Genetics- genetic flaws are responsible for many research has shown that a genetic defect keep some men from developing a certain enzyme. That could mount a defense against cells vulnerable to cancer-causing agents in the environment.
In cases of carcinoma the cancerous cells spread from the prostate and invade the stroma ( the connective tissue of the prostate) to expand to the seminal vessels from there malignant cells may invade the lymphatic system and spread to the regional lymph nodes traveling to the lungs and liver. If malignant cells enter the blood stream then it can be carried to the bones.
Chemotherapy is a common treatment using chemicals.
“ Cure” Varies depending on the severity
Cryotherapy – A probe is inserted that delivers liquid nitrogen into the prostate which freezes the tissue and eliminates the cancerous cells but is only effective for cancer that is contained in smaller amounts
“ Cure” varies depending on chance of reoccurrence.
Hormone Therapy- Taking estrogen pills in order to counteract the testosterone that the cancer feeds off of.
“ Cure” rate is usually a few months. Works best with pelvic contained or D1 stages of cancer.