21. Kamau kas-teresa

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21. Kamau kas-teresa

  1. 1. Environment Sustainability : The Case for Papua New Guinea (PNG)Theresa Kamau Kas
  2. 2. Introduction• VISION 2050 & PNG Government Commitments• PNG Green Economy• Sustainable development conceptual model• Mainstreaming Environment as an integral part of the Development Planning Process• Way Forward – Relevant and Appropriate Policies
  3. 3. PNG Government Commitments• PNG Vision 2050 – Pillar 3 : Wealth Creation & Economic Growth – Pillar 5 : Climate Change & Environment Sustainability• Millennium Development Goals – MDG 7 : Ensure Environment Sustainability
  4. 4. ENSURING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY WITHIN PNG POLICY FRAMEWORK1. Convention on Biodiversity- Protection of biodiversity - 10% ofthe terrestrial area by 2010 and 10% ofthe marine area by 20122. Millennium Declaration-Implement the principles ofsustainable development throughsector specific programs by 2010 andno later than 2015
  5. 5. Rio+20 Agenda : Green Economy & MDG Goal 7• Target 7A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs; reverse loss of environmental resources• Target 7B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss• Target 7C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation (for more information see the entry on water supply)
  6. 6. SUSTAINABILITY IS FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS
  7. 7. Will PNG remain a Green Economy after 2050• “ improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities” ?• YES, if;• Theoretical Concepts of ‘Green’ that is currently fostered in Government Planning System is effectively Implemented and sustained over time!
  8. 8. Policy Focus• Subsistence Agriculture & Community Based Planning• Commercial Agriculture• Small Agriculture Business Lease (SABL)• Downstream Processing• Fair Trade Markets
  9. 9. Theory vs PracticeTO BE SEEN AS SUSTAINABLE =BEING SUSTAINABLE IN ACTION
  10. 10. PROTECTION Areas of high Conceptual Modelbiodiversity, centre’s of DEVELOPMENT endemism, climate refugia, habitats of Already converted endangered, rare, or Sustainability landscape, urban unique species; areas, mining Under-represented areas, commercial ecosystems, agriculture, areas supporting Priorities industrial areas etc. ecological processes etc etc High Low Biodiversity Biodiversity Priority Priority
  11. 11. Sustainability (Biodiversity Persistence) Balance DEVELOPMENTPROTECTION Increasing Increasing opportunities for opportunities for protection or developments that developments may result in that are landscape environmentally conversion or sensitive degradation High Low Biodiversity Priorities Biodiversity Priority Priority
  12. 12. Sustainability Conventional FSC – logging Oil Palm, Urban certified Timber development, logging, Plantations mining areas, Reduced commercial Carbon Impact agriculture, Offsets, logging industrialEco-tourism Protected areas etc. Areas High Low Biodiversity Biodiversity Sustainability is about putting the appropriate activities in the appropriate place
  13. 13. Sustainability Forestry + Oil Palm identification and management of HCVF, Riparian Areas, Buffers Increasing management restrictionsForestry + Oil Palm Identification and management of HCVF, Riparian Areas, Buffers High Low Biodiversity Biodiversity Priority Priority If you can’t put the appropriate activity in the appropriate place, then stringent management needs to be applied.
  14. 14. Sustainability Environment Act 2000. 5. MATTERS OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE. (c) the protection of areas of EIA significant biological diversity and the Required habitats of rare, unique or EIA endangered species; andRequired High Low Biodiversity Biodiversity Sustainability is also about the effective implementation of existing laws, policy’s and procedures
  15. 15. Bismarck Provincial Planners workshop in Madang
  16. 16. Challenges of Environment Sustainability• Increase in Population• Climate Change Impacts• Land Tenure Systems (in PNG)• Development Planning Priorities of Government• Legislations and Policies
  17. 17. (Shearman et. al. 2008)
  18. 18. 2.7-3.6% Population Increase/yr
  19. 19. PLANNING AT DIFFERENT SCALES ECOREGIONEcoregional Assessment WHERE PROJECT AREA Conservation Action Planning (CAP) - HOW SITE BASED WORK Community based Conservation planning Consultation Implementation ACTION
  20. 20. Sustainability (Biodiversity Persistence) Balance DEVELOPMENT PROTECTION Increasing IncreasingStrategies opportunities for opportunities for Threats (How) protection or developments that developments may result in that are landscape environmentally conversion or sensitive degradation High Low Biodiversity Priorities Biodiversity Biodiversity Priority Priorities Priority (Where)
  21. 21. Way ForwardPARTNERSHIPS & REPLICATION OF BESTCOLLABORATION PRACTICES
  22. 22. Influencing Relevant & Appropriate Legislations and Policies
  23. 23. PNG Relevant Green Policies• Focus on Subsistence Agriculture and Community Based Management Planning• Commercial Agriculture through effective Public Private Partnerships• Community Based Integrated / Sustainable Development Planning Policies & Programs• Conventional Legalising of PNG Traditional and Customary Tenure Systems and Heritage (eg – registration of ILGs)• National Policy on Carbon (REDD+)
  24. 24. Thank you very much

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