Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
376
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 8 Greece, Turkey and Cyprus Nathalie Tocci
  • 2. Greece, Turkey and Cyprus
    • From Ottoman Empire to Independence and Conflict
    • Turkey’s Rocky Road to Democracy
    • Domestic Politics and Institutions
    • Foreign Policy in the Eastern Mediterranean
  • 3. Introduction
    • Greece, Turkey and Cyprus born out of the Ottoman Empire
    • Rough paths to democracy
    • Relations between the three, and with EU, are crucial to their external affairs
  • 4. From Ottoman Empire to Independence and Conflict
    • Greece establishes independence 1829
    • Greek military campaign 1920-2
    • Turkey emerged in 1923 out of the Greek-Turkish War
    • Cyprus divides between Greece and Turkey
    • 1944-9 – Greek Civil War
    • 1960 – Cyprus becomes independent bi-communal Republic (collapses 1963)
    • 1967-74 – Greek dictatorship
    • 1974 – Greek junta targets Cyprus, prompting own downfall
    • 1975 – Hellenic Republic created
  • 5. Turkey’s Rocky Road to Democracy
    • Turkey created 1923 by Atat ürk
    • Kemalist vision:
      • western, stable, homogenous nation-state
      • Blend of westernization, secularism, nationalism, statism, populism
    • Challenges to Turkish state:
      • Kurdish separatism
      • Political Islam
  • 6. Domestic Politics and Institutions: post-1974 Greece
    • Parliamentary democracy
    • Party system centred around New Democracy and PASOK
    • Tradition of strong state, clientelism and weak civil society
    • Reforms since late 1980s have created stable 2-party system, civil society and sub-state level government
  • 7. Domestic Politics and Institutions: Republic of Turkey
    • One-party system (Republican People’s Party (CHP)) until 1946
    • Democrat Party (DP) legalised in 1946
    • Both Kemalist moderate parties
    • Turbulent development of party system, due to periodic military rule and outlawing of parties
    • Post-1961: Justice Party (ex-DP) vs. CHP
    • Post-1983: dominance of Motherland Party (neo-liberal) emerges
    • 2002: AKP (Justice and Development Party) (moderate Islam) vs. CHP
  • 8. Domestic Politics and Institutions: Greek Cyprus
    • Presidential executive
    • All parties committed to reunification, repatriation and Turkish withdrawal
    • Divide between Greek Cypriot nationalists and Cypriot nationalists
  • 9. Domestic Politics and Institutions: Turkish Cyprus
    • Semi-presidential executive
    • Political unity around call for political equality with Greek Cypriots, autonomy for Turkish Cypriots, continued role for Turkey
    • Divide between nationalists and centre-left/liberals
  • 10. Foreign Policy in the Eastern Mediterranean
    • Since 1975 Greek foreign policy has changed dramatically
    • Turkey has close, but problematic, ties with West and Europe
    • North-South conflict is key factor in Cypriot foreign policy in both communities