Nicola GreeneIntroduction to Global SanitationTeaching AssistantHumanitarian EngineeringCoventry UniversityNicola.greene@g...
YOUR TOILETGIVE THANKS TO
Talk Break Down• Why Should we Give Thanks?• The Global Sanitation Crisis• Toilets of the Future
Why should we give thanks?The most important invention forhuman health EVER!
Introductory VideoSource:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_R_vpNQ0fJc&list=PL38E7DD18426DB611
Diarrhoeal DiseaseHow bad is it?• 2 million deaths per year (29% of under 5’s deaths)= 18 Planes full of people every dayW...
The 5 f’s of sanitationANIMALHUMAN*
1.2 billion people practice“open defecation”including more than 1/2of people in southern Asiaand more than 1/4 ofsub-Sahar...
No one wants to donate to toilets!Disclaimer: WaterAid are great and do lots of sanitaiton work – this is just an example ...
GLOBALSANITATIONCRISIS
Pour flush latrineImages courtesy of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre @ Loughborough Uni – they have lots of ...
Images courtesy of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre @ Loughborough Uni – they have lots of great resources!
Raised latrineImages courtesy of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre @ Loughborough Uni – they have lots of grea...
Composting toilet
Hanging toilet
Componentsof aSanitation System
INTAKE
Cleansing Material
Flushing• Pour flush• Flushing• Throw sawdust/sand• No flush
Emptying• It doesnt need to be emptied• Manually – bucket• Suction pump• Piped sewerage
Where will the waste go?• Spread on fields as fertiliser• Transported to wastewater treatmentfacility (processed and back ...
Photo courtesy of: Nicola Greene. Pictured: Kermi, Humla District Nepal in different weather conditions
Photo courtesy of: Nicola Greene. Pictured: Water collection in snow in Humla, Nepal
Photo courtesy of: Nicola Greene. Pictured: Water collection in snow in Humla, Nepal
InfrastructureSafetyUsabilityGenderDisabledAccessAccess AcceptabilityHandwashingSustainabilityTHESANITATIONICEBURGSocio-cu...
More than 40% of WASH schemes fail todeliver benefits in the long run.Broken TapstandsUnusedlatrinesBroken TapNo drainageS...
Bad design more locallyhttp://www.smosh.com/smosh-pit/photos/15-awkward-bathroom-design-fails
Sanitation in the UK
Cycle of Waste
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-19289228
Nicola Greenenicola.greene@gmail.comTwitter: @NicNakNoe
Give Thanks to Your Toilet
Give Thanks to Your Toilet
Give Thanks to Your Toilet
Give Thanks to Your Toilet
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Give Thanks to Your Toilet

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A talk on the global sanitation crisis and why we should be giving thanks to our toilet

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Give Thanks to Your Toilet

  1. 1. Nicola GreeneIntroduction to Global SanitationTeaching AssistantHumanitarian EngineeringCoventry UniversityNicola.greene@gmail.com@NicNakNoe
  2. 2. YOUR TOILETGIVE THANKS TO
  3. 3. Talk Break Down• Why Should we Give Thanks?• The Global Sanitation Crisis• Toilets of the Future
  4. 4. Why should we give thanks?The most important invention forhuman health EVER!
  5. 5. Introductory VideoSource:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_R_vpNQ0fJc&list=PL38E7DD18426DB611
  6. 6. Diarrhoeal DiseaseHow bad is it?• 2 million deaths per year (29% of under 5’s deaths)= 18 Planes full of people every dayWhy do people die?• Essentially dehydrationWhat can we do?• Improve water supply• Improve (environmental) sanitation• Improve hygiene & educationWater, sanitation and hygiene =WASH*
  7. 7. The 5 f’s of sanitationANIMALHUMAN*
  8. 8. 1.2 billion people practice“open defecation”including more than 1/2of people in southern Asiaand more than 1/4 ofsub-Saharan Africa
  9. 9. No one wants to donate to toilets!Disclaimer: WaterAid are great and do lots of sanitaiton work – this is just an example ofpublic perceptionSource: http://www.wateraid.org/other/display/jean.php?cartID=UN0000,12/TAB,DRTV,12/TAB/01A
  10. 10. GLOBALSANITATIONCRISIS
  11. 11. Pour flush latrineImages courtesy of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre @ Loughborough Uni – they have lots of great resources!
  12. 12. Images courtesy of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre @ Loughborough Uni – they have lots of great resources!
  13. 13. Raised latrineImages courtesy of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre @ Loughborough Uni – they have lots of great resources!
  14. 14. Composting toilet
  15. 15. Hanging toilet
  16. 16. Componentsof aSanitation System
  17. 17. INTAKE
  18. 18. Cleansing Material
  19. 19. Flushing• Pour flush• Flushing• Throw sawdust/sand• No flush
  20. 20. Emptying• It doesnt need to be emptied• Manually – bucket• Suction pump• Piped sewerage
  21. 21. Where will the waste go?• Spread on fields as fertiliser• Transported to wastewater treatmentfacility (processed and back to water body)• To dumping ground• Indiscriminately disposed of
  22. 22. Photo courtesy of: Nicola Greene. Pictured: Kermi, Humla District Nepal in different weather conditions
  23. 23. Photo courtesy of: Nicola Greene. Pictured: Water collection in snow in Humla, Nepal
  24. 24. Photo courtesy of: Nicola Greene. Pictured: Water collection in snow in Humla, Nepal
  25. 25. InfrastructureSafetyUsabilityGenderDisabledAccessAccess AcceptabilityHandwashingSustainabilityTHESANITATIONICEBURGSocio-culturalfactorsDeveloped by Nicola Greene
  26. 26. More than 40% of WASH schemes fail todeliver benefits in the long run.Broken TapstandsUnusedlatrinesBroken TapNo drainageSource: www.scienceagainstpoverty.com/Resources/documentos/Programa/ppt/d1/Ricard_Gine_ppt.pdf
  27. 27. Bad design more locallyhttp://www.smosh.com/smosh-pit/photos/15-awkward-bathroom-design-fails
  28. 28. Sanitation in the UK
  29. 29. Cycle of Waste
  30. 30. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-19289228
  31. 31. Nicola Greenenicola.greene@gmail.comTwitter: @NicNakNoe

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