Are enterprises ready for the OpenStack transformation


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OpenStack is not product, it’s a process. Building an OpenStack cloud should never be the beginning nor the end of a cloud project. This is so because:

OpenStack is not a product that tries to solve any one business problem in particular, but a technology that aims to be usable by as many as possible
Since the beginning of computing, projects which include a culture shift require the for the enterprise processes to evolve too, and this is often the hardest part of a cloud project
OpenStack is a growing technology, as are the requirements of users, and if you do not plan to make your cloud continuously evolve, you are as good not doing an enterprise cloud project

Based on our experience delivering cloud project to enterprises, this presentation will give some key learnings on what are the required steps to make sure that your enterprise is ready for the OpenStack transformation.

Published in: Technology, Business

Are enterprises ready for the OpenStack transformation

  1. 1. Are entreprises ready for the OpenStack transformation? Nick Barcet | | @nijaba | Juno OpenStack Summit | May 2014
  2. 2. San Francisco Montréal Paris Bangalore “ Seamless Build & Delivery of Open Cloud Infrastructures ” 120+ People 150+ Customers $11M Revenues Top 10 Openstack Contributor
  3. 3. About me ● VP Products & Pre-Sales @ eNovance ● Been working on OpenStack since Austin ● Founded OpenStack Telemetry (aka Ceilometer) ● Travelling the world doing OpenStack ● @nijaba on irc & twitter
  4. 4. Disclaimer ● No enterprises were harmed in the making of this presentation ● This presentation may not only apply to OpenStack, but to most tools that one can use that deliver an API based cloud IaaS
  5. 5. Is OpenStack a Product? ❏ Yes ❏ No
  6. 6. Is OpenStack a Product? ❏ Yes ✓ No. It's a technology framework.
  7. 7. OpenStack is not a product... ● Comparing products with technologies with products is like comparing an engine with a car ● You have to keep focusing on your use cases ● You either need to integrate OpenStack with other components or get a productized OpenStack from a vendor
  8. 8. OpenStack is not a product... OpenStack will never be ready for the enterprise!
  9. 9. OpenStack is not a product... Yet enterprises may want an OpenStack based cloud...
  10. 10. Why are enterprises interested in cloud? ● Save money ○ Reduce infrastructure costs ○ CAPEX <-> OPEX flexibility ● Make money ○ Reduce time to market ○ Enable new initiatives ○ Achieve bigger scale plans
  11. 11. Is free software a good enough reason? “Free Software is gratis, right? We’ll save on licensing costs!”
  12. 12. Is free software a good enough reason? Are licensing costs a good enough reason to switch to OpenStack? ❏ Yes ❏ No
  13. 13. VMWare ESX recurring costs ● Licensing costs are only a small portion of overall cost ● Operation costs are linked to human salaries to operate the DC ⇒ Humans costs are the largest part Analysis done by a large customer using ESX on his recurring costs. This may greatly vary depending on location
  14. 14. Is free software a good enough reason? ● Free software still has costs ○ Maintenance (subscription or internalized) ○ Expertise (experts are not cheap) ○ Knowledge (your teams have to learn new skills)
  15. 15. Is free software a good enough reason? Are licensing costs a good enough reason to switch to OpenStack? ❏ Yes ✓ No, it’s only marginal
  16. 16. Why OpenStack then? “If I don’t save on licences, why should enterprise pick OpenStack?”
  17. 17. Good reasons for Free Software ● Real good reason for free software: ○ Adaptability (you can adapt or complete the software) ○ Security (you can control what’s in it) ○ Sharing (so you can split costs with others) ○ Standard (so you can be sure it interoperates) ○ Hybridation (your providers works the same way) ○ etc...
  18. 18. Good reasons for OpenStack Benefits should not only come from the IaaS itself…. … but from the transformation it enables!
  19. 19. Transformation enablement examples ● Enable business units to be more reactive in a faster market ● Enable development teams to be more productive and autonomous ● Enable (cloud ready) applications to be more scalable ● Enable more creativity ● Enable finer grain cost analysis and responsibilization ⇒ Be quicker, better, smarter to success!
  20. 20. OpenStack is the transformation? “So, I just have to install OpenStack and I am done?”
  21. 21. OpenStack is the transformation? ● OpenStack is just a technology, a tool to enable the transformation ● OpenStack is an agility enabler ○ For your business units ○ For your development teams ○ For your marketing ⇒ But only if you change the ways they interact with the data center
  22. 22. Transforming the interactions: BUs Business units before ● Tell IT what they need ● Wait for approval ● Wait for IT to complete the need ● Complain when it fails ● Rely on IT for application SLA ● Are restrained by global policies that should not apply to them Business units transformed ● Iterate on their needs ● Own the application they use ● Quickly launch MVPs to test ● Operate their applications ● Rely on IT for data center SLA ● Can adapt policies to match their market needs
  23. 23. Transforming the interactions: Developers Developers before ● Receive lengthy specification and write code to match their understanding of the problem ● Fight for hardware allocation ● Transfer operational burden as quickly as possible ● Are not responsible of SLA ● Rely on global data store to be globally available Devops ● Closely interact with stakeholders ● Iterate quickly to validate/adapt ● Are responsible for hw allocation ● Same team operate the applications they developed ● Build SLA into the application ● Build hybridation into the application
  24. 24. Transforming the interactions: Marketing Marketing before ● Tell IT what they need ● Subcontract wildly to agencies ● Complain when it fails ● Don’t understand delays ● Always buy advertising space and create unrealistic hurdles ● Get tired of waiting and go AWS Marketing transformed ● Allocate their own hardware ● Provide access to agencies ● Are responsible of their operations ● Fight with their own delays ● Find someone else to hurry for their crazy plans ● Are finally traceable in their spend
  25. 25. Transforming the interactions OpenStack enables you to transform: ● Complainers → Creators ● Consumers → Operators ● Developer divas → Devops ● Large mammoth → Lean organizations But you still have to operate the transformation!
  26. 26. Raising the abstraction level Computing could be summarized a tool which main purpose is to raise abstraction levels Binary → Assembly → Language A → Language B… and is using it to fight against its own gravitational laws for scaling Mainframe → PC → Client Server → 3 Tier → Distributed → Hybrid Single Tasking → Multi Tasking → Multi Threading → Multi Core → Multi Node
  27. 27. Cloud is just one more abstraction Cloud Infrastructures are just one more abstraction enabling the handling of massive number of nodes as if they were a simple entities (aka pet vs. cattle)
  28. 28. Abstraction → Transformation To benefit from the abstraction you have to transform your tools ● Central DBs → Distributed DB (noSQL) ● Vertical Scaling → Horizontal Scaling ● Filesystems → Blocks and Objects ● FIFO → Bus ● Specialized → Commoditized ● Unique → Pattern based ● Sequential → Parallelized OpenStack is made for the abstraction to happen
  29. 29. Transformation vs Migrations OpenStack is made for the abstraction to happen and this is why it is not meant to handle your old workloads ● Migrations still have a cost ● Without adaptation it does not bring any benefits ● You need to accelerate, not just create more work ● Lean enablement cannot be done with bloated software
  30. 30. A possible way forward ● Start using your cloud with news apps or components ○ Convert your apps calmly, within their normal life cycles ○ You can mix and match computing models to proceed in small shorter steps ○ Not all need to be cloud at once ⇒ then you should start seeing real benefits of OpenStack
  31. 31. A possible way forward ● Make hybrid apps ○ enable front ends to scale on multiple sites ○ enable data to be maintained on multiple locations ⇒ which in turn will provide the benefits of real hybrid deployments that OpenStack enables
  32. 32. A possible way forward ● Change the way your IT teams work: ○ each group should be responsible of delivering its resources globally ○ stop dividing those who operate from those who design ○ stop defining silos in terms of responsibility but in term of APIs and measurable objectives to maintain ○ Stop the pre control craziness ■ trust is the first enabler of delegation ■ which leads to responsibility, autonomy and creativity ○ Measure end goals, not milestones ⇒ this is the only thing that matters
  33. 33. Summary ● Openstack is not a product ● It will never be “enterprise ready” by itself ● License costs are marginal ● Concentrate on enabling better processes ● and better tools ● Transforming your enterprise to produce more value
  34. 34. THANK YOU Nick Barcet | | @nijaba | Juno OpenStack Summit | May 2014