Navdeep Kumar .
Closely related to absolute values, ultimate purpose
and final truths about life and nature.
Knowledge that cant be obtained by ordinary rational
and logical process
Unknowable mysteries metaphysics level.
It raises ques like- whats the ultimate meaning and
purpose of life? What is true nature of self?
Relationship between individual self and external
Search for self knowledge and deeper understanding
of universal truth and values.
Spiritual wisdom of Upanishads
nature of human self in three dimensions
Body- subjected to laws of nature, born grow
decay and dies, all external activities are
performed, most clear recognizable aspect of
separate individualistic existence
Mind( or antahkaran)- give direction to
senses both organs of action and organs of
knowledge- perception- psychological selfcollectively shape character, personality and
Spirit or soul or ataman- experiencer of all
Analogy of Chariot
reference from Kathaupanishad
Panchkosh from taittiriya upanishad
Human soul covered by 5 sheaths which constitute a hierarchy
level of existenceannamai kosh
Philosophy of Vedanta
Three basic entities of life- Brahman, jeev and jagataphilosophy of vedanta
Discovery of truth- inner reality ataman and outer
reality brahman are the same
Nature of ultimate reality- satta, chita, aanandacentral theme of Vedantic view of life.
This is theoratical aspect of Vedanta
Practical aspect- search for the ways of realization of
Brahman. Depending on ones capacity different
Ways of realization of Brahman
4 prominent ways or yogas are
Gyanyoga or way of knowledge- gyan, agyan,anubhuti,
Raj yoga- ashtangyoga or eightfold path of pitanjali
Karam yoga or path of action- propounded by Bhagvadgita.
It demands we dissocites ourselves from the fruits of our
Bhakti yoga or path of devotion- all activities inspired by
love of god(saguna brahman).
Values which characterize the personality of a spiritually
enlightened person or values of human perfection are
Self-fulfillment or purntava or spiritual autonomykahu so kuchna chahonguo (tulsi)
Egolessness- no vices greed, anger, jeolosy, hatred
Complete freedom- from dualities, conflicts and
sufferings of life.
Universal and unconditional love- radiate love,
concern for others, sharing, caring- abhaya
Critique of Tradition Spirituality
Spirituality gives answer to the problems of human
sufferings. It is because of avidya i.e. ignorance of
real self and external reality.
Spiritual attainment demands transcendence. Final
goal is attainment of the state of moksha. Regarding
spiritual values they deny, even decry, the normal
human urges of material comfort, earthly enjoyment
and zest for life. They are treated as road blocks to
Traditional spirituality is highly individualistic. life of
the community has to be renounced. There is little
sense of social responsibility or the obligation to work
for the common good.
Spiritual goal of moksha or nirvana is so lofty, path
to it is so rigorous, rarely any individuals with
superhuman capacity achieves it.
The narrow understanding of oneself, leading to
egoity and self-centered outlook to life is perhaps the
greatest bane of modern times. spiritual
understanding makes us realize that our individual
self is deeply connected to and is a part of, a large
whole. Ethical virtues like concern for others,
humility, etc flow out of psycho-spiritual egolessness.
A deeper understanding of spirituality and spiritual
values should be a great help in managing such
conflicts at workspace and in society.