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Exception handling in asp.net

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This is a slide for handling all types of exception in .net

This is a slide for handling all types of exception in .net

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  • 1. •Error occurred in execution time •Abnormal termination of program • Wrong execution result11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 1
  • 2. Is it a best practice to handle every error?  No, it is not best practice to handle every error. It degrades the performance.  You should use Error Handling in any of following situation otherwise try to avoid it. 1. If you can able to recover error in the catch block 2. To write clean-up code that must execute even if an exception occur 3. To record the exception in event log or sending email.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 2
  • 3. Exception Handling  There are three ways to handle exceptions/errors in ASP.NET 1) Try-Catch block. This is also called Structured Exception Handling (SEH). 2) Error Events. They are page level or application level error events. 3) Custom Error Page. This is used for any unhandled error. 11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 3
  • 4. 1) What is try Block?  Try Block consist of code that might generate error.  Try Block must be associated with one or more catch block or by finally block.  Try Block need not necessarily have a catch Block associated with it but in that case it must have a finally Block associate with it.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 4
  • 5. What is catch Block?  Catch Block is used to recover from error generated in try Block.  In case of multiple catch Block, only the first matching catch Block is executed.  When you write multiple catch block you need to arrange them from specific exception type to more generic type.  When no matching catch block are able to handle exception, the default behavior of web page is to terminate the processing of the web page.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 5
  • 6. What is finally Block? Finally Block contains the code that always executes, whether or not any exception occurs. When to use finally Block? - You should use finally block to write cleanup code. i.e. you can write code to close files, database connections, etc. Only One finally block is associated with try block. Finally block must appear after all the catch block. If there is a transfer control statement such as goto, break or continue in either try or catch block the transfer happens only after the code in the finally block is executed. If you use transfer control statement in finally block, you will receive compile time error.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 6
  • 7. Example of Try-Catch-Finally Try { -------- -------- -------- } Catch(Exception ex) { ------- ------- } Finally { ---- }11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 7
  • 8. System-Defined Exception  DivideByZero Exception  NullReference Exception  IndexOutOfRange Exception  ArrayTypeMismatch Exception  Arithmetic Exception  Exception etc.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 8
  • 9. Exception class object properties  Message: Get the error message.  Source: Set or get the name of the application or object that causes the exception.  StackTrace: Get a string representation of the frame on call stack at the time of current exception thrown.  TargetSite: Get the current method that throws exception.  InnerException: Get the system.exception instance that causes the current exception.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 9
  • 10. In general, you will not be able to plan for,catch and recover from every possibleexception that could occur within a page.ASP.NET helps by offering two techniques tohandle page-level errors :  Error Events  Custom Error Page.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 10
  • 11. 2)Error Events They are page level or application level error events:-  Page_Error()  Application_Error()11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 11
  • 12. Page_Error() private void Page_Error(object sender, EventArgs e) { Exception ex = Server.GetLastError(); Response.Write("<h1>An error has occurred</h1>"); Response.Write("<h2>" + ex.Message + "</h2>"); Response.Write("<pre>" + ex.StackTrace + "</pre>"); Context.ClearError(); } Note: This event fire if the page control is not disposed.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 12
  • 13. Application_Error() The Error event of the Application class is fired when an exception is left unhandled. The handler is usually found in Global.asaxvoid Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e) { // Code that runs when an unhandled error occurs System.Exception ex = Context.Server.GetLastError(); ExceptionLog.MessageDetails(ex); // Code for handling error on Application level Response.Write("Handled error from Application <br>"); Server.ClearError(); }Note: In the code above that ClearError() method should always be called after the exception has been handled. If the ClearError() has not been cleared, the exception will still show up on the clients browser. 11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 13
  • 14. 3) Custom Error Page  First change the Application_Error method to the following: protected void Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e) { System.Exception ex = Context.Server.GetLastError(); ExceptionLog.MessageDetails(ex); }  Notice that I have removed the Server.ClearError();  Then add a customErrors section to your web.config file. This should be nested within the system.web element  Add a new custom error page “Error.aspx” into your project to display a custom Error page, if any unhandled error occurs.11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 14
  • 15. <system.web> ..... <customErrors mode="On" defaultRedirect="Error.aspx"> //<error statusCode="404" redirect="Error404.aspx" /> </customErrors> </system.web>Note: Details of status code can be found at http://httpstatus.es To customize the default error page, one will have to change the default configuration settings of the application. There are three error modes in which an ASP.Net application can work:1. Off Mode2. On Mode3. RemoteOnly Mode 11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 15
  • 16. 1. When the error attribute is set to "Off", ASP.Net uses its default error page for both local and remote users in case of an error. 2. In case of "On" Mode, ASP.Net uses user-defined custom error page instead of its default error page for both local and remote users. If a custom error page is not specified, ASP.Net shows the error page describing how to enable remote viewing of errors. 3. The Error mode attribute determines whether or not an ASP.Net error message is displayed. By default, the mode value is set to "RemoteOnly".11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 16
  • 17. 11/19/2012 Presented by: Neelesh Shukla 17