Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009
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Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009






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Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009 Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • The Scientific Revolution AP European History Capital High School
  • The Old School: Ancient Science
  • The ancient scientists are natural philosophers... View slide
  • Aristotle 4th Century BCE Greece Theory of Falling Objects Foundation of ancient and medieval science View slide
  • Ptolemy 2nd Century Greece Almagest
  • Image: Red Orbit
  • The Old School: Medieval Science
  • What develops as science? Alchemy Witchcraft Astrology
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274 - Italy Summa Theologica
  • Causes of the Scientific Revolution
  • The Medieval University system The Renaissance The Age of Discovery Evolution of Scientific Methodology Image: Creative Commons by the Roman Empire
  • The Major Question: What is the nature of the universe?
  • Geocentric vs. Heliocentric
  • Nicholas Copernicus 1473-1543 - Poland Concerning the REvolutions of the Celestial Spheres Pope Paul III “...the book nobody read”
  • Tycho Brahe 1546-1601 - the Netherlands The Dream
  • Johannes Kepler 157101630 - Germany Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion
  • Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 - Tuscan Region of Italy Revisiting The Theory of Falling Objects Starry Messenger
  • Dialogues on the Two Chief World Systems Introducing to the world... Simplico!
  • The Trial of Galileo Pope Urban VIII
  • Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727 - England “Lucasian Professor” at Cambridge University Principia
  • Newton’s Three Laws of Motion The Law of Inertia Fundamental Law of Dynamics Law of Reciprocal Actions
  • Major Question: What is the best way to study science?
  • Empiricism
  • Francis Bacon 1561-1626 - England Inductive reasoning
  • Inductive Reasoning vs. Deductive Reasoning
  • Rene Descartes 1596-1650 - France Discourse on Method “I think, therefore I am...”
  • Scientific Method
  • Major Question: How should we best treat human sickness?
  • Galen 2nd Century - Greece Studied Hippocrates Four bodily humours
  • Medicine and the Catholic Church Monastic movement = healers
  • Andreas Vesalius 1514-1564 - Belgium On the Fabric of the Human Body!
  • William Harvey 1578-1657 - England An Anatomical Exercise on the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals