ENGLISH        LITERATURE:AN OVERVIEW OF THE FAMOUS WORKS OF ENGLISH AUTHORS THROUGHOUT THE     HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN
To start, a few details about the              class…
Assignments this term   Author presentations-every week, one group    will present with handouts from each member       ...
Author presentation   Rubric:     Typed     grammar/spelling                                           These     Notes...
Book Report   Over the course of the semester, each student will read    one English book from the list on pg. 8-10.    ...
   What‟s important or helpful to know when    reading a story or poem?    Who? What? When? Where? Why?/How?    This is w...
Major Periods                                     Start taking•The Middle Ages (Chaucer)            notes on              ...
Literature of the Middle Ages        Anglo- Saxon period         (5th - 10th centuries)Content:• admiration of heroic warr...
Style/Genres:1. oral tradition of literature2. poetry dominant genre3. unique verse form    a. alliteration (repetition of...
Effect:•Christianity helps literacy to spread•introduces Roman alphabet to Britain•oral tradition helps unite diverse peop...
How the Anglo-Saxons Lived
A sampling of key literature:               Beowulf   First known masterpiece of English literature   An epic poem (a lo...
 Plot    Travels  to help his kinsman Hrothgar, king     of the Danes    Kills the monster Grendel by tearing off     h...
Brainstorm with a partnerTalk about these Questions:1. Who are heroes/heroines in Vietnam? What    qualities do they posse...
The Anglo-Norman Period          (11th-13th centuries)   Content:  chivalric code of honor/romances Style/Genres: oral...
Historical Context: 1066-Battle of Hastings-Anglo-Saxon army defeated by  William, Duke of Normandy Normans from north-w...
A Sampling of Key Literature & Authors:   Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
The Pre-Renaissance (14-15th            centuries)Content: plays that instruct the illiterate masses in morals and   reli...
Mystery, Miracle, and Morality
Mystery, Miracle and Morality                 plays   The origin of formal drama in England was the    Christian Church ...
Historical Context: Fight between English, Latin, and French comes to  an end. 1362-English is decided for court 1399, H...
L’Morte de Arthur (the death of        King Arthur)
Let’s take a break
Geoffrey Chaucer& The Canterbury      Tales
Time Period   1066 – Norman Invasion     Northern France     Last Successful invasion of England   Absentee kings    ...
Facts on Chaucer…   Birth in London, ?/?/1343   Author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat    (courtier), diplomat   Sometim...
Facts on the tales…   Collection of stories written by Chaucer   Popularized writing/reading in English   One frame tal...
Social Order during Chaucer’s             time Three Estates   Those who fight/rule (knights, nobles)   Those who pray ...
Brainstorm with a Partner In   Vietnam, what places do people make pilgrimages to? Why   do people travel to these places?
From The Canterbury Tales:   General PrologueHere bygynneth the Book of the Tales of           The Canterbury Tales: The P...
Questions:   What month is it?      April   “Then people long to go on ______________”      pilgrimages   Where are t...
In a little more                detail…   In Canterbury, they are going to visit the cathedral      Specifically, the sh...
Homework for next class   Read pgs. 14-17 & answer questions A-C,    pg. 17-18(this is review of what we’ve covered in cl...
Great job!You made it through day 1 ofclass and several centuries of      English literature!
The middle ages for ss
The middle ages for ss
The middle ages for ss
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The middle ages for ss

  1. 1. ENGLISH LITERATURE:AN OVERVIEW OF THE FAMOUS WORKS OF ENGLISH AUTHORS THROUGHOUT THE HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN
  2. 2. To start, a few details about the class…
  3. 3. Assignments this term Author presentations-every week, one group will present with handouts from each member  Details on pg. 4 Book report (and possibly drama)-more details to come  Details on pg. 7 Weekly homework-assigned each class
  4. 4. Author presentation Rubric:  Typed  grammar/spelling These  Notes required requirements are  Source given on pg. 4  Quality/ preparation  Presentation skills *Group 1-see me after class to see examples of handouts
  5. 5. Book Report Over the course of the semester, each student will read one English book from the list on pg. 8-10.  *note: there is an added book (13. „Sense and Sensibility‟ by Jane Austen) Each student will be required to answer questions about their book (listed on pg. 11-13) These questions will be completed as homework and will be checked three times throughout the semester (so you will have the whole semester to read the book)*you will choose your book at the end of class
  6. 6.  What‟s important or helpful to know when reading a story or poem? Who? What? When? Where? Why?/How? This is what we‟ll talk about for each period
  7. 7. Major Periods Start taking•The Middle Ages (Chaucer) notes on pg.19•The Renaissance (Shakespeare)•The Classical Literature + Age of Enlightenment (Bunyan/ Defoe)•The 19th Century•The Twentieth Century•Focus of Poetry
  8. 8. Literature of the Middle Ages Anglo- Saxon period (5th - 10th centuries)Content:• admiration of heroic warriors who prevail in battle• express religious faith and give moral instruction through literature
  9. 9. Style/Genres:1. oral tradition of literature2. poetry dominant genre3. unique verse form a. alliteration (repetition of same consonant in words or syllables.) Then the baleful fiend its fire belched out, And bring home burned. The blaze stood high And land folk fighting b. repetition (the repetition of these consonants gives the words rhyme) c. double metaphor (sail-road =sea)
  10. 10. Effect:•Christianity helps literacy to spread•introduces Roman alphabet to Britain•oral tradition helps unite diverse peoples and theirmyths•Historical Context:•life centered around ancestral tribes or clans thatruled themselves•at first the people were warriors from invadingoutlying areas: Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Danes•later they were agricultural
  11. 11. How the Anglo-Saxons Lived
  12. 12. A sampling of key literature: Beowulf First known masterpiece of English literature An epic poem (a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.) Describes the historical past of the land from which the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes came Talks about the defeat of Grendel, the monster who was killed by Beowulf, a strong young Viking, who later becomes king of Norway
  13. 13.  Plot  Travels to help his kinsman Hrothgar, king of the Danes  Kills the monster Grendel by tearing off his arm  Kills Grendel‟s mother by following her into a deep lake  Becomes king of the Geats, rules for 50 years  Dies killing a dragon to save his people and make them rich Qualities of an Anglo-Saxon hero:  Bravery, strength, seeking glory, boasting
  14. 14. Brainstorm with a partnerTalk about these Questions:1. Who are heroes/heroines in Vietnam? What qualities do they possess?2. Look at the characteristics of an epic listed on pg. 23. Which of those characteristics are shared by the stories of Vietnamese heroes?3. Are courage, strength, and boldness qualities you look for in a modern hero? If not, what different qualities do you look for?
  15. 15. The Anglo-Norman Period (11th-13th centuries) Content: chivalric code of honor/romances Style/Genres: oral tradition continues folk ballads popular poetry, funny stories about townspeople (fabliaux) bestiaries-stories in which characters were animals Effect: Expressed the values of knighthoodWhat is a knight?(in the Middle Ages) a man who served his sovereign or lord as a mounted soldier in armor.
  16. 16. Historical Context: 1066-Battle of Hastings-Anglo-Saxon army defeated by William, Duke of Normandy Normans from north-west France 3 languages used, French (nobility), Latin (clergy) , Anglo- Saxon (common people) Feudal system
  17. 17. A Sampling of Key Literature & Authors: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  18. 18. The Pre-Renaissance (14-15th centuries)Content: plays that instruct the illiterate masses in morals and religion religious devotionStyle/Genres: mystery and miracle plays morality playsEffect: church instructs its people through the morality and miracle plays an illiterate population is able to hear and see the literature
  19. 19. Mystery, Miracle, and Morality
  20. 20. Mystery, Miracle and Morality plays The origin of formal drama in England was the Christian Church Morality: Characters were qualities such as Sin, Grace, and Repentance to help Christians in England who could not read understand ideas from the Bible Mystery: acted out Biblical events Miracle: acted out specific miraculous events in Biblical record
  21. 21. Historical Context: Fight between English, Latin, and French comes to an end. 1362-English is decided for court 1399, Henry IV, mother tongue was English comes to throne War of Roses (1455-1485)A Sampling of Key Literature & Authors: L’Morte de Arthur (The Death of King Arthur) Geoffrey Chaucer –Canterbury Tales
  22. 22. L’Morte de Arthur (the death of King Arthur)
  23. 23. Let’s take a break
  24. 24. Geoffrey Chaucer& The Canterbury Tales
  25. 25. Time Period 1066 – Norman Invasion  Northern France  Last Successful invasion of England Absentee kings  French – Language of Nobility  Less writing in English 1300‟s – return to English literature
  26. 26. Facts on Chaucer… Birth in London, ?/?/1343 Author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat (courtier), diplomat Sometimes called the “Father of English Literature” Author of Many works  “The Book of the Dutch”, “House of Fame”, etc Best known for “The Canterbury Tales”
  27. 27. Facts on the tales… Collection of stories written by Chaucer Popularized writing/reading in English One frame tale; many short tales within  Stories within a story  Talks about a pilgrimage: • a journey to a place associated with someone or something well known or respected, often religious
  28. 28. Social Order during Chaucer’s time Three Estates  Those who fight/rule (knights, nobles)  Those who pray (church leaders)  Those who labor (commoners; everyone else)
  29. 29. Brainstorm with a Partner In Vietnam, what places do people make pilgrimages to? Why do people travel to these places?
  30. 30. From The Canterbury Tales: General PrologueHere bygynneth the Book of the Tales of The Canterbury Tales: The Prologue Pg. 28 Caunterbury Modern English Version Whan that Aprill, with his shoures soote The droghte of March hath perced to the 1 When in April the sweet showers fall roote And pierce the drought of March to the root, and all And bathed every veyne in swich licour, The veins are bathed in liquor of such power Of which vertu engendred is the flour; As brings about the engendering of the flower,5 Whan Zephirus eek with his sweete breeth 5 When also Zephyrus with his sweet breath Inspired hath in every holt and heeth Exhales an air in every grove and heath The tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne Upon the tender shoots, and the young sun His half-course in the sign of the Ram has run, Hath in the Ram his halfe cours yronne, And the small fowl are making melody And smale foweles maken melodye, 10 That sleep away the night with open eye10 That slepen al the nyght with open eye- (So nature pricks them and their heart engages) (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages); Then people long to go on pilgrimages Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages And palmers long to seek the stranger strands Of far-off saints, hallowed in sundry lands, And palmeres for to seken straunge strondes To ferne halwes, kowthe in sondry londes; At nyght was come into that hostelrye Wel nyne and twenty in a compaignye
  31. 31. Questions: What month is it?  April “Then people long to go on ______________”  pilgrimages Where are they traveling?  Canterbury How many are in the group?  29 Who does he describe first?  A knight
  32. 32. In a little more detail… In Canterbury, they are going to visit the cathedral  Specifically, the shrine of Archbishop Thomas A Becket Why?  It is said to be a place of miracles  Spring is the time to go seek a blessing  major conflict · The struggles between characters, manifested in the links between tales, mostly involve clashes between social classes, differing tastes, and competing professions. There are also clashes between the sexes, and there is resistance to the Hosts somewhat tyrannical leadership.
  33. 33. Homework for next class Read pgs. 14-17 & answer questions A-C, pg. 17-18(this is review of what we’ve covered in class today so it will be easy ) Read pgs. 32-33 & answer questions on pg.34Group 1: prepare to tell us about William Shakespeare next class
  34. 34. Great job!You made it through day 1 ofclass and several centuries of English literature!
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