Cubism

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  • early
  • analytical
  • synthetic
  • late
  • His name has 20 words!
  • -very large painting: 2 meters wide and high -painted in the style of synthetic cubism -Picasso paints the musicians made up of flat, brightly colored, abstract shapes in a boxlike, hollow room -left to right: Pierrot (blue and white suit), Harlequinn (orange and yellow), Friar (black robe) -Pierrot is a French pantomime, Harlequinn is a type of clown -also a dog near the pierrot -hard to tell where one figure ends and one figure starts -painting emphasizes lively colors, angular shapes, and flat patterns -subject is transformed into planes, lines, and arcs
  • -Braque faceted things in nature -Picasso didn't facet nature but used the geometry of the faceting to create a very abstract style -went back to traditional ideas
  • “ Terrace of Hotel Mistral ” 1907 “ Terrace of Hotel Mistral ” 1907
  • -the soldiers made up of geometric shapes- the bodies look un-human and machine-like -the hollow gray shapes and no facial expressions, only recognizable by the metals -first glance everything looks alright, but when you look again you realize that the people are not complete forcing you to look again and think about the meaning behind the aesthetics of the painting - separation from familiar shapes- shows detachment of soldiers from the world -mostly gray but the yellow, blue, and red add color to the painting but overall the theme is still dark and gloomy -Leger focused on the the senselessness of war rather than the violence and destruction caused by it -meaning is up to the viewer- idea behind cubism- look at things in many viewpoints and perspectives
  • -dissected objects into abstract shapes -reduces forms to their geometric shapes and integrates space -mechanical motion- lead to futurism -his ideas couldn’t be fully recognized/ realized
  • Cubism

    1. 1. CUBISM“One of the most visual art styles of the early twentiethcentury.” metmuseum.org
    2. 2. What is Cubism?“Violin and Jug”Key Characteristics•Geometric•3D•Conceptual•Distortion•Passage•Multiple views
    3. 3. What is Cubism Cont.?•Created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque•Inspired by Paul Cezanne•Western art was exhausted and needed a change•Type of realism•World as is•Multiple angles•reconstruct
    4. 4. Influences•Western Art- African Art -oddly shaped faces~ Africanmasks -earth tones~ African sculpture -wild animals•Cezanne/ Impressionism -3 Dimensional form -geometric forms -compressed space “Still life with Apples” 1890-94 Cezanne
    5. 5. Influences •Fauvism -bright colors• -distinct brush strokes- -power of nature -thick paint -challenge science -focus on emotion•Neoclassicism -clean, linear style -muted colorRomanticism
    6. 6. Early “Maisons a Lestaque”•analytical•Beginning works of cubism
    7. 7. Analytical “The Guitar Player”•analyzed the subject frommany different viewpoints•Natural toned colors•Evoked a sense of thesubject•Deconstructive process•Appealed to smart•1912 Picasso and Braquebecome predictable
    8. 8. Synthetic “The bowl of fruit”•Come from analytical•Constructive process•Collage•Decorative•Appealing•Bright Colors•Simple forms•Easier to interpret
    9. 9. Late“Harvest Threshing”•synthetic•The works of cubismin the last yearcubism was used
    10. 10. Pablo Picasso-Early Life• Born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain.• His first words were "piz, piz" for lapiz which means pencil in Spanish.• FUN FACT: His full name is Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso.
    11. 11. Pablo Picasso- Early Life• Went to the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona at age 14 and the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid at age 16• Soon became frustrated because of the schools focus on classical subjects and techniques• Began skipping classes to wander the city and paint what he observed- gypsies, beggars, prostitutes, etc
    12. 12. Les Demoiselles dAvignon
    13. 13. Pablo Picasso and Cubism “Les Demoiselles dAvignon• Des Demoiselles means prostitutes• Sharp angles influenced by African art• Analytical cubism
    14. 14. The Three Musicians
    15. 15. Pablo Picasso“The Three Musicians”• Synthetic cubism• Flat Patterns• Brightly colored• Abstract shapes• Lines, Planes, Arcs
    16. 16. Pablo Picasso and Cubism• considered the pioneer of Cubism with Georges Braque• his painting Les Demoiselles dAvignon was the turning point to Cubism• Picasso used ideas of faceting from Georges Braque to create a very abstract style• Picassos cubism always involved three-dimensionality unlike many Cubist artists
    17. 17. Georges Braque•Trained to be a house painter & decorator•Studied at Ecole de Beaux- Arts 1897-1899•Apprenticed with a decorator•Went to Academie Humbert till 1904 to paint•Went to Antewerp and Le Harve to paint•Works in Salon des Independants
    18. 18. Georges Braque •Early works are impressionistic •1905 went to fauvism •1907 was under the influence of Paul Cezanne •1909 began to work closely with Picasso
    19. 19. “Terrace of Hotel Mistral”
    20. 20. Georges Braque “”Woman with Guitar””•Under Paul Cezanne influence•Salon d’ Automne impacted direction avantgarde took leads to cubism•Studied means of painters
    21. 21. Georges Braque •1911 started using letters and numbers •Interested in geometry and simultaneous perspective •Paintings to look both flat and 3D •Attention to nature of illusion and representation
    22. 22. Juan GrisAt his prime in 1912-1915 •Born in Spain •Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas in Madrid (1902-1904) •Moved to France to work on art (19 yr old) •Illustrator “Juan Gris” 1915 byAmedeo Modgliani •Became friends with Picasso
    23. 23. “Still Life With Oil Lamp” 1912 by Juan Gris
    24. 24. Juan Gris“The Third Cubist” •Dense •Sense of surface •Clear image •Lines & edges blend •Mostly still life “Still Life With Oil Lamp” 1912 by Juan Gris “ •Not monochromatic
    25. 25. Juan Gris•Painted Synthetic Cubism•Most visual characteristics ofCubist technique -precision -line -shape -bold color “Still Life with Open Window, Rue Ravignan” 1915 Juan Gris
    26. 26. “Still life with Siphon” 1913 By Juan Gris
    27. 27. Juan Gris“Cezanne turns a bottle into acylinder, but I begin with acylinder & create an individualof a special type: I make abottle- a particular bottle- outof a cylinder.”-Gris 1921 “Still life with Siphon” 1913 By Juan Gris
    28. 28. “Breakfast” 1913-1914 Juan Gris
    29. 29. Juan GrisCollages:•Meticulously organized•Crowded from edge to edge•Made using: -newspaper -wallpaper -labels -drawing “Breakfast” 1913-1914 -painting Juan Gris
    30. 30. Fernand Léger- Early Life• Born on February 4, 1881 in Argentan, France• He was not encouraged to be an artist until he began showing talent for drawing• He went to architecture school, Ecole des Arts Decoratifs, Academie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts• He studied many trades of art and worked as an architect and photograph re-toucher
    31. 31. Fernand Léger and Cubism• His paintings from 1905 to 1907 were impressionistic• When he discovered Cézanne, he devoted himself to Cubism• At the 1911 Salon des Independents, Léger showed his works and became recognized as a major Cubism artist• After being recruited in the army and returning with head wounds, Léger began painting about social issues and justice
    32. 32. Soldiers Playing Cards
    33. 33. Fernand Léger and Cubism “Soldiers Playing Cards• Geometric shapes• Machine-like figures• Many viewpoints and perspectives
    34. 34. Horse
    35. 35. Raymond Duchamp-Villon “Horse”• Brother of Marcel Duchamp• Used Cubist ideas in architecture• Works also lead to futurism• Was killed in WW1
    36. 36. InfluencedMarc Franz – swirling geometricforms with bright colorMatisse – boldly silhouettedshapes, darker colors, arcs “Mlle Yvonne Landsberg” 1914 Matisse
    37. 37. InfluencedMondrian Piet- still life,patterns of staccato,vertical & horizontalpatterns, occasionalarcs, pastel colors•Didn’t work withanyone “Broadway Boogie Woogie” 1943 Piet
    38. 38. Influenced•Futurism- concepts of the future•Suprematism- basic geometricforms•Constructivism-artistic andarchitectural philosophy 1915 Kasimir Malevich
    39. 39. Influences •Sculpture- geometric solids •Dance •Music- combines ragtime & polyrhythm, bitonality & melody •Literature- Analytical: deconstruction of grammar Synthetic: combined poetry and drawing
    40. 40. Criticism•Word originated from Louis Vauxcelles•Said it came from Braque’s mentor Matisse, “petites cubes“•Picasso let Braque come out first to take all the criticism•Couldn’t relate to it•Didn’t like it because angular and cubic
    41. 41. Criticism “Femme en Pleurs”•Vulgar and chaotic•Socially unacceptable•Outraged by subject matter•resembled "a field of brokenglass."
    42. 42. "Art is a lie thatmakes us realize the truth"~Pablo Picasso

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