The Scientific Revolution
        AP European History
        Capital High School
The Old School:
Ancient Science
The ancient scientists are
  natural philosophers...
Aristotle


 4th Century BCE Greece

 Theory of Falling Objects

 Foundation of ancient and
 medieval science
Ptolemy


2nd Century Greece

Almagest
Image: Red Orbit
The Old School:
Medieval Science
What develops as science?


Alchemy

Witchcraft

Astrology
St. Thomas Aquinas


1225-1274 - Italy

Summa Theologica
Causes of the
Scientific Revolution
The Medieval University
              system

              The Renaissance

              The Age of Discovery

         ...
The Major Question: What
   is the nature of the
        universe?
Geocentric
    vs.
Heliocentric
Nicholas Copernicus

1473-1543 - Poland

Concerning the REvolutions
of the Celestial Spheres

Pope Paul III

“...the book ...
Tycho Brahe


1546-1601 - the Netherlands

The Dream
Johannes Kepler


157101630 - Germany

Kepler’s Three Laws of
Planetary Motion
Galileo Galilei

 1564-1642 - Tuscan Region
 of Italy

 Revisiting The Theory of
 Falling Objects

 Starry Messenger
Dialogues on the Two Chief World
Systems




 Introducing to the world...
 Simplico!
The Trial of Galileo



 Pope Urban VIII
Sir Isaac Newton


1642-1727 - England

“Lucasian Professor” at
Cambridge University

Principia
Newton’s Three Laws of Motion



 The Law of Inertia

 Fundamental Law of
 Dynamics

 Law of Reciprocal Actions
Major Question: What is
 the best way to study
        science?
Empiricism
Francis Bacon


1561-1626 - England

Inductive reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
        vs.
Deductive Reasoning
Rene Descartes


1596-1650 - France

Discourse on Method

“I think, therefore I am...”
Scientific Method
Major Question:
How should we best treat
   human sickness?
Galen


2nd Century - Greece

Studied Hippocrates

Four bodily humours
Medicine and the Catholic Church




 Monastic movement =
 healers
Andreas Vesalius


1514-1564 - Belgium

On the Fabric of the Human
Body!
William Harvey


1578-1657 - England

An Anatomical Exercise on
the Motion of the Heart and
Blood in Animals
Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009
Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009
Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009
Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009
Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009
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Scientific Revolution Ap European History 2009

  1. 1. The Scientific Revolution AP European History Capital High School
  2. 2. The Old School: Ancient Science
  3. 3. The ancient scientists are natural philosophers...
  4. 4. Aristotle 4th Century BCE Greece Theory of Falling Objects Foundation of ancient and medieval science
  5. 5. Ptolemy 2nd Century Greece Almagest
  6. 6. Image: Red Orbit
  7. 7. The Old School: Medieval Science
  8. 8. What develops as science? Alchemy Witchcraft Astrology
  9. 9. St. Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274 - Italy Summa Theologica
  10. 10. Causes of the Scientific Revolution
  11. 11. The Medieval University system The Renaissance The Age of Discovery Evolution of Scientific Methodology Image: Creative Commons by the Roman Empire
  12. 12. The Major Question: What is the nature of the universe?
  13. 13. Geocentric vs. Heliocentric
  14. 14. Nicholas Copernicus 1473-1543 - Poland Concerning the REvolutions of the Celestial Spheres Pope Paul III “...the book nobody read”
  15. 15. Tycho Brahe 1546-1601 - the Netherlands The Dream
  16. 16. Johannes Kepler 157101630 - Germany Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion
  17. 17. Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 - Tuscan Region of Italy Revisiting The Theory of Falling Objects Starry Messenger
  18. 18. Dialogues on the Two Chief World Systems Introducing to the world... Simplico!
  19. 19. The Trial of Galileo Pope Urban VIII
  20. 20. Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727 - England “Lucasian Professor” at Cambridge University Principia
  21. 21. Newton’s Three Laws of Motion The Law of Inertia Fundamental Law of Dynamics Law of Reciprocal Actions
  22. 22. Major Question: What is the best way to study science?
  23. 23. Empiricism
  24. 24. Francis Bacon 1561-1626 - England Inductive reasoning
  25. 25. Inductive Reasoning vs. Deductive Reasoning
  26. 26. Rene Descartes 1596-1650 - France Discourse on Method “I think, therefore I am...”
  27. 27. Scientific Method
  28. 28. Major Question: How should we best treat human sickness?
  29. 29. Galen 2nd Century - Greece Studied Hippocrates Four bodily humours
  30. 30. Medicine and the Catholic Church Monastic movement = healers
  31. 31. Andreas Vesalius 1514-1564 - Belgium On the Fabric of the Human Body!
  32. 32. William Harvey 1578-1657 - England An Anatomical Exercise on the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
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