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Transitioning to College: The Top Five Things Students Need to Know to Succeed
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Transitioning to College: The Top Five Things Students Need to Know to Succeed

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  • 1. TRANSITIONINGTO COLLEGEThe Top Five Things StudentsNeed to Know to SucceedMissouri School Boards’ Association Conference,Sept. 28, 2012Ngaire Smith, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Missouri StateUniversity Librariesngairesmith@missouristate.edu
  • 2. DIGITAL NATIVES Incoming college freshmen are Tech savvy Adept at using the Internet for social purposes Incoming college freshmen lack Skillsin finding and using scholarly information Familiarity with libraries as 2 information sources
  • 3. TOP FIVE THINGS COLLEGEFRESHMEN NEED TO KNOW1. The information cycle2. What is a scholarly source? When (and why) should I use one?3. Why not Google?4. How do I find information efficiently and effectively?5. Who can help me when I run into problems? 3
  • 4. 1. THE INFORMATION CYCLE 4
  • 5. 2. WHAT’S A SCHOLARLY SOURCE?  Journals  Scholarly databases  Scholarly books  Reference sources  Why do students need to know this? 5
  • 6. USING SCHOLARLY SOURCES FORCOLLEGE LEVEL RESEARCH Sample research assignments:  My professor told me to find three peer reviewed articles on the effects of chronic wasting disease on deer populations in Missouri. How do I find them?  Where would I find the 10K report for Dell Inc.? I need five original research articles on nutrition and kidney disease for my dietetics class. Where should I look? 6
  • 7. 3. WHY NOT GOOGLE?  Everything’s online, right?  (The Criminal Minds Effect)  So why does Google ask me to pay for articles?  Theauthority problem: who wrote this? Do they know what they are writing about?  Many scholarly sources are unavailable through Google 7
  • 8. 4. EFFECTIVE SEARCHING Using library databases and catalogs, users can: Narrow and focus their searches Instantly access scholarly sources Find other sources in the bibliography Save time and frustration 8
  • 9. 5. LIBRARIANS AND MEDIASPECIALISTS CAN HELP!  58% of students “not sure” whether library offers access to online databases (De Rosa et al. 2006)!  Morenet  Librarians and media specialists can:  Point students towards high quality sources they may not know about  Teach students efficient and effective search techniques  Guide students towards self-sufficiency 9
  • 10. RESEARCH SUGGESTS…. Library use increases academic performance  Goodin (1991) found that high school students who received library instruction at an academic library:  Produced work that was acceptable at the college level Library use improves student retention  Haddow and Joseph (2010) found that students who used the library in their first semester were more likely to stay in college Information literacy skills smooth the transition to college 10
  • 11. THE “SO WHAT?” FACTOR Why is this important in college?  Time management and stress reduction  Better papers and assignments  Good grades  Good job! Why is this important in the long run?  Keeping up with your field  Researching life’s challenges  Participating in democracy 11
  • 12. REFERENCE LIST DeRosa, Cathy, Joanne Cantrell, Janet Hawk, & Alane Wilson. 2006. College Students’Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC. Goodin, M. Elspeth. 1991. “The Transferability of Library Research Skills from High School to College.” School Library Media Quarterly. 20 (1): 33-42. Haddow, Gaby, and Jayanthi Joseph. 2010. “Loans, Logins, and Lasting the Course: Academic Library Use and Student Retention.” Australian Academic and Research Libraries, 41 (4): 233-244. 12