DUAL CREDIT: SKILLSTHAT TRANSFEROr, how to make dual credit students love your libraryso much they just have to enroll in your university!NGAIRE SMITHREFERENCE AND INSTRUCTION LIBRARIAN - MISSOURI STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIESMISSOURI LIBRARY ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE, OCTOBER 4, 2012
Why Dual Credit?• Universities attract good students and ease their transition to college• Teachers challenge their students with college level curriculum (Burhanna and Jensen, 2006)• Students earn college credits, helping them to graduate early (and save moula!) (Smith, 2007)• Senior year ≠ prom planning and yearbook committee
Purpose of Dual Credit Instructionat Meyer Library Help students complete assignmentThe “Wow!” factorMotivation to attend college (Cosgrove, 2001)Students are “more systematic and purposefulin information gathering” (Goodin, 1991, 35)87% of students reported that library instructionhelped them complete their assignment (Joneset al. 2012)
Barriers to Information Literacy The Google effect I used Wikipedia in a paper last year and got an A! Everything’s Online, right? The “Bones” Effect “Satisficing” Those first two articles will work!
The Culture of Dual CreditBurhanna and Jensen (2006)Dual Credit Students College Freshmen Close peer groups Newly independent Open to group Distracted by new work roles and Focused and responsibilities Range of academic attentive abilities Excited to be here Have a lot of new Limited time to find information to information absorb Academically
Structuring the Class Usually 1 ½ hours long Get to know your students Articulate learning outcomes: what do you want your students to be able to do? Reminder: College = study
Learning Outcomes Students will search a variety of sources in order to find high quality information for their papers Students will employ different search techniques in order to narrow and focus their searches
Making the Session Count Active learning and hands-on activities Students “need to interact more closely with the course material than simply listening to it or reading about it.” (Jacobson and Xu, 2004) Extra scaffolding for off-campus learners
Introductions Distribute index cards Ask students to respond to a question How can the library help me do my assignment? Describe a time when you used research to help you make a decision Discuss answers as a class Overview of the session
1. Emphasis: The LibraryHomepageOr, the Magical Portal to Free Information 58% of students “not sure” whether library offers access to online databases (De Rosa et al. 2006) Google v. Library Homepage Library pays for information so that you don’t have to! Get help from the experts – Ask a Librarian
2. Finding What’s Out There Basic catalog searching Keyword Searching Remember to use “And” to join terms Play around with keywords to expand your search Use subject terms to find other similar items Call numbers What they mean, and how to use them to find books Activity In groups, students find two books on a topic in the catalog and text them to their phones, go to the stacks, and take a photo of the book. Prize for first!
3. Scholarly v. Popular Kimbel Library video Group activity Each group gets one example of a scholarly journal and one example of a popular journal Using the criteria in the video, each group will decide which is which, and why Report back to the class
Databases Click on Articles and Databases link Ask students to find the top three databases for Literature Research Pick one and demonstrate a few features, such as narrowing by full text only, narrowing by date, and emailing articles
Database Searching Activity Sample Assignment: Comparing MLA International Bibliography and JSTOR Group Assignment: Each group will find two full text, scholarly articles, one from the last five years, on gender in The Ye llo w Wa llp a p e r Worksheet Describe articles What makes them scholarly? Discuss helpful database features Describe obstacles encountered Report back to class
Self-Directed Search Time Students focus searches on their own topics Librarian and instructor available for help Students retrieve books from stacks, save pdfs, or email them One-on-one consultation with each student
Wrap-Up Review what was covered in class Ask students to share what they have found on their topics (either to the class or in a one minute paper) Reemphasize the library homepage and Ask a Librarian Remind students that the library is vital to a successful college experience Make sure they all now want to attend MSU!
Skills Acquired: Students can now: Find books in the catalog and in the stacks Distinguish between scholarly and popular articles Use a variety of search techniques Identify ways to get help with research when needed
Signs Point to: Library instruction helps students achieve at a higher level Can produce work at the college level when given the right tools and resources (Goodin, 1991) Library use improves student retention Haddow and Joseph (2010) found that students who used the library in their first semester were more likely to stay in college
Reference List Burhanna, K. & M. L. Jensen. 2006. “Collaborations for Success: High School to College Transitions.” Re fe re nc e s Se rvic e s Re vie w, 34(4), 509- 519. Cosgrove, J. 2001. Promoting Higher Education: (Yet) Another Goal of Bibliographic Instruction of High School Students by College Librarians.” Co lle g e a nd Und e rg ra d ua te Libra rie s , 8(2): 17-24. Goodin, M. Elspeth. 1991. “The Transferability of Library Research Skills from High School to College.” Sc ho o l Libra ry M d ia Qua rte rly . 20(1): 33-42. e Haddow, Gaby, and Jayanthi Joseph. 2010. “Loans, Logins, and Lasting the Course: Academic Library Use and Student Retention.” A tra lia n us A a d e m ic a nd Re s e a rc h Libra rie s , 41 (4): 233-244. c Jacobson, Trudi and Lijuan Xu. 2004. M tiva ting Stud e nts in I rm a tio n o nfo Lite ra c y Cla s s e s . New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc. Jones, C.G., T. Stout, R. Thompson, and L. Cline. 2012. Libra ry Co ns titue nc y Surve y : I rim Re p o rt. Springfield: Missouri State University nte Libraries. Smith, D. 2007. Why Expand Dual-Credit Programs?” Co m m unity Co lle g e