IMAGERY “The use of imagery inMacbeth Macbeth is one of the finest examples of atmosphere ever created in drama.” -Blanche Coles, Author of Shakespeare‟s Four Giants By William Shakespeare
• Creates an atmosphere of horror and violence.• Bleeding sergeant recounts tale of battle.• Described in gory detail.• Macbeth - brutal, but heroic.• Bloody images establish the violence that is to dominate the play.
• Efforts to wash hands after murder.• Banquo‟s ghost.• Wading through a river of blood.
• Carries burden of all Macbeth‟s crimes.• Sleepwalking.• Compulsive washing of hands.• Attempts to escape stench of blood.
• Conversation between Malcolm and Macduff.• Communicates the breakdown of order in Scotland.
• Represents the evil, corrupt rule of Macbeth.• Introduced at a late stage, but is used extensively in the play.• Macbeth is seen as Scotland‟s disease, which can only be cured by the coronation of the rightful king.
• Scotland is blighted by disease and infertility.• Macbeth’s rule is described as ‘distempered’.• Macbeth asks the doctor to cure Scotland’s disease, but ironically, he is this disease.• Malcolm and the forces of good are seen as the antidote to the disease
• Lady Macbeth is described as having an ‘infected mind’ and talking to her pillow.• Her sleepwalking and compulsive actions suggest an illness, rooted in remorse.
Moral Lack of light Murders ofdarkness - Darkness when Duncan andScenes set acts as a foil Duncan was Banquo at night murdered Focus on characters Sleep Dark & during the day walking Light Images of Lady Fears the Suffers from light Macbeth dark – Light a guilty highlightcraves light is sanctuary? conscience good characters
“ „tis day,/ andyet dark night Imagines Providestrangles the light being cover for his blotted out evil desires travelling lamp” “ stars, hide yourStarless Sky Dark & fires! Let Light not light see my black and “ their deepcandles Sun fails to desires”are out” rise Evil has over No hope or ruled light
• The motif of sleep ties together the relationship between conscience, action and consequence.• The punishment for cruel deeds is the inability to sleep.• Macbeth, Lady Macbeth and Banquo have issues with sleeplessness.
• The witches foreshadow Macbeth‟s lack of sleep as they spitefully plot against a sailor.• Banquo is tempted by the witches‟ prophesies as he sleeps, and tries to avoid „repose‟.
• Macbeth describes peaceful sleep as something that „knits up the ravell‟d sleave of care‟.• He has nightmares before killing Duncan.• After the murder, he „sleeps no more‟.• Lady Macbeth puts his strange behaviour at the banquet down to a lack of sleep.
• Her sleepwalking scene illustrates the remorse that she feels.• She doesn‟t rest while sleeping - instead she relives the horror of Duncan‟s murder.
• Duncan is seen as a „most sainted King‟. His murder is a sacrilegious act, that upsets natural order.• King Edward is described as „holy‟ and „most pious‟. He is said to have healing powers, bestowed on him by God.• God is believed to be on the side of Macbeth‟s enemies.
• The witches are seen as speakers for the Devil - „the instruments of darkness‟.• As Macbeth declines morally, he becomes increasingly associated with images of Hell - „this fiend of Scotland‟, „devilish Macbeth‟, „hell-hound‟.
Growth and Nature Associated withDuncan virtue and Edward goodness Malcolm & Donalbain
Nature ImageryDuncan “Deep rooted” gentleness Generous and and softness fair side to his personalityFirst form of kingship I have begun to plant thee, andGenuine and will labour theesentimental to make thee full of growing.
Appropriateness of Kingship Clothing and MasksSource of Connected to power disloyalty Illustrate deception
“ makeour faces Clothing and “ false vizards Masks face to our hearts,/ must hideDisguising Survival Instinct what the what false they heart are.” doth Appear Maintain Innocent loyalty know” Villainous thoughts disguised
Clothing and MasksInappropriateness “ lest our of his role Suitability of old robes as King Macbeth as king sit easier than our “ why do new!” Express his surprise you dress me/ In borrowed Compare poorly with Duncan‟s robes?”