P L A N T L I K E P R O T I S T

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MATERIAL SEMESTER ONE

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P L A N T L I K E P R O T I S T

  1. 1. Plant like Protist (algae) and Advantages of Protista
  2. 2. Characteristic of Alga ● Sizes - Microscopic (25μm), Ex: Navicula. - Macroscopic (50m), Ex: Macrocystis. Navicula Macrocystis
  3. 3. ● Shape of body a. Uniselluler - Solitter (Ex: Chlorella don’t have flagel). - Coloni (Ex: Gonium, Volvox, Hydrodictyon). Chorella Volvox
  4. 4. b. Multiseluler Ex: Spirogyra, Oedogonium, dan Ulva. Spirogyra Ulva
  5. 5. ● Body structure and function - Has membrane nucleus (eucarotic) - Cell have chloroplas (in cell contain pigment to absorp light for photosyntesis - Main pigment: clorophyll add pigment: karoten (xantofil and fikobilin) and fikobilin (fikosianin/fikoritrin) - Has pirenoid, for reserve food place
  6. 6. ● Habitat and the way life - Fotoautotrof useful as produsen for heterotrof organism, in supplying food and oxigen - Free life in damp habitat/water, ex: swamp, river, soil, stone, or tree
  7. 7. ● Reproduction a. Axesual (vegetatif) - Division cell (only in uniseluler algae) - Fragmentation (in multiseluler algae filamen/thallus shape) - Zoospora (uni and multiseluler) b. Seksual (generatif) - Isogami - Oogami
  8. 8. Klasifikasi Alga ● Euglenoid (Euglenophyta) - Uniseluler, cell pakaged by pelikel (kind of protein) - Procariot - Has stigma contain fotoreseptor - Has two flagellum - Habitat: water - Food reseve: paramilon
  9. 9. - Reproduksi: axesual (biner division) - Ex: Euglena. Euglena
  10. 10. ● Gold Algae (Chrysophyta) - Uniseluler soliter and multiseluler - Compose cell wall: hemiselulosa, silika, and pektin - Pigmen: karoten (santofil) add pigmen : fukosantin, chlorophyl a and c. - Reseve food: lipid and charbohidrate - Habitat: water and sea
  11. 11. - Reproduksi: a. axesual (biner division, spora shape) b. sexual ( joint two kids of gammet) - Ex: Navicula, Synura, and Mischococcus. Synura
  12. 12. ● Ganggang api (Dinoflagellata / phyrrophyta) - Uniseluler fotosintetik - Dinding sel mengandung selulosa - Pigmen: klorofil a dan c, santofil, dinosantin, dan fikobilin. - Memiliki 2 flagellum - Merupakan produsen utama fitoplankton laut - Habitat: air laut
  13. 13. - Reproduction: asexual (biner division) - Ex: Gonyaulax, Noctiluca scintillans. Gonyaulax Noctiluca scintillans
  14. 14. ● Green Algae (Chlorophyta) - Uniseluler and multiseluler - Cell wall compose from cellulose - Pigmen: klorofil (klorofil a and b) add pigment: karoten - Reseve of food: amilum - Habitat: water
  15. 15. - Reproduction: a. asexual (spora shape, fragmentation, and self division) b. sexual (isogami, anisogami, oogami) - Ex: Volvox, Gonium, and Chlamydomonas. Chlamydomonas
  16. 16. ● Brown Algae (Phaeophyta) - Multiseluler, like thread or thallus - Pigment: karoten (fukosantin) add pigment: chlorophyl a dan b, xantofil - Cell wall contain pektin and algin - Food of reseve: laminarin - Habitat: sea
  17. 17. - Reproduksi: a. axesual (Fragmentation and zoospora) b. sexual ( isogami, unisogami, and oogami) Ex: Sargassum, Macrocystis, Turbinaria. Sargassum Turbinaria
  18. 18. ● Red Algae (Rhodophyta) - Pigmen: fikoeritrin add pigment: chlorophyll a and d, karoten, fikosianin - Multiseluler - Cell wall contain pektin and cellulose - Reseve of food: florid flour - Habitat: in deep sea
  19. 19. - Reproduksi: a. axesual (spora) b. sexsual (oogami) - Ex: Eucheuma spinosum. Eucheuma spinosum
  20. 20. Peranan Protista  Secara Ekonomis - Foraminifera: its scheleton as clue to find resource of oil, gasses, and mineral - Radiolaria: its scheleton can used for tool brush - Chlorella: for food material. - Laminaria lavaniea (G. cokelat): farm dan manure and cattle food - Laminaria digitalis: yodium producen.
  21. 21. - Diatom (brown algae): residue of scheleton used to explotion material, isolation make material, material of paint and pernis. - Macrocystis and Laminaria: producen alginat acid for thick of make ice, cosmetic, textile, pill/tablets. - Eucheuma spinosum dan gelidium: maked material seaweed for mix make cookist. - Ulva, Caulerpa, dan Enteromorpha: as source of food like vegetables.
  22. 22. Radiolaria Diatom Caulerpa
  23. 23.  Echologist - Trichonympha campanula : help digest in intesti ne termite and cockroach. - Red Algae (Rhodophyta): shape of precipitate kapur either in sea or water. - Gold Algae (Chrysophyta): main authorize plankton (producen in sea environment). - Green Algae (Chlorophyta): phytoplankton in sea ecosystem.
  24. 24.  Protista yang merugikan - Saprolegnia: parasite in organism aquatic - Plasmopora viticola: white fungi in grape - Phytophtora infentans: rotten disease in tomato and potato caused by water fungi. - Entamoeba histolytica: cause disentri disease. - Trypanosoma brucei: cause sleep disease (inAfrika). - Trypanosoma evansi: cause sleep disease in cattle animals (cow, goat, and horse)
  25. 25. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION .......

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