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Struggling to survive ch9
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Struggling to survive ch9


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  • 1. Struggling to SurviveCh. 9
    How did the growth of Canada affect the Aboriginals peoples?
  • 2. Troubles in Saskatchewan
    All the people living in the District Saskatchewan had grievances with the Government.
  • 3. MacDonald’s National Policy was not working as hoped
  • 4. Settlers
    Policies led to high cost for supplies and shipping
    This led to low prices for produce making it hard to make a profit
    Because there was no representation no one could speak for them
  • 5. The Metis
    Many left Red River for Saskatchewan with promise of land
  • 6. The situation became similar to Red River – empty promises with no land claims
  • 7. First Nations
    After signing Treaties with the Government, they expect help because of the declining Buffalo herds
  • 8. The government was slow to act and many faced starvation
  • 9. Riel Returns
    In 1884, Riel fulfills his term for amnesty and returns to help the Metis of Saskatchewan
    He helps put together a Petition for Ottawa
  • 10. Key Points
    Ottawa to honor treaties
    Need to change economic policies
    Protection of Land
    Need to make Saskatchewan a province
  • 11. Taking Action
    By March 1885, nothing had been done
    So Riel did what he did in Red River – he formed a Provisional Government
    Would it work this time?
  • 12. One Hundred Days & One Hundred Years
    When Riel decided to fight he lost the support of the English-speaking Metis
  • 13. The North West Mounted Police
    They were later known as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
    They were posted throughout the district at various outposts
  • 14. The Militia
    After news was heard about Riel Col. Middleton formed a militia to stop the rebellion
  • 15. Punishment for the Rebels
    After a few encounters the rebellion was subdued (p. 166)
    Many of the leaders were tried and convicted of treason. Most served 2-3 years
  • 16. The Trial of Louis Riel
    His trial took place in Regina from July 29 to August 1 1885
    He defended himself but was convicted of treason
  • 17. MacDonald’s Decision
    He had a difficult decision because the country was divided and it would affect him politically
    He finally sided with the conviction and Riel was hanged
  • 18. First Nations in the Martimes
    Just like their counterparts in the west, native peoples were suffering in the east.
  • 19. A Policy of Assimilation
    The government was hoping the first nations would become part of the forming Canadian culture
  • 20. Dept. of Indian Affairs Act
    It main goal was to make the native people more Canadian
    But this often meant abandoning their own culture
  • 21. Their were three key points to the Act:
    Set up Band governments
    Control their economies
    Take charge of their education
  • 22. Band Governments
    This ultimately changed their existing organization
    It was meant to prevent them from organizing against the Canadian Government
  • 23. Economic Control
    Agents were sent into each band to determine who could trade, who could hunt/fish and who could farm on the reserves
  • 24. Educating the Children
    Residential Schools were set up to educate the children in non-native ways
    They were often forced to attend
  • 25. Did the Policy of Assimilation Work?
    Although the first nations people suffered (and continue to do so) they were never truly assimilated
  • 26. Aboriginal Peoples of Newfoundland and Labrador
    These people were not affected by Canadian Policies as they were not apart of Canada
    But they did have challenges adapting to the new society emerging around them
  • 27. Innu
    Some of these people were somewhat affect by the Indian Act because they lived in Northern Quebec
    In NF, they were not greatly affect during this period
  • 28. Inuit
    By the 1880’s, they were affected by the constant migration of European settlers to the coast of Labrador
    This was gradual and reflected a more natural assimiluation
  • 29. Mi’kmaq
    These people became naturally assimilated into the emerging Newfoundland culture
    They did not suffer from sickness and disease like other native peoples throughout Canada