points to remember.. <ul><li>Google et al do not exist to help you find information </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines, ...
Types of search tools <ul><li>Humans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>is colleague or a friend already working or has worked  in the ...
How up to date are search engines? <ul><li>Not very </li></ul><ul><li>You are searching an out of date index of the web an...
A search engine’s results may vary <ul><li>In content and presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from one minute to the next <...
8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
General search techniques <ul><li>By default, the major search tools look for all of your terms in a page </li></ul><ul><l...
General search techniques (2)  <ul><li>Focus your search on areas of the document </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inurl: for example...
File format search <ul><li>Use advanced search options to limit your search to file types or format: </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Advanced Search options can vary depending on the country version of Google
General search techniques (3) <ul><li>Repeat your key search terms in your strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>chocolate produc...
Unique Google search features <ul><li>Automatically looks for variations on your terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to force and ...
Unique Google search features (2) <ul><li>Proximity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use the asterisk (*) to stand in for one or more...
Google oddity <ul><li>Why does  </li></ul><ul><li>site:www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk macular degeneration </li></ul><ul><li>give  3...
Google oddity <ul><li>When the results are displayed click on Advanced Search </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba...
Google - What’s New <ul><li>Knol – “A unit of knowledge”  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>competing with Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><u...
Google Finance 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Yahoo Finance 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Google SearchWiki <ul><li>Enables you to customise your results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>move pages up or down the ranking, d...
Google plug-ins and add ons <ul><li>Google Toolbar for both Firefox and IE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>search from your browser ...
Design your own search engine <ul><li>For  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>regularly searched sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>selec...
Google CSE <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Netting the Evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.google.c...
Create your own Google CSE on Google 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
..or host it on your own web site or blog 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Other search engines... <ul><li>Different coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Level of indexing on web sites </li></ul></ul><ul...
http://ranking.thumbshots.com/   8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Ask <ul><li>http://www.ask.com/ ,  http://www.ask.co.uk/   </li></ul><ul><li>Recent changes resulted in loss of features <...
Exalead 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
http://www.exalead.com/   8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
iSEEK <ul><li>http://www.iseek.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters results into topics, people, places, organisations, date ...
Live Search <ul><li>http://www.live.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>Results tend to be more consumer oriented </li></ul><ul><li>H...
MSE360.com <ul><li>http://www.mse360.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>See reviews at </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rba.co.uk/wo...
Yahoo! <ul><li>http://search.yahoo.no/   http://search.yahoo.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>Results are ranked in a different or...
Yahoo! 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Compare search engines <ul><li>Graball.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.graball.com/   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>comp...
FuzzFind 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk http://www.fuzzfind.com/
Zuula <ul><li>http://www.zuula.com/   </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
http://www.browsys.com/powersearch/   8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Evaluated listings and customised search <ul><li>Evaluated subject listings  </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples: </li></ul><u...
http://www.alacrawiki.com/   - spotlights 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
http://www.alacra.com/alacrasearch/   8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
http://www.alacra.com/alacrasearch/   8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Specialist search tools <ul><li>Think type of information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>news, official company information, statis...
Scientific/Technical & Peer Reviewed Resources <ul><li>RefSeek –  http://www.refseek.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Science Se...
Scientific/Technical & Peer Reviewed Resources <ul><li>Highwire Press  http://highwire.stanford.edu/   </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Google Scholar <ul><li>http://scholar.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>No source list </li></ul><ul><li>Both peer-reviewed an...
Google Scholar <ul><li>“ Google Scholar is brain damaged” Peter Jasco, Trends in Professional and Academic Online Informat...
Google Scholar 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk 2540 documents published in 2011 or 2012!
Scirus <ul><li>http://www.scirus.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific, scholarly, technical and medical information </li></ul...
Scirus
TechXtra <ul><li>http://www.techxtra.ac.uk </li></ul><ul><li>ICBL and the Library at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh </l...
 
Books <ul><li>Amazon  </li></ul><ul><li>Google Books  http://books.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can sometimes search ...
Open Access Journals <ul><li>Directory of open access journals  http://www.doaj.org/   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ free, full ...
News <ul><li>BBC –  http://news.bbc.co.uk/   </li></ul><ul><li>Search engine news options e.g. Google </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Silobreaker  http://www.silobreaker.com <ul><li>covers free resources </li></ul><ul><li>news, blogs, video, images </li></...
Images <ul><li>TASI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.tasi.ac.uk/advice/using/finding.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>images.go...
Audio & Video <ul><li>Google Video  </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li>Exalead </li></ul>...
Audio & Video 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Blogs as sources of information <ul><li>Blogs by industry gurus and experts are a good way of keeping up to date with what...
Blogpulse search and trends 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Click on the graph to see  ‘trends’
Blogpulse Trends 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Shows  how often your search terms  occur in postings – can comp...
Twitter <ul><li>http://www.twitter.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Microblogging  – postings are called ‘tweets’ and 140 characters...
Twitter <ul><li>Reputation management </li></ul><ul><li>What are people saying about you? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oh dear!  ...
pipl <ul><li>http://www.pipl.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>Review at  http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2007/05/05/pipl-people-sea...
LinkedIn 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Facebook 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
123People <ul><li>http://www.123people.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>Searches  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>image sections of major se...
Search visualisation tools <ul><li>Different ways of visualising results </li></ul><ul><li>Show links between documents, s...
kartoo.com 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Cluuz <ul><li>http://www.cluuz.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cluuz … core technology understands the relationship between the...
Cluuz   8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
Quintura.com 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
AllPlus.com 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
‘ Disappearing’ pages <ul><li>Search engine cache copies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google, Yahoo, Live, Ask, Exalead </li></ul...
Wayback Machine 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Karen Blakeman RBA Information Services Tel: +44 118 947 2256 [email_address]   h...
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  • The Continually Expanding Internet 8 June 2009 (c) Karen Blakeman 2008
  • Transcript of "PP Searchfor Quality Information Little"

    1. 1. 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License Photo: Oslo University College http://www.flickr.com/photos/damiel/1534329928/ The Continually Expanding Internet: how to find Quality Information NOLUG Presentation 27 th February 2009 Presented by Karen Blakeman http:// www.rba.co.uk/nolug /
    2. 2. 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Karen Blakeman RBA Information Services Tel: +44 118 947 2256 [email_address] http:// www.rba.co.uk / blog: http:// www.rba.co.uk/wordpress / Facebook – Karen Blakeman Twitter: karenblakeman
    3. 3. What Google's homepage may look like in 2084 www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2005/10/10/opinion/1010opart.html 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    4. 4. Two points to remember.. <ul><li>Google et al do not exist to help you find information </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines, and in particular Google, are temperamental beasts </li></ul><ul><li>Do not attempt to apply logic to the way they work – therein lies the path to madness </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    5. 5. Types of search tools <ul><li>Humans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>is colleague or a friend already working or has worked in the subject area? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>who have you met at meetings, conferences? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>discussion lists, trade/professional associations, bloggers, LinkedIn, Facebook etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>different options for different types of information e.g. news, images </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluated listings, subject listings, types of information </li></ul><ul><li>Databases and peer reviewed sources </li></ul><ul><li>multi search engine tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>search many search tools at once </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or type in your search once and click on each search tool in turn </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    6. 6. How up to date are search engines? <ul><li>Not very </li></ul><ul><li>You are searching an out of date index of the web and not the live web itself </li></ul><ul><li>May takes days to months for a site to be added to the index </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of sites for updating </li></ul><ul><li>Some tools keep links to dead pages for a long time </li></ul><ul><li>Least up to date: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most up to date: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Live Search, Yahoo </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    7. 7. A search engine’s results may vary <ul><li>In content and presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from one minute to the next </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>different server being used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>testing out different search and ranking algorithms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Country versions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>different emphasis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>local content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>different interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>different search features </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    8. 8. 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    9. 9. General search techniques <ul><li>By default, the major search tools look for all of your terms in a page </li></ul><ul><li>Use double quote marks around phrases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. “climate change” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To exclude pages containing a term, precede the term with a minus sign (-) – use with care </li></ul><ul><li>Boolean search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OR, AND, NOT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>must use capital letters for the operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>only OR works in Google and even that does not work well but worth trying more complex searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live.com, MSE360 and Exalead are best (Yahoo has withdrawn NOT and nested searches no longer work correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for example (directory OR directories OR database) AND (oil OR petroleum) AND Norway </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    10. 10. General search techniques (2) <ul><li>Focus your search on areas of the document </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inurl: for example inurl:”climate change” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>looks for your terms in the URL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intitle: for example intitle:”climate change” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>looks for your term in the title of the page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Search sites or domains using the site: command </li></ul><ul><ul><li>chocolate labelling regulations site:europa.eu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imagine what you would like to appear in your ideal document and include those terms in your strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Partially answer your question in your strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A hippopotamus can run at” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use the file formats and domain search to refine your search </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    11. 11. File format search <ul><li>Use advanced search options to limit your search to file types or format: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pdf or doc for government or industry/market reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>xls for data and statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ppt or pdf for presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search in at least Google and Yahoo, also consider Live.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looking for experts on a topic, presentations, a ‘how to” guide”, general background on a subject, information on an organisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>advanced search ppt or pdf format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slideshare http://www.slideshare.net/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>authorSTREAM http://www.authorstream.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube http://www.youtube.com/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    12. 12. 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Advanced Search options can vary depending on the country version of Google
    13. 13. General search techniques (3) <ul><li>Repeat your key search terms in your strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>chocolate production france belgium austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chocolate production austria france belgium belgium belgium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>give different results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In Google can enter up to 32 terms, Yahoo 250 characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Change the order of your terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>chocolate production france belgium austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>production france belgium austria chocolate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>different results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See the summary and comparison chart for the major search engines at http://www.rba.co.uk/search/compare.pdf and http://www.rba.co.uk/search/compare.shtml </li></ul></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    14. 14. Unique Google search features <ul><li>Automatically looks for variations on your terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to force and exact match precede your terms with plus signs e.g. air +pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Synonym search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>precede your search terms with a tilde (~) e.g. ~banking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>only works on English terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Numeric range search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can be weights, distances, years, prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use Advanced Search screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or the search box on the Google home page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>search term(s) first value..second value unit of measurement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>toblerone 1..5 kg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TV advertising spend forecasts 2009..2015 </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    15. 15. Unique Google search features (2) <ul><li>Proximity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use the asterisk (*) to stand in for one or more terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>macular * degeneration picks up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>macular retinal degeneration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>macula disciform degeneration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>macular choroidal degeneration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>macular vitelliform degeneration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>macular pigmentary degeneration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>separates the terms by one or more words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>no information on maximum number of terms of separation </li></ul></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    16. 16. Google oddity <ul><li>Why does </li></ul><ul><li>site:www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk macular degeneration </li></ul><ul><li>give 37 results </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>Site:www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk macular degeneration </li></ul><ul><li>give: </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    17. 17. Google oddity <ul><li>When the results are displayed click on Advanced Search </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Google sees the capital ‘S’ in the ‘Site:’ command and decides that the site search is a phrase search!
    18. 18. Google - What’s New <ul><li>Knol – “A unit of knowledge” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>competing with Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://knol.google.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google results may now include images, books, news, site summaries and links </li></ul><ul><ul><li>varies depending on country version of Google </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Much improved Google Finance, worthy competitor to Yahoo Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BUT country coverage of share prices not as good as Yahoo e.g. for Norway </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    19. 19. Google Finance 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    20. 20. Yahoo Finance 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    21. 21. Google SearchWiki <ul><li>Enables you to customise your results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>move pages up or down the ranking, delete pages from your list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>add comments to a page </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must be signed in with a Google account </li></ul><ul><li>Can interfere with Firefox add ons such as Customise Google </li></ul><ul><li>Not available in all country versions </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    22. 22. Google plug-ins and add ons <ul><li>Google Toolbar for both Firefox and IE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>search from your browser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>direct search for highlighted terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fully customisable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Firefox Add-on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Customize Google </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.customizegoogle.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add numbers to results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can “stream” , keep scroll down the page to see more results instead of clicking on the next page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to other search engines at the top of the results list, engines vary depending on search type e.g. web, new, images </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    23. 23. Design your own search engine <ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><ul><li>regularly searched sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>selected sites on a topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>searching sites on a reading list </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rollyo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rollyo.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>max 25 sites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google Custom Search Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/coop/cse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>at least hundreds of sites, maybe thousands! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>can import lists of sites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cannot search password protected sources or sites where you have to fill in a form to access the information </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    24. 24. Google CSE <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Netting the Evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/coop/cse?cx=004326897958477606950%3Adjcbsrxkatm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AlacraSearch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.alacra.com/alacrasearch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pipl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.pipl.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chipwrapper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.chipwrapper.co.uk/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>can be hosted on your own site or on Google </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rba.co.uk/sources/energy.shtml </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/coop/cse?cx=014304212364962740038:tui4ebh5r_a </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    25. 25. Create your own Google CSE on Google 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    26. 26. ..or host it on your own web site or blog 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    27. 27. Other search engines... <ul><li>Different coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Level of indexing on web sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites included in the index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Update frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of a page that is indexed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different search features </li></ul><ul><li>Different algorithms for sorting results </li></ul><ul><li>Compare search engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ranking.thumbshots.com/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    28. 28. http://ranking.thumbshots.com/ 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    29. 29. Ask <ul><li>http://www.ask.com/ , http://www.ask.co.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>Recent changes resulted in loss of features </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests related topics </li></ul><ul><li>Particularly good for searching blogs (but need to do a web search first to see the More option) </li></ul><ul><li>new Q&A tab/more answers </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    30. 30. Exalead 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    31. 31. http://www.exalead.com/ 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    32. 32. iSEEK <ul><li>http://www.iseek.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters results into topics, people, places, organisations, date & time </li></ul><ul><li>Search on a person gives priority to social media profiles </li></ul><ul><li>“ Education” option – more research oriented pages </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    33. 33. Live Search <ul><li>http://www.live.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Results tend to be more consumer oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Has the most up to date database </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly has the most extensive database of web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Good image search option </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs & RSS search http://search.live.com/feeds/ </li></ul><ul><li>Revamped interface but no improvement in advanced search screen – best results by using commands e.g. filetype: and Boolean search </li></ul><ul><li>Link commands, Books and Academic Live all gone </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    34. 34. MSE360.com <ul><li>http://www.mse360.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>See reviews at </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2008/10/05/mse360-search/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2008/10/06/update-on-mse360/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Full Boolean nested search options </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced search screen offers country, phrase, excluding terms, domain/site search </li></ul><ul><li>Can use commands e.g. filetype: , site; </li></ul><ul><li>Results show web, video, images, Wikipedia and blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Quick to respond to bug reports and fix problems </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    35. 35. Yahoo! <ul><li>http://search.yahoo.no/ http://search.yahoo.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Results are ranked in a different order to Google </li></ul><ul><li>Boolean AND, OR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT no longer available – use the minus sign. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parentheses no longer work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indexes first 500 K of a document (Google 101 K) </li></ul><ul><li>Region command (inherited from Inktomi) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>region: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. region:europe, region:mediterranean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>others are africa, asia, centralamerica, northamerica, southamerica, mideast, southeastasia, downunder </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    36. 36. Yahoo! 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    37. 37. Compare search engines <ul><li>Graball.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.graball.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compares two search engines of your choice side by side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TripleMe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.tripleme.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compares Google, Yahoo and Live side by side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FuzzFind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.fuzzfind.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>searches Google, Yahoo, Live, Del.icio.us </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zuula </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.zuula.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>runs your search through a range of search tools one by one – order can be customised </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Browsys Powersearch (was Intelways/Crossengine) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.browsys.com/powersearch/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>runs your search through a plethora of search tools one by one </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    38. 38. FuzzFind 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk http://www.fuzzfind.com/
    39. 39. Zuula <ul><li>http://www.zuula.com/ </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    40. 40. http://www.browsys.com/powersearch/ 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    41. 41. Evaluated listings and customised search <ul><li>Evaluated subject listings </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alacrawiki Industry Spotlights– http://www.alacrawiki.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intute – http://www.intute.ac.uk/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinakes – http://www.hw.ac.uk/libWWW/irn/pinakes/pinakes.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heavy human involvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluation and assessment of content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>only the home page or relevant section of a site is listed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customised search engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AlacraSearch - http://www.alacra.com/alacrasearch/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chipwrapper – http://www.chipwrapper.co.uk/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pipl - http://www.pipl.com/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    42. 42. http://www.alacrawiki.com/ - spotlights 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    43. 43. http://www.alacra.com/alacrasearch/ 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    44. 44. http://www.alacra.com/alacrasearch/ 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    45. 45. Specialist search tools <ul><li>Think type of information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>news, official company information, statistics, scientific, biomedical? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reference sources and peer reviewed, for example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia .org (yes, I know there can be quality issues!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scirus.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TechXtra.ac.uk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar (possible quality issues) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Books – especially for older material </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Structured databases e.g. Web of Science, Scopus, STN, Factiva, LexisNexis – often priced </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    46. 46. Scientific/Technical & Peer Reviewed Resources <ul><li>RefSeek – http://www.refseek.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Science Search Engines - http://hwlibrary.wordpress.com/2008/09/22/science-search-engines/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scirus – http://www.scirus.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scitopia.org – http://www.scitopia.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science.gov – http://www.science.gov/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ScienceResearch.com - http://www.scienceresearch.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scitation - http://scitation.aip.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WorldWideScience.org - http://worldwidescience.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science Accelerator - http://www.scienceaccelerator.gov/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TechXtra – http://www.techxtra.ac.uk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>search.optics.org - http://search.optics.org/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    47. 47. Scientific/Technical & Peer Reviewed Resources <ul><li>Highwire Press http://highwire.stanford.edu/ </li></ul><ul><li>PubMed Central Homepage http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>UK PubMed Central http://ukpmc.ac.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>DeepDyve http://mysearch.deepdyve.com/start.php </li></ul><ul><li>Google Scholar – http://scholar.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use with caution </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    48. 48. Google Scholar <ul><li>http://scholar.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>No source list </li></ul><ul><li>Both peer-reviewed and un-reviewed articles, pre-prints, institutional repositories, references to books, citations </li></ul><ul><li>Excludes Reed Elsevier </li></ul><ul><li>Author search unreliable, search on year of publication unreliable </li></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And the winner is: Google Scholar! http://74120.weblog.leidenuniv.nl/2009/02/24/and-the-winner-is-google-scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar Search Performance: Comparative Recall and Precision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://tinyurl.com/c7ta6s </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    49. 49. Google Scholar <ul><li>“ Google Scholar is brain damaged” Peter Jasco, Trends in Professional and Academic Online Information Services, presented at Inforum , 22 nd May 2007, Prague </li></ul><ul><li>Does not use publishers’ meta data </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot differentiate between author, affiliation, geographic location, titles and headings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>author:bagsvaerd 115 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>author:acknowledgements 158 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>author:glossary 471 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cannot differentiate between publication year and page numbers </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    50. 50. Google Scholar 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk 2540 documents published in 2011 or 2012!
    51. 51. Scirus <ul><li>http://www.scirus.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific, scholarly, technical and medical information </li></ul><ul><li>Reed Elsevier journals </li></ul><ul><li>Also web sites, patents and pre-prints </li></ul><ul><li>Good advanced search features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>date searching, author searching etc. </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    52. 52. Scirus
    53. 53. TechXtra <ul><li>http://www.techxtra.ac.uk </li></ul><ul><li>ICBL and the Library at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Articles, key web sites, theses and dissertations, books, industry news, new job announcements, technical reports, eprints </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering, mathematics and computing </li></ul><ul><li>Free information and pay per view </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    54. 55. Books <ul><li>Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>Google Books http://books.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can sometimes search inside the book and looks at individual pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>useful for older texts and suppliers of the book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced search - search by year, author, title, ISBN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Library http://openlibrary.org/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23,044,231 books, 1,064,822 with full-text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project Gutenburg http://www.gutenberg.org/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>different editions may be available e.g. Darwin’s Origin of Species </li></ul></ul><ul><li>via Libri http://www.vialibri.net/ Rare books from over 20,000 booksellers </li></ul><ul><li>Book swap schemes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turning over an old leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/may/01/ethicalliving.recycling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. http://www.bookmooch.com/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    55. 56. Open Access Journals <ul><li>Directory of open access journals http://www.doaj.org/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3871 journals in the directory. 1376 journals are searchable at article level. Total of 258955 articles. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OpenJ-Gate http://openjgate.org/Search/QuickSearch.aspx </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4785 Open Access Journals (2604 Peer-Reviewed) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Access Central http://www.openaccesscentral.com/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BioMed Central, Chemistry Central, PhysMath Central </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ABC Chemistry :Free Full-Text Journals in Chemistry –A http://www.abc.chemistry.bsu.by/current/fulltext.htm </li></ul><ul><li>OA Journals - Library Services - University of Birmingham http://www.library.bham.ac.uk/support/openaccess/OAJournals.shtml </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    56. 57. News <ul><li>BBC – http://news.bbc.co.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>Search engine news options e.g. Google </li></ul><ul><ul><li>last 30 days of free news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no source list, key industry publications may not be included </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use country versions for prioritised local content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google News Archive http://www.google.com/archivesearch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>some sources going back 200 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many articles are priced (before you buy check other sources) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Silobreaker - http://www.silobreaker.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Individual newspaper sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.abyznewslinks.com/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    57. 58. Silobreaker http://www.silobreaker.com <ul><li>covers free resources </li></ul><ul><li>news, blogs, video, images </li></ul><ul><li>market trends </li></ul><ul><li>geographical location of stories </li></ul><ul><li>people </li></ul><ul><li>networks </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    58. 59. Images <ul><li>TASI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.tasi.ac.uk/advice/using/finding.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>images.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>search.yahoo.com – images tab </li></ul><ul><li>Ask – images tab </li></ul><ul><li>Live.com - images </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>check the license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Morguefile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.morguefile.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikimedia Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://commons.wikimedia.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freefoto </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.freefoto.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US government web sites </li></ul><ul><li>NASA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.nasa.gov/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    59. 60. Audio & Video <ul><li>Google Video </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li>Exalead </li></ul><ul><li>Live.com </li></ul><ul><li>Blinkx for news </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.blinkx.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Browsys Powersearch (formerly Intelways/Crossengine) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.browsys.com/powersearch/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on the video tab </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    60. 61. Audio & Video 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    61. 62. Blogs as sources of information <ul><li>Blogs by industry gurus and experts are a good way of keeping up to date with what is happening in a sector </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the Blogroll of List of Links on a relevant blog </li></ul><ul><li>Google Blogsearch http://www.google.com/blogsearch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use advanced search to search within an individual blog </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ask http://www.ask.com/ – Blogs and feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Blog search engines and directories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.technorati.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.blogpulse.com/ </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    62. 63. Blogpulse search and trends 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Click on the graph to see ‘trends’
    63. 64. Blogpulse Trends 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Shows how often your search terms occur in postings – can compare up to three searches
    64. 65. Twitter <ul><li>http://www.twitter.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Microblogging – postings are called ‘tweets’ and 140 characters long </li></ul><ul><li>See who is ‘following’ whom </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor conferences, what people are saying about companies, products, services </li></ul><ul><li>http://search.twitter.com/ </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    65. 66. Twitter <ul><li>Reputation management </li></ul><ul><li>What are people saying about you? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oh dear! </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    66. 67. pipl <ul><li>http://www.pipl.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Review at http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2007/05/05/pipl-people-search-beta/ </li></ul><ul><li>Searches ‘hidden’ web + Google search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>blog search, Google Groups, LinkedIn, Flickr, Google Scholar, Electoral Roll, Directories, Amazon, Hoovers, Zoominfo etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google web search results not the same as an ordinary Google search – they incorporate terms such as resume, CV </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    67. 68. LinkedIn 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    68. 69. Facebook 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    69. 70. 123People <ul><li>http://www.123people.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Searches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>image sections of major search engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LinkedIn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email addresses </li></ul></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    70. 71. Search visualisation tools <ul><li>Different ways of visualising results </li></ul><ul><li>Show links between documents, search terms, people, organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Can help identify alternative search terms, search topics </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    71. 72. kartoo.com 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    72. 73. Cluuz <ul><li>http://www.cluuz.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cluuz … core technology understands the relationship between the entities, terms, or persons searched leading to more relevant, easy to understand search results” </li></ul><ul><li>Not totally intuitive but the network visualisation is ‘cool’ </li></ul><ul><li>The links in the network visualisation do not always relate to the same person or organisation but they are usually working in a similar field or subject area </li></ul><ul><li>Results change from one day to the next, one hour to the next, but still worth a look </li></ul>8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    73. 74. Cluuz 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    74. 75. Quintura.com 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    75. 76. AllPlus.com 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    76. 77. ‘ Disappearing’ pages <ul><li>Search engine cache copies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google, Yahoo, Live, Ask, Exalead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Firefox users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>install the Resurrect Pages add-on </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wayback machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.archive.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from 1996 to about 6 months ago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>navigate the archived site or type in the full URL of the document if known </li></ul></ul>27 November 2006 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    77. 78. Wayback Machine 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk
    78. 79. 8 June 2009 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk Karen Blakeman RBA Information Services Tel: +44 118 947 2256 [email_address] http://www.rba.co.uk/ blog: http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/ Facebook – Karen Blakeman Twitter: karenblakeman
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