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Presentation Linguistic

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  • 1. BRAIN AND LANGUAGE BY : NELI ANASTASIA JESSICA JUNITA KIRANA
  • 2. THE HUMAN BRAIN
    • DIVIDED INTO TWO HALVES CALLED CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES
    • THE RIGHT HEMISPHERE CONTROL MATTERS RELATING TO 3D SPATIAL ACUITY
    • THE LEFT HEMISPHERE CONTROLS PATTERNS THAT PROGRESS STEP-BY-STEP IN A SINGLE DIMENSION
  • 3. BRAIN LATERALIZATION
    • THE TWO HALVES OF THE HUMAN BRAIN ARE NOT EXACTLY ALIKE; EACH HEMISPHERE HAS FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATIONS
    • THE LEFT HEMISPHERE IN ONE PART PLAYS A PRIMARY ROLE IN SPEECH PRODUCTION (BROCA)‏
    • ANOTHER PART IN THE LEFT HEMISPHERE PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION (WERNICKE)‏
  • 4. THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND THE LEFT HEMISPHERE
    • WADA TESTS
    • IT PROVES THAT LANGUAGE IS SUPPRESSED WHEN THE LEFT HEMISPHERE IS DISABLED
    • DICHOTIC LISTENING
    • IT IS WHERE DIFFERENT MESSAGES ARE SENT CONCURRENTLY INTO TWO EARS, THE DOMINATING MESSAGES ARE THOSE WHICH ARE SENT TO THE RIGHT EAR(THE ONE THAT CONNECT TO THE LEFT HEMISPHERE)‏
    • COMMISUROTOMY
    • AN OPERATION IN WHICH THE CORPUS CALLOSUM WAS SEVERED IN SEVERE CASES OF EPILEPSY, DISCONECTING THE TWO HEMISPHERE
  • 5. APHASIALOGY
    • APHASIA IS CAUSED BY DAMAGE TO ONE OR MORE OF THE LANGUAGE AREAS OF THE BRAIN
    • APHASIA CLASIFIED INTO TWO GROUPS BROCA’S APHASIA AND WERNICKE’S APHASIA
  • 6. BROCA’S APHASIA
    • JAY (2002:38) DESCRIBES BROCA’S APHASIA AS THE RESULT OF THE DAMAGE IN THE THIRD CONVOLUTION OF THE FRONTAL LOBE NEAR THE MOTOR CORTEX
    • CHARACTERIZED BY MEANINGFUL BUT SHORTENED SPEECH AND LACK OF
  • 7. WERNICKE’S APHASIA
  • 8.