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The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers
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The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers

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In late 2011, NetApp commissioned Forrester Consulting to examine the total economic impact and business case justification for independent service providers to build and deliver storage-as-a-service …

In late 2011, NetApp commissioned Forrester Consulting to examine the total economic impact and business case justification for independent service providers to build and deliver storage-as-a-service (StaaS) to their customers using NetApp solutions. The purpose of this study is to give service providers a framework to evaluate the potential financial impact on their businesses if they build their cloud service offering on the NetApp platform.

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  • 1. A Forrester Total Economic Impact™ Study Prepared For NetAppThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions ForCloud Service ProvidersA Total Economic Impact AnalysisProject Director: Bob Cormier, Vice President and Principal ConsultantApril 2012
  • 2. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTABLE OF CONTENTSExecutive Summary ................................................................................................................................................................................. 2  Disclosures ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 TEI Framework And Methodology...................................................................................................................................................... 4 Analysis ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6  Interview Highlights .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6  Composite Service Provider Description — The Organization ................................................................................................ 6  Costs: Initial Startup Investments ................................................................................................................................................... 8  Costs: Ongoing Annual Investments............................................................................................................................................ 11 Taking Advantage Of NetApp Efficiencies ....................................................................................................................................... 12 Revenues, Costs, And Gross Margin .................................................................................................................................................. 16  Flexibility............................................................................................................................................................................................ 18  Risk...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18 Financial Summary................................................................................................................................................................................ 20 Study Conclusions ................................................................................................................................................................................. 20 Appendix A: About NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers: Overview ...................................................................... 22 Appendix B: Total Economic Impact™ Overview ............................................................................................................................ 23 Appendix C: About The Project Director ......................................................................................................................................... 24 © 2012, Forrester Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized reproduction is strictly prohibited. Information is based on best available resources.Opinions reflect judgment at the time and are subject to change. Forrester®, Technographics®, Forrester Wave, RoleView, TechRadar, and TotalEconomic Impact are trademarks of Forrester Research, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective companies. For additionalinformation, go to www.forrester.com.About Forrester ConsultingForrester Consulting provides independent and objective research-based consulting to help leaders succeed in their organizations. Ranging inscope from a short strategy session to custom projects, Forrester’s Consulting services connect you directly with research analysts who applyexpert insight to your specific business challenges. For more information, visit www.forrester.com/consulting.Page 1
  • 3. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersExecutive SummaryIn late 2011, NetApp commissioned Forrester Consulting to examine the total economic impact and business casejustification for independent service providers to build and deliver storage-as-a-service (StaaS) to their customers usingNetApp solutions. The purpose of this study is to give service providers a framework to evaluate the potential financialimpact on their businesses if they build their cloud service offering on the NetApp platform.Forrester found that the service providers successfully and profitably developed and marketed products and services onthe NetApp platform and used this as an opportunity to gain access to new customers and incremental revenueopportunities.For this study, Forrester interviewed six cloud service providers that have developed and sold cloud services built on theNetApp platform. Based on the data gathered from these service providers, we constructed a framework for evaluatingthe potential revenues, expenses, and gross profits associated with developing and selling a cloud-based StaaS offering.From the interviews, we learned that the service providers were able to take advantage of and gain economic benefitsfrom the following NetApp features, functionality, and business practices (see Appendix A for NetApp solutiondescriptions):  Scalability. The NetApp platform could scale easily, allowing the cloud service provider to start small and grow to support large and varied StaaS opportunities.  Satisfaction of data security concerns. NetApp allowed service providers to sell and operate separate instances for multiple customers that had data security concerns.  NetApp technology. A variety of NetApp technologies provide economic benefit to service providers. Storage efficiency capabilities such as deduplication, thin provisioning, Snapshot, and FlexClone minimize storage costs (see Table 7). Unified storage and multitenancy also increase efficiencies. Integrated data protection and data mobility give predictable service across a range of service-level agreements (SLAs). Features like SnapLock, a data permanence capability, can also be monetized. Application programming interfaces (APIs) allow further innovation and reduced management costs.  NetApp partnerships. Working with a variety of leaders such as VMware, Microsoft, and Cisco Systems allows key technologies in a service-oriented infrastructure to function well together.  Business model. NetApp has no proprietary branded cloud services to compete against those of service providers. Rather, NetApp’s focus is on being the storage and data management supplier of choice and helping its service provider partners market and sell their services.From our interviews, we created a composite service provider Organization, which is based on characteristics of theinterviewed service providers (see the Composite Service Provider Description — The Organization section.)Table 1 represents a three-year summary of risk-adjusted revenues, costs, gross profit margin, and cumulative gross-profit-margin percent that our Organization experienced investing in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers.Page 2
  • 4. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 1Revenue, Costs, And Gross Profit Over Three Years — The Organization (Risk-Adjusted) Initial Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total Total StaaS revenue $0 $1,041,120 $3,149,280 $5,602,410 $9,792,810 Total costs $1,782,831 $779,210 $1,030,889 $1,089,769 $4,682,699 Gross profit margin -$1,782,831 $261,910 $2,118,391 $4,512,641 $5,110,111 Cumulative gross profit N/A -146.1% 14.3% 52.2% 52.2% margin %Source: Forrester Research, Inc.The three-year risk-adjusted gross profit (revenues less costs) of $5,110,111 is attributed to the Organization’sinvestment in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers (see details below in the Costs, Benefits, Flexibility, and Risksections).The risk adjustments made for the composite Organization are based on data and characteristics obtained during thecustomer interview process. Forrester risk-adjusts revenues to take into account the potential uncertainty that existswith an investment including underutilized infrastructure due to customers not renewing StaaS contracts at apredictable rate (Forrester assumes an annual 20% attrition rate in this analysis). The risk-adjusted value is meant toprovide a conservative estimate, incorporating the previously mentioned risk factors. For this study, Forrester applied a10% risk adjustment — i.e., a reduction of 10% — to all revenues to reflect the risks. For a more in-depth explanationof risk and the risk adjustments used in this study, please see the Risk section.In this study, we will address the following financial topics using the composite Organization, which is representative ofthe service providers we interviewed:  Initial startup investments required to enter the StaaS services business using NetApp solutions.  Representative StaaS end user contract (revenue, costs, and gross profit margin) reported by interviewed service providers.  Ongoing investments to maintain and grow a StaaS services business using NetApp solutions.  Benefits attributed to utilizing the NetApp storage efficiency portfolio including deduplication, thin provisioning, Snapshot, and FlexClone.  Three-year financial projections — investments, revenues, and gross profit margin (risk-adjusted and non-risk- adjusted).Page 3
  • 5. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersDisclosuresThe reader should be aware of the following:  The study is commissioned by NetApp and delivered by the Forrester Consulting group.  Forrester makes no assumptions as to the potential return on investment that other service providers will receive. Forrester strongly advises readers to use their own estimates within the framework provided in this study to determine the appropriateness of an investment in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers.  NetApp reviewed and provided feedback to Forrester, but Forrester maintained editorial control over the study and its findings and did not accept changes to the study that contradicted Forrester’s findings or obscured the meaning of the study.  Forrester does not endorse NetApp or its storage solutions.  The study is not a direct or implied market or competitive comparison.TEI Framework And MethodologyIntroductionBased on the information gathered from the service provider interviews, Forrester has constructed a Total EconomicImpact™ framework for prospective service providers that wish to develop cloud-based products and services based onthe NetApp platform. The objective of the framework is to identify the revenue, expense, flexibility, and risk factors thataffect the investment decision over a three-year period.Approach And MethodologyForrester took a multistep approach to evaluate the business case for NetApp solutions for cloud service providers (seeFigure 1). Specifically, we:  Interviewed NetApp marketing personnel as well as Forrester analysts to gather data relative to NetApp solutions for cloud service providers and the marketplace in general.  Interviewed six service providers that have developed and are selling cloud services on the NetApp platform, to obtain data with respect to revenues, costs, and risks.  Designed a composite Organization (service provider) based on common characteristics of the interviewed service providers.  Constructed a financial model representative of the interviews using the TEI methodology. The financial model is populated with average expense and revenue data obtained from the interviews as applied to NetApp solutions for cloud service providers.Page 4
  • 6. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersFigure 1TEI Approach Create  Construct financial  Perform due  Conduct  Write TEI  composite  model using TEI  diligence interviews case study Organization frameworkSource: Forrester Research, Inc.Forrester employed four fundamental elements of TEI in modeling the NetApp solutions for cloud service providers: 1. Costs. 2. Revenues. 3. Flexibility. 4. Risk and risk mitigation.Please see Appendix B for additional information on the TEI methodology.Framework AssumptionsTable 2 provides the framework assumptions that Forrester used in this analysis.Table 2Framework Assumptions General assumptions Value Length of analysis Three years Annual fully loaded cost of a storage $110,000 administrator, project manager, and marketing staff Hourly fully loaded average cost of a $53 storage administrator, project manager, and marketing staffSource: Forrester Research, Inc.Page 5
  • 7. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersAnalysisInterview HighlightsForrester derived its conclusions in large part from information received in a series of in-depth interviews withexecutives and personnel at six service providers currently using NetApp-based cloud solutions. The following is a briefdescription of each of the interviewed service providers, all of which were promised anonymity:  A North American service provider supplying cloud-based infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) and software- as-a-service (SaaS). It targets customers in the midmarket-to-enterprise range for the following services: disaster recovery (DR), backup and recovery, archival, test and development, and Exchange-as-a-service. This 50-person company has been using NetApp solutions for cloud service provision since 2008.  A European-based service provider operating eight data centers globally. It provides data protection services to organizations in government, healthcare, financial services, manufacturing, industry, and other sectors. Cloud- based services include: IaaS, DR, backup and recovery, archival, Exchange-as-a-service, business continuity, and failover as a service. This 60-person company has 6 petabytes of data stored on NetApp hardware, and it’s using NetApp storage efficiency tools to optimize utilization and efficiency.  A Japan-based service provider of high-value solution services, including Internet access, outsourcing, and systems integration. Its cloud-based services include SaaS, platform-as-a-service (PaaS), IaaS, StaaS, and application hosting. This 500-person service provider has been delivering cloud services on the NetApp platform for more than 12 months.  A North-American-based service provider offering its customers an advanced cloud infrastructure. Providing managed service offerings that deliver scale, security, and reliability to enterprises and governments around the world. It has 900 employees and a global network of data centers providing cloud-based services including primary IaaS, with StaaS, DR, backup and recovery, archival and eDiscovery, test and development, and cloud storage.  A US-based global service provider with core products such as managed hosting, cloud hosting, and email and application hosting. It has more than 3,000 employees serving about 100,000 cloud computing customers with revenues of almost $1 billion. It has been delivering backup and recovery as well as desktop and infrastructure cloud services on the NetApp platform for more than three years.  A European-based global IT solutions and managed services provider including cloud services. It employs more than 1,500 people worldwide meeting the IaaS and StaaS needs of more than 5,000 corporate and public- sector customers. It specializes in the area of advanced technologies and services with annual revenues exceeding $1 billion. It has been delivering cloud services on the NetApp platform for more than 12 months.Composite Service Provider Description — The OrganizationIn this TEI study, Forrester has created a composite cloud service provider Organization to illustrate the quantifiablerevenues and costs, risks, and flexibility of developing and running capacity-optimized StaaS products and services onPage 6
  • 8. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providersthe NetApp platform. The composite cloud service provider Organization is representative of the six NetApp cloudservice providers interviewed by Forrester for this study.Background: Pre-NetApp Business EnvironmentThe composite Organization is a 10-year-old company. Prior to developing capacity-optimized StaaS cloud services onNetApp, its primary product was system integration and dedicated hosting of applications and infrastructure that weresold using a traditional license-based model. The primary market for these services was mainly medium-sized and largeenterprises, and that market will remain the same for its cloud-based products and services.The Organization’s total annual revenues were $500 million. Its primary revenue source was managed services sales andmaintenance fees. Other revenue sources include professional services engagements. Professional services engagementswere required to integrate the products with its customers’ broader IT environment.Reasons For Pursuing A Cloud-Based Product StrategyTo grow the Organization’s revenues, management realized that it needed a product that would allow it to reachcompletely new markets. Its larger competitor had a strong presence outside of the Organization’s local market, makingit difficult to break into different geographies with its on-premises product. At the same time, management believedthat these same competitors were so large that they had lost some of their nimbleness, particularly when it came topursuing smaller market segments. Management, noting an increasing interest among its customers and prospects forapplications, infrastructure, and services that are delivered from the cloud, decided to pursue a cloud-based StaaSstrategy. In particular, management believed that a cloud-based strategy would allow it to do the following:  Reach new market segments and geographies.  Achieve competitive differentiation relative to the Organization’s larger competitors.  Allow the business to scale rapidly without incurring the overhead costs associated with traditional hosted solutions.  Make it easy for prospects to try out its solution.  Make it easier to sell a service by dramatically reducing the upfront costs for the customer.  Create a profitable cloud-based StaaS product and services business.Reasons For Choosing NetAppThe Organization had experience in system integration of hosted infrastructure and applications. It had learned thatthis approach would not work well for its proposed products because the hosting costs did not scale linearly with thenumber of customers. The Organization was interested in an infrastructure solution that allows for cost-effectivelydeploying a portfolio of customer-facing services over time with significant economies of scale. The Organizationreviewed other StaaS offerings and decided to use NetApp. Its reasons for choosing NetApp were similar to the sixinterviewed service providers and included the following:Page 7
  • 9. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers  The NetApp platform could scale easily, allowing the cloud service provider to start small and scale to support large use cases.  NetApp solutions allowed the Organization to address the cost challenges associated with hosted solutions.  NetApp allowed the Organization to sell and operate separate instances for those customers that had data security concerns.  NetApp’s technology: Unified storage, storage efficiency, and multitenancy minimize cost. Integrated data protection and data mobility give predictable service across a range of SLAs. Unique capabilities such as Snapshot, FlexClone, and SnapLock can be monetized. APIs allow further innovation.  NetApp partnerships: Working with a variety of leaders such as VMware, Microsoft, and Cisco allows key technologies in a service-oriented infrastructure to function seamlessly together.  Business model: NetApp has no proprietary branded services to compete against service providers. Rather, NetApp’s focus is on being the storage and data management supplier of choice.The Organization has decided to design workload offerings to meet customer performance requirements at minimalcost by combining SATA drives with FlashCache.In designing a reference architecture for a storage service, our Organization had two basic goals. 1. To ultimately offer a broad range of services built on a simple and scalable StaaS foundation. 2. To build an infrastructure that is cost-efficient, allowing the service provider to offer its customers reasonable and competitive prices for services while maintaining an acceptable gross profit margin.The Organization understands that the best way to achieve a cost-efficient cloud-based storage infrastructure is tospecifically configure infrastructure components to meet common workloads and drive that infrastructure to thehighest possible levels of utilization.Costs: Initial Startup InvestmentsFrom our interviews with existing service providers, Forrester has outlined in Table 3 the initial startup costs for theOrganization. These costs will also support the first three StaaS contracts sold by the Organization in Year 1.Page 8
  • 10. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 3Startup Investments And Costs — Composite Service Provider Organization (Will Support First Three StaaSContracts) Investment cost category Descriptions/Assumptions ExpenseStorage startup costs — NetApp hardware (*) Two FAS6240 capacity systems: SATA (48 TB raw) $339,892Storage startup costs — NetApp software (*) Two software licenses $698,850Storage startup costs — NetApp service (*) SupportEdge Premium 4-hour on-site — 36 months $319,848Training costs — NetApp NetApp Data ONTAP and software applications $10,000Subtotal — NetApp startup costs $1,368,590 Three FTEs full-time for two months (storage administrator, product manager, and project manager)Product development costs to incorporate StaaS — for example, tasks include initial tying into level 1 $55,000into existing hosting environment help desk and billing systems and systems management integration. Trade publications, search advertising, and emailInitial marketing and advertising costs $30,000 marketingBandwidth costs (data center to data Each service provider should assess its own bandwidth $0center/Internet to data center) capacity needs. Each service provider should assess its own data centerExpand data center $0 capacity needs.Total startup investment and costs $1,453,590Source: Forrester Research, Inc.*See Table 4 for initial hardware, software, and services configuration details. NetApp pricing is based on normal and average discounts offNetApp’s list price as of January 2012.Page 9
  • 11. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 4Capacity-Optimized Startup System — NetApp Hardware, Software, And Services NetApp product Description Hardware — NetApp FAS6240 StaaS FAS6240 capacity-optimized system configuration includes: 2x Disk Shelves, 24x2.0 TB, 7.2k, SATA; FAS6240 HA SYS With SAS CNTRL and IO expander; 2x 512 GB FlashCache Modules; cabinet and miscellaneous cables. Software — Complete BNDL, This includes: ISCSI, FCP, CIFS, NFS, SnapRestore, SnapVault, 6240A,-C SnapMirror, FlexClone, SnapDrive for Windows, SnapDrive for UNIX, SnapManager for Microsoft Exchange, SQL, SharePoint, Oracle, SAP, VI, Hyper-V, and SMBR. Software — Data ONTAP Essentials, This includes: HTTP, one protocol of choice, deduplication (ASIS), 6240,-C NearStore, SyncMirror, DSM/MPIO, MultiStore, and FlexCache — System Manager. Service — SupportEdge Premium This includes: 4-hour on-site for 36 months.Source: Forrester Research, Inc.Capacity-Optimized SystemThe capacity-optimized system is a configuration designed specifically for capacity-oriented workloads, where thecapacity requirements of the workload exceed the performance requirements. In this configuration, achievingmaximum storage density and price per GB/TB efficiency is the primary architectural objective.The capacity system is a FAS6240AE with SATA drives. The default configuration is the 6240AE controller with thecomplete software bundle and FlashCache Modules. The default configuration provides ~49.4 TB of usable capacitystorage (based on the use of 2 TB SATA drives).Usable capacity can be increased by adding additional shelves of SATA disks. Each shelf of SATA disks adds ~30.7 TBusable capacity (based on 2 TB disks). The maximum usable capacity for our capacity-oriented storage system is~1833.5 TB (again based on 2 TB disks) (see Table 5).Page 10
  • 12. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 5Capacity-Optimized Startup Summary Item Capacity Default number of shelves 2 Default usable capacity ~49.4 TB Maximum number of shelves 60 Usable capacity increment (one shelf) ~30.7 TB System capacity maximum ~1833.5 TBSource: Forrester Research, Inc.The usable capacity of ~30.7 TB does not take storage efficiencies such as deduplication and thin provisioning intoaccount, which can save 25% to 70% of storage depending on the data set or alternatively provide approximately twotimes the effective storage sold to StaaS customers.Costs: Ongoing Annual InvestmentsForrester assumes that the Organization will invest to support the StaaS contracts reflected in Table 6. We have alsoincluded a 20% annual nonrenewal rate for previous years’ ending contracts.Table 6StaaS Contracts Over Three Years — The Organization Initial Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 StaaS contracts (assumes 20% annual 0 16 12.8 10.24 nonrenewal rate) StaaS contracts (assumes 20% annual 0 0 16 12.8 nonrenewal rate) StaaS contracts (assumes 20% annual 0 0 0 19 nonrenewal rate) Ending cumulative StaaS contracts 0 16 29 42 Net incremental contracts per year 0 16 13 13Source: Forrester Research, Inc.Page 11
  • 13. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersThe costs represented in Table 10 support the above contract levels.Taking Advantage Of NetApp EfficienciesAlong with NetApp, we configured and priced the various investments needed to support 13 StaaS contracts usingNetApp FAS6240 under two different scenarios (see Table 7):  Using NetApp to deliver services to 13 customer contracts without taking advantage of NetApp efficiencies.  Delivering services to 13 customer contracts and taking advantage of NetApp efficiency features and tools including deduplication, thin provisioning, Snapshot, and FlexClone. Forrester assumes an average annual 50% data growth for StaaS customers, with a corresponding 30% storage growth with NetApp efficiency features and tools.Over the estimated three-year life of 13 customer contracts, the Organization will save $1,284,234 in disk capacity,software, and maintenance by taking advantage of NetApp efficiency features and tools, and SATA drives as follows:  $150,129 in savings from using deduplication.  $218,700 in savings from using thin provisioning.  $139,980 in savings from using FlexClone.  $54,611 in savings from using Snapshot.  $621,084 in savings from using lower cost SATA drives (vs. SAS drives).  $99,730 in savings from reduced NetApp maintenance.In addition, there are savings in power and cooling, data center space, and labor also reflected in Table 7 below.Page 12
  • 14. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 7Investments Over Three Years; Financial Comparison Of FAS6240; Pre- And Post-NetApp Efficiencies; 13 StaaSCustomer Contracts Cost/benefit item Pre-NetApp Using NetApp Savings with efficiencies efficiency tools NetApp tools with (over three years) using SAS with SATA SATA Cost to purchase NetApp controllers $589,430 $589,430 $0 Cost to purchase NetApp disk capacity (hardware and software) $1,195,983 $483,065 $712,918 Maintenance cost — NetApp $273,403 $173,673 $99,730 Total capital costs: controllers, disks, software, and maintenance $2,058,816 $1,246,168 $812,648 Presales cost (one-time selling, scoping, and pricing StaaS contract at $11,000 per contract) $143,000 $143,000 $0 Custom design and implementation services costs per new contact ($2,500 one-time) $32,500 $32,500 $0 Initial customer setup costs (labor): $2,400 per contract (one-time) $31,200 $31,200 $0 Power and cooling costs (over three years) $95,067 $27,411 $67,656 Data center space cost (over three years) $35,245 $7,509 $27,736 Labor cost — project and storage administration (three years) from both managing less storage and the use of OnCommand software tools $285,487 $131,783 $153,704 Total operating costs $622,499 $373,403 $249,096 Total capital and operating costs $2,681,315 $1,619,571 $1,061,744 Savings using NetApp efficiency tools with SATA drives $1,061,744Source: Forrester Research, Inc.NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersA goal of this case study is to assist a prospective service provider in understanding what it takes to deliver transactionalSAN or NAS StaaS to its customers. The NetApp platform is designed to deliver a wide variety of storage offeringsPage 13
  • 15. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providersintended to support an even wider variety of applications and use cases. A full range of both SAN and NAS storageaccess protocols are covered including NFS, CIFS, FCP, and iSCSI. Multiple data protection offerings are also available,from a simple local snapshot to off-site backup and DR.It is anticipated that these StaaS contracts will be used in conjunction with a co-location, hosted infrastructure orvirtualized infrastructure as a service to provide storage resources to customers using those other services. This storageservice could also be used to provide storage resources for other IT-as-a-service solutions (such as a VDI or SaaSofferings).The solution is built on NetApp Data ONTAP (7-mode) using FAS6240 controllers. All storage equipment isconfigured using high-availability (HA) pairs. It will be assumed that any application or user utilizing this storage islooking for highly available storage.The solution is designed with the ability to support multiple customers/tenants from the same physical infrastructure.This allows service providers to provide high-quality, high-value services while keeping infrastructure costs low,ensuring lower prices and higher margins. NetApp MultiStore and other security/networking best practices will be usedto securely separate one tenant’s data from another.NetApp features (such as storage efficiency technologies, integrated data protection, and others) are included in theNetApp platform (and pricing) and should be used within the StaaS service to reduce costs, increase the functionality ofthe service, or both.Table 8 represents the revenue, costs, and gross profit associated with the average StaaS contract (as part of its IaaScontract). When we could identify direct costs associated with the contract, we included them. In other cases, weallocated costs — i.e., the costs associated with the NetApp FAS6240, power, cooling, data center, as well as storage andproject administration labor.Page 14
  • 16. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 8Average StaaS Contract — Revenues, Costs, And Gross Profit Over Three Years — The Organization Initial Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total Revenue: custom design and implementation services per new contact ($4,300 for each contract, one- time) $4,300 $0 $0 $0 $4,300 Revenue: annual StaaS contract fees starting at $10,000 per month and growing 2.44% monthly (30% annually) $0 $68,000* $183,000 $245,000 $496,000 Total StaaS revenue $4,300 $68,000* $183,000 $245,000 $500,300 Allocated cost: one-thirteenth share of the NetApp FAS6240 hardware, software, and maintenance $45,341 $25,326 $11,234 $13,958 $95,859 Cost: presales (one-time selling, scoping, and pricing) $11,000 $0 $0 $0 $11,000 Cost: custom design and implementation services costs per new contact $2,500 $0 $0 $0 $2,500 Cost: initial customer setup costs (labor): $2,400 per new contract $2,400 $0 $0 $0 $2,400 Allocated cost: share of the power and cooling costs $0 $507 $683 $919 $2,108 Allocated cost: share of the data center space cost $0 $139 $187 $252 $578 Allocated cost: labor cost — project and storage administration $0 $2,437 $3,282 $4,418 $10,137 Total costs $61,241 $28,409 $15,385 $19,547 $124,582 Gross profit -$56,941 $39,591 $167,615 $225,453 $375,718 Cumulative gross profit margin % -1,324.2% -25.5% 58.9% 75.1% 75.1%Source: Forrester Research, Inc.*50% of revenues in Year 1 assume average StaaS contract starts midyear.Page 15
  • 17. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersRevenues, Costs, And Gross MarginTable 9 represents a three-year summary of revenues that our Organization experienced investing in NetApp solutionsfor cloud service providers.Table 9Revenues Over Three Years — The Organization (Non-Risk Adjusted) Initial Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total StaaS contracts (assumes 20% annual 0 16 12.8 10.24 0 nonrenewal rate) StaaS contracts (assumes 20% annual 0 0 16 12.8 nonrenewal rate) StaaS contracts (assumes 20% annual 0 0 0 19 nonrenewal rate) Ending cumulative StaaS contracts 0 16 29 42 Revenue per contract (assumes 50% midyear) $0 $68,000 $183,000 $245,000 Revenue per contract (assumes 50% midyear) $0 $0 $68,000 $183,000 Revenue per contract (assumes 50% midyear) $0 $0 $0 $68,000 Revenue: annual StaaS contract fees start at $0 $1,088,000 $3,430,400 $6,143,200 $10,661,600 $10,000 per month and grow 2.44% monthly (30% annually). Revenue: custom design and implementation $0 $68,800 $68,800 $81,700 $219,300 services revenue per new contract ($4,300 for each contract one-time) Total StaaS revenue $0 $1,156,800 $3,499,200 $6,224,900 $10,880,900Source: Forrester Research, Inc.Table 10 represents a three-year summary of costs that our Organization experienced from investing in NetAppsolutions for cloud service providers.Page 16
  • 18. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 10Costs Over Three Years — The Organization Initial Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total NetApp startup investment (hardware, software, $1,453,590 $0 $0 $0 $1,453,590 services, training) and product development, marketing, and advertising (from Table 3) Costs to support Year 1 contracts: incremental $329,241 $146,240 $181,457 $225,007 $881,945 NetApp investment per 13 contract bundles (hardware, software, and maintenance) assuming use-of-NetApp efficiencies Costs to support Year 2 contracts: incremental $0 $329,241 $146,240 $181,457 $656,938 NetApp investment per 13 contract bundles (hardware, software, and maintenance) assuming use-of-NetApp efficiencies Costs to support Year 3 contracts: incremental $0 $0 $329,241 $146,240 $475,481 NetApp investment per 13 contract bundles (hardware, software, and maintenance) assuming use-of-NetApp efficiencies Subtotal cost (hardware, software, and $1,782,831 $475,481 $656,938 $552,704 $3,467,954 maintenance) Presales (one-time selling, scoping, and pricing $0 $176,000 $176,000 $209,000 $561,000 project at $11,000 per new contract) Design and implementation services costs per new $0 $40,000 $40,000 $47,500 $127,500 contact ($2,500 one-time) Initial customer setup costs (labor): $2,400 per new $0 $38,400 $38,400 $45,600 $122,400 contract (one-time) Power and cooling costs $0 $8,111 $19,657 $38,635 $66,403 Data center space cost $0 $2,222 $5,386 $10,584 $18,192 Labor cost — project and storage administration $0 $38,997 $94,508 $185,746 $319,251 Total costs $1,782,831 $779,210 $1,030,889 $1,089,769 $4,682,699Source: Forrester Research, Inc.Table 11 represents a three-year summary of revenues, costs, gross profit margin, and gross-profit-margin percent thatour Organization experienced from investing in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers.Page 17
  • 19. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersTable 11Summary: Revenues, Costs, And Gross Profit Margin Over Three Years — The Organization (Non-Risk-Adjusted) Initial Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total Total StaaS revenue $0 $1,156,800 $3,499,200 $6,224,900 $10,880,900 Total costs $1,782,831 $779,210 $1,030,889 $1,089,769 $4,682,699 Gross profit margin -$1,782,831 $377,590 $2,468,311 $5,135,131 $6,198,201 Cumulative gross profit margin % N/A -121.5% 22.8% 57.0% 57.0%Source: Forrester Research, Inc.Revenue And MarginsThe service providers we interviewed collected revenues ranging from $600,000 to $3 million in a nine- to 12-monthperiod after launching their NetApp StaaS services, and thereafter they experienced revenue growth rates ranging from50% to 250%. The service providers were managing their NetApp StaaS solutions with a goal of profitable growth. Thegross profit margins that the service providers were experiencing at the time were variable, averaged 30% to 50%, andwere adjusted for consistency to include the costs of NetApp solutions and the cost of sales (see Table 10).FlexibilityFlexibility, as defined by TEI, represents investing in capacity or agility now that can be later turned into businessbenefits for some future additional investment. The value of flexibility is clearly unique to each service provider, and thewillingness to measure its value varies from organization to organization.For this study, we were not able to calculate the value of any flexibility benefits. However, we believe that NetAppsolutions for cloud service providers will offer the Organization a platform upon which it can incrementally grow itsbusiness in other areas after it has made the initial investment. Specifically, as reported by the interviewed serviceproviders, the Organization may be able to leverage its knowledge around developing cloud products and services onNetApp’s platform to create future cloud-based products and services as well as the resulting incremental revenues andgross profits.The value of the option (when calculated) is based on the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. (For additionalinformation regarding the flexibility calculation, please see Appendix B.)RiskForrester defines two types of risk associated with this analysis: external risk and internal risk. External — or “business”— risk arises from forces or circumstances over which the service providers have limited control. Internal — or“execution” — risk refers to the risk over which the service provider has some control.Page 18
  • 20. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersBoth business and execution risk can affect the potential expenses and revenues a service provider may experience. Riskalso accounts for the variance or uncertainty in data that we gather during the interview process. The greater thevariance or uncertainty is, the wider the potential range of outcomes is for expense and revenue estimates.Quantitatively capturing business risk and execution risk and directly adjusting the financial estimates results in a moremeaningful and accurate projection of the financial results. In general, risks affect expenses by raising the originalestimates, and they affect revenues by reducing the original estimates. The risk-adjusted numbers should be taken as“realistic” expectations, as they represent the expected values considering risk.The following internal or execution risks were considered in this study:  Lack of organizational discipline in creating processes and procedures to best take advantage of the benefits of building on the NetApp platform.  The initial investment needed to develop, market, and deliver StaaS cloud services will be variable from one service provider to another. A readiness assessment should be completed to determine the spare capacity of the existing computing infrastructure. Also, assess the experience and bandwidth of IT, development, marketing, and sales resources to deliver a launch-ready StaaS product. Most of the interviewed service providers reported adequate infrastructure and labor capacities prior to entering the StaaS marketplace. We encourage service providers to examine their existing capacities before deciding to invest in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers.  Operations expense may be variable. IaaS and StaaS operating expenses are driven by resource consumption, including compute time, storage needs, database needs, bandwidth, and the number of users. Service providers can control this expense by optimizing their products and services for resource usage by taking advantage of the following features or functionality: o RAID-DP versus RAID 10. o Deduplication. o Thin provisioning. o Snapshot backups versus traditional/tape backups. o Storage — integrated replication versus software replication. o Array-based cloning used for provisioning. o Use of SATA for primary and secondary.We identified the following business or external risks:  The inability of an organization to find, train, and retain administrators of the NetApp Data ONTAP operating system as well as other related NetApp products and solutions.  Revenues are variable, subject to sales and marketing effectiveness and external competition.Page 19
  • 21. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers  Customer renewal rates will be variable so we have risk-adjusted annual revenues to reflect a 20% annual attrition rate (80% renewal rate).We identified risk mitigation benefits as follows:  The scalability of NetApp’s solutions means that the incremental storage hardware required to support each new contract can be purchased “just in time,” reducing the risk of overinvesting in hardware.  The interviewed service providers reported average favorable annual renewal rates of 70% to 90%.For this study, Forrester has risk-adjusted revenues by 10% (downward) to take into account the potential uncertaintyof StaaS customers not renewing at a predictable rate.Financial SummaryTable 12 represents a three-year summary of risk-adjusted revenues, costs, gross profit margin, and gross-profit-marginpercent that our Organization experienced from investing in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers.Table 12Revenue, Costs, And Gross Profit Over Three Years — The Organization (Risk-Adjusted Revenue Downward By 10%) Initial Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total Total StaaS revenue $0 1,041,120 3,149,280 5,602,410 9,792,810 Total costs $1,782,831 $779,210 $1,030,889 $1,089,769 $4,682,699 Gross profit margin -$1,782,831 261,910 2,118,391 4,512,641 5,110,111 Cumulative gross profit margin % N/A -146.1% 14.3% 52.2% 52.2%Source: Forrester Research, Inc.Study ConclusionsAs the data in this study indicates, an investment in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers has the potential toresult in incremental revenue and significant profits. In addition, the favorable risk-adjusted revenues and grossprofits raise confidence that the investment is likely to succeed, as the risks that may threaten the project have alreadybeen taken into consideration and quantified. In this study, risks adjustments have been modeled conservatively in thehopes of showing worst-case expectations.Service providers that are likely to achieve similar results have the following characteristics:Page 20
  • 22. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers  Have an appreciation for both the technical and business benefits of NetApp’s unified architecture.  Seek to market StaaS as a solution (not a technology).  Are willing to use storage efficiency technologies such as deduplication and thin provisioning.  Will design StaaS products that take advantage of multitenancy — the ability to host multiple customers on a shared infrastructure.  Appreciate the benefits of not having to compete with NetApp for the same business, given that NetApp is not a cloud service provider.  Will take advantage of NetApp’s co-marketing and co-selling programs including the fact that NetApp account managers earn commission by referring business to cloud service provider partners.For our service provider Organization, investing in NetApp solutions for cloud service providers carried a low tomoderate level of risk and has the potential to incrementally grow revenues with resulting significant profits.We make no assumptions regarding the effects of investing in NetApp solution at other service providers. This studyexamines the potential impact attributable to the six customers that participated in our examination and applies thecommon costs and benefits to a representative Organization. The underlying objective of this document is to provideguidance to decision-makers seeking to identify areas where value can potentially be created based on investing inNetApp’s solutions for cloud service providers.Page 21
  • 23. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersAppendix A: About NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providers: OverviewAccording to NetApp, its solutions for cloud service providers help capture new markets and revenue streams andaccelerate the development and delivery of differentiated and profitable cloud services. To that end, NetApp believesthe following nine areas constitute its core value and should be considered to be key buying criteria for serviceproviders when evaluating any storage vendor solution in their cloud requests for proposals (RFPs).Unified ArchitectureA flexible architecture that supports many applications, diverse workloads, and changing requirements is highlyadvantageous for a service provider seeking to offer a portfolio of services with minimal cost. An architecture thatsupports multiple protocols, including NFS, CIFS, iSCSI, Fibre Channel, and FCoE, ensures a flexible foundation tomeet any need. But multiprotocol is just one aspect of a standardized architecture. A unified set of tools and processesgreatly reduces complexity and drives down costs. One architecture allows you to leverage your current infrastructurefor future services to efficiently grow your business.Scale Up And Scale OutA storage infrastructure has to be able to scale on the fly as your business grows and your data increases. A storagearchitecture should deliver extreme efficiency that increases with scale and remains flexible no matter how big you get.The ability to scale instantly in multiple dimensions — performance, capacity, and operations — is essential to meetingservice levels and minimizing cost for end users.Storage EfficiencyStorage efficiency isn’t just a single feature. It’s an approach to building and managing a storage architecture, and itrequires solutions with a combination of capabilities that maximize your operational, organizational, and businessefficiency. Highly efficient solutions enable you to store the most data for the lowest cost; significantly reduce datacenter space requirements and power and cooling costs; and complete tasks in less time with fewer people. All of this, ofcourse, has a positive impact on your bottom line.Secure MultitenancySolutions that provide secure end-to-end multitenancy across applications and data help service providers realize thefull financial benefit of scale, while offering end users the cost benefits of a shared infrastructure with the security of adedicated environment.Integrated Data ProtectionEnterprise data protection is a key concern for end users contemplating cloud services. High availability, enterprise-strength security, disk-based backup and recovery, archive, compliance, and disaster recovery are important optionsthat can all be monetized by a service provider. Your storage should integrate all of these capabilities for you. It’simportant not only how a solution delivers data protection but also how it automates this key capability. Trueintegrated data protection enables administrators to “set it and forget it” so that critical business information issafeguarded no matter what happens or how large you scale.Page 22
  • 24. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersNonstop OperationsKeeping your business running 24x7 without disruption is essential. Behind the scenes, teams that can performnecessary functions with speed and ease can respond faster to business demands. Capacity and performance expansion,load balancing, testing, upgrades, and all other IT tasks should be quick, seamless, and completely transparent to endusers.Service Automation And AnalyticsAs you move from supporting terabytes to petabytes, automation becomes more and more critical. You need to reducethe time it takes to perform routine administrative tasks — even as your infrastructure grows — and you need tomanage more terabytes without adding more staff. Policy-based automation and analytics are required to speeddeployment and provide near-real-time monitoring and alerts to safeguard availability and performance guarantees.Intelligent CachingBuying lots of fast solid-state storage isn’t always the best way to increase performance. Storage systems that utilizesophisticated intelligent caching can give you faster performance at a lower cost. A highly optimized approach tocaching helps eliminate the need for separate HDD and SSD storage tiers. Smart solutions with built-in intelligentcaching will help your business reduce both capital and operating expenses while enhancing performance for end users.Tested IntegrationsStorage is just one component within your cloud service. However, choosing a storage platform that has testedintegrations with the leading vendors that comprise other pieces of your cloud service can lower risk and save you timein deploying your service, while ensuring that you leverage best-of-breed components. Look for a storage vendor thatcan show you partnership and integrations with leading cloud vendors like Cisco, VMware, Microsoft, and others.Appendix B: Total Economic Impact™ OverviewTotal Economic Impact is a methodology developed by Forrester Research that enhances a company’s technologydecision-making processes and assists vendors in communicating the value proposition of their products and servicesto clients. The TEI methodology helps companies demonstrate, justify, and realize the tangible value of IT initiatives toboth senior management and other key business stakeholders.The TEI methodology consists of four components to evaluate investment value: benefits, costs, risks, and flexibility.BenefitsBenefits represent the value delivered to the user organization — IT and/or business units — by the proposed productor project. Often, product or project justification exercises focus just on IT cost and cost reduction, leaving little roomto analyze the effect of the technology on the entire organization. The TEI methodology and the resulting financialmodel place equal weight on the measure of benefits and the measure of costs, allowing for a full examination of theeffect of the technology on the entire organization. Calculation of benefit estimates involves a clear dialogue with theuser organization to understand the specific value that is created. In addition, Forrester also requires that there be aPage 23
  • 25. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service Providersclear line of accountability established between the measurement and justification of benefit estimates after the projecthas been completed. This ensures that benefit estimates tie back directly to the bottom line.CostsCosts represent the investment necessary to capture the value, or benefits, of the proposed project. IT or the businessunits may incur costs in the form of fully burdened labor, subcontractors, or materials. Costs consider all of theinvestments and expenses necessary to deliver the proposed value. In addition, the cost category within TEI capturesany incremental costs over the existing environment for ongoing costs associated with the solution. All costs must betied to the benefits that are created.RiskRisk measures the uncertainty of benefit and cost estimates contained within the investment. Uncertainty is measuredin two ways: 1) the likelihood that the cost and benefit estimates will meet the original projections, and 2) the likelihoodthat the estimates will be measured and tracked over time. TEI applies a probability density function known as“triangular distribution” to the values entered. At minimum, three values are calculated to estimate the underlyingrange around each cost and benefit.FlexibilityWithin the TEI methodology, direct benefits represent one part of the investment value. While direct benefits cantypically be the primary way to justify a project, Forrester believes that organizations should be able to measure thestrategic value of an investment. Flexibility represents the value that can be obtained for some future additionalinvestment building on top of the initial investment already made. For instance, an investment in an enterprisewideupgrade of an office productivity suite can potentially increase standardization (to increase efficiency) and reducelicensing costs. However, an embedded collaboration feature may translate to greater worker productivity if activated.The collaboration can only be used with additional investment in training at some future point in time. However,having the ability to capture that benefit has a present value that can be estimated. The flexibility component of TEIcaptures that value.Appendix C: About The Project Director Bob Cormier Vice President, Principal Consultant Bob is a vice president and principal consultant for Forrester’s Total Economic Impact™ (TEI) service. He is a leading expert on deriving business value from technology investments, specializing in advising clients on the TEI framework — services that help organizations understand the overall financial value of IT strategies and investments. He serves the following client role:  Technology vendor sales enablement professionals. Bob works with these professionals in their efforts to clearly articulate the unique value proposition of their solutions to prospects and customers using Forrester’s TEI methodology.Page 24
  • 26. Forrester ConsultingThe Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Solutions For Cloud Service ProvidersBob has authored numerous TEI case studies for Forrester’s vendor clients. He has also delivered his acclaimedJustifying Technology Investments (JTI) workshop to more than 800 participants representing 400 organizations.Bob has more than 25 years experience in the IT and consulting industries. Prior to joining Forrester, he held senior-level positions at two leading eBusiness consulting firms, ZEFER and Cambridge Technology Partners. Bob hassuccessfully led company efforts to optimize financial, operational, and resource planning activities, incorporatingleading-edge professional service automation (PSA) applications and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. Hehas also held senior financial management positions at Digital Equipment and Anixter International.During his career, Bob has consulted with global users and vendors of IT and has been a frequent speaker atconferences, events, and seminars.EducationBob earned an M.B.A. from Bentley University and a B.S. in business from The University of New Hampshire. As anadjunct professor, he has taught finance and economics courses for more than 10 years at Southern New HampshireUniversity and Daniel Webster College.Page 25

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