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State of ICT policy development and linkages with Agriculture in ACP countries by Jennifer Britton

State of ICT policy development and linkages with Agriculture in ACP countries by Jennifer Britton

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    CARICOM-  cta ict observatory meeting CARICOM- cta ict observatory meeting Presentation Transcript

    • THE NETHERLANDS24-27 APRIL, 2013CTA ICT ObservatorymeetingStrengthening e-AgricultureStrategies in ACP Countries
    • Countries: 15 + 5 Associates + ObserversPopulation: 15 million +Workforce: relatively youngLanguages:English, French, Dutch, Creole, SpanishTrade Union – CARIFORUM ((CARICOM +Dominican RepublicCARICOM AT A GLANCE
    • The main objectives of the CARICOM Single Market &Economy are:• full use of labour (full employment) and• full exploitation of the other factors of production(natural resources and capital);• competitive production leading to greater varietyand quantity of products and services to trade withother countries.• ~ for improved standards of living and work andsustained economic developmentFLAGSHIP PROGRAMME – CSM&E
    • A Diversified services sectorOpen and competitive marketsGreater utilisation of developments intraditional areas ( e.g. Biotechnology inagriculture)Growth of regional enterprisesGrowth of tele-workUrgent need to reduce unemployment andincrease the employment rateNew Caribbean Economy
    • CONTEXTAgriculture is a complex system, encompassing awide range of activities and issues:family agriculture versus large-scaleagriculture, commodity production versus valueadded at origin, productivity versus sustainability. hink of thehundredsindustrial, medicinal and cosmetic applications, andthe thousands of subproducts produced by theexisting production chains. Elements affecting agro-industry such theo weather, water, soils, pests, human resources, etc.
    • Inter-sectoral linkagesAgro-tourism;Agro-ecology;Agro-health;Agro-education;Agro-industry TransportationCONTEXT
    •  Limited financing and inadequate levels of new investments; Deficient and uncoordinated risk management measures; Inadequate research and development; Outdated and inefficient agricultural health and food safety(AHFS) systems; Weak land and water distribution and management systems; Inadequate transportation systems, particularly forperishables; Weak and non-integrated market information and intelligencesystems; Weak linkages and participation of producers in growthmarket segments; and Lack of skilled and quality human resources.CHALLENGES
    • REVISED TREATY OF CHAGUARAMASThe Community – include objectives:improved standards of living and work;full employment of labour and other factors of production; accelerated, co-ordinated and sustained economicdevelopment and convergence;expansion of trade and economic relations with third States;enhanced levels of international competitiveness;organisation for increased production and productivity;the achievement of a greater measure of economic leverageeffectiveness of Member States in dealing with thirdStates, groups of States and entities of any description;
    • CARICOM Agricultural PolicyThe major objective of the CAP is to developagriculture, fisheries and forestry in a regionalframework and perspective.Caribbean farmers and agribusinesses need to besupported to provide more food for the regionalmarket.Rural livelihoods and youth programs must beimproved and expanded.Little explicit mention of the use of ICT
    • CARICOM POLICIESREGIONAL FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITYPOLICY (2010)FOUR (4) dimensions:1. food availability,2. household access,3. nutritional adequacy (consumption/biologicalutilization and care practices) and4. the stability of the three componentsNINE COUNTRIES PREPARING BY JUNE 2013
    • NATIONAL DIGITAL STRATEGIESSTATE/AGENCYICT POLICY/STRATEGYKEY THEMES SECTOR FOCUSAntigua&BarbudaPolicy –People FirstAffordableaccess; moderntelecom’ strategyMarketing, gaming,software, educationBahamas E-commerce;2003 DigitalAgendaSustainablegrowth anddevelopmentE-business, e-governmenttelecommunications;human resource; financial,;content; tourismBarbados National ICTStrategy,Health, wealth,securityHuman resources; qualityof life; socio-economic(labour, community)Belize E-readiness E-transactions Laws, HR, GovernmentDominica E- Services; reduce Government, tourism,
    • NATIONAL DIGITAL STRATEGIESSTATE/AGENCYICT POLICY/STRATEGYKEY THEMES SECTOR FOCUSDominican RepublicStrategy forKnowledgeSustainable growth,equality. SocialinclusionAccess; digitalgovernment, publicservices; policyGrenada Strategy andAction PlanGovernment,business, education,civil societyGovernment, legalinfrastructure;human resourceGuyana DevelopingstrategyPublic sector reform,HR, economic dev.Education, content,public sectorHaiti - Education, socialdevelopmentEducation, healthcareJamaica Policy andstrategyE-government; e-inclusionEducation, research.Gov., industry
    • NATIONAL DIGITAL STRATEGIESSTATE/AGENCYICT POLICY/STRATEGYKEY THEMES SECTOR FOCUSSt. Lucia E-developmentStrategyE-government Tourism; legislation,trainingSt Kitts andNevisStrategy - to berevisedInfrastructure forInformationsocietyTourism, financialservices, education,agricultureSt. Vincentand theGrenadinesStrategy androad mapPublic sectorreform, HR,InfrastructureEducation, content,cultureSuriname In process Education, socialdevelopmentEducation, healthcareTrinidad andTobagoPolicy andstrategyHR, economy, e-governmentEducation, SME,health care, justice
    • AGRI INITIATIVES Trinidad - NAMIS (National Agricultural MIS)namistt.com which matches buyers & growersGrenada - a Farmers link up with DigicelCaFAN Caribbean Farmers NetworkUWI T&T have a SMS App for the sale of fish.SVG - NAMIS system to match farm output withSupermarkets.
    • CARICOM POLICIESYOUTH STUDY - EYE 0N THE FUTURE.Investing in YOUTH NOW for. TomorrowsCommunity. Report of the CARICOMCommission on Youth Development. January2010ICT IN RELATION TO EDUCATIONNO AGRICULTURESERVICES ACTION PLAN IN TRAININDUSTRIAL POLICYENERGY POLICY
    • ICT – REGIONAL DIGITAL DEVELOPMENTSTRATEGYCollaborative leadership/governance (rationaliseoverlapping functions of multiple agenciesResearch and Innovation (application supportingsustainability) Key social & Economic development measures(ICTs providing a supportive environment incommunities, lifelonglearning, business, government)CARICOM POLICIES
    • Is our Market share growing?In spite of all the available policies – still needfor more Policies. Why?Do these policies matter to the ‘person-in-the –street’?Driven by International Agenda?LeadershipPolitical willknowledge Are we reaping the rewards of our organic and innovative product base?CHALLENGE
    • OPPORTUNITIES Global definition ofICTDEVELOPMENTohave been anchored to economic activities.oThe UNDP Development Index (1991) - by coupling it assustainable development which speaks to “meetingthe needs to today and of future generations”oat the simplest level, development implies growth ormaturation and advancement.
    • OpportunitiesDocument and measure the IMPACT ofAgriculture initiativesImprove access to information for:Policy and decision-makingProductionAgribusiness developmentResearch
    • OPPORTUNITIESDevelop innovation policies showing pivotalrole of ICT in SECTOR developmentManage strategically the overlapping relatedinitiatives - HARMONISATIONE.g. Early warning systemsDatabases / data collectionMDGs / WSISPOLICIESMORE TALK !!! LESS TALK - MORE ACTION!!!
    • THANK YOU FOR YOURATTENTION!JENNIFER BRITTONDEPUTY PROGRAMME MANAGER – ICT4DEMAIL: jbritton@caricom.orgSKYPE: caricomict4dexternalCONTACT INFORMATION