NEOLITHIC PPT.

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Here you can seee the changes in the fertile crescent when the Neolithic Revolution started and finished.

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NEOLITHIC PPT.

  1. 1. In the PALAEOLITHIC AGE, humans got all theirfood from wild plants and animals in theirenvironment.• They hunted wild animals like deer, wild pigs, and largebirds.• They collected wild fruits, berries, and nuts.• They fished and collected shellfish and crabs.• They gathered wild tubers (root vegetables, like potatoesand carrots), vegetables, and grains.
  2. 2. The Neolithic Age andculture10,000 years ago, therewas a slow process ofradical change in thehistory of humanity!
  3. 3. Let’s read together on page 94.What’s the name for this? What about this cereal?
  4. 4. Why do you think it´s called the Fertile Crescent?Know these rivers: the Eurphrates and the TigrisThe Near East
  5. 5. Also, the Neolithic Culturedeveloped in:• The Indo Valley in India• The Huang-Ho Valley in China• See page 94, locate on the map andwatch “Guns, Germs, and Steel”
  6. 6. Fertile = productiveCrescent = shape
  7. 7. HUMANS BECAME PRODUCERS!
  8. 8. Humans became SEDENTARY, theopposite of NOMADIC.They settled down.
  9. 9. Çatalhöyük: ANeolithic City inTurkey
  10. 10. Excavations at Çatalhöyük
  11. 11. Division of labour
  12. 12. Agriculture• First crops werecereals• Homework: Look atthe key on the mapon page 94 andtranslate to Spanish
  13. 13. Barley and Wheat LentilsMuskmelon(now developed intocantaloupe, honeydew,etc)Chickpeas (garbanzo beans)
  14. 14. Pestle and mortar-used to grind seedsDo you have one of these at home?
  15. 15. Wood sickle with flint stones
  16. 16. HoesAncient tool to removedirt for agriculture orbuilding Modern hoes:
  17. 17. MODERN TOOLSTOOLSSEEDSWATERHARNESSESFENCESANIMALSFIELDS
  18. 18. What doesdomesticationmean?To train plants andanimals to be usefulto people.
  19. 19. DOMESTICATED ANIMALSANIMALSUSED FORHUMANPURPOSES
  20. 20. Domestication changes how plants and animalsbehave so that, over time, they end up lookingdifferent from their wild cousins.
  21. 21. The domestication of plants and animalsdramatically changed the way humansinteracted with their environment.Now, instead of merely living within theirenvironment, humans were managing it.Domesticated animalsand plants now dependon humans for theirsurvival.
  22. 22. Other craftsdeveloped:Pottery,baskets,TextilesPottery- atool forstoring food,cooking, andkillingbacteria.Pottery
  23. 23. New materials, new usesPolished axe pottery
  24. 24. oldest known textiles• Linen made from the flax plant, is one ofthe strongest fibers. It was found in whatis now southern Turkey from between8000 and 7000 B.C.• Evidence of woolen textiles comes fromthe same area and dates from about6000 B.C.
  25. 25. Even though POPULATION GROWTH was theCAUSE of the adoption of agriculture, it wasalso the RESULT.As a result of farming…1) More food is produced for more people2) But more people are needed to do all the work requiredSo people began having more children to fill this demand.Furthermore, hunter gatherers cannot have too manychildren at a time people they are continuously moving. Thisisn’t a problem for farmers.
  26. 26. • Question for end of class:Where did American hamburgers reallycome from?
  27. 27. From as few as 80 progenitors domesticated in southeastTurkey about 10,500 years ago,[2] an estimated 1.3 billioncattle are in the world today.[3] In 2009, cattle became thefirst livestock animal to have a fully mapped genome.[4]
  28. 28. Homework:• Vocabulary list of important English andSpanish words on page 94

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