The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualization

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The Total Economic Impact Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualization

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In late 2009, Forrester Research started work on a research project commissioned by NetApp that focused on examining the potential return on investment (ROI) that enterprises may realize by......

In late 2009, Forrester Research started work on a research project commissioned by NetApp that focused on examining the potential return on investment (ROI) that enterprises may realize by adopting NetApp storage for desktop virtualization.

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  • 1. Prepared for NetApp, Inc.May 2010The Total Economic Impact™ OfNetApp Storage For DesktopVirtualizationMulticompany AnalysisProject Director: Bob Cormier, Forrester Consulting
  • 2. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationTABLE OF CONTENTSExecutive Summary ............................................................................................................................... 3 Purpose .............................................................................................................................................. 4 Methodology....................................................................................................................................... 4 Approach ............................................................................................................................................ 4 Key Findings ...................................................................................................................................... 5 Disclosures ......................................................................................................................................... 5About NetApp Storage For Virtual Desktop Infrastructure .................................................................... 6Customer Interview Highlights ............................................................................................................... 6Sample Organization Description .......................................................................................................... 7TEI Framework ....................................................................................................................................... 8 Costs .................................................................................................................................................. 9 Benefits And Savings: Quantified .................................................................................................... 11 Benefits: Unquantified ...................................................................................................................... 14 Risk ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Flexibility ........................................................................................................................................... 16Key Findings ......................................................................................................................................... 17Study Conclusions ................................................................................................................................ 18Appendix A: Hypervisor Host — Guide ............................................................................................... 20Appendix B: Total Economic Impact™ Overview ............................................................................... 21Appendix C: Glossary........................................................................................................................... 22Appendix D: About The Project Manager ............................................................................................ 23© 2010, Forrester Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized reproduction is strictly prohibited. Information is based onbest available resources. Opinions reflect judgment at the time and are subject to change. Forrester®, Technographics®,Forrester Wave, RoleView, TechRadar, and Total Economic Impact are trademarks of Forrester Research, Inc. All othertrademarks are the property of their respective companies. For additional information, go to www.forrester.com. -2-
  • 3. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationExecutive SummaryIn late 2009, Forrester Research started work on a research project commissioned by NetAppthat focused on examining the potential return on investment (ROI) that enterprises may realizeby adopting NetApp storage for desktop virtualization.This study highlights the benefits and costs of deploying NetApp storage in conjunction withdesktop virtualization software across the enterprise of a sample Organization (see SampleOrganization Description section). The findings in this study are in large part based on in-depthinterviews conducted by Forrester with four NetApp customers currently using NetApp storage fordesktop virtualization. The study examines the estimated ROI for the sample Organization andpresents the aggregate findings derived from the interview and analysis process as well as ourindependent research.The study found that for the sample Organization, the NetApp storage solutions for desktopvirtualization provided quantifiable benefits and savings in the following areas: Reduction in storage hardware and software costs and increased utilization compared with traditional storage arrays using NetApp’s data deduplication, thin provisioning, and FlexClone technologies, including Rapid Cloning Utility. Increased performance and availability, especially at the critical morning boot storm/logon periods, by using NetApp’s Flash Cache (formerly known as Performance Acceleration Module [PAM II]). Improvements In backup and recovery processes, including: o Media and software savings associated with centralized backup. o Labor savings for backup and recovery administration.In addition, most interviewed organizations indicated that their original investment in NetAppstorage for desktop virtualization could provide them with the flexibility and agility to take advantageof future savings associated with NetApp disaster recovery SnapMirror technology.Forrester’s Perspective On Desktop VirtualizationThe new question that desktop managers should ask is, What desktop environment strikes thebalance between productive users and IT’s need for increased manageability and security?Emerging client virtualization technologies have the answer: Cost-effectively deliver a desktoptailored to each user scenario. This means that the traditional desktop model — inherently insecure,inflexible, and hard-to-manage — is a thing of the past. Virtualization is beginning to change server-based computing for the better. Desktop applications can be delivered from shared servers in thedata center that use hosted desktop virtualization products like Citrix XenDesktop and VMwareView that consolidate many desktop environments onto a single server. Hosted desktopvirtualization shares many attributes and benefits with hosted application virtualization based onMicrosoft Remote Desktop Services, but we believe that hosted desktop virtualization will do better.Why? Because hypervisors will allow you to grant users the ability to check out their hosteddesktops and use them from any machine or while disconnected. Deploying your desktop image ina virtual machine gives your users or contractors complete hardware choice while complying with allyour security policies. After speaking to organizations looking at desktop and application -3-
  • 4. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualizationvirtualization, we know that client virtualization is not just an emerging trend; its the future of thecorporate PC.PurposeThe purpose of this study is to provide readers with a framework to evaluate the potential financialimpact of NetApp storage for desktop virtualization on their organizations. Forrester’s aim is to showall calculations and assumptions used in the analysis. Readers should use this study to betterunderstand and communicate a business case for investing in NetApp storage for desktopvirtualization.MethodologyNetApp selected Forrester for this project because of our industry expertise in desktop virtualization,storage technologies, and Forrester’s Total Economic Impact™ (TEI) methodology. TEI not onlymeasures costs and cost reduction (areas that are typically accounted for within IT) but also weighsthe enabling value of a technology in increasing the effectiveness of overall business processes.For this study, Forrester employed four fundamental elements of its TEI methodology in modelingNetApp’s storage solution for desktop virtualization: 1. Costs and cost reduction. 2. Benefits to the entire organization. 3. Flexibility. 4. Risk.Given the increasing sophistication that enterprises have regarding cost analyses related to ITinvestments, Forrester’s TEI methodology serves an extremely useful purpose by providing acomplete picture of the total economic impact of purchase decisions. Please see Appendix B foradditional information on the TEI methodology.ApproachForrester used a five-step approach for this study: 1. Forrester gathered data from existing Forrester research relative to NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. 2. Forrester interviewed NetApp’s marketing, product management, and sales personnel to fully understand the potential (or intended) value proposition of its solutions. 3. Using knowledge of the NetApp solution, as well as input from existing Forrester research, a Forrester representative conducted in-depth discussions with four of NetApp’s customers regarding their experiences with NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. 4. Forrester constructed a financial model representative of data collected in the interviews. -4-
  • 5. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualization 5. Forrester created this study, which represents and examines the estimated value of the findings derived from the customer interview and analysis process and from Forrester’s independent research.Key FindingsTable 1 represents a summary of the ROI the Organization expects to realize over a three-yearperiod by deploying NetApp storage for desktop virtualization.Table 1: Three-Year Summary Financial Results — The Organization Unadjusted Summary financial results (best-case) Risk-adjusted ROI 50% 35% Payback period Within 13 months Within 17 months Total costs (PV) ($457,923) ($457,923) Total cost savings and benefits (PV) ($685,199) ($616,679) Total (NPV) $227,276 $158,756Source: Forrester Research, Inc.The three-year risk-adjusted total NPV (net present value) of $158,756 represents the net costsavings and benefits attributed to using the NetApp solution when compared with the costs of theOrganization’s storage environment before virtualization (see details below in the Costs, Benefits,Flexibility, and Risks sections). In addition, the risk-adjusted ROI was a favorable 35%.Table 1 illustrates the risk-adjusted cash flow for the sample Organization, based on data andcharacteristics obtained during the customer interview process. Forrester risk-adjusts these valuesto take into account the potential uncertainty that exists in estimating the costs and benefits of atechnology investment. The risk-adjusted value is meant to provide a conservative estimate,incorporating any potential risk factors that may later affect the original cost and benefit estimates.For this study, Forrester applied a 10% risk adjustment — i.e., a reduction of 10% — to allbenefits to reflect the risks. For a more in-depth explanation of risk and the risk adjustments used inthis study, please see the Risk section.The objective of this study is not to illustrate savings that other enterprises can obtain by deployingthe NetApp solution but rather to identify savings that the interviewed customers experienced.These results can be used as a guide to allow other enterprises to determine the appropriatebenefits for their particular environment.DisclosuresThe reader should be aware of the following: The study was commissioned by NetApp and delivered by the Forrester Consulting group. -5-
  • 6. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualization NetApp reviewed and provided feedback to Forrester, but Forrester maintained editorial control over the study and its findings and did not accept changes to the study that contradicted Forrester’s findings or obscured the meaning of the study. NetApp provided the customer names for the interviews. Forrester makes no assumptions as to the potential return on investment that other organizations will receive. Forrester strongly advises that readers should use their own estimates within the framework provided in the study to determine the appropriateness of an investment in NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. Forrester does not endorse NetApp or its storage solutions. The study is not a direct or implied market or competitive comparison.About NetApp Storage For Virtual DesktopInfrastructureAccording to NetApp, its storage solutions for desktop virtualization can help organizations realizethe full potential of a virtual desktop environment with storage that’s flexible, available, and cost-effective.Desktop virtualization allows organizations to deploy and manage desktop environments andapplications centrally. It can provide user access to a virtual desktop over standard networkinfrastructure without affecting users’ level of control over their desktop environments. Storage is acritical part of the overall solution. Many of the potential advantages of virtual desktops can belimited by higher storage costs and inflexible infrastructure. With NetApp storage, organizations can: Reduce desktop virtualization storage costs by deduplicating redundant data stored across virtual desktops, user directories, and backup and disaster recovery (DR) copies. Provision thousands of virtual desktops in minutes with nearly instant, low-overhead storage cloning. Provide users continuous access to their virtual desktops with 99.999% storage availability, automated disaster recovery, and desktop virtualization performance acceleration that addresses desktop boot or logon storms. Back up all virtual desktops and user data directly on the storage system while cost- effectively keeping a daily history of every desktop for months or years. Instantly back up and secure end user data.Customer Interview HighlightsForrester derived its conclusions in large part from information received in a series of in-depthinterviews with executives and personnel at four organizations currently using NetApp storage fordesktop virtualization. The following is a brief description of each of the interviewed organizations,all of which were promised anonymity: -6-
  • 7. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualization 1. A virtual desktop hosting company providing desktops-as-a-service (DaaS) in a cloud- computing environment and serving education and commercial clients. This organization currently has 2,000 hosted desktops using NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. It anticipates expanding its hosted environment to 75,000 to 100,000 desktops in three years. 2. An Australian-based international financial services organization that provides a comprehensive and integrated range of financial products and services to customers in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. It has been using NetApp storage for desktop virtualization for 10 months and has already virtualized more than 1,500 desktops with a goal of 5,000 desktops within two years. 3. A global business process outsourcing (BPO) company that offers an integrated set of front- and back-office services that support the entire customer life cycle. It employs more than 20,000 people from multiple delivery centers in the Americas and Asia. It has been using NetApp storage for desktop virtualization for 12 months and has already virtualized more than 1,000 desktops with a goal of 9,000 desktops in two years. 4. A major global financial services provider engaged in retail banking, credit cards, corporate banking, and investment banking, with locations in Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Asia. It employs more than 130,000 people and serves more than 40 million customers worldwide. It has been using NetApp storage for desktop virtualization for 20 months and has already virtualized more than 4,000 desktops with a goal of between 10,000 and 20,000 desktops in two years.Sample Organization DescriptionThe Organization is a 13,000-employee, $4.2 billion-plus multinational manufacturer and serviceprovider headquartered in North America with operations in Europe and Asia. Prior to implementingNetApp storage for desktop virtualization, it had a mix of traditional desktops (Dell, HP, and Lenovo)that supported multiple applications — some mission-critical — across three different businessunits. There was also a mix of three different operating systems: Windows XP SP-2, Windows SP-3, and Windows Vista. The Organization also had plans to outsource some of its corporate ITfunctions in the coming year. The Organization plans to take a phased approach to NetApp storageby virtualizing 3,500 desktops in year one and 3,000 desktops in years two and three. As with theinterviewed organizations, Forrester assumes that this Organization has an existing switchingsystem in place and has already to some extent virtualized its server environment.Prior to implementing NetApp’s storage solutions for virtual desktop, the Organization had: 9,500 physical desktops. No backup strategy for desktops. No DR strategy for desktops.As with the NetApp customers interviewed by Forrester, the sample Organization’s high-levelbusiness objectives for pursuing a NetApp storage for desktop virtualization strategy were asfollows: 1. Cost reduction. Reduce overall cost associated with desktop PC life-cycle management. -7-
  • 8. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualization 2. Security and compliance. Comply with new laws and regulations regarding email and document archiving, privacy, data retention, and protection. 2. Support for business needs. The Organization needed to have a more flexible and agile infrastructure to respond to the business needs faster. 3. Disaster recovery. It had insufficient back-up/recovery and DR plans pertaining to desktops.The sample Organization’s tactical goals and objectives for pursuing a NetApp storage for desktopvirtualization strategy were as follows: 1. Reduced operating costs. The new desktop storage solution had to be easier to manage with fewer resources. 2. Faster application and desktop deployment. IT wanted a more efficient way to deploy applications and patches. 3. High availability. Minimizing downtime for employees accessing desktop applications was a critical priority. 4. Mobility. The solution had to support mobile and remote employees.Forrester assumes that the sample Organization had already purchased server virtualizationsoftware prior to investing in NetApp’s storage solutions for desktop virtualization; therefore, thecost for that software is not included in this case study ROI analysis.The Organization contacted NetApp to purchase hardware, software, services, features, andfunctionalities represented in the Cost section below.TEI FrameworkIntroductionFrom the information gathered in the in-depth customer interviews, Forrester has constructed a TEIframework for those organizations considering implementation of NetApp storage for desktopvirtualization. The objective of the framework is to identify the cost, benefit, flexibility, and riskfactors that affect the investment decision.Sample OrganizationBased on the interviews with the four existing customers that NetApp provided, Forresterconstructed a TEI framework, a sample Organization, and an associated ROI analysis thatillustrates the areas affected financially. The sample Organization that Forrester synthesized fromthese results is described above.Framework AssumptionsTable 2 lists the discount rate used in the present value (PV) and net present value (NPV)calculations, the time horizon used for the financial modeling, and other costs. -8-
  • 9. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationTable 2: General Assumptions General assumptions Value Discount rate used to compute NPV 10% Length of analysis Three years Annual fully loaded cost of a storage $110,000 administratorSource: Forrester Research, Inc.CostsCosts are an important part of the TEI model. Costs, or IT impact, are calculated as a change incosts primarily for IT as a result of the introduction of the technology to the Organization. Therefore,the introduction of NetApp’s solution affects IT budgets negatively with the purchase of the solution;it also affects the Organization positively, in terms of the potential cost savings and efficienciescreated (see the Benefits And Savings: Quantified section below).The impact of cost is accrued in two different areas described below: NetApp solution costs (seeTables 3 and 4) and the Organization’s internal preparation and planning costs, which togetheramount to $502,954.Cost For The NetApp Solution: $490,254The cost for the NetApp solution, which includes hardware, software, and services, is $490,254,based on normal and average discounts off NetApp’s list price as of April 2010. For the case studycomposite Organization, the total investment in the NetApp solution (hardware, software andservices) equates to a cost of $51.61 per seat (9,500 seats).The recommended NetApp hardware configuration includes two high availability FAS3160, fiveshelves of 300 GB SAS drives (24 drives per shelf, 120 drives total), 2x256 GB Flash Cache cards(formerly known as PAM II), and all the cables, chassis, and cabinet.The software in this configuration includes NFS, Deduplication, FlexCache, FlexClone, iSCSI,NearStore, SnapRestore, and Flash Cache software. This configuration also includes three years ofSupportEdge Premium service (24x7, 4-hour on-site).This configuration can host 9,500 virtual desktops. This does not account for user data forCIFS/home directory storage that was previously consolidated via server virtualization on NetAppstorage hardware. -9-
  • 10. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationTable 3: Components Of The NetApp Hardware Solution NetApp system components Number and/or type Two NetApp FAS 3160-R5; • Five shelves 9,500-seat configuration. Five disk shelves required • Five shelves totaling 120x300 GB @ 15K RPM FC SAS disks; 60 disks per controller Size and speed of hard disk in 300 GB @ 15K RPM shelves Disk shelf type DS4243 Dual-port 10 GB Ethernet NIC Four (two per controller) Quad-port Fibre Channel card Two (one per 4/2/1 controller) Flash Cache Two (one per controller)Source: NetApp, Inc.Table 4: Components Of The NetApp Software And Services Solution NetApp software and services Number and/or type NFS licenses Two (one per controller) FlexClone licenses Two (one per controller) SnapRestore licenses Two (one per controller) NetApp Rapid Cloning Utility 3.0 — NetApp Virtual Storage Console — 1.0 NetApp System Manager 1.01 — SupportEdge Premium 24x7, 4-hour on-site, 36 monthsSource: NetApp, Inc. - 10 -
  • 11. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationCost For Internal Preparation And Planning Labor: $12,700A readiness assessment that looks at costs, benefits, and risks along with detailed planning isessential for a successful storage consolidation initiative for desktop virtualization. Based oninterviews with current NetApp customers, our Organization required one full-time equivalent (FTE)storage administrator to spend approximately six weeks of his time — before and duringimplementation — planning and testing methods of migrating data from legacy storage to the virtualdesktop storage environment.Table 5: Total Cost — The Organization (Non-Risk-Adjusted) Costs Year 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total NPVNetApp hardware $121,902 $104,486 $104,486 $0 $330,873 $303,240NetApp software $57,666 $0 $0 $0 $57,666 $57,666NetApp $0 $33,905 $33,905 $33,905 $101,715 $84,317SupportEdgePremium servicesCost for internal $12,700 $0 $0 $0 $12,700 $12,700preparation andplanning laborTotal costs $192,268 $138,391 $138,391 $33,905 $502,954 $457,923Source: Forrester Research, Inc.Benefits And Savings: QuantifiedIn addition to the costs associated with the NetApp solution, there were IT cost savings and benefitsrealized with NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. Interviewed organizations, however, werechallenged with segregating the benefits from desktop virtualization with the benefits from NetApp’sstorage solutions. With Forrester’s assistance, a majority of the organizations agreed that theNetApp quantified benefits focused on: 1) reduced storage hardware and software costs throughvirtual desktop and user data deduplication, thin provisioning technologies, and automated desktopcloning with FlexClone; 2) reduced boot storm costs; and 3) improvements in the backup andrecovery processes, including labor savings.Based on an analysis of the interviews with the participating customers, we could quantify thefollowing benefits as a result of implementing NetApp storage for desktop virtualization.Cost Savings — Reduction In Storage Hardware And Software Costs: $376,400The interviewed organizations reported using combinations of the three NetApp technologies, listedbelow, to reduce their storage costs. For our sample Organization, we assumed that our storageadministrators were proficient at all three technologies, having implemented server virtualizationalready. The interviewed customers using these NetApp technologies (data deduplication, thinprovisioning and FlexClone) reported significant storage cost savings, averaging 60% to 70% intheir production virtual desktop environments. Data deduplication. NetApp provides the benefit of sharing identical data among multiple virtual desktops that reside on disk storage through its data deduplication technology, - 11 -
  • 12. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualization resulting in the contents of virtual machines being reduced to a single copy per data store. The Organization was able to reduce desktop virtualization storage costs by deduplicating redundant data stored across virtual desktops and backup copies. In addition, several customers reported using NetApp’s deduplication across all storage protocols (NFS, FC, and iSCSI) and saving 60% in future storage costs. Over the three-year implementation, our Organization was able to avoid purchasing 52 TB of primary and backup storage (disk shelves and drives) at a three-year cost avoidance of $270,400, or $90,133 annually.*Note: Without deduplication, the Organization would need to buy an additional 52 TB of rawstorage capacity (disk shelves, drives, and services) for primary and backup storage at anincremental cost (or savings for this analysis) of $270,400.The interviewed customers reported savings of another 20% in future primary storage hardwareusing the combination of NetApp thin provisioning and FlexClone features, although it was difficultfor these customers to segregate the savings between the two. Our Organization was able to avoidpurchasing another 20.4 TB of storage hardware (disk shelves and drives) over three years at anaverage cost of $5,200 per TB, or $106,000 ($35,333 savings annually). These features aredescribed below: Thin provisioning. Three of the interviewed customers described a traditional (pre- virtualization) environment where administrators provision storage to avoid running out and to avoid the downtime related to expanding the provisioned storage. NetApp’s thin provisioning feature provides storage on demand by treating storage as a shared resource that is consumed only when individual virtual machines require it. It allows administrators to over-provision physical storage and increase effective capacity utilization by eliminating the unused but provisioned areas of storage that are associated with traditional storage. Thin provisioning and data deduplication are mutually inclusive features designed to reduce the need for more storage by increasing the utilization rates of existing storage. Thin provisioning allows one to only consume on demand, with deduplication removing any redundancy subsequently added to the array. Both deduplication and thin provisioning can be enabled or disabled on a data object basis. FlexClone. The Organization is doing rapid provisioning with Rapid Cloning Utility (RCU), which is included with the NetApp FlexClone license. RCU is an integrated cloning and provisioning utility for virtual machines that instantly replicates data volumes and data sets as transparent virtual copies. It will allow the Organization to create and provision hundreds of virtual desktops in minutes, then make those desktops available to users. With NetApp’s FlexClone feature, any storage object (file, LUN, or volume) can be cloned and made available for immediate access. With FlexClone, common storage blocks between the clone and the original data set consume no additional physical storage space. Clones can increase in size as unique data is added to them. Should any of this cloned data become redundant, data deduplication technology will remove the redundancies, returning the previously used storage back to the pool for reuse later.Cost Savings — Minimization Of Boot Storming: $79,500The Organization purchased NetApp’s Flash Cache, which increases performance and availabilityespecially at the critical morning boot storm/logon periods. If all the machines were rebootedsimultaneously, it created heavy I/O traffic, resulting in extreme latency or a bottleneck, whichcaused denial of service and/or downtime. NetApp’s combination of Flash Cache and IntelligentCache is a cost-effective alternative to adding more disks to eliminate latency and downtime due toboot storm. The first time a user logs on it will hit the disk to retrieve the data required. That data isthen stored in Intelligent Cache, which is served up much quicker to users for all subsequentrequests for that data. So instead of hitting slower spinning disks, users access data from high- - 12 -
  • 13. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualizationperformance cache, decreasing boot times. This allows the Organization to deploy more virtualdesktops per storage system or to reduce the number of shelves needed by 15%, saving $79,500 inYear 1.Cost Savings — Improvements In Backup And Recovery Processes: $363,000Several interviewed customers reported improvements in their backup and recovery processes. Oursample Organization originally considered using its legacy tape-to-tape system to back up itsvirtualized desktop data. However, it soon realized that as storage requirements continued to grow,it would not be able to complete the tape-to-tape backup process within an appropriate backupwindow. The Organization chose to use an existing NetApp FAS2050 device as its replication andbackup target and to use NetApp Snapshot technology to perform local backups. Snapshot willcreate point-in-time copies of file systems for use as backup in significantly less time than theprevious tape-to-tape system, reducing the future need for media and software associated with tapebackup processes. There were two specific savings categories identified with our Organization’simprovement in its backup and recovery processes: Media and software savings associated with centralized backup: $198,000. After the storage needs of the virtual desktops are consolidated onto new NetApp storage systems and backed up to the existing FAS2050 device using Snapshot, there will no longer be a need for the legacy tape-to-tape systems, including equipment, software, and media. Instead of having a backup solution for each of the original 9,500 (now virtualized) desktops, our Organization now has only two storage systems (two FAS3160A) from which to perform data backups. In addition, the Organization did not have to grow its legacy tape- to-tape system and off-site facilities, avoiding incremental hardware, software, media, and storage costs. The sample Organization was able to save $66,000 annually in media (tape), backup tape drives, software costs, and off-site tape storage. The total three-year cost savings associated with centralized backup is $198,000. Labor savings for backup and recovery administration: $165,000. Several interviewed organizations highlighted savings in the time it takes for administrators to restore data from backups when using the NetApp solution. Prior to deploying NetApp’s storage solutions for desktop virtualization, several organizations found that the time to restore from backup tapes was significant, both in terms of inefficient use of IT resources and end user downtime. NetApp SnapRestore software uses stored Snapshot backups to recover entire file systems or data volumes in seconds, regardless of capacity or number of files. Based on input from the interviewed customers, we estimate that the IT administrative savings resulting from improving the labor efficiencies of backup and restore for our Organization will be .5 FTE, or $55,000 annually, based on a fully burdened storage administrator’s salary of $110,000 annually. The total three-year cost savings associated with simplification of backup and recovery tasks is $165,000. - 13 -
  • 14. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationTable 6: Total Benefits And Cost Savings — The Organization (Non-Risk-Adjusted) Total benefits and Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total NPV cost savingsReduction in storage $90,133 $90,134 $90,133 $270,400 $224,148hardware and softwarecosts — using datadeduplicationReduction in storage $35,333 $35,334 $35,333 $106,000 $87,869hardware and softwarecosts — using thinprovisioning andFlexCloneMinimization of boot $79,500 $0 $0 $79,500 $72,273storming costsMedia and software $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 198,000 $164,132savings associated withcentralized backupLabor savings for $55,000 $55,000 $55,000 $165,000 $136,777backup and recoveryadministrationTotal benefits and cost $325,966 $246,468 $246,466 $818,900 $685,199savingsSource: Forrester Research, Inc.Benefits: UnquantifiedThe interviewed customers identified the following additional benefits of using NetApp storage fordesktop virtualization, but they were not able to quantify the benefits at the present time: Most of the interviewed customers acknowledged savings in power and cooling costs as a result of desktop virtualization and storage consolidation onto NetApp hardware. However, savings dollars could not be specifically apportioned to the NetApp storage because of legacy desktop use of direct-attached storage. Three interviewed customers reported the significant benefit of using NetApp’s deduplication across all storage protocols (NFS, FC, and iSCSI).RiskRisk-adjusted and non-risk-adjusted ROI are both discussed in this study. The Organization’sindividual costs and benefits are quoted in non-risk-adjusted (best-case) terms and before riskadjustments are made. The assessment of risk provides a range of possible outcomes based onthe risks associated with IT projects in general and specific risks relative to NetApp storage fordesktop virtualization projects. In our research, we discovered that implementing the NetAppsolutions was a relatively low-risk endeavor if organizations took the time to thoroughly plan thedesktop virtualization and storage transition process. - 14 -
  • 15. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationTEI uses risk factors to widen the possible outcomes of the costs and benefits (and resultingsavings) associated with a project. As the future cannot be accurately predicted, there is riskinherent in any project. TEI captures risk in the form of risks-to-benefits and risks-to-costs.Measurement of risk is a way of incorporating the levels of confidence and uncertainty regarding thecost and benefit estimates of a given investment. Higher confidence that the cost and benefitestimates will be met implies that the level of risk is lower, and the variation between the risk-adjusted and non-risk-adjusted outcomes is minimized.Forrester considered the following general risks in this study: A lack of organizational discipline in creating processes and procedures to best take advantage of the benefits. A lack of appropriate training for the storage administrators who will be responsible for optimizing the full benefit potential of storage consolidation and virtualization and taking advantage of the future simplification of backup and recovery tasks. The possibility that the benefits will not be measured and quantified in the future; as a result, no TEI benefit would be captured and acknowledged. Internal inertia, conflicting priorities, and turnover, reducing an organization’s ability to achieve the benefits. Once consolidated, having fewer points of failure in storage environment will put significantly more data at risk.The following risk associated with NetApp storage solutions for desktop virtualization wasconsidered in this study: The inability of the Organization to find, train, and retain administrators fluent in technologies such as virtual desktop software and NetApp’s Data ONTAP XG operating system, to take full advantage of the benefits outlined in this study.For this study, Forrester applied a 10% risk adjustment — i.e., a reduction of 10% — to allbenefits to reflect the risks listed above. We have not risk-adjusted costs, as these were primarilyfixed quotes from NetApp.Table 7 represents the total costs, benefits, and cost savings (risk-adjusted by 10%) ofimplementing NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. - 15 -
  • 16. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationTable 7: Total Benefits And Cost Savings — The Organization (Risk-Adjusted) Total benefits and Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total NPV cost savingsReduction in storage $81,120 $81,121 $81,120 $243,360 $201,733hardware and softwarecosts — using datadeduplicationReduction in storage $31,800 $31,801 $31,800 $95,400 $79,082hardware and softwarecosts — using thinprovisioning andFlexCloneMinimization of boot $71,550 $0 $0 $71,550 $65,045storming costsMedia and software $59,400 $59,400 $59,400 178,200 $147,719savings associated withcentralized backupLabor savings for $49,500 $49,500 $49,500 $148,500 $123,099backup and recoveryadministrationTotal benefits and cost $293,369 $221,821 $221,819 $737,010 $616,679savingsSource: Forrester Research, Inc.If a risk-adjusted ROI still demonstrates a compelling business case, it raises confidence that theinvestment is likely to succeed, as the risks that threaten the project have been taken intoconsideration and quantified. The risk-adjusted numbers should be taken as “realistic” expectations,as they represent the expected value considering risk. Assuming normal success at mitigating risk,the risk-adjusted numbers should more closely reflect the expected outcome of the investment.FlexibilityFlexibility, as defined by TEI, represents investing in additional capacity or agility that can be turnedinto benefit for some future additional investment. We believe organizations that invest in NetAppstorage for desktop virtualization lay the groundwork to take advantage of migrating to a virtualizeddisaster recovery environment. For our Organization, storage virtualization is the future foundationto enhance and simplify disaster recovery and high availability.Over the next 12 months, our Organization will be putting mission-critical applications on virtualmachines, and with this, disaster recovery becomes a more important issue. The limitations of tapewill cause difficulty in a disaster recovery situation because of tape device data transfer speeds andthe physical distance between a primary data center and the Organization’s disaster recovery site.Interviewed customers expressed an interest or the intent to take advantage of NetApp SnapMirrorreplication technology to reduce the impact of a site disaster on the business. With a futurepurchase of SnapMirror technology, a virtual infrastructure can be replicated over the WAN to a - 16 -
  • 17. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualizationremote data center. The future recovery of virtual machines affected by a site disaster can becompleted in minutes instead of hours or days. In addition, NetApp’s FlexClone technology providesthe capability to make immediate zero-cost clones of the DR data, allowing storage administratorsto test their disaster recovery policies at any time without interrupting the production environment ordisaster recovery replication. The Organization also plans to leverage NetApp’s data deduplicationtechnology in its DR plans.Three of the four organizations indicated that their original investment in NetApp storage for desktopvirtualization provided them with the flexibility and agility to take advantage of this disaster recoveryoption and the potential savings that a virtualized disaster recovery environment can bring to theirorganizations. At present, only two of the customers Forrester interviewed were currently takingadvantage of SnapMirror technologies; therefore, this study will not attempt to quantify its benefits.However, we encourage the reader to learn more about this technology to determine the potentialquantifiable benefits within their organizations.The value of flexibility is clearly unique to each organization, and the willingness to measure itsvalue varies from organization to organization. For the purpose of this analysis, we have assumedthat the Organization sees the future value in being able to reduce future backup storage acquisitioncosts or achieve longer intervals between storage capacity upgrades using deduplication. The valueof the option (when calculated) is based on the Black-Scholes Option Pricing formula. (Foradditional information regarding the flexibility calculation, please see Appendix B.)TEI Framework: SummaryConsidering the financial framework constructed above, the results of the Costs, Benefits, Risk, andFlexibility sections using the representative numbers can be used to determine a return oninvestment, net present value, and payback period.Table 8 below shows the summarized risk-adjusted values, applying the risk-adjustment methodindicated in the Risk section, which was to apply a 10% risk adjustment — i.e., a reduction of10% — to all benefits to reflect the risks listed above. No risk adjustments were made to the costs,as these represented fixed quotes from NetApp or internal planning costs.It is important to note that the values used throughout the TEI framework are based on in-depthinterviews with four organizations and the resulting sample Organization built by Forrester.Forrester makes no assumptions as to the potential return that other organizations will receivewithin their own environment. Forrester strongly advises that readers use their own estimates withinthe framework provided in this study to determine the expected financial impact of implementingNetApp storage for desktop virtualization.Key FindingsTable 8 represents a summary of the risk-adjusted costs, benefits, and ROI that the Organizationexpects to realize over a three-year period by deploying NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. - 17 -
  • 18. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationTable 8: Sample Organization Costs, Benefits, And ROI (Risk-Adjusted) Initial cost Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total NPVTotal costs ($192,267) ($138,391) ($138,391) ($33,905) ($502,954) ($457,923)Total benefits $0 $293,369 $221,821 $221,819 $737,010 $616,679Total ($192,267) $154,978 $83,431 $187,914 $234,056 $158,756Return on investment 35%Payback period 17 monthsSource: Forrester Research, Inc.The three-year, risk-adjusted total NPV (net present value) of $158,756 represents the net costsavings and benefits attributed to using the NetApp storage for desktop virtualization whencompared with the costs of the Organization’s legacy desktop storage environment (see detailsabove in the Costs, Benefits, Flexibility, and Risk sections). In addition, the risk-adjusted ROI was afavorable 35%.Study ConclusionsAs the data in this study indicates, NetApp storage for desktop virtualization has the potential toprovide a good return on investment. In addition, the risk-adjusted ROI of 35%, along with a 17-month payback period (breakeven point), raises confidence that the investment is likely tosucceed, as the risks that may threaten the project have already been taken into consideration andquantified. In this study, risks have been modeled in the hopes of showing worst-case expectations.A successful, well-planned implementation of NetApp storage for desktop virtualization will allowbenefits and cost savings to accrue to the Organization in the following areas: Reduction in storage hardware and software costs and increased utilization compared with traditional storage arrays using NetApp’s data deduplication, thin provisioning, and FlexClone technologies, including Rapid Cloning Utility. Increased performance and availability especially at the critical morning boot storm/logon periods, by using NetApp’s Flash Cache (formerly known as Performance Acceleration Module [PAM II]). Improvements in backup and recovery processes, including: o Media and software savings associated with centralized backup. o Labor savings for backup and recovery administration.In addition, most interviewed organizations indicated that their original investment in NetAppstorage for desktop virtualization could provide them with the flexibility and agility to take advantage - 18 -
  • 19. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop Virtualizationof the future savings that NetApp disaster recovery replication technology could bring to theirorganizations.Organizations that are likely to achieve a similar ROI have the following characteristics: Organizations in industries that have highly regulated desktop environments, i.e., finance and insurance, government, healthcare, and manufacturing. Organizations with a large population of employees that can be easily provisioned with a virtual desktop, including call center workers, software developers, finance department employees, and outsourced workers using unmanaged/untrusted machines. Midsize to large organizations moving in the direction of thin-client technology. Interest in adoption of a disk-to-disk backup strategy environment either before or after implementing NetApp’s primary storage solutions. An IT staff with the requisite skills to manage virtual desktop environments, including knowledge of the server virtualization platform as well as NetApp’s Data ONTAP XG operating system.For our Organization, NetApp storage for desktop virtualization carried a low level of risk, a positive35% risk-adjusted ROI, and a 17-month horizon to recoup the investment.We make no assumptions regarding the effects of NetApp storage for desktop virtualization at otherorganizations. This study examines the potential impact attributable to the four organizations thatparticipated in our examination and applies the common costs and benefits to a representativesample Organization. The underlying objective of this document is to provide guidance totechnology decision-makers seeking to identify areas where value can potentially be created basedon using NetApp storage for desktop virtualization. - 19 -
  • 20. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationAppendix A: Hypervisor Host — GuidePhysical server configuration Server component Number or type Hypervisor host 76 Memory per host 96 GB CPUs per host Two Intel Nehalem quad- core CPUs Network interface cards (NICs) per host TwoSource: NetApp, Inc.Desktop licenses needed (virtual desktop management software licenses not included) Virtual desktop infrastructure component Number Virtual Desktop Licenses 9,500 Windows XP licenses 9,500Source: NetApp, Inc.Below are guidelines used for this environment when deploying the virtual desktopinfrastructure. Virtual desktop infrastructure component Number Virtual machine per Hypervisor host server 90-125 Virtual machine per CPU core 16 Memory per Windows XP virtual desktop 512 MBSource: NetApp, Inc. - 20 -
  • 21. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationAppendix B: Total Economic Impact™ OverviewTotal Economic Impact is a methodology developed by Forrester Research that enhances anorganization’s technology decision-making processes and assists vendors in communicating thevalue proposition of their products and services to clients. The TEI methodology helps organizationsdemonstrate, justify, and realize the tangible value of IT initiatives to both senior management andother key business stakeholders.The TEI methodology consists of four components to evaluate investment value: benefits, costs,risks, and flexibility. For the purpose of this analysis, the impact of flexibility was not quantified.BenefitsBenefits represent the value delivered to the user organization — IT and/or business units — by theproposed product or project. Often product or project justification exercises focus just on IT cost andcost reduction, leaving little room to analyze the effect of the technology on the entire organization.The TEI methodology and the resulting financial model place equal weight on the measure ofbenefits and the measure of costs, allowing for a full examination of the effect of the technology onthe entire organization. Calculation of benefit estimates involves a clear dialogue with the userorganization to understand the specific value that is created. In addition, Forrester also requires thatthere be a clear line of accountability established between the measurement and justification ofbenefit estimates after the project has been completed. This ensures that benefit estimates tie backdirectly to the bottom line.CostsCosts represent the investment necessary to capture the value, or benefits, of the proposed project.IT or the business units may incur costs in the forms of fully burdened labor, subcontractors, ormaterials. Costs consider all the investments and expenses necessary to deliver the proposedvalue. In addition, the cost category within TEI captures any incremental costs over the existingenvironment for ongoing costs associated with the solution. All costs must be tied to the benefitsthat are created.RiskRisk measures the uncertainty of benefit and cost estimates contained within the investment.Uncertainty is measured in two ways: the likelihood that the cost and benefit estimates will meet theoriginal projections and the likelihood that the estimates will be measured and tracked over time.TEI applies a probability density function known as “triangular distribution” to the values entered. Ata minimum, three values are calculated to estimate the underlying range around each cost andbenefit.FlexibilityWithin the TEI methodology, direct benefits represent one part of the investment value. While directbenefits can typically be the primary way to justify a project, Forrester believes that organizationsshould be able to measure the strategic value of an investment. Flexibility represents the value thatcan be obtained for some future additional investment building on top of the initial investmentalready made. For instance, an investment in an enterprisewide upgrade of an office productivitysuite can potentially increase standardization (to increase efficiency) and reduce licensing costs.However, an embedded collaboration feature may translate to greater worker productivity ifactivated. The collaboration can only be used with additional investment in training at some futurepoint in time. However, having the ability to capture that benefit has a present value that can beestimated. The flexibility component of TEI captures that value. - 21 -
  • 22. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationAppendix C: GlossaryDiscount rate: The interest rate used in cash flow analysis to take into account the time value ofmoney. Although the Federal Reserve Bank sets a discount rate, organizations often set a discountrate based on their business and investment environment. Forrester assumes a yearly discount rateof 10% for this analysis. Organizations typically use discount rates between 8% and 15% based ontheir current environment. Readers are urged to consult their organization to determine the mostappropriate discount rate to use in their own environment.Net present value (NPV): The present or current value of (discounted) future net cash flows givenan interest rate (the discount rate). A positive project NPV normally indicates that the investmentshould be made, unless other projects have higher NPVs.Present value (PV): The present or current value of (discounted) cost and benefit estimates givenat an interest rate (the discount rate). The PV of costs and benefits feed into the total net presentvalue of cash flows.Payback period: The breakeven point for an investment, or the point in time at which net benefits(benefits minus costs) equal initial investment or cost.Return on investment (ROI): A measure of a project’s expected return in percentage terms. ROI iscalculated by dividing net benefits (benefits minus costs) by costs.A Note On Cash Flow TablesThe following is a note on the cash flow tables used in this study (see the Example Table below).The initial investment column contains costs incurred at “time 0” or at the beginning of Year 1.Those costs are not discounted. All other cash flows in Years 1 through 3 are discounted using thediscount rate shown in Table 2 at the end of the year. Present value (PV) calculations arecalculated for each total cost and benefit estimate. Net present value (NPV) calculations are notcalculated until the summary tables and are the sum of the initial investment and the discountedcash inflows and outflows in each year.Example Table Category Initial cost Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 TotalSource: Forrester Research, Inc. - 22 -
  • 23. The Total Economic Impact™ Of NetApp Storage For Desktop VirtualizationAppendix D: About The Project Manager Bob Cormier Principal Consultant Bob is a principal consultant for Forresters Total Economic Impact™ (TEI) service. He is a leading expert on deriving business value from technology investments specializing in advising clients on the TEI framework — services that help organizations understand the overall financial value of IT strategies and investments. He serves the following client roles: Bob serves CIOs and their staffs as a trusted advisor to create consistent, repeatable, and best practice processes to justify and add credibility to technology investment business cases using Forrester’s TEI methodology. Bob serves sales enablement and product management and marketing professionals in their efforts to clearly articulate the unique value proposition of their solutions to prospects and customers using Forrester’s TEI methodology.Bob has authored numerous TEI case studies for Forrester’s vendor clients. Bob has also deliveredhis acclaimed Justifying Technology Investments workshop to more than 800 participantsrepresenting 400 organizations.Bob has more than 25 years of experience in the IT and consulting industries. Prior to joiningForrester, he held senior-level positions at two leading eBusiness consulting firms, ZEFER andCambridge Technology Partners. Bob has successfully led company efforts to optimize financial,operational, and resource planning activities, incorporating leading-edge, professional serviceautomation (PSA) applications, and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. He has also heldsenior financial management positions at Digital Equipment and Anixter International.During his career Bob has consulted with global users and vendors of IT and has been a frequentspeaker at conferences, events, and seminars.EducationBob earned an M.B.A. from Bentley University and a B.S. in business from the University of NewHampshire. As an adjunct professor, he has taught finance and economics courses for more than10 years at Southern New Hampshire University and Daniel Webster College. - 23 -