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P L A N T L I K E P R O T I S T

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MATERIAL SEMESTER ONE

MATERIAL SEMESTER ONE

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P L A N T L I K E P R O T I S T Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Plant like Protist(algae) and Advantages ofProtista
  • 2. Characteristic of Alga
    ●Sizes
    - Microscopic(25μm), Ex: Navicula.
    - Macroscopic(50m), Ex: Macrocystis.
    Navicula Macrocystis
  • 3. ● Shape of body
    a. Uniselluler
    - Solitter (Ex: Chlorelladon’t have flagel).
    - Coloni (Ex: Gonium, Volvox, Hydrodictyon).
    Chorella Volvox
  • 4. b. Multiseluler
    Ex: Spirogyra, Oedogonium, dan Ulva.
    Spirogyra Ulva
  • 5. ● Body structure and function
    - Has membrane nucleus (eucarotic)
    - Cell have chloroplas (in cell contain pigment to
    absorp light for photosyntesis
    - Main pigment: clorophyll
    add pigment: karoten (xantofil andfikobilin) and
    fikobilin (fikosianin/fikoritrin)
    - Haspirenoid, for reserve food place
  • 6. ● Habitat and the way life
    - Fotoautotrof
    useful as produsenfor heterotrof organism, in
    supplying food and oxigen
    - Free life in damp habitat/water, ex: swamp, river,
    soil, stone, or tree
  • 7. ● Reproduction
    a. Axesual (vegetatif)
    - Division cell (only inuniseluleralgae)
    - Fragmentation (in multiseluleralgae
    filamen/thallus shape)
    - Zoospora (uniandmultiseluler)
    b. Seksual (generatif)
    - Isogami
    - Oogami
  • 8. Klasifikasi Alga
    ● Euglenoid(Euglenophyta)
    - Uniseluler, cell pakaged bypelikel(kind of protein)
    - Procariot
    - Has stigma contain fotoreseptor
    - Hastwo flagellum
    - Habitat: water
    - Food reseve: paramilon
  • 9. - Reproduksi: axesual (biner division)
    - Ex: Euglena.
    Euglena
  • 10. ● Gold Algae(Chrysophyta)
    - Uniselulersoliterandmultiseluler
    - Compose cell wall: hemiselulosa, silika, and
    pektin
    - Pigmen:karoten (santofil)
    add pigmen : fukosantin, chlorophyl a and c.
    - Reseve food: lipid and charbohidrate
    - Habitat: water and sea
  • 11. - Reproduksi: a. axesual (biner division, spora shape)
    b. sexual ( joint two kids of gammet)
    - Ex: Navicula, Synura, andMischococcus.
    Synura
  • 12. ● Ganggang api (Dinoflagellata / phyrrophyta)
    - Uniseluler fotosintetik
    - Dinding sel mengandung selulosa
    - Pigmen: klorofil a dan c, santofil, dinosantin, dan fikobilin.
    - Memiliki 2 flagellum
    - Merupakan produsen utama fitoplankton laut
    - Habitat: air laut
  • 13. - Reproduction: asexual (biner division)
    - Ex: Gonyaulax, Noctilucascintillans.
    GonyaulaxNoctilucascintillans
  • 14. ● Green Algae (Chlorophyta)
    - Uniselulerandmultiseluler
    - Cell wall compose from cellulose
    - Pigmen: klorofil(klorofil a and b)
    add pigment: karoten
    - Reseve of food: amilum
    - Habitat: water
  • 15. - Reproduction: a. asexual (spora shape, fragmentation, and self division)
    b. sexual (isogami, anisogami,
    oogami)
    - Ex: Volvox, Gonium, andChlamydomonas.
    Chlamydomonas
  • 16. ● Brown Algae (Phaeophyta)
    - Multiseluler,likethreador thallus
    - Pigment: karoten(fukosantin)
    add pigment: chlorophyl a dan b, xantofil
    - Cell wall contain pektin and algin
    - Food of reseve: laminarin
    - Habitat: sea
  • 17. - Reproduksi: a. axesual (Fragmentationandzoospora)
    b. sexual ( isogami, unisogami, and
    oogami)
    Ex: Sargassum, Macrocystis, Turbinaria.
    SargassumTurbinaria
  • 18. ● Red Algae (Rhodophyta)
    - Pigmen: fikoeritrin
    add pigment: chlorophyll a and d, karoten,
    fikosianin
    - Multiseluler
    - Cell wall containpektin andcellulose
    - Reseve of food: florid flour
    - Habitat: in deep sea
  • 19. - Reproduksi: a. axesual (spora)
    b. sexsual (oogami)
    - Ex: Eucheumaspinosum.
    Eucheumaspinosum
  • 20. Peranan Protista
    • SecaraEkonomis
    - Foraminifera: its scheleton as clue to find resource of
    oil, gasses, and mineral
    - Radiolaria: its scheleton can used for tool brush
    - Chlorella: for food material.
    - Laminarialavaniea(G. cokelat): farm danmanure
    and cattle food
    - Laminaria digitalis: yodium producen.
  • 21. - Diatom(brown algae): residue of scheleton used to
    explotion material, isolation make material, material
    of paintandpernis.
    - MacrocystisandLaminaria: producen alginat acid
    for thick of make ice, cosmetic, textile, pill/tablets.
    - Eucheumaspinosumdangelidium: maked material
    seaweed for mix make cookist.
    - Ulva, Caulerpa, danEnteromorpha: as source of
    food like vegetables.
  • 22. Radiolaria Diatom
    Caulerpa
  • 23.
    • Echologist
    - Trichonympha campanula: help digestin intesti ne termite and cockroach.
    - Red Algae(Rhodophyta): shape of precipitate kapur
    either in sea or water.
    - Gold Algae(Chrysophyta): main authorize plankton
    (producen in sea environment).
    - Green Algae (Chlorophyta): phytoplankton insea
    ecosystem.
  • 24.
    • Protista yang merugikan
    - Saprolegnia: parasite in organism aquatic
    - Plasmoporaviticola: white fungi in grape
    - Phytophtorainfentans: rotten disease in tomato and potato caused by water fungi.
    - Entamoebahistolytica: causedisentri disease.
    - Trypanosomabrucei: cause sleep disease(inAfrika).
    - Trypanosomaevansi: cause sleep disease in cattle
    animals (cow, goat, and horse)
  • 25. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION .......