Stress Management


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A brief overview of the most commonly known types of stress and how to deal with them.

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  • - Physical Stress: Physical stress is suffering that is endured by the body as a result of a stressful situation. This form of stress is usually associated with symptoms such as headaches and fatigue
    Emotional stress: A condition which occurs when a person is under stress affecting their emotions.
    -Psychological stress :Psychosocial stress is the result of a cognitive appraisal of what is at stake and what can be done about it. More simply put, psychosocial stress results when we look at a perceived threat in our lives (real or even imagined), and discern that it may require resources we don't have. Examples of psychosocial stress include things like a threat to our social status, social esteem, respect, and/or acceptance within a group; threat to our self-worth; or a threat that we feel we have no control over. All of these threats can lead to a stress response in the body.
  • Stress Management

    2. 2. Definition • Stress has been defined as a physical, mental or emotional response to events which cause mental or bodily tension. • Stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize.
    3. 3. Types of stress • Physical • Emotional • Psychological
    4. 4. Classified into two • Positive stress (Eustress) • Enjoyment • Satisfaction • Excitement • Negative stress (distress) • Unpleasant feeling • Physical damage • Death of an individual
    5. 5. Sources of stress 1. Environmental factors 2. Organizational factors 3. Individual factors
    6. 6. 1.1. Environmental factorsEnvironmental factors • Environmental uncertainties • Changes in business cycles • Political uncertainties
    7. 7. 2. Organizational factorsOrganizational factors • Role of individuals to play in an organization • Task demands are factors related to a persons job • Pressure to avoid errors or complete task in limited time period
    8. 8. 3. Individual factors Employees personal life like family issues, economic problems and personality characteristics Broken families, wrecked marriages and other family issues Economic problems created by individuals A person’s basic dispositional nature
    9. 9. Consequences of stressConsequences of stress 1. Emotional Symptoms 2. Physical Symptoms 3. Psychological Symptoms 4. Cognitive symptoms 5. Behavioral symptoms
    10. 10. Emotional symptoms of stress include: Becoming easily agitated, frustrated, and moody Feeling overwhelmed, like you are losing control or need to take control Having difficulty relaxing and quieting your mind Feeling bad about yourself (low self-esteem), lonely, worthless, and depressed Avoiding others
    11. 11. Physical symptomsPhysical symptoms of stress includeof stress include  Low energy  Headaches  Upset stomach, including diarrhea, constipation, and nausea  Aches, pains, and tense muscles  Chest pain and rapid heartbeat  Insomnia  Frequent colds and infections  Loss of sexual desire and/or ability  Nervousness and shaking, ringing in the ear, cold or sweaty hands and feet  Dry mouth and difficulty swallowing  Clenched jaw and grinding teeth
    12. 12. Psychological symptomsPsychological symptoms • Job – related stress cause job dissatisfaction • Job dissatisfaction is the most obvious psychological stress • Authority and responsibility, lack of clarity in their duties • Less control over the pace of their work
    13. 13. Cognitive symptomsCognitive symptoms of stress include:of stress include: • Constant worrying • Racing thoughts • Forgetfulness and disorganization • Inability to focus • Poor judgment • Being pessimistic or seeing only the negative side
    14. 14. Behavioral symptoms of stress include:Behavioral symptoms of stress include: • Changes in appetite -- either not eating or eating too much • Procrastinating and avoiding responsibilities • Increased use of alcohol, drugs, or cigarettes • Exhibiting more nervous behaviors, such as nail biting, fidgeting, and pacing.
    15. 15. How can one manage stress better? 1. Become aware of the stressors and the emotional and physical reactions 2. Recognizing what can be changed 3. Reduce the intensity of the emotional reactions to the stress 4. Learning to moderate our physical reserves 5. Maintaining our emotional reserves
    16. 16. Managing stressManaging stress 1. Individual approaches 2. Organizational approaches
    17. 17. Methods To Manage StressMethods To Manage Stress EffectivelyEffectively. PROBLEM FOCUSED STRATEGY • Identify the stressors responsible for negative symptoms either eliminate or modify the stressor. EMOTION FOCUSED STRATEGY • Teaching people how to control their emotions so that they are not negatively affected by stress.
    18. 18. 1.1. Individual approachesIndividual approaches • Effective individual strategies include time management techniques, physical exercise, relaxation, training • Practicing time management principles like making daily list of activities, prioritizing it by importance and urgency, knowing the work to be done. • Non competitive physical exercise to deal with excessive stress levels • Reduce tension through relaxation techniques such as meditation and hypnosis.
    19. 19. 2.2. Organizational approachOrganizational approach • Improved personnel selection and job placement • Use of realistic goal setting and redesigning of jobs • Training in stress management techniques • Increased employee involvement improves motivation, morale and commitment • Improved organizational communication • Establishment of corporate wellness programs
    20. 20. Individual Strategies To Cope WithIndividual Strategies To Cope With Stress.Stress. • PROBLEM FOCUSED STRATEGIES o Time management o Requesting others to help. o Shifting to another job. • EMOTION FOCUSED STRATEGIES o Relaxation o Exercise o Psychological strategies o Recreation o Companionship
    21. 21. Organizational Strategies To CopeOrganizational Strategies To Cope With Stress.With Stress. • PROBLEM FOCUSED STRATEGIES o Redesigning the job o Proper selection and placement o Training o Team building o Providing various day care facilities
    22. 22. Organizational Strategies to cope withOrganizational Strategies to cope with stress.stress. • EMOTION FOCUSED STRATEGIES o Providing open communication within the organization o Employee assistance program o Mentoring o Wellness programs and personal time off.
    23. 23. ReferencesReferences • Stress Management Chethna Menon • WebMD, LLC. 13 Ways to beat stress