 Confucious once said, “I hear and I  forget. I see and I remember. I do and I  understand.” Constructivists agree with ...
   The best way for students to learn is to    use critical-thinking skills to analyze a    problem. By doing this, they ...
 Jean Piaget Jerome Bruner Lev Vygotsky John Dewey
  Piaget was a psychologist who developed the cognitive learning theory after observing childrenfor many years. Piaget d...
 An American psychologist and  educator, Jerome proposed that  learning is an active process in which the  learner constr...
 A Russian educational psychologist, Lev  Vygotsky developed social cognition. He believed that learning was influenced ...
 An educational psychologist,  philosopher, and political activist  advocating child-centered instruction. He believed t...
 http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/piag  et.html http://www.phillwebb.net/topics/human  /Bruner/Bruner.htm http://www.son...
Constructivist Theory
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Constructivist Theory

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Constructivist Theory

  1. 1.  Confucious once said, “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.” Constructivists agree with this quote. They understand that the best way for students to learn is for them to actively participate in the learning process.
  2. 2.  The best way for students to learn is to use critical-thinking skills to analyze a problem. By doing this, they will create or construct, their own understanding of a topic or problem.
  3. 3.  Jean Piaget Jerome Bruner Lev Vygotsky John Dewey
  4. 4.  Piaget was a psychologist who developed the cognitive learning theory after observing childrenfor many years. Piaget defined four cognitive stages: › 1. Sensorimotor-when learning takes place primarily through the child’s senses and motor actions. › 2. Preoperational-when children begin to use symbols and images and play pretend games. › 3. Concrete Operational-Children begin to think logically. › 4. Formal Operation-This stage begins around age 12 and children begin to learn many facts and other viewpoints besides their own.
  5. 5.  An American psychologist and educator, Jerome proposed that learning is an active process in which the learner constructs new ideas or concepts based on his current or past knowledge. Bruner felt that teachers needed to encourage students through exploration and learning through discovery.
  6. 6.  A Russian educational psychologist, Lev Vygotsky developed social cognition. He believed that learning was influenced drastically by social development.
  7. 7.  An educational psychologist, philosopher, and political activist advocating child-centered instruction. He believed that teachers need to engage activities that the students could relate to. He was a part of the movement called progressive education. This movement focused on educating the child as a whole-mind, body, and socially.
  8. 8.  http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/piag et.html http://www.phillwebb.net/topics/human /Bruner/Bruner.htm http://www.sonic.net/~cr2/sociohis.htm

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