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CP US - Ch. 22 - Sec. 3

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CP US - Ch. 22 - Sec. 3 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Calvin Coolidge- The Man
    • Political Career-
      • Mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts
      • Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
      • Governor of Massachusetts
      • Vice President of the U.S.
  • 2. Calvin Coolidge- The Man
    • Characteristics-
      • Plain
      • Thrifty
      • Quiet (aka- “Silent Cal”)
      • Pro-Business (Less Government Interference)
      • Follower of Jefferson’s belief that the government is best which governs the least
  • 3. Presidential Election of 1924
    • Republican National Convention- 1924
      • Cleveland, Ohio
      • Nominated Calvin Coolidge and Charles Dawes as his running mate
  • 4. Presidential Election of 1924
    • Democratic National Convention- 1924
      • Madison Square Garden, New York City
      • Nominated John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan as his running mate
  • 5. Presidential Election of 1924
    • Republicans and Democrats both experienced a split within their parties
      • City Dwellers vs. Country Dwellers
  • 6. Progressive Ticket, 1924
    • Robert “Battling Bob” La Follette
      • Believed that they had turned their backs on the farmers of America
      • Ran for the presidency on the new Progressive ticket
      • Republicans and Democrats attacked him as a radical
  • 7. Presidential Election of 1924
    • Calvin Coolidge won the election
    • Surprising Outcome-
      • 123 women won seats in state legislatures
      • 2 women were elected governors of their states
        • Miriam “Ma” Ferguson (Texas)
        • Nellie Ross (Wyoming)
  • 8. Government Helps Business
    • Coolidge believed-
      • Free Enterprise = Freedom of business from government rules
      • Government regulations = Less profitable business
      • Profitable businesses = A happy and prosperous nation
      • Factories = Temples
      • Workers = Worshippers
  • 9. Government Helps Business
    • Federal Trade Commission and Federal Reserve Board take on new roles
      • Aided the companies they were supposed to be regulating
      • Allowed for the development of trusts and monopolies again
  • 10. Supreme Court Aids Big Business
    • Example- US Steel was ruled as not a monopoly even though it controlled 40% of the steel industry in 1920
  • 11. The Farm Problem
    • Farmers were growing poorer while the urban dwellers were getting richer
      • Problem with supply and demand
        • More produce meant lower prices and less profits
      • High cost of farming
      • Higher taxes
    • Government responds with protectionist tariffs- which didn’t work
  • 12. McNary-Haugen Bill
    • Federal government would buy up the agricultural surplus
      • Hold it until the home market improved
      • or
      • Sell it abroad
    • Failed to pass Congress in 1924 and 1926
    • Passed Congress in 1927 and 1928
      • Vetoed by Coolidge both times
  • 13. Presidential Election of 1928
    • Republicans- Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover
      • Big Business
      • Small Town/Rural America
      • Protestantism
      • Prohibition
      • Humanitarian record during the war made him popular
    • Democrats- New York Governor Alfred E. Smith
      • Big City Politics
      • Roman Catholicism
      • Anti-Prohibition
      • Faced staunch opposition in the South and Midwest from the KKK
  • 14. Presidential Election of 1928
    • Hoover won a close election
    • Democrats saw a positive in that they made headway into the twelve largest cities in America
      • A new trend that will affect future elections