Edible Gardening
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Edible Gardening






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    Edible Gardening Edible Gardening Presentation Transcript

    • Edible Gardening Prepared by: Stephany Hoffelt Johnson County Master Gardener
    • 4 Seasons of Edible Gardening Spring
        • Early – Plant cool season plants
        • Mid – Plant warm season plants, herbs and summer/fall blooming perennials
        • Mulch your garden
        • Early – Build new hardscape
        • Mid -2 nd planting of cool season plants for fall
        • Prep your beds for next year
        • Repair hardscape
        • Plant garlic and spring blooming perennials
        • Mulch perennials
        • Consider bringing your garden inside
        • Plan next year's garden
    • What are you planting? Cool Season Plants
        • Can tolerate the cool weather of early spring and late fall
        • Asparagus, lettuce, spinach, radish, kale, chard, garlic, onion, beets, carrots, peas, broccoli, cabbage and potatoes
    • What are you planting? Warm Season Vegetables
        • Require warmer temperatures (60-65 degrees) for seed germination and growth
        • Tomatoes, corn, peppers, beans, cucurbits and eggplant
    • What are you planting? Herbs
        • Plant annual herbs such as dill, basil, summer savory and coriander in garden bed
        • Plant perennial herbs such as mint, sage, oregano, lemon balm and chives in a spot they can grow permanently
      PM 1239 Growing and Drying Herbs
    • What are you planting? Edible Flowers such as yarrow, borage, roses, nasturtium, chamomile, bee balm, violets and impatiens serve multiple purposes in your garden.
    • What are you planting?
      • Brightly colored or fragrant flowers attract pollinators and predators which are beneficial to your garden
      • Many of these flowers can be eaten in salads, brewed in teas or used in homemade potpourri and beauty preparations
      RG302 Edible Flowers RG 212 Pollinators in the Garden
    • What are you planting? Fruit Plants
      • Thrive in full-sun
      • Require permanent location
      • Often require support
    • What type of garden are you planting? 1. Traditional Garden Design 2. Raised Bed 3. Square Foot Garden 4. Container Gardening
    • Location 6- 8 Hours of Sun Daily
          • Cool weather plants tolerate more shade
      Good Soil Drainage
          • “ Perc” Test
      Water Supply
          • Is there a water source nearby?
      Pick a Level Area
          • Minimizes soil erosion
      Avoid Trees
          • Trees compete for water and nutrients
          • Walnut tree roots produce juglone, which is toxic to many plants
          • Traditional kitchen gardens were outside kitchen door
      PM814 Where to Put Your Vegetable Garden?
    • Soil Fertility Primary Macro-Nutrients
        • Nitrogen “N”
        • Phosphorus “P”
        • Potassium”K”
      Secondary Macro-Nutrients
        • Calcium
        • Magnesium
        • Sulfur
      Soil Testing
        • Test every two to three years.
        • Tests P, K and pH
      ISU Soil Testing Lab
        • Offers testing for a nominal fee
        • Call your local extension office hortline for information
    • Soil pH
      • Ph - relative acidity or alkalinity of soil
      • Ph of soil effects plants ability to assimilate nutrients
      • Soil pH in Iowa is usually between 6-7
      • Most plants thrive at a pH level of 6.5
    • Maximizing Garden Space Interplanting
        • 3 Sisters (MG 150)
        • Mix radish seed with carrot seed
      Succession Planting
        • Cool season plants can be replaced with warm season crops
        • Cool season plants can be replanted for a fall crop
      Vertical Support
        • Stakes
        • Trellises
        • Fences
        • Pole Tepees
      Season Extenders
        • Cold Frames
        • Cloches
        • Row Covers
        • Cloches
    • Organic Matter Sources
        • Compost
        • Animal manure
        • Green manure crops
        • Finely ground yard waste
        • Increases water absorption
        • Increases soil aeration
        • Adds nutrients to soil
        • Enhances soil's beneficial micro-organism population
        • Decomposing organic matter ties up nitrogen in the soil
        • May require added nitrogen if plant growth is slow or pale green
    • Planting Times Early Cool Season Plants
        • Don't work soil when it is too wet
        • Soil should crumble apart in your hand
      Warm Season Plants
        • Plant when it has been consistently 60-65 degrees
      Fall Garden
        • Replace plants that have stopped producing
      Herbs Plant in mid-spring Perennials
        • Divide and transplant spring bloomers in the fall
        • Divide and transplant summer and fall bloomers in the spring
      PM 534 Planting and harvesting times for garden vegetables MG 15F
    • Planting Seeds Sow in straight line furrows Sow in hills
        • 4-5 seeds in 12 inch circle
        • Thin to best three seedlings
      Scatter seeds
        • Square foot gardens
        • Wide row planting
          • Scatter seeds in 4 -24 inch bands
          • More efficient use of space, sunlight and soil nutrients
      • Works with carrots, beets, radish, leaf lettuce and snap beans
      • Seed Depth
          • 3-4 times seed thickness
          • Plant fall garden seeds a bit deeper
      Thick and Thin Seeding
          • Seed thickly and then thin plants after germination
          • Try transplanting thinnings or eating them
      PM 819 Planting a Home Vegetable Garden
    • Planting Transplants Avoid damage to root systems When to plant?
        • Late afternoon
        • Cloudy day
      Water thoroughly Mulch after transplanting Cover for shade or warmth
    • Watering your garden. Water in early A.M. hours
        • Evening watering may increase spread of foliar disease
        • Never water when it is over 80 degrees
      Water plants deeply
        • 1-1.5 inches per week
      Water plants infrequently
    • Mulching your Garden Benefits
        • Controls weeds
        • Controls pests and disease
        • Increases organic matter
        • Conserves moisture
        • Soil conservation
      Types of Organic Mulch
        • Grass clipping
        • Straw
        • Pine needles
        • Shredded newspapers
        • Wood chips or shavings
    • Pest Management Cultural Controls
        • Mulching
        • Remove diseased leaves and plants
        • Hand pick pests
        • Attract beneficial insects
        • Attract birds to your yard
      Botanical Insecticides
    • Organic Fertilizers
      • Fish Emulsion
      • Kelp Meal
      • Compost
      • Worm Castings
      • Composted Animal Manure
      • Bone Meal -Phosphate
      • Blood Meal -Nitrogen
      MG 138-140
    • Harvest Time Remember to eat your food! Pick food frequently
        • Encourages production
        • You get to it first
      Considering preserving your extras PM 731 Harvesting and storing vegetables is a great resource
    • After the Harvest Remove all plant material
        • Dispose of diseased plant material
        • Healthy plant material can be added to compost pile
      Double-dig gardens
        • 8-12 inches deep
        • Dig in organic matter
        • Dig in soil amendments indicated by soil testing
      Mulch Perennial Plants