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  • 1. Health Concerns Asthma, Diabetes, Epilepsy, Scabies, & Head Lice   Serenity Sul and Nicole Therrien
  • 2. Asthma
      • 5-10% of population, up to 20% in children
      •   #1 childhood disease, cause of school absenses, and pediatiric visits
      •   Repetitive episodes of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath
      •   Narrowing of the throat's airway passages caused by allergic reactions and triggers
      •   Attacks are dangerous and should be taken seriously
      •   Frustrating disease
      • Triggers: temperature changes, elevation changes, pollen, air pollution, smoke, pollen, dust, physical exercise, stress
  • 3.   Asthma: Tips For Teachers
      • Know the signs and symptoms
      •   Ensure students have medications and use them appropriately
      •   Allow rest, eliminate allergens, determine physical limitations you will have to set
      •   Recognize side effects of medication
      • Remain calm during an attack and have an action plan
      •   Vaporizer or dehumidifier
      •   Sensitize other students to allergic reactions
      •   Develop a way for student to keep up with work if they are frequently absent
      • Be sensitive when using breathing activities
  • 4. Epilepsy
      • A series of recurrent seizues that are caused by adnormal electrical discharges in the brain
      • Some causes are - head injuries, tumours, scars, brain injury during fetal development or during birth, aftermath of infectious deseases, poisoning from substance abuse, stroke
      • Everyone has a seizure threshold, which is a level of stimulation in which your brain will seizure, people with epilespy have a lower seizure threshold
      • Idiopathic - unknown origin, presumed to be genetic
      • Symptomatic - cause is identifiable
      • Cryptogenc - caused by an acquired brain lesion but not idenified yet, or cause is unknown
  • 5. Epilepsy
      • Four types of seizues - Generalized, Absence, Simple Partial and Complex Partial
      •   Usual signs include- staring spells, rhythmic movement of the head, lack of response, eye rolling upwards, muscle jerks, purposeless sounds and body movements
      • Treament - Medication (AED), brain surgery, Ketogenic Diet, vagus nerve stimulation therapy, alternative therapies
      • Side effects vary drug to drug but can include fatigue, difficulties with concentration or memory, loss of coordination
      • Location of seizure focus is important  - depending on what region of the brain is effected it may lead to difficulty learning new information, impair concentration, poor processing, distractibility, hyperactivity, drowsiness
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  • 6. Epilepsy Tips for Teachers
      • Know the signs of seizures and what to do if one occurs
      • Remember students may experience seizures that you can't see
      • Have a safe, quiet place for student to recover in
      • Educate the rest of the class on epilespy
      • Use repetition and clear, simple, direct instructions
      • Build predicitable routines
      • Use a buddy-system (peer support)
      • Promote success to build student's self-esteem
      • Contact emergency services if convulsive seizure last longer than 5 minutes or a second seizure occurs shortly after the first
  • 7. Diabetes
      • Metabolic disorder - pancreas cannot produce appropriate insulin to process food
      •   Hyperglycemia (type 1): too much sugar from noncompliance with diet or not taking insulin
      • Symptoms occur gradually over hours or days and include: fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity odour on the mouth, rapid and deep breathing, unconsciousness
      • Hypoglycemia (type 2): too little sugar in the system caused by delayed eating, strenuous exercise, too much insulin
      • Symptoms occur within minutes and include: headache, dullness, irritabily, shaking, sweating, lightheaded, behaviour changes, paleness, weakness, moist skin, slurred speech, confusion, shallow breathing, unconsciousness
  • 8. Diabetes Tips for Teachers
      • Be aware of indicators
      •   Understand dietary needs and daily regime
      •   Communicate with family to understand special needs and create an action plan
      •   Schedule snack and lunch at the same time each day
      •   Have sugar in your class in case of hypoglycemia
      • Understand the difference between too much and too little sugar
      • Be prepared before an emergency develops
      •   If the child becomes unconscious, First Aid says that it will not harm them to give sugar if you are unsure
  • 9. Head Lice (Pediculosis)
      • Are a tan or greyish white insect, about the size of a sesame seed
      • Thay are considered a human parasite, which means they require human blood to survive
      • They can live up to 30 days on the scalp, or 1-3 days without a host
      • They're transmitted be head to head contact, or the sharing of headgear or clothes
      • Lice can not jump or fly and has nothing to do with cleanliness
      • Symptoms include, itching/scratching of the head, tickling feeling in the scalp, irritabilty, and sores of the head caused by scratching
      • Treament usually invovles insecticid shampoo, not to be used on those with pre-exisiting illnesses
      •   Other treatments include wet-combing or natural home remedies
  • 10. Scabies
      • Is an infection of the skin caused by mites that borrow into the outer layer of the skin and lays eggs which causes inflammation and itchiness
      • It takes 2-3 minutes for a female mite to accomplish this
      • Mites can live up to 2-3 days without a host
      • Symptoms include; fatigue and irritabilty, blistering of the skin sometimes in a zig zag pattern, inflammation or rash (often in crevices such as between fingers and toes, armpits etc), small red bumps, infections caused by scratching and itchy, scaly or crusted areas
      • Symptoms can appear up to 6 weeks after date of infection, during this period the person capable of infecting others
      •   There are two main ways to test for mites, a Microscope test or an Ink test
      •   Treaments usually include applying a chemical solution to the entire body
  • 11. Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers
      • Be aware of the symptoms
      • Teach students to avoid sharing combs, earphones, headwear, scarves, gloves, or any other article of clothing that could spread lice
      • Contact the students' family so that they can contact their physician
      • Inform school administration
      •   Contact the parents of the rest of the class to inform them of the situation
      • Respect the confidentiality and dignity of students and their families
  • 12. Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers
    • Lice
      •   Have students with long hair to tie it back in a braid
      • Provide each student with a garabe bag to place their outdoor clothing in
      • During an outbreak check students regulary using a bright light and nit comb
      • Wear gloves if pregant
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    • Scabies
      •   Clean the students' desk, chair and any other area that had contact with the student's skin
      • Provide students with mits to reduce scratching
      • Notify parent immediately if you witness the student has a fever, red streaks on the skin, red swollen warm ares and infections with pus
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  • 13. References
      • Canadian Epilepsy Alliance. (2010). Epilepsy Matters. Retrieved February 9, 2011, from http://www.epilepsymatters.com/ .
      •   http://www.symptomsofepilepsy.org/  Retrieved February 9, 2011.
      •   Sexually Transmitted Disease Resource. (2008). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from http://www.herpes-coldsores.com/std/scabies.htm#Diagnosis .
      •   The National Pediculosis Association, Inc.. (1997-2011). Head Lice. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from http://www.headlice.org/
      • Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Smith et al., 2006.
      • First Aid: The Vital Link. Canadian Red Cross. 2001.