Late 19th Century Advacements in Science

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Late 19th Century Advacements in Science

  1. 1. “ Belle Epoque”: The Good Ol’ Days… Neiffer AP European History Capital High School Social Studies
  2. 2. Advances in science
  3. 3. Louis Pasteur <ul><li>Germ theory of disease </li></ul><ul><li>Pasteurization : Reduces food poisoning </li></ul>
  4. 4. Joseph Lister <ul><li>“Antiseptic principle” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Dmitri Mendeleev <ul><li>Periodic Table of the elements </li></ul>
  6. 6. August Comte <ul><li>Father of “sociology” </li></ul><ul><li>Positivism : intellectual activity goes through predictable stages </li></ul>
  7. 7. Charles Darwin <ul><li>On the Origin of Species by the Means of Natural Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Theory of evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism of the Book of Genesis </li></ul>
  8. 8. Herbert Spencer <ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>“Survival of the Fittest” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sigmund “Siggy” Freud <ul><li>Human as irrational creature </li></ul><ul><li>Human subconscious (“the ID”) is not subject to reason </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of psychoanalysis </li></ul>
  10. 10. Albert Einstein <ul><li>German, then American </li></ul><ul><li>Theory of relativity </li></ul><ul><li>E=MC 2 </li></ul>
  11. 11. And the not-so-good ol’ days
  12. 12. Fredrich Nietzsche <ul><li>“God is dead” </li></ul><ul><li>Will to Power </li></ul>

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