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  • Institutional/organizational behaviour can be changed by the development of relevant strategic and policy frameworks. In many cases individual behaviour will not be changed unless there are policy requirements which influence the individual.
  • CIARD aims to influence and provide support at both the level of the organization and of the individual. The movement is a collective commitment to promote and sustain the openness of agricultural knowledge for all.   CIARD aims to provide guidance and support to, and through this to change the behaviour of, both individuals and institutions. Through institutional change will come also enhanced individual change and, in the case of the CIARD initiative, increased and pervasive openness of research outputs. There is already much ‘good practices’ in institutions/organizations around the world, but a great deal more needs to be catalysed.

011   rudgard 011 rudgard Presentation Transcript

  • Researcher Attitudes and Behaviour Towards the ‘Openness’ of Research Outputs in Agriculture and Related Fields3rd IAALD Africa Chapter ConferenceSouth Africa, 21-23 May, 2012 Presented by Stephen Rudgard Knowledge and Capacity for Development www.ciard.net information@ciard.net
  • Region(s) where most respondents‘ work is carried out. Europe 4.6% Northern America 4.1% Caribbean 6.9% Asia and Pacific 23.7% Africa 32.6% Latin America 53.5% Source: CIARD. Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • Frequencies of organisation type.40% 37.5%35% 32.4%30%25%20%15% 10.8%10% 6.8% 6.6% 4.5% 4.1%5% 1.5%0% Source: CIARD. Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • Primary activity of respondents. in ing . ra nfl rch n/T n y I ea tio sio licRe s uc a ten t y/P o Ex en / E d / m ca c m. mt AS ge o m g R an a A dv Co fo.M M In Source: CIARD. Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • FACTORS ENCOURAGINGeffective communication of research outputsMost important:- Institutional demands to report/communicate- Opportunities for career enhancement- Access to adequate IT infrastructure- Acknowledgement of contributionsLess important:- Direct monetary rewards (related to royalties and personal development) Source: CIARD. Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • BENEFITS GAINED by communicating researchMost important:- Reaching the target audience- Increased access to: a) resources/funding for work and b) colleagues for problem solving- Increased recognition/visibility for the organization altruisticLess important:- Personal gain (financial or personal status) © FAO Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • BARRIERS preventing from communicating researchMost important:- Lack of resources/time and funding- Weak linkages between researchers and end users- Lack of enabling institutional policiesLess important:- Concerns about stealing and reuse of outputs- Lack of skills/access to communication methods- Poor IT infrastructure Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • ROUTES PREFERED for communication of research outputsStronger preferenceTraditional routes- Scholarly publishing, conferences and seminars (3/4)- Training materials (1/2), practical demonstr. (1/3)Weaker preferenceBroadcast/Mass media - Newspapers (~8%), radio/TV (~15%), promo.mat. © FAO (~29%) Modern methods (Internet enabled) -Social media (~18%), repository/web (~29%) Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • SUPPORT MECHANISMSfor communicating research outputs effectively Strong demand for support and training - Web based social media - Participatory research methods & communications skills (e.g. audio/video) © FAO Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • RESEARCH OUTPUTS PRODUCEDTraditional print-based formats still predominate...but digital ones are now penetrating (20-35%)Most outputs are communicatedthrough openly accessible, no-cost routes. Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  • THE WAY FORWARDMaking research outputs openly availableoften relies on individuals.Individuals’ behaviours can be influencedby institutional factors/barriers.Relevant strategic policy frameworks arerequired to change institutional/individual behaviours.
  • THE WAY FORWARDThese findings can be considered bysenior managers to review theirorganizational policies.
  • Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for DevelopmentA global movement that promotes and sustain the openness of agricultural knowledge to all.
  • Researcher Attitudes and Behaviour Towards the ‘Openness’ of Research Outputs in Agriculture and Related Fields3rd IAALD Africa Chapter ConferenceAuthors: Philip Edge, Franz Martin, Stephen Rudgard, Nadia Manning-Tomas www.ciard.net Presentation under Creative Commons License information@ciard.net Attribution: Non-commercial, Non-Derivates 2.0. Italy