Abstract taiwan ingga yonico martatino

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  • 1. The Effect of “Green Tea” Aromatherapy and “Someone Like You” Classical Music on Decreasing Anxieties of Senior High School Student Ingga Yonico Martatino1)2) and Andri Frediansyah Yonico Alfaro2) 1) Department of Psychology- Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University, Yogyakarta 2) Medical Faculty- Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta 3) Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI), Indonesia Email: inggayonico@ymail.com web: www.lipi.go.id ; www.ugm.ac.id ; uin-suka.ac.id Email: inggayonico@ymail.com; nick.martin2011@yahoo.com Abstract Indonesia has became the National Exam (UN) is one of the government programs to improve the education quality in Indonesia. 0.98% or 16.098 students did not success from the 1.476.575 students totally whom they has followed the National Exam (Kemendiknas, 2011). They should be able to achieve the standard set value to get graduate degree. On the other hand, many students anxious about the possibility did not pass and was not able to achieve the standard. Anxiety is unpleasant emotion that most people feel at some time when they are faced with challenges. Medication such as antidepressant, beta blockers, and benzodiazepines combined with psychotherapy has shown to be the most used treatment for anxiety. Recent studies showed that classical music of Someone Like You and aromatherapy of green tea can reduce anxiety, related gamma amino butyric acid (GABA), b- endorphin, encephalin, dopamine. Green tea as an aromatherapy and Someone Like You considered classical music by Adele has been working to decrease the anxiety level of senior high school students while they are waiting the announcement The research subject is determined by the probably sampling technique also used the pre-post one design group experiment based on the willingness of subject randomly to determine the sample conducted on senior high school student in Yogyakarta to perform pretest with the anxieties scale (2012) first (n=50) then selected a sample that has the highest value of anxiety (n=30) and will to be subject. Further testing hypotheses obtained can be seen in the table that is the result of the Wilcoxon non- parametric test analysis (SPSS 16) with a value of t = 0.011, which means p <0.05, where the results show that the data are significant or hypothesis is accepted. Key word: green tea, Someone Like You, Anxiety 1
  • 2. Efektivitas Aromaterapi “Green Tea” dan Musik Klasik “Someone Like You” Terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Kecemasan Siswa SMA Menjelang Pengumuman Kelulusan Ingga Yonico Martatino1) and Yunan Adriyanto2) 1) Psychology- Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University, Yogyakarta 2) Psychology- Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University, Yogyakarta Email: inggayonico@ymail.com Email: inggayonico@ymail.com; nick.martin2011@yahoo.com Abstract Pemerintah Indonesia hingga saat ini masih menjadikan UN (Ujian Akhir Nasional) sebagai persyaratan dalam memperoleh kelulusan sekolah. Besarnya persentase siswa yang tidak lulus pada tahun 2011 adalah 0.98% (Kemendiknas, 2012). Persentase tersebut menginformasikan terdapat kurang lebih 16.098 siswa SMA/ MA yang tidak lulus dari 1.476.575 total siswa yang mengikuti UN. Sehingga menimbulkan perasaan cemas yang dirasakan oleh banyak siswa ketika menunggu pengumuman hasil Ujian nasional. Kecemasan adalah gangguan yang berkaitan dengan gangguan suasana hati (CMD), kondisi mental yang mempengaruhi individu menjadi takut, panik, was- was, histeris (kesurupan), kejang otot, pingsan, bahkan berakibat pada gangguan- gangguan fisiologis seperti keringat dingin, insomnia, nafsu makan berkurang serta agresifitas yang ekstrim(tawuran). Penelitian ini meneliti tentang bagaimana cara menurunkan tingkat kecemasan siswa-siswi SMA dalam menjelang pengumuman kelulusan dengan cara pemberian treatment aromaterapi “Green tea” dan musik klasik ”Someone Like You (Adele)” sehingga akan menghindari perasaan histeris dan dampak yang membahayakan lainnya jika sesuatu hal yang tidak diinginkan terjadi. Subjek penelitian ditentukan dengan teknik non probability sampling yaitu menentukan sampel berdasarkan kesediaan subjek yang dilakukan pada siswa- siswi SMA di Yogyakarta dengan melakukan pretest terlebih dahulu sebanyak N=30 dengan skala kecemasan yang diadopsi dari Khusni (2011) kemudian dipilih sampel yang memiliki nilai kecemasan tertinggi sebanyak N=10 dan bersedia menjadi subjek. Selanjutnya diperoleh uji hipotesis yang dapat di lihat pada tabel yaitu hasil dari analisis Wilcoxon (SPSS 16) dengan nilai t=0,011 yang berarti p<0,05, dimana hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa data tersebut signifikan atau hipotesis diterima. Dengan kata lain, pemberian aromaterapi “Green tea” dan musik klasik “Someone Like You” dapat menurunkan tingkat kecemasan pada siswa SMA menjelang pengumuman kelulusan. Kata Kunci: Green tea, music klasik Someone Like You, kecemasan 2