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This document is the second in our DHCP technical documents series and explains the detailed operation of DHCP. First, we will describe a procedure for detecting conflicts of IP addresses between the one just allocated/leased through DHCP and ones previously allocated. Next, we will take a look at how DHCP Offer/Ack messages sent by a DHCP server are transferred (broadcast or unicast). Finally, we will explain the state transition diagram illustrating how DHCP clients make state transition as IP address allocation and lease time procedures continue.
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