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Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
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Stara Zagora

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  • 1. StaraStara ZagoraZagora City of straight streets, liCity of straight streets, lindennden treestrees and poetsand poets
  • 2. Remains of the ancient Roman Theatre.
  • 3. Stara Zagora is an old city, situated at the foot of the Sredna Gora mountains in southern Bulgaria. The historians believe that it is one of the most ancient settlements in Europe. It has been inhabited for at least 8000 years. Its long existence was marked with many names - Beroe, Augusta Trayana, Vereya, Irinopolis, Borouy, Eski Zagra, Zheleznik, Stara Zagora, and also with many variants of those names.
  • 4. At the same place.
  • 5. Both the remains of Neolithic dwellings (6th centuryBoth the remains of Neolithic dwellings (6th century B.C.), and the various archeological excavations fromB.C.), and the various archeological excavations from Thracian and Roman times witness to its millennialThracian and Roman times witness to its millennial history. It was established by the Thracians in VI centuryhistory. It was established by the Thracians in VI century B.C. under the name of Beroe. Later (II-IV century A.D.)B.C. under the name of Beroe. Later (II-IV century A.D.) when Thrace had been included in the Roman Empire,when Thrace had been included in the Roman Empire, the city was rebuilt again, next to the ancient Thracianthe city was rebuilt again, next to the ancient Thracian settlement, experiencing its peak in development, whensettlement, experiencing its peak in development, when it was named Avgusta Trayana (Ulia Augusta Trayaa) init was named Avgusta Trayana (Ulia Augusta Trayaa) in honour of Emperor Marcus Trayan.honour of Emperor Marcus Trayan.
  • 6. The memories of the Roman ages.
  • 7. The excavation of the remains from the forum,The excavation of the remains from the forum, thermal baths, and the city wall of the southern andthermal baths, and the city wall of the southern and western gateways reveal the city’s importance, as thewestern gateways reveal the city’s importance, as the second largest in the province. During the centuries, itsecond largest in the province. During the centuries, it has also been named Vereya (VI-ХII c.) and Irinopolishas also been named Vereya (VI-ХII c.) and Irinopolis (VIII c.) – after the Byzantine Empress Irina. During the(VIII c.) – after the Byzantine Empress Irina. During the Middle Ages it was named Boruy (ХIII-ХIV c.), while afterMiddle Ages it was named Boruy (ХIII-ХIV c.), while after their conquest the Turks called it Eski Zaara. During thetheir conquest the Turks called it Eski Zaara. During the second half of the 19th century it was called, for a shortsecond half of the 19th century it was called, for a short period,period, JJeleznik. It received its present name, Staraeleznik. It received its present name, Stara Zagora, in 1871.Zagora, in 1871.
  • 8. An another look.
  • 9. During the Russo-Turkish War, in 1877, some of theDuring the Russo-Turkish War, in 1877, some of the most violent and intense battles took place near Staramost violent and intense battles took place near Stara Zagora. That year the Turks burnt the city and razed it toZagora. That year the Turks burnt the city and razed it to the ground, leaving Eski Mosque as the only untouchedthe ground, leaving Eski Mosque as the only untouched building. The city received its freedom on January 23rdbuilding. The city received its freedom on January 23rd 1878, but according to the Berlin Treaty, it remained1878, but according to the Berlin Treaty, it remained within the autonomous region of Eastern Rumelia.within the autonomous region of Eastern Rumelia. Numerous monuments on the territory of the city remindNumerous monuments on the territory of the city remind of these dramatic for all Bulgaria events and theof these dramatic for all Bulgaria events and the memorial “The Defenders of Stara Zagora” was raised,memorial “The Defenders of Stara Zagora” was raised, celebrating the 100th Anniversary of the Liberation at thecelebrating the 100th Anniversary of the Liberation at the place of the bloodiest battles.place of the bloodiest battles.
  • 10. TheThe memorial “The Defenders of Stara Zagora”memorial “The Defenders of Stara Zagora”..
  • 11. The rebuilding of the city was started by AlekoThe rebuilding of the city was started by Aleko Bogoridi on October 5th 1879, in accordance with theBogoridi on October 5th 1879, in accordance with the architectural plan developed by the Czech architectarchitectural plan developed by the Czech architect Ljubomir Bayer, which made Stara Zagora into the firstLjubomir Bayer, which made Stara Zagora into the first post-liberation city with novel and contemporary urbanpost-liberation city with novel and contemporary urban planning. In 1895, the bishop of Stara Zagora, Methodiyplanning. In 1895, the bishop of Stara Zagora, Methodiy Kussev, established, on the slopes of the mountain, theKussev, established, on the slopes of the mountain, the magnificent “Ayazmoto” Park. At the expense ofmagnificent “Ayazmoto” Park. At the expense of enormous hardship, and with determination, he turnedenormous hardship, and with determination, he turned the bare, rocky, and arid hills into a marvelous park,the bare, rocky, and arid hills into a marvelous park, containing species of trees unique for Bulgaria.containing species of trees unique for Bulgaria.
  • 12. A panoramic view from east to west.
  • 13. Nowadays, Stara Zagora is one of the biggest towns in Bulgaria, with a population of about 150 000 inhabitants. The climate of the town is temperate continental with average annual temperature +13° C. Stara Zagora region is rich in fertile land. It is a strategic crossroad between the East and the West, the North and the South. Stara Zagora is the only town in Bulgaria with straight perpendicular streets.
  • 14. And … another look – from south to north.
  • 15. The parks are the most favorite places for walk.
  • 16. A view from park “Ayazmoto”.
  • 17. The house – museum of Geo Milev – one of the famous poets in Bulgaria.
  • 18. Many of the city’s cultural institutions have sprungMany of the city’s cultural institutions have sprung from amateur community clubs. As a result, as early asfrom amateur community clubs. As a result, as early as 1897, the “Kaval” music society was established, which1897, the “Kaval” music society was established, which in 1925 progressed into the first opera house in Bulgariain 1925 progressed into the first opera house in Bulgaria outside of the capital, Sofia. In 1905 the “Theatre”outside of the capital, Sofia. In 1905 the “Theatre” association was established, which began organizing theassociation was established, which began organizing the theatrical life of the city and built the city’s Dramatictheatrical life of the city and built the city’s Dramatic Theatre house. Two years later the “Avgusta Trayana”Theatre house. Two years later the “Avgusta Trayana” archeological society was founded, being the ancestor ofarcheological society was founded, being the ancestor of the Historical Museum. With private funding, severalthe Historical Museum. With private funding, several cinemas opened their doors in the beginning of the lastcinemas opened their doors in the beginning of the last century. The citizens of Stara Zagora are also proud ofcentury. The citizens of Stara Zagora are also proud of the first regional radio station in Bulgaria, which beganthe first regional radio station in Bulgaria, which began transmission in February 1936. During that period, abouttransmission in February 1936. During that period, about 145 periodicals and over a thousand Bulgarian and145 periodicals and over a thousand Bulgarian and foreign books were printed in the city.foreign books were printed in the city.
  • 19. The Theatre of Stara Zagora.
  • 20. …in the snow.
  • 21. During the second half of XX century, new culturalDuring the second half of XX century, new cultural and science institutions were founded – the Puppetand science institutions were founded – the Puppet Theatre, the “Zachary Knyazhevsky” library, theTheatre, the “Zachary Knyazhevsky” library, the “Literaturna Stara Zagora” house, the Art Gallery, the“Literaturna Stara Zagora” house, the Art Gallery, the Astronomical Observatory, the Trakia University, asAstronomical Observatory, the Trakia University, as well as many other specialized educational institutions.well as many other specialized educational institutions. The Stara Zagora region has a cultural tradition with anThe Stara Zagora region has a cultural tradition with an impressive number of talented poets, writers, artists,impressive number of talented poets, writers, artists, musicians, and actors.musicians, and actors.
  • 22. The building of opera in the snow.
  • 23. Contemporary Stara Zagora is a city with aContemporary Stara Zagora is a city with a developed economy and intense cultural life. Keydeveloped economy and intense cultural life. Key economic sectors are metal processing, machine-economic sectors are metal processing, machine- building, hydraulics, food industry, tobacco, beer andbuilding, hydraulics, food industry, tobacco, beer and wine production, wood processing and furniturewine production, wood processing and furniture manufacturing, textile, clothing, cosmetics, andmanufacturing, textile, clothing, cosmetics, and perfumes.perfumes. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stara_Zagorahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stara_Zagora
  • 24. The school “Zheleznik”.
  • 25. Our school is situated in a residential district calledOur school is situated in a residential district called “Zheleznik”. The name of our school is the same.“Zheleznik”. The name of our school is the same. “Zheleznik” is in the Western part of the town and it is“Zheleznik” is in the Western part of the town and it is one of the districts of Stara Zagora built recently. Thereone of the districts of Stara Zagora built recently. There are mainly blocks of flats in it. The homes are nearly, soare mainly blocks of flats in it. The homes are nearly, so the children walk to school because it is very close. Ourthe children walk to school because it is very close. Our school is very big and beautiful! It is the most modernschool is very big and beautiful! It is the most modern and newest school in Stara Zagora.and newest school in Stara Zagora.
  • 26. The students have made these stained glasses
  • 27. And these wall-paintings, too.
  • 28. A view from one of our classrooms. You can see the map and the flag of Bulgaria in this photo.
  • 29. The endThe end

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