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  • Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization headquartered in Mountain View, California, United States devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.[1] The organization has released several copyright-licenses known as Creative Commons licenses free of charge to the public. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators. An easy to understand one-page explanation of rights, with associated visual symbols, explains the specifics of each Creative Commons license. Creative Commons licenses do not replace copyright, but are based upon it. They replace individual negotiations for specific rights between copyright owner (licensor) and licensee, which are necessary under an "all rights reserved" copyright management with a "some rights reserved" management employing standardized licenses for re-use cases where no commercial compensation is sought by the copyright owner. The result is an agile, low overhead and cost copyright management regime, profiting both copyright owners and licensees.

The open access model my presentation The open access model my presentation Presentation Transcript

  • By: Nermeen Ragab Data Entry Specialist
  •       Authoring Submission Review Rejection /Modification /Acceptance Publication Distribution
  • Open Access & Author’s Rights What Can the author do with his work? -Publish on website - Publish/distribute work in print or other media - Reproduce/Copy -Use or be used by other authors for research. -Submit to Journals. -Prepare Translations or Derivative Works. -Perform or display the work publicly. - Authorize others to have any of these rights in light of the granted/revoked ability to transfer rights.
  • “Digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions”
  • Open access (OA) – “The practice of providing unrestricted access via the Internet to peerreviewed scholarly journal articles and other scholarly works. “ University of Illinois Springfield
  • Open & Free to Access Open to …  Contribution and Participation  Use & Reuse with Few or No Restrictions  Indexing and Machine Readable
  •  “Information wants to be free!” Unsustainable pricing model of scholarly journals  Beliefs of the Academy – It’s  to Do! the Right thing “Open access truly expands shared knowledge across scientific fields — it is the best path for accelerating multidisciplinary breakthroughs in research." 
— Open Letter to the US Congress signed by Nobel Prize winners  Requirements of Funding Agencies
  • The NIH(National Institutes of Health) Public Access Policy implements Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008). The law states: “The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peerreviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.” NIH Public Access Policy @ http://publicaccess.nih.gov
  • NIH Rules - In Brief  NIH-funded research must be made freely available to the public  Deposit made publicly available no later than 12(twelve) months after the official date of publication  Authors submit an e-copy of their published articles to NIH PubMed Central
  •  Deutsche Bank: ““We believe the publisher adds relatively little value to the publishing process. … if the process really were as complex, costly and value-added as the publishers protest that it is, 40% margins wouldn’t be available.”
  • Funding Author Publisher Libraries Reader
  • Advantages Of Open Access 1. 2. Early advantage – you can publish earlier in the research cycle Arxiv advantage – a central repository (or common data standard) provide one main place for all publications. 3. Quality Bias - a self-selecting bias in that higher-quality articles are more likely to be self-archived in the early days but this effect would disappear as self-archiving approaches 100%. 4. Quality advantage - articles are judged on quality and not access differences. 5. Competitive advantage - self-archived papers have a competitive advantage over non-self-archived ones, in early days, although this effect would also reduce as the practice increases. 6. Usage advantage – OA articles are read more widely than nonOA ones. ( Steven Harnad 2005)
  •   Open access is built upon authors retaining all or part of their initial rights under copyright law. Creative Commons is an easy way to transfer rights – they allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators.
  • Scholarly journals that are available online to the reader "without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.“ Suber, Peter. "Open Access Overview". http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm
  • Types of Open Access  “Green” Open Access Authors publish in any journal and then self-archive a version of the article for free public use in their institutional repository, in a central repository (such as PubMed Central), or on some other OA website.  “Gold” Open Access Authors publish in an open access journal that provides immediate OA to all of its articles on the publisher's website.  Hybrid Open Access Provide Gold OA only for those individual articles for which their authors (or their author's institution or funder) pay an OA publishing fee.
  •  Swan, A. (2010) The Open Access citation advantage: Studies and results to date. - 27 of 31 show open access having a positive citation advantage - Where positive advantage - increase in citations varying from -5 to 600% http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18516/
  •  Article-processing charge (APC) Covers  Editorial: handling of manuscripts  Technical: development, maintenance and operation of online journal system  Production: Formatting and markup of articles, inclusion in indexing services  Marketing: Making sure readers and authors know about the journal  Customer service: Responding to authors/readers  Web technology is used to keep costs low.
  •     Authors may pay out of grant funds Some funders provide a central fund for open access publishing costs Institutions may cover costs centrally, on behalf of their authors, via BioMed Central Institutional Membership Some titles cover costs themselves
  • Open Access publishing overview Martin Weller  Open Access & Author’s Rights - What every faculty or author should know….. H. Stephen McMinn, Director of Collections and Scholarly Communications Brookens Library( University of Illinois Springfield)  The international open access Carrie Calder Head of Marketing, BioMed Central 