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  • 1. COIMBRA ESOL 16-19 New Frontiers COIMBRAFlag Seal City College Plymouth
  • 2. Coimbra is a city in the municipality of Coimbra in Portugal. Although it served as the nations capital during the High Middle Ages, it is better-known for ESOL 16-19 New Frontiers its university, the University of Coimbra, which is one of the oldest in Europe and the oldest academic institution in the Portuguese-speaking world.According 2001 Census, provided bythe Portuguese Instituto Nacional deEstatística (English: National Institute ofStatistics), the city proper had a populationof 101,069. The city of Coimbra is one ofthe most important urban centres inPortugal (after the much larger citiesof Lisbon and Porto), playing a central rolein the northern-central littoral and interior ofthe country. It is the principal centre inthe Centro region, the District of Coimbraand the Baixo Mondego subregion. City College Plymouth
  • 3. The city, located over a hill by the river Mondego, was ESOL 16-19 New Frontiers called Aeminium in Roman times. During late Antiquity it became the seat of a Diocesis substituting the nearby city of Conímbriga, which had been captured and partially plundered by invading Germanic peoples in 465 and 468, adopting later the name of the destroyed cityAfter the Roman city of Civita Aeminium, between 586 and 640, the Visigoths altered the name of thetown to Emínio. The Moors occupied Coimbra(Arabic: Qulumriyah) around the year 711,turning it into an important commercial link between the Christian North and Muslim South. The citywas reconquered by Ferdinand I of Leónin 1064. After being reconquered by the Christians, Coimbrabecame the capital of a new County (County of Coimbra), governed bythe Mozarab Sesnando (Sisnando Davides), later incorporated into theCounty of Portugal. In the mid-12th century, the first Portuguese King, Afonso Henriques, turned Coimbra into the capital of thenew Kingdom, a condition the city would keep until the year 1255. Many important monuments of thecity date from this early period, like the Old Cathedral, the Church of St. James (Igreja de Santiago) andthe Santa Cruz Monastery, which was the most important Portuguese monastic institution at the time City College Plymouth
  • 4. Geography ESOL 16-19 New FrontiersThe historic city of Coimbra is located in central Portugal, 120 km south of Porto, 195 km north of Lisbon.One of Portugals biggest crossroads, Coimbra is served by the A1, the main highway of Portugal. It is set bythe Mondego River, about 40 km east of Figueira da Foz, a neighbour coastal city with several beaches,summer and seaport facilities on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Just outside the municipality, there are alsoseveral picturesque mountain towns such as Lousã and Penacova and spa towns and villages suchasLuso, Buçaco and Curia. City College Plymouth
  • 5. Education ESOL 16-19 New Frontiers The main square and buildings of the historic block of the University of CoimbraCoimbra has been called A cidade dos estudantes (The city of the students) or Lusa-Atenas (Lusitan-Athens), mainly because it is the site of the oldest and one of thelargest universities in Portugal – the University of Coimbra, a public university whose origins can betraced back to the 13th century. Nowadays, it has students from 70 different nationalities; almost10% of its students are foreigners, making it Portugals most international university.Besides that, there are also some other schools and institutes of higher education in the city:the Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, a public polytechnic institute; the Escola Superior deEnfermagem de Coimbra, a public nursing school; and some private higher education institutionssuch as the Instituto Superior Miguel Torga; the Instituto Superior Bissaya Barreto; the EscolaUniversitária Vasco da Gama and finally, the Escola Universitária das Artes de Coimbra, an artschool. City College Plymouth
  • 6. CultureCoimbra fado ESOL 16-19 New FrontiersCoimbra fado is a highly stylized genre of fado bornin the city of Coimbra. Guitar player CarlosParedes and singer Zeca Afonso, are among its mostrenowned and historical figures. Student festivals Coimbra is also known for its university students festivals. Two are held every year. The first one, Latada or Festa das Latas ("The Tin Can Parade") is a homecoming parade that occurs at the beginning of the academic year, and is a welcome to the new university students (Caloiros).Music actsCoimbra has a lively music scene that caters for most tastes with lots of festivals and events beyond theacademic festivals and the traditional Coimbra fado genre. It boasts several live music venues, and some of themost popular club nights and music festivals in Portugal. City College Plymouth
  • 7. Sport Coimbra is home to Associação Académica de Coimbra - O.A.F. (known simply as Académica), a ESOL 16-19 New Frontiers professional football autonomous organism of the University of Coimbra students union Associação Académica de Coimbra, founded in 1872 and having its current statute of autonomous football organization since the 1980s. Académica football team plays in the Portuguese Liga at the Estádio Cidade de Coimbra. Clube de Futebol União de Coimbra, another sports club with tradition in the city, owner of a football team which plays in the Portuguese Second Division, is other important club of Coimbra.The 30,210-seater Estádio Cidade de Coimbra (Coimbra City Stadium).Coimbra also has one of the largest multisportsclubs in Portugal: the University of Coimbras studentsunion Associação Académica de Coimbra, includessections dedicated to a wide array of sports such asrugby, volleyball, handball, rink hockey, basketball,baseball, tennis, swimming, rowing, among manyothers. Academic Association of Coimbra City College Plymouth
  • 8. ESOL 16-19 New Frontiers Portugals first king, Afonso The poet Luis Vaz de Henriques, is buried in the Santa Carlos Seixas one of Portugals Camoes is linked with the Cruz Monastery. notable sons: born and raised in city of Coimbra. Coimbra Ponte do Açude, one of the busiestA view of Coimbras University Hill as Praça do Comércio (Commerce Square) in bridges over Mondego river.seen from the Mondego River. the Baixa of Coimbra. City College Plymouth
  • 9. ESOL 16-19 New FrontiersThe Manueline façade The west façade ofof theMonastery of The Cathedral of Sé Nova CoimbrasOld Cathedral (SéSanta Cruz, final resting- Velha), one of the best-place of the first preserved RomanesquebuildingPortuguese monarch s in Portugal(Afonso Henriques). The interior stacks of the Joanina Library, one of the oldest collections in Portugal City College Plymouth