• Like
Health concerns
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.



Published in Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Health Concerns Asthma, Diabetes, Epilepsy, Scabies, & Head Lice   Serenity Sul and Nicole Therrien
  • 2. Asthma
      • 5-10% of population, up to 20% in children
      •   #1 childhood disease, cause of school absenses, and pediatiric visits
      •   Repetitive episodes of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath
      •   Narrowing of the throat's airway passages caused by allergic reactions and triggers
      •   Attacks are dangerous and should be taken seriously
      •   Frustrating disease
      • Triggers: temperature changes, elevation changes, pollen, air pollution, smoke, pollen, dust, physical exercise, stress
  • 3.   Asthma: Tips For Teachers
      • Know the signs and symptoms
      •   Ensure students have medications and use them appropriately
      •   Allow rest, eliminate allergens, determine physical limitations you will have to set
      •   Recognize side effects of medication
      • Remain calm during an attack and have an action plan
      •   Vaporizer or dehumidifier
      •   Sensitize other students to allergic reactions
      •   Develop a way for student to keep up with work if they are frequently absent
      • Be sensitive when using breathing activities
  • 4. Epilepsy
      • A series of recurrent seizues that are caused by adnormal electrical discharges in the brain
      • Some causes are - head injuries, tumours, scars, brain injury during fetal development or during birth, aftermath of infectious deseases, poisoning from substance abuse, stroke
      • Everyone has a seizure threshold, which is a level of stimulation in which your brain will seizure, people with epilespy have a lower seizure threshold
      • Idiopathic - unknown origin, presumed to be genetic
      • Symptomatic - cause is identifiable
      • Cryptogenc - caused by an acquired brain lesion but not idenified yet, or cause is unknown
  • 5. Epilepsy
      • Four types of seizues - Generalized, Absence, Simple Partial and Complex Partial
      •   Usual signs include- staring spells, rhythmic movement of the head, lack of response, eye rolling upwards, muscle jerks, purposeless sounds and body movements
      • Treament - Medication (AED), brain surgery, Ketogenic Diet, vagus nerve stimulation therapy, alternative therapies
      • Side effects vary drug to drug but can include fatigue, difficulties with concentration or memory, loss of coordination
      • Location of seizure focus is important  - depending on what region of the brain is effected it may lead to difficulty learning new information, impair concentration, poor processing, distractibility, hyperactivity, drowsiness
  • 6. Epilepsy Tips for Teachers
      • Know the signs of seizures and what to do if one occurs
      • Remember students may experience seizures that you can't see
      • Have a safe, quiet place for student to recover in
      • Educate the rest of the class on epilespy
      • Use repetition and clear, simple, direct instructions
      • Build predicitable routines
      • Use a buddy-system (peer support)
      • Promote success to build student's self-esteem
      • Contact emergency services if convulsive seizure last longer than 5 minutes or a second seizure occurs shortly after the first
  • 7. Diabetes
      • Metabolic disorder - pancreas cannot produce appropriate insulin to process food
      •   Hyperglycemia (type 1): too much sugar from noncompliance with diet or not taking insulin
      • Symptoms occur gradually over hours or days and include: fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity odour on the mouth, rapid and deep breathing, unconsciousness
      • Hypoglycemia (type 2): too little sugar in the system caused by delayed eating, strenuous exercise, too much insulin
      • Symptoms occur within minutes and include: headache, dullness, irritabily, shaking, sweating, lightheaded, behaviour changes, paleness, weakness, moist skin, slurred speech, confusion, shallow breathing, unconsciousness
  • 8. Diabetes Tips for Teachers
      • Be aware of indicators
      •   Understand dietary needs and daily regime
      •   Communicate with family to understand special needs and create an action plan
      •   Schedule snack and lunch at the same time each day
      •   Have sugar in your class in case of hypoglycemia
      • Understand the difference between too much and too little sugar
      • Be prepared before an emergency develops
      •   If the child becomes unconscious, First Aid says that it will not harm them to give sugar if you are unsure
  • 9. Head Lice (Pediculosis)
      • Are a tan or greyish white insect, about the size of a sesame seed
      • Thay are considered a human parasite, which means they require human blood to survive
      • They can live up to 30 days on the scalp, or 1-3 days without a host
      • They're transmitted be head to head contact, or the sharing of headgear or clothes
      • Lice can not jump or fly and has nothing to do with cleanliness
      • Symptoms include, itching/scratching of the head, tickling feeling in the scalp, irritabilty, and sores of the head caused by scratching
      • Treament usually invovles insecticid shampoo, not to be used on those with pre-exisiting illnesses
      •   Other treatments include wet-combing or natural home remedies
  • 10. Scabies
      • Is an infection of the skin caused by mites that borrow into the outer layer of the skin and lays eggs which causes inflammation and itchiness
      • It takes 2-3 minutes for a female mite to accomplish this
      • Mites can live up to 2-3 days without a host
      • Symptoms include; fatigue and irritabilty, blistering of the skin sometimes in a zig zag pattern, inflammation or rash (often in crevices such as between fingers and toes, armpits etc), small red bumps, infections caused by scratching and itchy, scaly or crusted areas
      • Symptoms can appear up to 6 weeks after date of infection, during this period the person capable of infecting others
      •   There are two main ways to test for mites, a Microscope test or an Ink test
      •   Treaments usually include applying a chemical solution to the entire body
  • 11. Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers
      • Be aware of the symptoms
      • Teach students to avoid sharing combs, earphones, headwear, scarves, gloves, or any other article of clothing that could spread lice
      • Contact the students' family so that they can contact their physician
      • Inform school administration
      •   Contact the parents of the rest of the class to inform them of the situation
      • Respect the confidentiality and dignity of students and their families
  • 12. Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers
    • Lice
      •   Have students with long hair to tie it back in a braid
      • Provide each student with a garabe bag to place their outdoor clothing in
      • During an outbreak check students regulary using a bright light and nit comb
      • Wear gloves if pregant
    • Scabies
      •   Clean the students' desk, chair and any other area that had contact with the student's skin
      • Provide students with mits to reduce scratching
      • Notify parent immediately if you witness the student has a fever, red streaks on the skin, red swollen warm ares and infections with pus
  • 13. References
      • Canadian Epilepsy Alliance. (2010). Epilepsy Matters. Retrieved February 9, 2011, from http://www.epilepsymatters.com/ .
      •   http://www.symptomsofepilepsy.org/  Retrieved February 9, 2011.
      •   Sexually Transmitted Disease Resource. (2008). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from http://www.herpes-coldsores.com/std/scabies.htm#Diagnosis .
      •   The National Pediculosis Association, Inc.. (1997-2011). Head Lice. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from http://www.headlice.org/
      • Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Smith et al., 2006.
      • First Aid: The Vital Link. Canadian Red Cross. 2001.