ChronicObstructive COPD is a chronic lung disease thatPulmonary obstructs your airflow and isDisorder diagnosed by having severe cases of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and•The study of such or cystic fibrosisdiseases listed tothe right have beenstudied since the15th century and theterm COPD wascoined by a WilliamBriscoe at the ninthemphysemaconference•Is commonlyreferred to as a“smokers cough.”
Asthma There are two main symptoms of asthma including airway constriction and airway inflamation. Triggers of asthma go beyond dust and mold and can include exercise, odors, illness, weather and even common household pests. There are approximately 300 million people who suffer from Asthma worldwide.
Emphysema ischaracterized asan obstructivelung diseasebecause of thedestruction ofalveoli sacs,which leavesthem unable tohold theirfunctional shapeupon Emphysemaexhalation.
Chronic Bronchitis Bronchitis is a term that describes inflammation of the bronchial tubes that results in excessive secretions of mucus into the tubes with tissue swelling that may narrow or close off bronchial tubes. Chronic bronchitis is defined as a cough that occurs every day with sputum production that lasts for at least 3 months, 2 years in a row. The major cause of chronic bronchitis is cigarette smoking; other causes are bronchial irritants, usually inhaled repeatedly by the affected person.
Cystic Fibrosis Is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs and digestive tract. A defective gene and its protein product cause the body to produce unusually thick, sticky mucus. This mucus causes the clogging of lungs, lung infections, an obstruction of the pancreas and keeps the body from naturally absorbing nutrients. The predicted median age of survival of people with CF is in the late 30s. Symptoms include salty skin, persistent coughing, wheezing, poor growth regardless of appropriate appetite.
Causes of COPD Cigarette smoking is the cause of 85 percent of all cases in the United States. Other risk factors include exposure to chemicals, second hand smoke, dust, pollution, and having a family history of COPD. COPD is aggravated by cold air, strong fumes, dust, and smoke.
CommonTreatments•Short and Long actingbronchodilators•Inhaled Corticosteroids•SystemicCorticosteroids(through IV or Pills)•Antibiotics•PulmonaryRehabilitations•Lung transplants
71 percent of COPD cases occur in people over the age of 55. COPD is the cause of 3.28 million deaths in the worldCOPD The best way to prevent COPD isOverview to quit smoking, or never start. Women account for over 60 percent of all COPD cases. This is though to be a result of the fact that woman react more severely to smoke and to the symptoms of COPD.
Work Cited http://www.medicinenet.com/chronic_bronchitis/article.h tm#glance http://www.spiriva.com/about-copd/copd-stages.html http://www.copd.com/understanding/index.html?google= e_&rotation=1906&banner=10109&kw=155