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Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009
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Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009

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  • 1. The Scientific Revolution AP European History Capital High School
  • 2. The Old School: Ancient Science
  • 3. The ancient scientists are natural philosophers...
  • 4. Aristotle 4th Century BCE Greece Theory of Falling Objects Foundation of ancient and medieval science
  • 5. Ptolemy 2nd Century Greece Almagest
  • 6. Image: Red Orbit
  • 7. The Old School: Medieval Science
  • 8. What develops as science? Alchemy Witchcraft Astrology
  • 9. St. Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274 - Italy Summa Theologica
  • 10. Causes of the Scientific Revolution
  • 11. The Medieval University system The Renaissance The Age of Discovery Evolution of Scientific Methodology Image: Creative Commons by the Roman Empire
  • 12. The Major Question: What is the nature of the universe?
  • 13. Geocentric vs. Heliocentric
  • 14. Nicholas Copernicus 1473-1543 - Poland Concerning the REvolutions of the Celestial Spheres Pope Paul III “...the book nobody read”
  • 15. Tycho Brahe 1546-1601 - the Netherlands The Dream
  • 16. Johannes Kepler 157101630 - Germany Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion
  • 17. Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 - Tuscan Region of Italy Revisiting The Theory of Falling Objects Starry Messenger
  • 18. Dialogues on the Two Chief World Systems Introducing to the world... Simplico!
  • 19. The Trial of Galileo Pope Urban VIII
  • 20. Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727 - England “Lucasian Professor” at Cambridge University Principia
  • 21. Newton’s Three Laws of Motion The Law of Inertia Fundamental Law of Dynamics Law of Reciprocal Actions
  • 22. Major Question: What is the best way to study science?
  • 23. Empiricism
  • 24. Francis Bacon 1561-1626 - England Inductive reasoning
  • 25. Inductive Reasoning vs. Deductive Reasoning
  • 26. Rene Descartes 1596-1650 - France Discourse on Method “I think, therefore I am...”
  • 27. Scientific Method
  • 28. Major Question: How should we best treat human sickness?
  • 29. Galen 2nd Century - Greece Studied Hippocrates Four bodily humours
  • 30. Medicine and the Catholic Church Monastic movement = healers
  • 31. Andreas Vesalius 1514-1564 - Belgium On the Fabric of the Human Body!
  • 32. William Harvey 1578-1657 - England An Anatomical Exercise on the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals