Agriculture youth activities at the Mauritius agricultural research and extension unit
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  • 1. 4/19/20131Agricultural Research and Extension Unit(FARC)National Agriculture Youth policy Dialogue inMauritiusAgricultural Activities for the Youth at the AgriculturalResearch & Extension UnitS.OriSenior Extension OfficerAgricultural Research & Extension Unit(AREU)Historical BackgroundAgricultural activities for the youth in Mauritius has been carried out byregrouping them at Agricultural Youth Clubs.In 1970 the first Agricultural Youth Club (AYC) was formed at Midlandsunder the supervision of FAO’s Extension Experts, U.S. Peace Corps andUNICEF with the objective of arousing interest and providing training to theyouth.All AYCs formed around the island were registered at the Agricultural YouthClub unit which was operating at the Ministry of Agriculture.Clubs were registered on a yearly basis.During the 1980’s and 90’s there were 60 to 70 AYCs and 25 to 30members at each club.
  • 2. 4/19/20132StaffingClubs were attended by 26 officers during & afteroffice hours.One Senior Extension Officer1 Extension Officer26 Extension AssistantsAYC’s found around the island4 REGIONAL FEDERATIONS (North,South, East,& Central / West)A National body MAURITIUS COUNCIL OFAGRICULTURAL YOUTH CLUBSAFFILIATED WITHMAURITIUS COUNCIL OF SOCIALSERVICE (MACOSS)
  • 3. 4/19/20133Women & Youth UnitAs from 1997 the AYC unit is at AREU.The unit has been renamed as the Women & youthUnit and it targets women as well.In line with Government policy to encourage agri-businesses AREU has also introduced AgriculturalEntrepreneur Clubs to target those who wished to startagricultural production on a commercial basis.In 2009 the Federation of Young Farmer Clubs weremerged at AREU .Women & Youth Unit73 agricultural clubs have been registered to the WomenYouth Unit this year.30 Agricultural Youth Clubs (AYCs)26 Agricultural Women Clubs (AWCs)15 Agricultural Entrepreneur Clubs (AECs)
  • 4. 4/19/20134WOMEN & YOUTH UNIT• 4 officers are attending to these clubs• Clubs are no longer regrouped at regional federations or ata national body.• No affiliation at MACOSS• Forming of an AYC & its Registration at the Women &Youth Unit is voluntary.• We do not carry out any sensitisation or canvassing forclubs as we have limited resourcesAgricultural Youth ClubsAYC activities are no longer carried out after working hours.Existing members have grown up and new members donot show much interest in agriculture.The Youth are unavailable as they involved in privatetuitions after school hours.They have other leisure activities such as T.V, videogames various T.V channels, Computers, internet etcHigh cost to carry out activities after hours in terms ofover time and travelling costs for AREU.
  • 5. 4/19/20135Agricultural Youth ClubsThis year we have registered 30 Agricultural Youth Clubsregrouping youth of age 12 to 25 with a total number of868 members20 clubs are found at colleges (State Secondary Schools,Private colleges, Loreto Convent Secondary School, MGSS,La Confiance college, London college and the newly joinedthe QEC , St. Joseph & Lycee Labourdonais).Two clubs at Rehabilitation Youth Centres, One at TheWelfare Society of the Deaf and the others at variousplaces around the island.Aims and Objectives• To initiate the club members in Agricultural production & AgroprocessingTo develop their knowledge and skills so as to enable them toundertake agricultural activities with a professional approachusing new techniques of production.To encourage and enable them to set up their own agriculturalbusinesses and be self employed.To sensitise them on new agricultural techniques, equipmentsand crops.To train them in leadership and promote their sense ofresponsibilities.
  • 6. 4/19/20136AYC ActivitiesKitchen/School /Roof/Container gardeningAYC ActivitiesCompost Making initiated at all clubs
  • 7. 4/19/20137AYC ActivitiesStrawberries Production.AYC ActivitiesValue Addition to Strawberries
  • 8. 4/19/20138AYC ActivitiesFlower & Indoor Plants ProductionAYC ActivitiesMushroom Production
  • 9. 4/19/20139AYC ActivitiesPoultry- Broiler ProductionAYC ActivitiesPoultry Production - Egg Production
  • 10. 4/19/201310AYC ActivitiesSmall Animal RearingAYC ActivitiesHydroponics – Loreto Convent College Port Louis & MedcoCollege
  • 11. 4/19/201311AYC ActivitiesA-Frame – Universal CollegeAYC ActivitiesProduction of planting materials - grafting, cuttings andlayerings
  • 12. 4/19/201312AYC ActivitiesSeedling Production – initiated at all clubsAYC ActivitiesIdentification of Pests & Diseases
  • 13. 4/19/201313- Biological control of pests & diseasesAYC ActivitiesAYC ActivitiesPromoting local fruit Production & Introduction to newfruits
  • 14. 4/19/201314AYC ActivitiesSensitise on food security and encourage production ofpulses & root crops such as sweet potatoes, cassava & taroAYC Activities -Training during School Holidays5 members from each club are invited. 125 members are trained duringeach holidays.Theory & Practical sessions.Lunch, tea & snacks, training materials, planting materials on topic coveredare provided as incentives
  • 15. 4/19/201315AYC ActivitiesTraining in Compost Making held this Wednesday (10.04.13)AYC ActivitiesConducted tours to sensitise on:agro processing,practical aspects of gardening and identification ofPests & diseases at Research stations, Model farms, andat planters farms,Mushroom production at mushroom unit
  • 16. 4/19/201316Support & IncentivesTechnical supportthrough talks, demonstrations, power pointpresentations & film showsField Visitsfor advice & improvement.Free Leaflets & bookletson all topics taken up at talks and demonstrations forimplementation of Agricultural projectsSupport & IncentivesFree distribution of seeds & mushroom fruiting bags.13 varieties of seeds distributed to all clubs25 mushroom fruiting bagsFree distribution of planting materials300 cuttings of cassava600 taro (arouille violette) plantlets1000 cuttings of sweet potatoes500 aloevera plantlets700 strawberry runners500 gladiolus bulbs
  • 17. 4/19/201317Support & IncentivesFree distribution of fruit trees/plantlets25 guava trees (george)30 olive20 papaya300 imported strawberry plantlets100 acerola plantlets produced from cuttings25 passion fruits100 roselle plantletsSupport & IncentivesDistribution of acerolla plantlets
  • 18. 4/19/201318Support & IncentivesFree distribution of agricultural equipment- seed trays- bird net- potting bags- yellow sticky traps- blue bags for bagging of bananas- Jiffy pellet trays- Plastic MulchSupport & IncentivesScholarship• Any member who has been at a club for 5 years canbenefit the Scholarship for studying any Agriculturalsubject at the University of Mauritius.• All fees are paid plus a monthly pocket money of Rs1500 .• 2 members have already benefited from thisscholarship
  • 19. 4/19/201319• Activities for the youth are on going however there is aneed to strengthen them further.• To-day our agriculture is facing major reforms.• The coming young entrepreneurs in agriculture willhave a big responsibility in shaping a modern high-tech agricultural sector of to-morrow, which no doubthas to be in an organised framework.• Therefore this National Agriculture Youth PolicyDialogue is well justified.THANK YOUTHANK YOUTHANK YOUTHANK YOUFORFORFORFORYOURYOURYOURYOURATTENTIONATTENTIONATTENTIONATTENTION