English Study and History of the English Lanaguage


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Hi everybody, i share a file I hope that you use to teach your students and help the to undertand about the study of englih ang the History of the English language

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  • Teacher: Nerio Burga Sagástegui.
  • Teacher: Nerio Burga Sagástegui.
  • English Study and History of the English Lanaguage

    1. 1. English Study You’re a Wow! Th ank smart you…! I o l vestudent… learning English ! By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Taken from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    2. 2. English Study English Studies is an academic discipline that includes the study of: What is the literatures written in the English language, English English linguistics, and Studies? . English sociolinguistics.By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    3. 3. English Study What do literature from the UK, literatures the USA, Ireland, written in Canada, Australia, New the English Zealand, Hong Kong, the language Philippines, India, South include? Africa, and the Middle East, among other areas.By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    4. 4. English Study Ho w a b ophonetics, utphonology, Englishsyntax, linguistic s?morphology, semantics,pragmatics,corpuslinguistics,andstylistics. By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui.
    5. 5. English Studiy … Discourse analysis of written and And Enspoken texts, sociolin glishthe history of guistic the English s? language, English language learning andteaching, and The study of World Englishes By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui.
    6. 6. English Study More broadly, English studies explores the What does production and analysis of academic texts created in English (or departments in areas of the world in of English which English is a common include? mode of communication). It is not uncommon for academic departments of "English" or "English Studies“.By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    7. 7. English Study "English St udies" inc u of the En l des scho glish lang a lars literature, u ge, journalis linguistics m, the phi , law, language losophy of commun , publishin ication stu g, communica dies, techni That’s tion, folklo cal studies, cr re, cultura interesting. eative wri i l theory, t t ng, critic heatre, et al electroni hni c publishing c studies, rhetoric , film stud and philol ies, and variou ogy/etym s courses i ology, arts and h n the liber umanities al , among others.By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    8. 8. What is English? Of cour se, It re with t he arr v ally started Germa i al of nic tri three Angle s, the bes: the Do you the Jut Saxons know about es, wh a nd Britain o invad history of centur during the 5 ed English y AD ( th Anno D om i n i ). language?By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    9. 9. History of English language. Teacher Nerio Burga
    10. 10. History of English language. How did They crossed theythe North Sea invade from what Britain? today isDenmark and northern Germany (seethe map below) By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui.
    11. 11. Germanic invaders entered Britain on the east and south coasts in the 5th centuryTeacher Nerio Burga
    12. 12. History of English language. At tha t time inhabi the What tants o language Britain f Celtic spoke a did the l ang u British a ge . speak at the time?By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    13. 13. History of English language. Most o f t he What speake Celtic happened rs we pushed re with the north west a by the nd Celtic - ma i n invad speakers? ly into ers now W w ha t i ales, S s cotlan and Ire d land.By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    14. 14. Let’s see at the map!Teacher Nerio Burga
    15. 15. History of English language. The hi story s Angle aid Th s c a me e Englala from And … How nd and langua did English ge wa their Englis s calle language c - from d appear? the wo which rds En and En gland glish derive are d.By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui. Teacher Nerio Burga
    16. 16. History of English language. I do. Would yo u likeOld English. to explainMiddle more abEnglish. out the HistoModern ry ofEnglish: English languagPearl e?ModernEnglish -LateModern Let’s talkEnglish . about old Interesting! English. By Nerio Burga Sagástgeui.
    17. 17. Old English (450-1100 AD) The invading Germanic tribes languages spoke similar languages, which in Britain developed into what we now call Old English. Old English did not sound or look like English Oh! today. Native English speakers now would have great difficulty understanding Old English. Teacher Nerio Burga
    18. 18. Old English (450-1100 AD) Nevertheless, about half of the most commonly used words in Modern English have Old English roots. The Wonderful! words be, strong and water, for example, derive from Old English. Old English was spoken until around 1100. See an example of old English! Teacher Nerio Burga great
    19. 19. Part of Beowulf, a poem written in Old EnglishTeacher Nerio Burga
    20. 20. Middle English (1100-1500)In 1066 William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy (part of modern France), invaded and conquered England.The new conquerors (called the Normans) brought with them a kind of French, which became the language of the Royal Court, and the ruling and business classes. Teacher Nerio Burga
    21. 21. For a period there was a kind of linguistic class division, where the lower classes spoke English and the upper classes spoke French.In the 14th century English became dominant in Britain again, but with many French words added. This language is called Middle English. Teacher Nerio Burga
    22. 22. It was the language of the great poet Chaucer (1340-1400), but it would still be difficult for native English speakers to understand today.An example of Middle English by Chaucer. Nerio Burga Teacher
    23. 23. MODERN ENGLISHEARLY MODERN ENGLISH (1500-1800)• From the 16th century the British had contact with many people from around the world.• This, and the Renaissance of Classical learning, meant that many new words and phrases entered the language. The invention of printing also meant that there was now a common language in print. Teacher Nerio Burga
    24. 24. • Books became cheaper and more people learned to read. Printing also brought standardization to English.• Spelling and grammar became fixed, and the dialect of London, where most publishing houses were, became the standard.• In 1604 the first English dictionary was published Teacher Nerio Burga
    25. 25. Late Modern English (1800-Present)• The main difference between Early Modern English and Late Modern English is vocabulary.• Late Modern English has many more words, arising from two principal factors:• Firstly, the Industrial Revolution and technology created a need for new words;• Secondly, the British Empire at its height covered one quarter of the earths surface, and the English language adopted foreign words from many countries. Teacher Nerio Burga
    26. 26. Teacher Nerio Burga
    27. 27. • At this time, the vocabulary of Old English consisted of an Anglo Saxon base with borrowed words from the Scandinavian languages (Danish and Norse) and Latin. Latin gave English words like street, kitchen, kettle, cup, cheese, wine, angel, bishop, martyr, candle. Teacher Nerio Burga
    28. 28. The Vikings added many Norse words: sky, egg,cake, skin, leg, window (wind, eye), husband,fellow, skill, anger, flat, odd, ugly, get, give,take, raise, call, die, they, their, them.Celtic words also survived mainly in place andriver names (Devon, Dover, Kent, Trent, Severn,Avon, Thames). Teacher Nerio Burga
    29. 29. Many pairs of English and Norse wordscoexisted giving us two words with the sameor slightly differing meanings. Examples below. Norse English • Anger • wrath • Nay • no • Fro • from • ill • sick • skirt • shirt Teacher Nerio Burga
    30. 30. In 1066 the Normans conquered Britain.French became the language of the Normanaristocracy and added more vocabulary toEnglish.FRENCH • ENGLISH• Close • shut• Odour • smell• Annual • yearly• Chamber • room Teacher Nerio Burga
    31. 31. Hamlets famous "To be, or not tobe" lines, written in Early Modern English by Shakespeare. Teacher Nerio Burga
    32. 32. Varieties of EnglishFrom around 1600, the English colonization ofNorth America resulted in the creation of adistinct American variety of English. SomeEnglish pronunciations and words "froze" whenthey reached America.In some ways, American English is more like theEnglish of Shakespeare than modern BritishEnglish is. Teacher Nerio Burga
    33. 33. Spanish also had an influence on AmericanEnglish (and subsequently British English), withwords like canyon, ranch, stampede and vigilantebeing examples of Spanish words that enteredEnglish through the settlement of the AmericanWest. French words (through Louisiana) and WestAfrican words (through the slave trade) alsoinfluenced American English (and so, to an extent,British English). Teacher Nerio Burga
    34. 34. Some expressions that the British call"Americanisms" are in fact original Britishexpressions that were preserved in thecolonies while lost for a time in Britain (forexample trash for rubbish, loan as a verbinstead of lend, and fall for autumn; anotherexample, frame-up, was re-imported intoBritain through Hollywood gangster movies). Teacher Nerio Burga
    35. 35. Varieties of EnglishToday, American English is particularlyinfluential, due to the USAs dominance ofcinema, television, popular music, trade andtechnology (including the Internet). But thereare many other varieties of English around theworld, including for example Australian English,New Zealand English, Canadian English, SouthAfrican English, Indian English and CaribbeanEnglish. Teacher Nerio Burga
    36. 36. The Germanic Family of LanguagesEnglish is amember of theGermanic familyof languages.Germanic is abranch of theIndo-Europeanlanguage family. Teacher Nerio Burga
    37. 37. A brief chronology of English:A brief chronology of English.doc Teacher Nerio Burga
    38. 38. Taken fromwww.englishclub.com Teacher Nerio Burga