Beijing Arbitration Commission Adjudication Presentation September 2011
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Beijing Arbitration Commission Adjudication Presentation September 2011

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  • 1. 裁决概论 Adjudication Overview北京仲裁委员会罗来恩Beijing Arbitration CommissionNiall Lawless
  • 2. 中英之间的重要不同之处Important differences China - UK 非机构仲裁和机构仲裁 大陆法系和普通法系 Ad-hoc arbitration and institutional arbitration Civil and Common Law
  • 3. 《中华人民共和国仲裁法》Arbitration Law of China 第16条:仲裁协议包括合同中订立的仲裁条款和以其他书面方式在纠纷发 生前或者纠纷发生后达成的请求仲裁的协议。仲裁协议应当具有下列内容 :(一)请求仲裁的意思表示;(二)仲裁事项;以及(三)选定的仲裁委员会 Article 16. An arbitration agreement refers to an arbitration clause provided in the contract or other written agreements requesting arbitration concluded prior or subsequent to the occurrence of disputes. An arbitration agreement shall have the following contents: (1) an expressed intent to request arbitration; (2) items for arbitration; and (3) the chosen arbitration commission
  • 4. 裁决的必要条件是什么?What is needed for Adjudication? 建筑工程行业的实际需求 政策制定者和立法者的支持 司法制度的支持 Construction industry necessity Willing policy makers and legislator Supportive judiciary
  • 5. 工程行业的角度Construction Industry Perspective 莱瑟姆报告《构建团队》(1994) 伊根报告《施工的再思考》(1998) 莱瑟姆《1996年住房补贴、建设和重建法案》的审阅 意见(2004)第II部。 Latham Report “Constructing the Team” (1994) Egan Report “Rethinking Construction” (1998) Latham Review of Part II of the Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 (2004).
  • 6. 裁决在英国Adjudication in the UK 《1996年房屋补贴、建设和重建法案》第108节/109节 《1998年建筑合同制度条例(英格兰和威尔士)》 Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 – Section 108 – Section 109 The Scheme for Construction Contracts (England and Wales) Regulations 1998
  • 7. 提起裁决的权利Right to adjudication 英国《1996年房屋补贴、建设和重建法案》Housing Grants Construction & Regeneration Act 1996 定制合同 Bespoke contract MF/1 (rev4)
  • 8. 裁决员提名机构Adjudicator nominating body 顾名思义,裁决专家提名机构是专为提名裁决专家而 成立的机构。任何机构都可以提名裁决专家,没有其 他外部管控。 As the name suggests, Adjudicator Nominating Bodies are organisations that have set themselves up to nominate adjudicators. There is nothing to prevent any organisation doing this and there are no external controls.User’s Guide to AdjudicationConstruction Umbrella Bodies Adjudication Task Group April 2003
  • 9. 裁决是什么What is adjudication 独立的第三方对当事人分歧的事项迅速做出决定 合同约定 在仲裁裁决或诉讼判决做出前,裁决具有约束力 当事人可以约定裁决结果是终局的,并具有约束力 Adjudication provides the parties to a contract with a process whereby an independent third party makes a quick decision when the parties are in disagreement It is a contractual provision Decision is binding until determined by arbitration or litigation Parties may agree that the adjudicator’s decision is final and binding
  • 10. 程序步骤Procedural Steps 裁决申请 裁决申请人请求 被申请人答辩 申请人回应答辩 Notice of adjudication Referral Notice Response to Referral Reply to Response
  • 11. 裁决员的职责和权力Adjudicator’s Duties and Powers12. 裁决员应 –公正地履行其职责,并应遵守合同的条款,并应按照有关合同的适用法律进行裁决; 并且应避免产生不必要的开支。13. 裁决员可主动查明纠纷事实,确定解决争议使用的法律,并制定裁决程序。12. The adjudicator shall -act impartially in carrying out his duties and shall do so in accordance with any relevantterms of the contract and shall reach his decision in accordance with the applicable lawin relation to the contract; and avoid incurring unnecessary expense.13. The adjudicator may take the initiative in ascertaining the facts and the lawnecessary to determine the dispute, and shall decide on the procedure to be followed inthe adjudication.
  • 12. 典型裁决时间表 Typical timetable for adjudication二十八天的期限内做出裁决决定,时间表如下: 根据我于今天 - 2011年4月13日星期三所收到“申请人请求”,(在《1996年住房补贴、建设和重建法案》第116条的基础上,从预算的时期内排除2011年4月22日星期五,2011年4月25日星期一,和2011年4月29日星期五,2011年5月2日星期一)。 被申请人应在不迟于2011年5月3日星期二回复。 如果被申请人愿意答辩,则答辩应以书面形式在不迟于2011年5月10日星期二作出。 如果当事各方希望开会,我建议是在2011年5月13日星期五这一天;这个日期在裁决的过程中将根据大家的实际情况更改。 因此,裁决决定将在不迟于2011年5月17日星期二的时间作出。The timetable for this adjudication based upon a decision within twenty eight days, is as follows :- Based upon the ‘Referral Notice’ being received by me today Wednesday 13th April 2011 (Section 116 of theHousing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act, excludes Friday 22nd, Monday 25th, and Friday 29th April2011 and Monday 2nd May 2011 from the reckoning period of time). The Responding Party will Respond to the Referral no later than Tuesday 3rd May 2011. If the Referring Party wishes to make any reply it may do so in writing no later than Tuesday 10th May 2011. In the event that the parties wish to have a meeting, I provisionally set aside Friday 13th May 2011; to beconfirmed or vacated as may become appropriate during the course of the adjudication. Accordingly the parties should expect the adjudicator’s decision not later than Tuesday 17th May 2011.
  • 13. 裁决什么?What can be adjudicated? 108 (1) 建筑合同的一方有权依据本节项下的程序将合同项下的争议提交裁决。 在为,“争议”包括任何纠纷。 (2) 合同应当- (a)使一方能够在任意时间就某个争议发出裁决申请。 108. - (1) A party to a construction contract has the right to refer a dispute arising under the contract for adjudication under a procedure complying with this section. For this purpose "dispute" includes any difference. (2) The contract shall- (a) enable a party to give notice at any time of his intention to refer a dispute to adjudication;
  • 14. 《马克波土木工程有限公司诉莫里森建筑有限公司案[1999] BLR93》Macob Civil Engineering Ltd -v- Morrison Construction Ltd 议会颁发法案的意图很明了,就是将解决施工合同纠纷引入快速 机制,并要求在仲裁、诉讼或协议解决等方式的最终结果产生前, 裁决的决定可被执行。法案的时间表是非常紧 ……很多人会认 为时间表过于紧迫,容易导致裁决不公正。议会应该已经意识到 这一点了。 The intention of Parliament in enacting the Act was plain. It was to introduce a speedy mechanism for settling disputes in construction contracts on a provisional interim basis, and requiring the decisions of adjudicators to be enforced pending the final determination of disputes by arbitration, litigation or agreement … The timetable for adjudications is very tight … many would say unreasonably tight, and likely to result in injustice. Parliament must be taken to have been aware of this.
  • 15. 司法权所面临的挑战Jurisdictional challenges 争议不够清楚 被不适格的提名机构指定 等等 Dispute not crystallised Appointed by wrong ANB Etc
  • 16. 裁决未来Adjudication the future 《2009年地方民主、经济发展及建設法案》 – 取消对建筑合同的必须要“书面“的要求 – 裁决员有权纠正文书或印刷上的错误 – 允许当事各方同意裁决专家可决定裁决成本、各方费用和支出; – 引入了在建筑合同新的支付条款体系; – 禁止把付款人在其他合同的权利作为付款条件的条款; – 承包商有权在没有收到应收帐款的情况下,有可暂停其部分工作的法定权利,确保承包商可收回暂停 工作导致的再启动成本和延长的工期 Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 – Abolish the requirement for construction contracts to be “in writing” – Right for the adjudicator to correct a clerical or typographical error – Allow for the parties to agree that the adjudicator can allocate costs, fees and expenses of the adjudication; – Introducing a new regime for payment provisions in construction contracts; – Prohibit clauses which make payment conditional upon the payer’s entitlement under another contract; – Entitle a contractor, in the event of non-payment, to exercise a statutory right to suspend part of his work and enable the contractor to recover the cost of re-mobilisation and extensions of time as a result of such suspension
  • 17. 课下资料可在以下网站下载:Presentation on-line resources:www.arbitrari.eu/uibe/adjudication 《1996年房屋补贴、建设和重建法案》 《1998年建筑合同制度条例(英格兰和威尔士)》 《马克波土木工程有限公司诉莫里森建筑有限公司案[1999] BLR93》 RS技术、大型服务2008年12月9日裁决 麦斯威尔注册建筑师有限公司 - V -麦克安德尔建筑有限责任合伙2011年4月8日裁决 2006年8月17日注册建筑师裁决委托书 2010年8月17日裁决时间表和申请人请求 Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 The Scheme for Construction Contracts 1998 Macob Civil Engineering Ltd -v- Morrison Construction Ltd (1999) Adjudication Decision RS Technologies and Big Services Decision 9th December 2008 Adjudication Decision Maxwell Chartered Architects Limited ‐v‐ McArdle Construction LLP 8th April 2011 Adjudication appointment letter 17th August 2006 Adjudication Timetable and Referral Notice Late letter 17th August 2010
  • 18. 裁决的优势Adjudication Advantages 诉讼和仲裁: 价格高、时间长 时间短,同步解决问题 非正式 当事人可无须代理 终局 受到法院的全力支持 Litigation and arbitration: expensive and time consuming Short lived and contemporary Informal Self representation Final solution Full backing of the courts
  • 19. 具中国特色的裁定Adjudication with ChineseCharacteristics? 各个国家建筑行业的习惯和做法各不相同 温家宝总理干预帮助农民工 清算时恶意拖欠引起支付纠纷 裁决不是建筑争议委员会 裁决的最主要目标可能是维护友好关系 Construction industry custom and practice varies from country to country The intervention of Premier Wen Jiabao to help Xiong Deming (www.chinadaily.com.cn/chinagate/doc/2003-10/30/content_277015.htm) Liquidating wilful payment arrears creates payment arguments Adjudication is not Construction Dispute Board Adjudication’s most important goal might be to facilitate harmonious relations.
  • 20. 谢谢!Thank you for your attention