Newtons laws.pptx1
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Transcript

  • 1. NEWTON’S LAWS By I Nengah Surata
  • 2. 1. The First Law: Force and Inertia 2 The Second Law: Force, Mass and Acceleration 3 The Third Law: Action and Reaction
  • 3. Objectives  Describe how the law of inertia affects the motion of an object.  Give an example of a system or invention designed to overcome inertia.  Measure and describe force in newtons (N) and pounds (lb).  Calculate the net force for two or more forces acting along the same line.
  • 4. Objectives  Determine whether an object is in equilibrium by analyzing the forces acting on it.  Draw a diagram showing an actionreaction pair of forces.  Determine the reaction force when given an action force.
  • 5. 1 The First Law: Force and Inertia Investigation Key Question: How does the first law apply to objects at rest and in motion?
  • 6. Force • Force is an action that can change motion. – A force is what we call a push or a pull, or any action that has the ability to change an object’s motion. – Forces can be used to increase the speed of an object, decrease the speed of an object, or change the direction in which an object is moving.
  • 7. Inertia • Inertia is a term used to measure the ability of an object to resist a change in its state of motion. • An object with a lot of inertia takes a lot of force to start or stop; an object with a small amount of inertia requires a small amount of force to start or stop. • The word “inertia” comes from the Latin word inertus, which can be translated to mean“lazy.”
  • 8. 1 Newton's First Law • Can you explain why the long table would make the trick hard to do?
  • 9. How do these systems in a car overcome the law of inertia? • The engine – supplies force that allows you to change motion by pressing the gas pedal. • The brake system – is designed to help you change your motion by slowing down. • The steering wheel and steering system – is designed to help you change your motion by changing your direction.
  • 10. Calculating force Three people are each applying 250 newtons of force to try to move a heavy cart. The people are standing on a rug. Someone nearby notices that the rug is slipping. How much force must be applied to the rug to keep it from slipping? Sketch the action and reaction forces acting between the people and the cart and between the people and the rug.