IONS Seminar 2014 - Session 6 - Lessons for IONS from the ADMM+ Maritime Security Experts Working Group

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Speaker: Mdm Suriani Ahmad

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IONS Seminar 2014 - Session 6 - Lessons for IONS from the ADMM+ Maritime Security Experts Working Group

  1. 1. Lessons for IONS from ADMM-Plus Maritime Security Experts’ Working Group By: Suriani Ahmad Ministry of Defence Malaysia 4th IONS, 27 March 2014,Perth, Australia
  2. 2. Establishing the Expert Working Group (EWG) Five focus areas i. Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR); iii. Military Medicine (MM); iv. Counter-Terrorism (CT); v. Peacekeeping Operations New area of focus – Humanitarian Mine Action
  3. 3. Establishing EWG on Maritime Security (MS)  Malaysia & Australia – Co-chairs 2011-2013 – EWG MS  ADMM-Plus MS Experts’ Working Group Concept Paper – agreed at the ASEAN Defence Senior Officials’ Meeting-Plus (ADSOM-Plus) - April 2011 in Indonesia Concept paper recognizes two things: Important to secure sea lines of communications, for the economy and security Myriad of challenges
  4. 4. Establishing EWG on MS  Commenced with identifying areas of common interest across the spectrum of maritime security challenges  Further explored to develop practical initiatives for defence and military cooperation  The EWG aims at enhancing maritime cooperation at multilateral level, analyzing significant maritime security threats in the region and providing for wider information sharing
  5. 5. Establishing EWG on MS ASEAN Regional Forum Inter-sessional Meetings on Maritime Security (ARF ISM MS), ASEAN Maritime Forum (AMF) Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) Western Pacific Naval Symposium (WPNS) Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) Work Plan Acknowledges Other Arrangements addressing MS concerns
  6. 6. Establishing EWG on MS  The EWG only complements  Starting up, focused on developing the common understanding of maritime security, sharing of perspectives and developing cooperative mechanisms acceptable to all ADMM-Plus members  Met twice a year  2011, conducted meeting to identify common areas of interest, priority challenges and concept for future cooperative activities  Later, exchange of perspectives on the security impacts of the issues and to improve information sharing.  2012, a scenario-based workshop to explore potential cooperation and progress assessed and Work Plan refined  2013, expected the information sharing would become more systematic and credible and practical cooperation materialized  Most frequently held, seven occasions since 2011, concluded January 2014
  7. 7. Implementation of the EWG Activities Field Training Exercise (FTX)  FTX is to promote practical maritime co-operation in information sharing among ADMM-Plus countries and build a common understanding to establish and practice baseline interoperability procedures in maritime security matters  29 Sept - 1 October 2013 - HMAS Cresswell, Jervis Bay  Process - Planning Conferences and Table Top Exercise (TTX)  To prepare and structure the implementation of the FTX through providing the possible scenarios and discussing potential responses and courses of action  Guiding principles to de-escalating situations, increase the likelihood of safe outcomes for mariners and encourage proactive assistance, support and partnership across ADMM- Plus
  8. 8. Implementation of the EWG Activities Field Training Exercise (FTX) cont..  FTX has four key objectives: i) To enhance mutual understanding and interoperability in maritime security operations, focusing on boarding exercises; ii) To develop and trial an ADMM-Plus Maritime Security communications and C2 architecture; iii) To derive maximum individual and unit training benefit; and iv) To contribute to regional engagement and maritime security capability amongst ADMM-Plus countries.
  9. 9. Implementation of the EWG Activities Field Training Exercise (FTX) cont..  13 countries - focus on information sharing, building common understanding and establishing an interoperability baseline between ADMM-Plus countries  Five main phases covering from preparatory briefings and boarding demonstrations to post-exercise workshops to identify achievements and improvements to the FTX.
  10. 10. Field Training Exercise (FTX): Lessons Learnt  FTX lessons learnt; among others: i) Useful to have umpires from the boarding party and the receiving ship. Countries that do not assign a ship to participate should provide boarding party with necessary equipment. ii) Communications plan is important and beneficial. Useful to translate key words and tactical/operational verbs into various languages.
  11. 11. iii) Information sharing – the continued high level collaboration between the Lead Planners of the different navies and defence departments are very useful. iv) Lack of familiarity with multi-lateral SOPs, publications and language issues could be mitigated by a series of planning conferences, exercise instructions and other preparations. Field Training Exercise (FTX): Lessons Learnt (cont..)
  12. 12. Field Training Exercise (FTX): Lessons Learnt (cont..) v) Participating countries’ capabilities need to be effectively incorporated into the planning process. vi) Sufficient time for pre and post exercise meetings and equal participation are needed. vii) Early establishment of Logistics Cell is helpful. viii) Useful to have lessons learnt workshop to gather comprehensive findings.
  13. 13. Field Training Exercise (FTX): Lessons Learnt (con’t)  The strong demonstration of support for the exercise from ADMM-Plus member countries  Culmination of practical cooperation among EWG members during the working group’s first term
  14. 14. Conclusion  Since July 2011 in Perth to 7th meeting in January 2014, EWG has grown positively – from identifying common interests, to the constructive work plans and last year’s FTX in Jervis Bay, Australia  Achievement - within a span of approximately three years, EWG members had grouped together and worked towards addressing the current issues and how best resolved in concert  In line with the guiding principles of open and outward-looking
  15. 15. Thank You

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