national office

Germany`s "Energiewende" – from a union`s
point of view
Stockholm, 08. November 2013
Angelika Thomas, IG ...
national office

IG Metall …
… is an industrial workers union,
… has 2.25 million members,
… in several sectors:




me...
national office

Asshole!

1. What is "Energiewende" - the transformation of our energy system
2. Intention of IG Metall i...
national office

What is "Energiewende"?
A process towards renewable energy and energy efficiency - reducing fossil
energy...
national office

IG Metall sees opportunities and risks for industry and jobs
"Energiewende" stands for
innovation and mod...
national office

Areas of investments in the energy sector
Up to 2022 approx. € 350 billion investment needed

High effici...
national office

Development of renewable energy

Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013

Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's...
national office

Investments in renewable energy sources

Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013

Germany's "Energiewende" - from a...
national office

Export share of renewable energy industrial sectors

Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013

Germany's "Energiewen...
national office

Controversial public debates
In general we need to secure a reliable, economically viable and
environment...
national office

Employment in Germany`s renewable energy sector

Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013

Germany's "Energiewende" ...
national office

Skills of employees in renewable energy industries
The high proportion of skilled employees is the promin...
national office

Green jobs and decent work
Initial point: New sectors without social regulated working conditions and low...
national office

Thanks for your attention!

Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013

Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's poin...
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Germany`s "Energiewende" – from a union`s point of view - Angelika Thomas

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Germany`s "Energiewende" – from a union`s point of view - Angelika Thomas från tyska IG Metall om hur satsningen på 100% förnybart leder till nya jobb i Tyskland. Presentationen hölls på Naturskyddsföreningens stora årliga miljökonferens 2013 med temat "Miljön och jobben - två utmaningar, en lösning".

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Germany`s "Energiewende" – from a union`s point of view - Angelika Thomas

  1. 1. national office Germany`s "Energiewende" – from a union`s point of view Stockholm, 08. November 2013 Angelika Thomas, IG Metall
  2. 2. national office IG Metall … … is an industrial workers union, … has 2.25 million members, … in several sectors:    metal and electronic, automobile, iron and steelmaking industry, services and craftwork in the metal sector, textile- and garment industries and related sectors and services,  wood and plastics processing. … organises collective agreements for payment and ….conditions of employment. … supports works councils and union reps in the companies ….and offers them training. … does political networking on labour market, welfare state ….and industrial policy. Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view Seite 2
  3. 3. national office Asshole! 1. What is "Energiewende" - the transformation of our energy system 2. Intention of IG Metall in "Energiewende" 3. Jobs and decent work in the new sectors Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 3
  4. 4. national office What is "Energiewende"? A process towards renewable energy and energy efficiency - reducing fossil energy and phase-out nuclear power. It leads to a greater share of domestic energy production and reduces dependency on oil and gas imports and their prices. Climate protection targets can`t be reached without transforming the energy system. Targets of German government 2011 2020 2030 2040 2050 -26,4% -40% -55% -80% up to -95% 20,3% at least 35% at least 50% at least 80% -6 -20 ca. 6.600 1 Mio. Greenhouse gas emissions Greenhouse gas emissions (compared to 1990) renewable energy share of gross electricity consumption efficiency primary energy consumption (compared to 2008) -50% traffic number of electric cars 6. Mio housing primary energy consumption rate of renovation ca. 1% up to -80% doubling on 2% per year Source: Bundes regi erung, Ers ter Moni tori ngberi cht "Energi e der Zukunft" Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 4
  5. 5. national office IG Metall sees opportunities and risks for industry and jobs "Energiewende" stands for innovation and modernization of our industry. Forecast sales volume, in sectors (in billion Euro) It means promotion of green technologies. Investment opportunities and new markets create jobs. green technology Car industry mechanical engineering Monitoring the process for a cost efficient energy supply. Accompanied by industrial policy for different sectors. Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Source: Handelsblatt , *forecast Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 5
  6. 6. national office Areas of investments in the energy sector Up to 2022 approx. € 350 billion investment needed High efficient gas power plants Renewable energy - wind turbines Energy efficient buildings Grid infrastructure for electricity and integration of renewables Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 6
  7. 7. national office Development of renewable energy Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 7
  8. 8. national office Investments in renewable energy sources Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 8
  9. 9. national office Export share of renewable energy industrial sectors Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 9
  10. 10. national office Controversial public debates In general we need to secure a reliable, economically viable and environmentally compatible energy supply. We need to balance investment opportunities with cost efficiency. There is a controversial debate about costs but over all a high public acceptance of "Energiewende”. From IG Metall`s point of view: transforming the energy system should be successful in both, environmental and industrial terms. Reform the feed-in tariffs for renewable energies and make it more cost efficient. Keeping the whole industrial value chain in Germany, therefore give energy intensive industries competitive energy prices. Need for a better political management of "Energiewende". Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 10
  11. 11. national office Employment in Germany`s renewable energy sector Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 11
  12. 12. national office Skills of employees in renewable energy industries The high proportion of skilled employees is the prominent feature of companies in the renewable energy sector Whitout vocational With qualifications With a university degree Photovoltaics 5.8% 81.7% 34.7% Hydropower 1.7% 93.8% 57.0% Wind 0.9% 79.7% 27.1% Solar thermal 9.5% 80.3% 24.4% Solar thermal power plants 6.7% 84.8% 44.1% Deep geothermal 2.1% 85.6% 50.4% Near-surface geothermal Biogas 6.6% 2.5% 81.1% 82.5% 15.3% 33.1% Liquid biomass 0.0% 92.2% 57.3% Solid biomass 3.1% 86.5% 29.7% RE overall 4.1% 82.2% 32.1% 22.7% 63.2% 0.6% 4.0% 88.3% 37.7% 15.0% 69.5% 9.9% Manufacturing jobs Technical jobs Total Quel l e: BMU Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 12
  13. 13. national office Green jobs and decent work Initial point: New sectors without social regulated working conditions and low income? IG Metall has started an organizing campaign in the renewable sectors - wind and photovoltaic industry: Working for membership growth, almost 4.000 new members by 2012 in the wind industry. Setting up union reps and elect works councils in companies. Starting bargaining negotiations und win the first collective agreements. Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 13
  14. 14. national office Thanks for your attention! Angelika Thomas, 08. Nov 2013 Germany's "Energiewende" - from a union's point of view 14

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