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2013 King Hall Day 1 Session 4 - 1

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2013 King Hall Conference Proceedings

2013 King Hall Conference Proceedings

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Transcript

  • 1. Dr. John R. Schindler U.S. Naval War College
  • 2. `A Hundred Years On (Nearly) Rethinking The Great War, finally … maybe? Austria-Hungary? Really? What does a second-tier naval power matter now? What does intelligence from 100 years ago have to tell us today?
  • 3. Die k.u.k. Kriegsmarine Austria-Hungary and the Mediterranean naval arms race before 1914 KM OOB 1914: 4 BB (DN) 9 BB 7 CA 6 CL 30 DD 6 SS
  • 4. Austro-Hungarian Intelligence Vienna’s military espionage apparatus before 1914 - readiness for war? The Evidenzbureau - roles & missions - the Redl debacle The Marine-Evidenzbureau - roles & missions
  • 5. Vienna’s “Great Secret” A-H code-breaking before 1914 and its place in the intelligence system The (Viennese) birth of SIGINT War planning, strategy, and A-H strategic concepts on the eve of the Great War
  • 6. Crisis and War Sarajevo assassination and the July Crisis The Navy and the coming of the war Vienna plays va banque … and loses The Navy and the Italian threat
  • 7. Intelligence in the Adriatic Understanding the intelligence battlefield in the Adriatic KM SIGINT and the Navy’s strategic thinking, 1915-1918 How code-breaking becomes a critical enabler for Austria-Hungary
  • 8. Fleet (In)Action and Intelligence ADM Haus and his “fleet in being” KM HUMINT, covert action, and sabotage against Italy A-H Naval aviation and intelligence over the Adriatic
  • 9. Austria-Hungary and the U-Boat War Vienna and unrestricted submarine warfare The KM’s U-Boat arm and its role in the Mediterranean naval struggle SIGINT and AustriaHungary’s submarine arm
  • 10. 1917: The Pivotal Year Unrestricted submarine warfare and the Allied blockade’s impact on Austria-Hungary Otranto and limited surface fleet action The “Caporetto Miracle” and illusions of victory
  • 11. 1918: Decline and Fall January: Naval mutiny and the general crisis of the war effort Piave: one last (doomed) gamble by Vienna The Navy and the last months of war: imminent defeat The final collapse
  • 12. Assessing the Impact What is the real role of intelligence in AustriaHungary’s naval war? What lessons today can be derived from the experience of the k.u.k. MarineEvidenzbureau? History, legacies and remembrances