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Health concerns

Health concerns






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    Health concerns Health concerns Presentation Transcript

    • Health Concerns Asthma, Diabetes, Epilepsy, Scabies, & Head Lice   Serenity Sul and Nicole Therrien
    • Asthma
        • 5-10% of population, up to 20% in children
        •   #1 childhood disease, cause of school absenses, and pediatiric visits
        •   Repetitive episodes of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath
        •   Narrowing of the throat's airway passages caused by allergic reactions and triggers
        •   Attacks are dangerous and should be taken seriously
        •   Frustrating disease
        • Triggers: temperature changes, elevation changes, pollen, air pollution, smoke, pollen, dust, physical exercise, stress
    •   Asthma: Tips For Teachers
        • Know the signs and symptoms
        •   Ensure students have medications and use them appropriately
        •   Allow rest, eliminate allergens, determine physical limitations you will have to set
        •   Recognize side effects of medication
        • Remain calm during an attack and have an action plan
        •   Vaporizer or dehumidifier
        •   Sensitize other students to allergic reactions
        •   Develop a way for student to keep up with work if they are frequently absent
        • Be sensitive when using breathing activities
    • Epilepsy
        • A series of recurrent seizues that are caused by adnormal electrical discharges in the brain
        • Some causes are - head injuries, tumours, scars, brain injury during fetal development or during birth, aftermath of infectious deseases, poisoning from substance abuse, stroke
        • Everyone has a seizure threshold, which is a level of stimulation in which your brain will seizure, people with epilespy have a lower seizure threshold
        • Idiopathic - unknown origin, presumed to be genetic
        • Symptomatic - cause is identifiable
        • Cryptogenc - caused by an acquired brain lesion but not idenified yet, or cause is unknown
    • Epilepsy
        • Four types of seizues - Generalized, Absence, Simple Partial and Complex Partial
        •   Usual signs include- staring spells, rhythmic movement of the head, lack of response, eye rolling upwards, muscle jerks, purposeless sounds and body movements
        • Treament - Medication (AED), brain surgery, Ketogenic Diet, vagus nerve stimulation therapy, alternative therapies
        • Side effects vary drug to drug but can include fatigue, difficulties with concentration or memory, loss of coordination
        • Location of seizure focus is important  - depending on what region of the brain is effected it may lead to difficulty learning new information, impair concentration, poor processing, distractibility, hyperactivity, drowsiness
    • Epilepsy Tips for Teachers
        • Know the signs of seizures and what to do if one occurs
        • Remember students may experience seizures that you can't see
        • Have a safe, quiet place for student to recover in
        • Educate the rest of the class on epilespy
        • Use repetition and clear, simple, direct instructions
        • Build predicitable routines
        • Use a buddy-system (peer support)
        • Promote success to build student's self-esteem
        • Contact emergency services if convulsive seizure last longer than 5 minutes or a second seizure occurs shortly after the first
    • Diabetes
        • Metabolic disorder - pancreas cannot produce appropriate insulin to process food
        •   Hyperglycemia (type 1): too much sugar from noncompliance with diet or not taking insulin
        • Symptoms occur gradually over hours or days and include: fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity odour on the mouth, rapid and deep breathing, unconsciousness
        • Hypoglycemia (type 2): too little sugar in the system caused by delayed eating, strenuous exercise, too much insulin
        • Symptoms occur within minutes and include: headache, dullness, irritabily, shaking, sweating, lightheaded, behaviour changes, paleness, weakness, moist skin, slurred speech, confusion, shallow breathing, unconsciousness
    • Diabetes Tips for Teachers
        • Be aware of indicators
        •   Understand dietary needs and daily regime
        •   Communicate with family to understand special needs and create an action plan
        •   Schedule snack and lunch at the same time each day
        •   Have sugar in your class in case of hypoglycemia
        • Understand the difference between too much and too little sugar
        • Be prepared before an emergency develops
        •   If the child becomes unconscious, First Aid says that it will not harm them to give sugar if you are unsure
    • Head Lice (Pediculosis)
        • Are a tan or greyish white insect, about the size of a sesame seed
        • Thay are considered a human parasite, which means they require human blood to survive
        • They can live up to 30 days on the scalp, or 1-3 days without a host
        • They're transmitted be head to head contact, or the sharing of headgear or clothes
        • Lice can not jump or fly and has nothing to do with cleanliness
        • Symptoms include, itching/scratching of the head, tickling feeling in the scalp, irritabilty, and sores of the head caused by scratching
        • Treament usually invovles insecticid shampoo, not to be used on those with pre-exisiting illnesses
        •   Other treatments include wet-combing or natural home remedies
    • Scabies
        • Is an infection of the skin caused by mites that borrow into the outer layer of the skin and lays eggs which causes inflammation and itchiness
        • It takes 2-3 minutes for a female mite to accomplish this
        • Mites can live up to 2-3 days without a host
        • Symptoms include; fatigue and irritabilty, blistering of the skin sometimes in a zig zag pattern, inflammation or rash (often in crevices such as between fingers and toes, armpits etc), small red bumps, infections caused by scratching and itchy, scaly or crusted areas
        • Symptoms can appear up to 6 weeks after date of infection, during this period the person capable of infecting others
        •   There are two main ways to test for mites, a Microscope test or an Ink test
        •   Treaments usually include applying a chemical solution to the entire body
    • Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers
        • Be aware of the symptoms
        • Teach students to avoid sharing combs, earphones, headwear, scarves, gloves, or any other article of clothing that could spread lice
        • Contact the students' family so that they can contact their physician
        • Inform school administration
        •   Contact the parents of the rest of the class to inform them of the situation
        • Respect the confidentiality and dignity of students and their families
    • Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers
      • Lice
        •   Have students with long hair to tie it back in a braid
        • Provide each student with a garabe bag to place their outdoor clothing in
        • During an outbreak check students regulary using a bright light and nit comb
        • Wear gloves if pregant
      • Scabies
        •   Clean the students' desk, chair and any other area that had contact with the student's skin
        • Provide students with mits to reduce scratching
        • Notify parent immediately if you witness the student has a fever, red streaks on the skin, red swollen warm ares and infections with pus
    • References
        • Canadian Epilepsy Alliance. (2010). Epilepsy Matters. Retrieved February 9, 2011, from http://www.epilepsymatters.com/ .
        •   http://www.symptomsofepilepsy.org/  Retrieved February 9, 2011.
        •   Sexually Transmitted Disease Resource. (2008). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from http://www.herpes-coldsores.com/std/scabies.htm#Diagnosis .
        •   The National Pediculosis Association, Inc.. (1997-2011). Head Lice. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from http://www.headlice.org/
        • Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Smith et al., 2006.
        • First Aid: The Vital Link. Canadian Red Cross. 2001.