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Nation Report 3 History 141
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Nation Report 3 History 141


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  • 1. Canada Today Brandon Engberg
  • 2. Political Parties
    • Canada is a monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II being their queen. However they also elect officials to public offices to run the government for the queen.
    • There are two major political parties in Canada, the Liberals and the Conservatives.
    • Currently David Lloyd Johnston is the Governor General of Canada.
    • As of the 40th Canadian Election which occurred on October 14, 2008 a Conservative holds the office of Prime Minister. That man is Stephen Harper.
  • 3. Issues - Quebec Sovereignty Movement
    • One issue facing Canada is Quebec’s constant attempts at becoming a free state.
    • Quebec is different from most parts of Canada as in the fact that it is 80% French-speaking.
    • Eight of Canada’s other provinces are at least 90% English speaking.
    • Many supporters of Quebec’s independence believe that Quebec’s relationship with the rest of Canada does not accurately reflect Quebec as a whole.
    • As a result of their conflicting interests Canada has a tough time passing certain federal laws because of the French opposition that comes from the Providence of Quebec.
    • The reason why Canada is reluctant to grant Quebec independence is because it might create a slippery slope.
    • If Quebec is granted independence then other provinces such as the Inuit province of Nunavut might fight for independence.
    • This would create a less culturally diverse Canada and lead to problems down the road.
  • 4. Canadian Issues
    • Canada is not similar to the U.S. just by the fact that they are on the same continent. Canada has many issues at hand that the U.S. is currently debating.
    • For example, Marijuana legalization, same-sex marriage and gun control.
    • The legalization of Marijuana has failed in Canada however the use of medical marijuana is legal.
    • Also in 2005 Canada became the 4th country in the world to allow same-sex marriage with the passage of the Civil Marriage Act.
    • Canada has had debates about whether firearms should be legal.
    • Although people are allowed to use them for hunting, the Firearms Act of 1995 states that self-defense is not a valid reason for owning a fire-arm.
  • 5. Canada - Foreign Relations
    • Canada is one of the world’s top oil producers and the number one oil exporter to the United States.
    • Canada is a member of NATO and the UN.
    • Canada is also a member of the Organization of American States.
    • This is an association created in 1948 in which countries of the western hemisphere promote military and social cooperation.
    • There is a Canadian embassy in most of the countries around the world.
    • Canada also has very good relations and trade with the European Union.
  • 6. Sources