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How To Spot Elder Abuse and Mistreatment
 

How To Spot Elder Abuse and Mistreatment

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How to Spot Elder Abuse and Mistreatment- ...

How to Spot Elder Abuse and Mistreatment-

This slideshow represents a synopsis of information on the signs that an elder is being abused or mistreated systematically or by someone close to them.

Following our attendance to the Elder Abuse Conference in NYC on June 5, 2013, my colleague and I developed a series of presentations to provide in our community to increase awareness of this important issue. We hope that this slideshow will help the community to understand and identify elder abuse or mistreatment.

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    How To Spot Elder Abuse and Mistreatment How To Spot Elder Abuse and Mistreatment Presentation Transcript

    • HOW TO SPOT ELDER ABUSE AND MISTREATMENT PRESENTED BY JNJ HOME HEALTHCARE INC. WITH SUPPORT FROM COMMUNITY PARTNERS
    • "BY 2030 20% OF THE POPULATION WILL BE ELDERLY. WITH THIS TREND COMES A SEGMENT OF THE POPULATION THAT IS AT RISK FOR ABUSE, NEGLECT, OR SELF-NEGLECT. WE ARE CHALLENGED TO BE AWARE OF THE MANY FACES OF ELDER MISTREATMENT AND TO UNDERSTAND IT IN THE BROADER CONTEXT OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.." (UC DENVER, 1) - UC DENVER, HISTORY OF ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT
    • LEGISLATION ON ELDER ABUSE OLDER AMERICANS ACT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT ELDER JUSTICE ACT ELDER ABUSE VICTIMS ACT LONG TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN ACT
    • NATIONAL ADVOCACY ADMINISTRATION ON AGING (AOA) NATIONAL COUNCIL ON ELDER ABUSE (NCEA) ELDER JUSTICE COALITION NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF ELDER ABUSE (NCPEA)
    • LOCAL ADVOCACY NYC ELDER ABUSE CENTER ADULT PROTECTIVE SERVICES JASA LEAP BROOKLYN JASA LEAP QUEENS NEIGHBORHOOD SHOPP RAIN ELDER ABUSE TASK FORCES (DA's OFFICES)
    • WHAT IS YOUR PROFESSION? SOCIAL SERVICES HEALTHCARE FIELD HUMAN SERVICES CLERGY LEADER CASE MANAGEMENT ADMINISTRATION SECURITY TRANSPORTATION
    • WORD ASSOCIATION: 'SENIOR' 'ELDER' POSITIVE NEGATIVE WISE DEPENDANT, NEEDS ASSISTANCE EXPERIENCED FRAIL, WEAK, AILMENTS ADVANCED NOT COMPETENT, NEEDS DECISIONS MADE MEMORIES LOSS OF MEMORY
    • WORD ASSOCIATION: 'CAREGIVER' POSITIVE NEGATIVE WILLING, HEALTHY UNWILLING, FORCED, BURDENED CARING, CONCERNED SELF-INTERESTED, STRESSED DEPENDABLE, RESPONSIBLE DEPENDANT, IRRESPONSIBLE
    • POTENTIAL FOR ELDER ABUSE WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A CAREGIVER IS DEPENDANT ON A SENIOR FOR MONEY, HOUSING AND MORE?.. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A CAREGIVER HAS THE SOLE RESPONSIBILITY FOR TAKING CARE OF AN ELDER WITH LITTLE OR NO SUPPORT FOR THE CARE AND THE EVERYDAY FACTS OF LIFE?...
    • THE POTENTIAL FOR ELDER ABUSE RISES SIGNIFICANTLY WHEN: ● CAREGIVER OR OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS ARE DEPENDANT ON A SENIOR BUT ALSO INFLUENCE OR CONTROL THE FACTS OF LIFE SUCH AS FINANCES AND HOUSEHOLD DECISIONS ● CAREGIVER FINDS THEIR ROLE STRESSFUL WITH LITTLE RESPITE OR SUPPORT FROM OTHERS ● ELDER IS SOCIALLY ISOLATED IN THEIR HOME OR NURSING HOME WITH LITTLE OR NO VISITS
    • SPAN OF ELDER ABUSE CASES OF ELDER ABUSE OCCUR ACROSS RACE, NATIONAL ORIGIN AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION. HOWEVER MANY CULTURAL FACTORS CAN FACILITATE ABUSES, AND CAUSE ABUSERS TO FEEL THEY HAVE DONE NOTHING WRONG. THAT IS WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO EDUCATE THE PUBLIC ABOUT ELDER ABUSE AND INCREASE AWARENESS NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY.
    • WHAT IS ELDER ABUSE? ELDER ABUSE IS ANY FORM OF MISTREATMENT THAT RESULTS IN HARM OR LOSS TO AN OLDER PERSON.
    • 1985 ELDER ABUSE PREVENTION IDENTIFICATION AND TREATMENT ACT DEFINES ELDER ABUSE AS: "THE WILLFUL INFLICTION OF INJURY, UNREASONABLE CONFINEMENT, INTIMIDATION OR CRUEL PUNISHMENT WITH RESULTING PHYSICAL HARM OR PAIN OR MENTAL ANGUISH, OR THE WILLFUL DEPRIVATION BY A CARETAKER OF THE GOODS OR SERVICES WHICH ARE NECESSARY TO AVOID PHYSICAL HARM, MENTAL ANGUISH OR MENTAL ILLNESS" - UC DENVER HISTORY OF ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT
    • FORMS OF ELDER ABUSE PHYSICAL ABUSE.. IS FORCE THAT RESULTS IN BODILY INJURY, PAIN OR IMPAIRMENT. IT INCLUDES ASSAULT, BATTERY, AND INAPPROPRIATE RESTRAINT.
    • FORMS OF ELDER ABUSE SEXUAL ABUSE.. IS NON-CONSENSUAL SEXUAL CONTACT OF ANY KIND WITH AN OLDER PERSON.
    • FORMS OF ELDER ABUSE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.. IS AN ESCALATING PATTERN OF VIOLENCE BY AN INTIMATE PARTNER WHERE THE VIOLENCE IS USED TO EXERCISE POWER AND CONTROL.
    • FORMS OF ELDER ABUSE PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE.. IS THE WILLFUL INFLICTION OF MENTAL OR EMOTIONAL ANGUISH BY THREAT, HUMILIATION, OR OTHER VERBAL OR NONVERBAL CONDUCT.
    • FORMS OF ELDER ABUSE FINANCIAL ABUSE.. IS THE ILLEGAL OR IMPROPER USE OF AN OLDER PERSON'S FUNDS, PROPERTY, OR RESOURCES.
    • FORMS OF ELDER ABUSE NEGLECT.. IS THE FAILURE OF A CAREGIVER TO FULFILL HIS OR HER CAREGIVING RESPONSIBILITIES SELF NEGLECT.. IS FAILURE TO PROVIDE FOR ONE'S OWN ESSENTIAL NEEDS.
    • CASE STUDIES: COMMON TRAITS ISOLATION OF THE ELDERLY INDIVIDUAL RELUCTANCE TO REPORT OR ACKNOWLEDGE FAMILY ABUSES ELDERLY INDIVIDUAL IS RELUCTANT TO MAKE CHANGES TO THEIR LIFE
    • CASE STUDIES: COMMON TRAITS MAY NOT SEE A WAY OUT OR FEAR MORE ABUSE IF THEY REPORT INCIDENCES BELIEVES THAT THEY CAN CHANGE THE BEHAVIOR OF THE ABUSER
    • ACCORDING TO THE AOA 'ELDERS WHO EXPERIENCED ABUSE, EVEN MODEST ABUSE, HAD A 300% HIGHER RISK OF DEATH WHEN COMPARED TO THOSE WHO HAD NOT BEEN ABUSED..
    • ACCORDING TO THE AOA "..IN ADDITION, OLDER ADULTS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE HAVE ADDITIONAL HEALTHCARE PROBLEMS THAN OTHER OLDER ADULTS, INCLUDING INCREASED BONE OR JOINT PROBLEMS, DIGESTIVE PROBLEMS, DEPRESSION OR ANXIETY, CHRONIC PAIN, HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE, AND HEART PROBLEMS.' - FROM ADMINISTRATION ON AGING
    • SOME RISK FACTORS OLDER AGE AND DISABILITY LACK OF ACCESS TO RESOURCES INCOME SOCIAL ISOLATION MINORITY STATUS - UC DENVER HISTORY OF ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT
    • ABUSERS PROFILES "THE OVERWHELMED: THIS GROUP IS WELL INTENTIONED AND GENERALLY QUALIFIED TO PROVIDE CARE. WHEN CARE NEEDS EXCEED WHAT THEY CAN PROVIDE, THEY MAY ABUSE VERBALLY OR PHYSICALLY. THEY DO NOT LOOK FOR VICTIMS.."
    • ABUSERS PROFILES "THE IMPAIRED: THIS GROUPS IS WELL INTENTIONED BUT HAS PROBLEMS THAT PREVENT THEM FROM DELIVERING CARE. THESE CAREGIVERS MAY SUFFER FROM MENTAL OR PHYSICAL PROBLEMS THAT SERVE AS BARRIERS TO PROVIDING ADEQUATE CARE.. NEGLECT IS MORE COMMON IN THIS GROUP AND THEY MAY CONTROL THE VICTIM THROUGH ABUSE."
    • ABUSERS PROFILES "THE NARCISSISTIC: THESE CAREGIVERS ENTER CAREGIVING RELATIONSHIPS TO MEET THEIR OWN NEEDS. THEY ARE MORE LIKELY TO STEAL FROM SENIORS AND NEGLECT THEM. THEY SEE THE RELATIONSHIP AS A MEANS TO AN END AND MAY BE ATTRACTED TO NURSING HOMES OR CENTERS WHERE THEY CAN ENTER INTO RELATIONSHIPS WITH VULNERABLE ADULTS."
    • ABUSERS PROFILES "THE DOMINEERING OR BULLYING: THIS GROUP MAY FEEL ENTITLED TO EXERT POWER AND AUTHORITY. THEY MAY HAVE NARCISSISTIC TENDENCIES AND OFTEN FEEL THE VICTIM DESERVED THE MALTREATMENT. THIS TYPE OF OFFENDER IS PRONE TO NEGLECT AND FINANCIAL ABUSE. THIS TYPE OF OFFENDER MAY ENGAGE IN SEXUAL ABUSE."
    • ABUSERS PROFILES "THE SADISTIC: OFFENDERS OF THIS TYPE OFTEN HAVE SOCIOPATHIC PERSONALITIES AND TAKE PLEASURE IN THE MISTREATMENT OF THEIR VICTIM. THEIR ABUSE OF OTHERS ALLOWS THEM TO HAVE FEELINGS OF POWER AND IMPORTANCE." - PROFILES FROM UC DENVER HISTORY OF ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● KNOW YOUR RIGHTS! AS A PERSON, AS A SENIOR, AS A CITIZEN. CHECK OUT THE ADMINISTRATION ON AGING AT WWW.AOA. ORG ● KNOW YOUR OPTIONS FOR LONG TERM CARE, AGING IN THE HOME, AND OTHER OPTIONS INCLUDING NURSING HOMES AND ADULT LIVING FACILITIES IF NECESSARY.
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● LEARN ABOUT ELDER ABUSE AND MISTREATMENT, KNOW HOW TO SPOT IT IN THE LIVES OF FRIENDS AND PEOPLE YOU CARE FOR ● KEEP A STRONG SUPPORT SYSTEM IN YOUR LIFE..
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● KEEP A BUDDY SYSTEM OF SENIOR FRIENDS THAT CHECK ON EACH OTHER REGULARLY ● CHECK IN REGULARLY WITH FAMILY AND FRIENDS THAT SUPPORT YOU AND CARE ● CHECK IN WITH YOUR FAITH ASSOCIATION, PASTOR, RABBI, IMAM OR OTHER CLERGYPERSON
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● KEEP AN ACTIVE LIFESTYLE THAT PREVENTS ISOLATION ● ATTEND YOUR LOCAL SENIOR CENTERS OR ADULT DAY CARE FACILITY ● DONT FALL VICTIM TO COMMON SCAMS!..
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● HAVE YOUR INCOME DIRECT DEPOSITED INTO YOUR BANK ACCOUNT, INCLUDING SOCIAL SECURITY ● PAY BY E-BILL OR USE A BILL PAYER SERVICE OFFERED BY AARP OR AT YOUR SENIOR CENTER OR CHURCH ● PLACE YOURSELF ON A 'DO NOT CALL' REGISTRY AND DO NOT ACCEPT ANY OFFER FOR PRIZES BY PHONE OR BY MAIL
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● DO NOT PROVIDE YOUR PERSONAL INFORMATION TO ANYONE OVER THE PHONE UNLESS YOU KNOW WHO YOU ARE TALKING TO ● SHRED YOUR PERSONAL DOCUMENTS AND DO NOT LET THEM FALL INTO ANYONE'S HANDS
    • SO WHAT CAN WE AS PROFESSIONALS DO TO HELP? ● KNOW THE SIGNS OF ELDER ABUSE ● HELP TO RAISE AWARENESS OF ELDER ABUSE WITH PEOPLE OF ALL AGES ● ACT AS A RESOURCE TO ELDERS WHEN THEY MAY BE ABUSED, AND KNOW HOW TO GUIDE THEM TO FURTHER ASSISTANCE
    • SO WHAT CAN CLERGY LEADERS DO TO HELP? ● KNOW THE SIGNS OF ELDER ABUSE ● HELP TO RAISE AWARENESS WITH PEOPLE OF ALL AGES IN THE FAITH COMMUNITY ● ACT AS A RESOURCE TO ELDERS WHEN THEY MAY BE ABUSED, AND KNOW HOW TO GUIDE THEM TO FURTHER ASSISTANCE
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● RAISE ELDER ABUSE AWARENESS IN YOUR CORNER BY HOSTING AN EVENT, PRESENTATION AND/OR DISTRIBUTING MATERIALS PROVIDED BY ELDER ABUSE RESOURCES FOR DISTRIBUTION MATERIALS VISIT ADMINISTRATION ON AGING AT WWW.AOA.ORG
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● EMPLOYERS CAN ACKNOWLEDGE THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF FAMILY CAREGIVERS, PROVIDE CAREGIVER SUPPORT GROUPS OR RESPITE, AND EDUCATE STAFF ON ELDER ABUSE AWARENESS
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● CLERGY LEADERS CAN ACKNOWLEDGE THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF FAMILY CAREGIVERS, PROVIDE CAREGIVER SUPPORT GROUPS AND EDUCATE ON ELDER ABUSE AWARENESS ENCOURAGE INTERGENERATIONAL RESPECT THROUGH MIXERS OR GROUP ACTIVITIES
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● PROVIDE SUPPORT GROUPS FOR SENIORS, AND EDUCATE SENIORS ON THEIR RIGHTS AND RESOURCES IN CASES OF ABUSE ● ENCOURAGE THE WORKPLACE ENVIRONMENT TO BE SENSITIVE TO THE NEEDS AND CONCERNS OF SENIORS, AND TO AVOID THE PRACTICE OF AGEISM- WHICH IS THE BIASED NEGATIVE VIEW OF THE AGED.
    • PREVENTION STRATEGIES ● PROVIDE SUPPORT GROUPS FOR SENIORS, AND EDUCATE SENIORS ON THEIR RIGHTS AND RESOURCES IN CASES OF ABUSE ● ENCOURAGE THE FAITH COMMUNITY TO BE SENSITIVE TO THE NEEDS AND CONCERNS OF SENIORS, AND TO AVOID THE PRACTICE OF AGEISM- WHICH IS THE BIASED NEGATIVE VIEW OF THE AGED.
    • RED FLAGS OF ELDER ABUSE ● CHANGES IN BEHAVIOR OR ATTITUDE ● SUDDEN DEPRESSION ● UNCOMFORTABLE, TENSE OR RESTRAINED COMMUNICATION BETWEEN SENIOR AND THEIR CAREGIVER
    • RED FLAGS OF ELDER ABUSE ● SENIOR HINTS AT BEING ABUSED OR OPENLY TALKS ABOUT IT, JOKES ABOUT IT OR EVEN TAKES IT LIGHTLY ● CUTS, BRUISES OR INJURIES THAT ARE OLD AND UNEXPLAINED, UNTREATED
    • RED FLAGS OF ELDER ABUSE ● CAREGIVER SEEMS TO BE UNABLE TO COPE WITH STRESS ● SUBSTANCE ABUSE OF EITHER CAREGIVER OR SENIOR ● SENIOR IS UNABLE TO MAKE ENDS MEET ● FINANCIAL PROBLEMS THAT DID NOT PREVIOUSLY EXIST
    • INTERVENTION STRATEGIES IF YOU SUSPECT ABUSE, REPORT IT. ● REFERRAL TO ELDER ABUSE INTERVENTION PROGRAMS INCLUDING ADULT PROTECTIVE SERVICES, LOCAL COMMUNITY INTERVENTION ORGANIZATIONS, OR THE LOCAL DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S TASK FORCE ON ELDER ABUSE
    • INTERVENTION STRATEGIES ● SEEK COUNSELING PRIVATELY WITHIN THE FAITH COMMUNITY WITH A TRUSTED ADVISOR OR CLERGYPERSON THAT HAS BEEN TRAINED IN ELDER ABUSE AWARENESS ● JOIN SUPPORT GROUPS FOR ELDERS WITHIN THE FAITH COMMUNITY
    • INTERVENTION STRATEGIES ● IN CASES OF IMMEDIATE DANGER CALL 911! ● PACK A BAG TO LEAVE IN CASE OF EMERGENCY ● REACH OUT TO AN ELDER ABUSE PROFESSIONAL TO HELP PLAN LIFESTYLE CHANGES WHEN YOU'VE REACHED YOUR LIMIT
    • INTERVENTION STRATEGIES ● KEEP AN OPEN DOOR FOR THE ELDER, LET THEM KNOW YOU ARE THERE AS A CONFIDENTIAL SUPPORT AND THAT THEY DO NOT DESERVE TO BE ABUSED OR MISTREATED ● SOMETIMES IT WILL BE POSSIBLE TO HELP THE PERSON UNDERSTAND CONSEQUENCES TO NOT SEEKING HELP, FOR INSTANCE IN A CASE OF FINANCIAL ABUSE- LOSS OF HOME OR PROPERTY
    • CONCLUSION: COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS HAVE A PIVOTAL ROLE IN HELPING SENIORS IN THEIR COMMUNITY FIND RESOURCES IN CASES OF ABUSE. ORGANIZATIONS CAN BE THE NECESSARY LINK BETWEEN ELDER INDIVIDUALS AND THE RESOURCES IN THEIR COMMUNITY. PLEASE REFER TO THE BROCHURE INCLUDED FOR MORE INFO ON ELDER ABUSE RESOURCES.
    • CONCLUSION: FAITH LEADERS HAVE A PIVOTAL ROLE IN HELPING SENIORS IN THEIR COMMUNITY FIND RESOURCES IN CASES OF ABUSE. CHURCHES, SYNAGOGUES, MOSQUES AND OTHER FAITH COMMUNITIES CAN BE THE NECESSARY LINK BETWEEN ELDER INDIVIDUALS AND THE RESOURCES IN THEIR COMMUNITY. PLEASE REFER TO THE BROCHURE INCLUDED FOR MORE INFO ON ELDER ABUSE RESOURCES.
    • CONCLUSION: NOBODY DESERVES TO BE ABUSED OR MISTREATED IN ANY WAY. IT IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW YOUR RESOURCES AND OPTIONS IN CASE SOMETHING HAPPENS. FOR MORE INFORMATION: WWW.AOA.ORG
    • THANK YOU.. THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME AND WE HOPE YOU HAVE FOUND THIS PRESENTATION INFORMATIVE.
    • RESOURCES ON THE WEB WWW.NYCEAC.ORG WWW.INTERFAITHPARTNERS.ORG WWW.AGELESSALLIANCE.ORG WWW.PREVENTELDERABUSE.ORG WWW.CENTERONELDERABUSE.ORG WWW.NCEA.AOA.GOV WWW.ELDERJUSTICECOALITION.COM
    • SOURCES UNDER THE RADAR: NEW YORK STATE ELDER ABUSE PREVALENCE STUDY. FINAL REPORT. LIFESPAN OF GREATER ROCHESTER, WEILL CORNELL MEDICAL CENTER OF CORNELL UNIVERSITY, NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT FOR THE AGING. MAY 2011<OFCS.NY.GOV/MAIN/REPORTS /UNDER%20THE%20RADAR%2005%2012%2011%20FINAL% 20REPORT.PDF> OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS FACT SHEET: ELDER ABUSE AND MISTREATMENT. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS. NOVEMBER 2011 <WWW. OJP.USDOJ.GOV/NEWSROOM/FACTSHEETS/OJPFS_ ELDERABUSE.HTML
    • SOURCES ELDER ABUSE: FIVE CASE STUDIES. TEXT OF 'THE GREAT CIRCLE OF LIFE: A RESOURCE GUIDE TO FILMS AND VIDEOS ON AGING.' ROBERT E. YAHNKE. UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA. 2005 <WWW.TC.UMN.EDU/ ~RYAHNKE/GREATCIRCLE/ELDER-ABUSE-INTRO.HTM> COURSE CASE STUDIES: COURSE #9782- ELDER ABUSE: CULTURAL CONTEXTS AND IMPLICATIONS. NETCE. JUNE 2013 <WWW.NETCE.COM/CASESTUDIES.PHP? COURSEID=702>
    • SOURCES RECOGNIZING AND REPORTING ELDER ABUSE. GERI K METZGER. COMPLETE WELLNESS CENTER. 1 AUGUST 2009 <CERNER.HEALTHATOZ. COM/ATOZ/HC/SEN/WELL/ELDERABUSE.ASP> RECOGNIZING ELDER ABUSE... GINA M BARRY. HEALTHCARE NEWS. MARCH 2009 <HEALTHCARENEWS. COM/RECOGNIZING-ELDER-ABUSE-GRANDMAS-BROKEN- GLASSES-AND-OTHER-SUBTLE-SIGNS-OF-TROUBLE/>
    • SOURCES FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT. NURSING HOME AND ELDER ABUSE LAW CENTER. 2007<WWW.NOELDERABUSE.COM/FAQ.HTML> ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT.LAWRENCE ROBINSON, TINA DE BENEDICTIS PHD, JEANNE SEGAL PHD. HELPGUIDE.ORG. MAY 2013 <WWW.HELPGUIDE. ORG/MENTAL/ELDER_ABUSE_PHYSICAL_EMOTIONAL_SEXU AL_NEGLECT.HTM>