Non State Actors participation in CAADPBUBA KHAN NSA Task Team/ActionAid Int’lDar, Tanzania @ a FANRPAN Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue3rd to the 7th of Sept. 2012
Presentation Layout• Introduction• Rational for NSA participation• Who are the NSAs• Role of NSA• Progress made by NSAs• What value do we add to CAADP process• Challenges faced• Lessons Learnt
IntroductionNon State Actors and the CAADP process• CAADP : Agriculture-led socio-economic growth that will create wealth, tackle poverty and reduce hunger• Which requires broad and inclusive coalitions committed to acting in concert to improve the sector’s policies, programming and institutions.• CAADP recognizes that to transform African agriculture it is imperative to build broad and inclusive coalitions...
Why Non-State Actors?• The 6th CAADP PP (April 2010) recognised poor quality of non-state actor participation. More inclusion of non-state actors, especially poor and marginalised communities, at all levels is needed.• NSA are a large part of the implementers of CAADP--- Without them we could have great CAADP investment plans but there will be weak results, accountability and sustainability
Who are NSA?• Private Sector• Farmer Associations• National & International NGOs• Community based organizations• Faith base organization• Academic & Research Community
Role of the NSA1. Policy dialogue and planning • Improving the quality of strategy setting, policy development and investment planning through ideas, evidence and expertise. • Supporting inclusive dialogue and ensuring alignment to interests of target beneficiaries. • the voice of sector stakeholders such as the poor, farmers, or agribusinesses should enhance the quality of decision-making • Identifying and refining national priorities and growth pathways. • Building national buy-in, internalization and understanding in readiness for implementation
Role of the NSA2. Implementation • Aligning human and financial resources behind priorities • Acting as partners for programme design and implementation • Enhancing implementation capacity
Role of the NSA3. Reform• Policy and institutional reforms and alignment• Promoting enabling environment• Civil society advocacy and influencing roles• Agenda setting: change public opinion with regard to a given issue.• Watching: measure progress towards commitment.• Research: research issues, which are important to the CSO, often linked to an advocacy function• Networking: coordinating other CSOs that work in a particular sector Serve as umbrella CSO perform a coordinating and representative function.
Role of the NSA• Advocacy • Legislative meetings (lobbying) • Policy briefs/Memos to the government Page 9 • Policy dialogues/stakeholder forums including annual agriculture sector review • Organize recognition/awards for pacesetters in the agriculture sector
Role of the NSA4 . Accountability and M & E • Holding CAADP partners accountable for delivery on behalf of target beneficiaries • Strengthening citizenry responsibility • Participate actively in the M&E system by being active members of the SAKSS Steering committees. • This is critical for redesigning programs/projects which are not working.
Role of the NSA5. Setting the policy agenda • Women farmers/Gender: Women’s empowerment is key to development and in agriculture, a disproportionate level of the burden falls on women. Although this is an area that CAADP claims that it is trying to address, it has been considered a weak spot. • Smallholder farmers: African agriculture is based on small scale family farms but the focus of donors and government is often on larger farmers and agri-business. These groups tend to be better organized than small farmer groups and better able to lobby at a national and supranational level.
Role of the NSA• Setting the policy agenda • Climate change: The CAADP system is arguably not fully set up for a proactive response to the threat of climate change. • The Landless/Youth: The groups are not well represented in most national contexts, let alone the regional and sub-regional contexts. • Nutrition: Arguably in some contexts, nutrition has been ignored or undervalued in the CAADP compacts and plans.
Recent progress• Guidelines for boosting participation of NSA in CAADP processes• CAADP NSA Coordination Task Team formed to support country-level NSA• Piloting of the toolkit/guidelines through workshops• Organized policy Dialogue
What value do we add to theCAADP process1. Putting CAADP plans into action2. Raising awareness and engaging private sector3. Raising awareness and mobilizing the public from National to community level4. Knowledge generation and sharing best practices5. Advocacy to governments, donors and other stakeholders to support the CAADP process6. Capacity development of national and regional stakeholders7. Increasing CAADP engagement with women & youth
CHALLENGES FACE• Ensuring constituencies have legitimate and accountable Representation• Availability of resources for NSA participation• Variable capacity of actors on policy work• Limited awareness by Non State Actors of the CAADP process and its relevance to them• Ensuring the accountability of State actors, including through Parliamentarians• Ensuring a balance of interests, especially for women, grassroots, consumers• Lack of government buy-in
Lessons learnt• Urgent need for intensified grassroots sensitization and awareness on CAADP• Need to strengthen collaboration and coordination of CSOs for a stronger voice• Need for linking farmer organizations with regional organizations such as ROPPA, EAFF, PROPAC, etc• Need for increased women participation• Need to include climate change and gender issues in IP• Representation in the CAADP country team without the knowledge those not guarantee effective participation
Lessons learnt• Lack of an organized structure weakens the participation of NSA• Sharing best practices from other countries aids decision making