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Wildlife of nepal
 

Wildlife of nepal

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    Wildlife of nepal Wildlife of nepal Presentation Transcript

    • Wildlife of Nepal• 0.03% of total land area• Holds 25th position globally in terms ofbiodiversity richness• 11th position in Asia
    • Species numbers Taxons Global Nepal1.Bacteria 3000-4000 -2.Lichens 20000 465 (2.3)3.Fungi 69000 1822 (2.6)4.Algae 26000 687 (2.6)5.Bryophytes 16600 853 (5.1)6.Pteridophytes 11300 380 (3.4)7.Gymnosperms 529 28 (5.3)8.Angiosperms 220000 5856 (2.7)9.Platyhelminthes 12200 168 (1.4)10.Spiders 73400 144 (0.2)11.Insects 751000 5052 (0.7)12.Butterflies and moths 112000 640 (2.6)13.Fishes 18150 182 (1.0)14.Amphibians 4184 43 (1.0)15.Reptiles 6300 100 (1.6)16.Birds 9040 867 (9.4)17.Mammals 4000 185 (4.5)
    • S.N Endemic animals of Nepal Scutiger nepalensis Mammalia1. Apodemus gurkha (Himalayan field mouse) Aves1. Turtoides nepalensis (Spiny Babbler) Reptilia1. Scincella capitanea (Lizard)2. Xenochrophis flavipunctatus schnurenberbergerii (Aquatic snake) Amphibia1. Scutiger nepalensis2. Rana ercepea3. Rana minica4. Rana nepalensis5. Rana pierrei6. Rana rara7. Rana rostandi8. Rana teraiensis9. Tomopterna swani Pisces1. Barillius jalkapporei2. Schizothorax nepalensis3. Schizothorax macrophthalmus4. Schizothorax annandalei5. Schizothorax rarensis6. Psilorhynchus pseudecheneis7. Lepidocephalichthys nepalensis8. Pseudentropius murius batraensis Spiny babbler
    • Protected wildlife of NepalBlack Buck Red panda
    • Black Stork Yellow Monitor lizard Gharial
    • IUCN Red List categories
    • EXTINCT (EX)A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual hasdied. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/orexpected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughoutits historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over atime frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycles and life form.EXTINCT IN THE WILD (EW)A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, incaptivity or as a naturalised population (or populations) well outside the pastrange. A taxon is presumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys inknown and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal,annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual.Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxons life cycle andlife form.CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (CR)A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicatesthat it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered, and it istherefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in thewild. Eg:- Pigmy hog (Sus salvanius), Slender-billed vulture (Gypstenuirostris),White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis), Red-crowned RoofedTurtle (Kachuga kachuga)
    • ENDANGERED (EN)A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that itmeets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered, and it is therefore consideredto be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild. Eg:- Elongated Tortoise(Indotestudo elongata), Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), Bengal Tiger (Pantheratigris), Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)VULNERABLE (VU)A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meetsany of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to befacing a high risk of extinction in the wild. Eg:-Swamp Deer (Cervusduvauceli), Gaur Bison (Bos gaurus), Assamese Macaque (Macacaassamensis)NEAR THREATENED (NT)A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteriabut does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now,but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category inthe near future. Eg:-Satyr Tragopan (Tragopan satyra), Great Hornbill(Buceros bicornis), Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata)
    • LEAST CONCERN (LC)A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does notqualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened.Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category. Eg:- Red Junglefowl(Gallus gallus), Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)DATA DEFICIENT (DD)A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, orindirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or populationstatus. A taxon in this category may be well studied, and its biology well known, butappropriate data on abundance and/or distribution are lacking. Data Deficient istherefore not a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that moreinformation is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will showthat threatened classification is appropriate. It is important to make positive use ofwhatever data are available. In many cases great care should be exercised inchoosing between DD and a threatened status. If the range of a taxon is suspected tobe relatively circumscribed, if a considerable period of time has elapsed since the lastrecord of the taxon, threatened status may well be justified. Eg: Bay Horseshoe Bat(Rhinolophus subbadius)NOT EVALUATED (NE)A taxon is Not Evaluated when it is has not yet been evaluated against the criteria.
    • Critically endangeredPigmy hog (Sus salvanius)White rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
    • EndangeredBengal Tiger (Panthera tigris)Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
    • VulnerableSwamp deer (Cervus duvauceli)Gaur Bison (Bos gaurus)
    • Near ThreatenedGreat hornbill (Buceros bicornis)Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata)
    • Least ConcernRed Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus)Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)
    • Data deficientBay horseshoe bat (Rhinolophussubbadius)
    • Importance of wildlife1.Ecological value2.Economic value3.Medicinal value4.Scientific value5.Genetic value6.Aesthetic value7.Survival value