Monitoring Disaster Response and Preparedness for Inclusion and Equity


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Caste is not just an Indian phenomenon, it is global and internationally recognized in the UN! Documented experiences of Super Cyclone in Orissa, Gujarat earthquake and Tsunami in India led to the confirmation of the menace of caste based discrimination and exclusion being rooted in the wider society and that it was at work even in the times of disasters. The assumption on which the humanitarian agencies, federal and state authorities, and the general society operate, that „disasters hit everyone equally‟ got shattered when we witnessed discrimination and exclusion of Dalits in disaster relief and rehabilitation. The Dalits and marginalised sections are more vulnerable to the effect of disasters for their already impoverished and outcast position in caste and class divided society. Through this report, National Dalit Watch, a unit of National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights (NCDHR), wish to share the highlights of its key Advocacy initiatives from the time of its inception in 2009 to 2012. These actions were taken at the government & CSOs levels, to make DR & DRR inclusive to caste affected communities. You can know more about this initiative through its blog

You can also get in touch with us through contact details given in this compendium.

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Monitoring Disaster Response and Preparedness for Inclusion and Equity

  1. 1. National Dalit Watch-NCDHRMonitoring Disaster Response and Preparedness for Inclusion and Equity Interventions since inception October ’09-March ’12 National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights 8/1, 3rd Floor, South Patel Nagar New Delhi-110008 Tel- 011 45668341, 45037897 Fax- 011 25852250 Website:
  2. 2. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12CONTENT Words from the General Secretary To the Reader About NCDHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Why National Dalit Watch? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 National Dalit Watch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The Premise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Inclusion monitoring studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Glimpse into Discrimination in Disasters . . . . . . . . . . 8 Promising practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 - Preparing for the survey: a collective process - Advocacy & Lobby - Vulnerability Mapping and Inclusion Monitoring Main Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Reports & Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Dalit Watch in news-Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The Way Ahead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  3. 3. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12Words from the General SecretaryDocumented experiences of Super Cyclone in Orissa, Gujarat earthquake and Tsunami led tothe confirmation of the menace of caste based discrimination and exclusion being rooted in thewider society and that it was at work even in the times of disasters. The assumption on which thehumanitarian agencies, federal and state authorities, and the general society operate, that„disasters hit everyone equally‟ got shattered when we witnessed discrimination and exclusion ofDalits in disaster relief and rehabilitation. The Dalits and marginalised sections are morevulnerable to the effect of disasters for their already impoverished and outcast position in casteand class divided society.The need to evolve a tool or methodology became acute only after intervening in Bihar 2007floods. The intervention in Bihar reconfirmed the experience of dalit exclusion during earlierdisasters. Resultantly, in 2007, a group of organisations came together and formed a network formonitoring caste based discrimination during the 2007 and 2008 Kosi floods. And subsequently,to monitor disasters and advocate for policy changes, National Dalit Watch (NDW) wasconceptualised and instituted in 2009.Whatever the nature of disaster be, the tools have to be deployed to make sure that nodiscrimination happens in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Other marginalised social groups, theminorities are also susceptible to this form of exclusion. All the studies so far commissionedunder the NDW have helped us to develop a Vulnerability Mapping and Inclusion Monitoringtool (VM-IM) to enable the Dalit communities to claim their right to risk reduction/recovery andrehabilitation from the concerned authority.I am aware of the fact that it is still difficult for our society and people in this humanitarian sectorto openly accept and challenge this dehumanising practice of caste based discrimination inhumanitarian sphere and in general. However, proactive developments in this direction are beingmade at the international level, through various network partners of NCDHR. Advocacy byInternational Dalit Solidarity Network (IDSN) and Minority Rights Group International(MRGI) at the UN levels have been phenomenal. It is the result of our collaborative efforts withthe key humanitarian players in India, such as Sphere India, Christian Aid, Dan Church Aid,UNDP India and Cordaid that we to evolved the International Draft Guidelines for Addressing caste-based discrimination in humanitarian aid, supported by IDSN and EU.Through this report, we wish to share glimpses of the key work highlights from our DRR deskfrom the time of its institution. I deeply acknowledge the work done by our extended self,namely, Dalit Watch Bihar, Dalit Watch-Andhra Pradesh, Human Rights Forum for DalitLiberation-Karnataka, Rural Volunteers Centre in Assam and Action for Rural Upliftment andPlanning (ARUP) in Orissa. I also acknowledge the efforts and work of the national team inNew Delhi for their anchoring role of the entire unit.I look forward to your feedback and suggestions to help us improve in our workIn solidarity,N. Paul Divakar, General Secretary NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  4. 4. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12TO THE READERThe period from October 2009-March 2012 is marked with numerous fast paced activities in the statesand at the NDW secretariat. The studies commissioned during this time period have demystified theneutral approach of the state and humanitarian agencies in disasters by laying bare the hidden forms(though visible enough to sensitive eyes) of discrimination and caste prejudices in different phases ofdisaster management.The issue defines the harsh reality of Discrimination by Default animate in our society. This compendiumpresents the unkindest facts of the covert inhuman practices spreading its wings during emergencysituations. The report showcases the collaborative work done by the state counterparts and NationalDalit Watch together, ever since they recognised and acknowledged the menace in Tsunami and Kosifloods. Together we decided to act against it, resulting in several important relief and rehabilitationmonitoring studies in recent disasters in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Assam (2009) and Delhi (2010).The Promising Practices section highlights the essential preparatory work done for commissioning allmonitoring studies, the considerations borne in mind to make it all „inclusive‟ and Dalit led/facilitated.Then will come some of the major steps and initiatives taken under the aegis NCDHR, facilitated byNDW in making the state accountable and answerable to the plight of Dalits in disasters. At the sametime, this section will take you through the endeavours made to bring various disaster managementagencies, both government and humanitarian aboard on the issue. All this combined with the effortsmade to mobilise the media, to perform its designated role of building consciousness through its widereach.The Activities section describes the efforts made towards engaging and dialoguing with the authorities atthe regional, state and national levels. This section also lists out the NDW Publications. The sectionGlimpse into Discrimination in Disasters encapsulates some of the heart rending testimonies of the Dalitsurvivors of reported disasters of the faulty approach of disaster management agencies. Thesetestimonies speak volumes for violation of Dalits‟ right to a dignified life.We hope, as you delve further into the report, it will become clear why NCDHR decided to have aninitiative dedicated to overseeing the issue of Dalits in disaster, and what measures have been taken sofar, in sensitising the state and humanitarian agencies on the issue. The work done so far is just thebeginning, and has strengthened the foundation of the NDW to fight for the dignified lives andentitlements of Dalits by aiming at inclusive policies acknowledging their vulnerability in disasters, thustaking measures to build their resilience and preparedness to disasters. NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  5. 5. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 ABOUT NCDHRNational Campaign on Dalit Human Rights (NCDHR) is an effort to galvanize movements into arepresentation body that can collectively organize, educate, agitate and demand for endingdiscrimination once and for all in both government and civil societies. NCDHR is a forum launched in1998, committed to the elimination of discrimination based on caste. A democratic secular platform ledby Dalit women and men activists, with support and solidarity from movements and organizations,academics, individuals, people‟s organizations and institutions throughout the country who arecommitted to work to protect and promote human rights of Dalits.NCDHR had been anchored in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Orissa, Maharashtra, UttarPradesh, Punjab, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala,Assam, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry with the vision “To regain and establish the human dignity, rights andsecurity of Dalit Community”.In its first phase, NCDHR undertook interventions for raising visibility of Dalit issues at various levelsand has managed to successfully raise the visibility of Dalit issues at the state, national and internationallevel. Some of the key achievements during this phase were: - Massive Signature campaign with 25 lakh signatures submitted to the Prime Minister - The UNWCAR Durban Conference of 2001 - Dalit Swadhikar Rally conceptualised during the Dalit Sector Consultation at Hyderabad, started on 6 December 2003 - The Millennium Dalit Charter was released on 10th - 11th August 2005, at Jaipur, RajasthanIn phase two, NCDHR‟s work was instrumental in bringing the kind of international attention and mediacoverage, which has made many in India and around the world sit up and take notice of the injustice andoppression faced by Dalits. To name just a few, NCHDR had been involved in events such as the WorldConference Against Racism in South Africa („01), all World Social Forums, the historic 40-day DalitSwadhikar Rally across India converging into World Social Forum in Mumbai („04), the first ever publichearing on The Situation of the Dalits in India, at the European Parliament in Brussels (Dec ‟06), and thefirst International Conference on the Human Rights of Dalit Women at the Hague (Nov ‟06). Thepositive results of these efforts include the first-ever recognition of the Dalit Human Rights problem bythe United Nations (Aug 2001), the European Union (May „07), and the United States Congress (July„07), important events which have increased international pressure on the Government of India toaddress the serious Dalit issues it has up to now paid only lip-service to.In phase three, NCDHR sought foremost to hold the State responsible for not checking the „impunity‟being enjoyed by non-Dalits in the criminal justice administrative system. Specifically, we challenge theState and its justice delivery mechanism, including the Human Rights institutions that are in place, toactually implement and enforce its constitutional and legislative measures to safeguard, protect andpromote the basic human rights of Dalits. During this phase, the emphasis was on grass-rootsmobilization, linking and strengthening campaigns, alliance building, and systematic monitoring andadvocacy of atrocities against Dalits to pressure the Criminal Justice system to act. 1 NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  6. 6. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12WHY NATIONAL DALIT WATCH?NCDHR learned of rampant caste discrimination during the Indian Ocean Tsunami in Tamil Nadu(2004) and made visits to the affected regions, following which a comprehensive study wasconducted by *International Dalit Solidarity Network of Netherlands. Subsequent to the field visit aNational Public Hearing was jointly organized by together with Human Rights Forum for DalitLiberation (HRFDL) and Dalit Mannurimai Kootamaippu (DMK), on Discrimination against Dalits inTsunami Relief and Rehabilitation, at Nungampakkam, Chennai, in August 2005. More than 1000Dalit victims from the whole of Tamil Nadu participated in the Public Hearing. NGOs and otherDalit organizations working in the coasts of Tamil Nadu also took part extensively.Eventually, NCDHR took up many advocacy interventions together with HRFDL viz. appealing tothe governmental and non governmental bodies, reporting the situation and submitting memorandato high officials, organizing meetings, workshops, seminars and demonstrations to ensure that theTsunami-affected Dalits had an equal opportunity to rebuild their lives and communities. TheNational Public Hearing was one of the major social action programmes to ensure justice toTsunami hit Dalit survivors.The inspiration and motivation to initiate the NDW has undoubtedly emerged from the learning andachievements of Dalit Watch – Bihar (DW-B). Initially with Dalit Samanway, a flash survey wasdone in 1970 villages in 123 blocks in 11 districts which confirmed the discrimination. A platformwas formed with organizations and networks - Bchpan Bachao Andolan, Baarh Sukhad MuktiAndolan, Dalit Samanway, Lokshakti Sangathan, and Nari Gunjan from Bihar, spearheaded andsupported by NCDHR and PRAXIS (Patna). DW-B monitored the status of inclusion of Dalitcommunities in relief and rehabilitation, and came out with a report which described the serioussituation of the Dalits in all the flood affected districts, and exposed exclusion and discrimination allalong in 2007*. This was explored systematically and scientifically through a relief audit thatscanned 205 relief camps in five districts as well as a study on community managed disaster riskreduction in September 2008*. These reports were perhaps the first of their kind and served as toolsof advocacy. The NDW works collaboratively with organizations striving for the protection ofhuman rights, and those particularly working for Dalit human rights during disaster situations. * G. Timothy., ‘Making things Worse: How Caste-Blindness in an Indian Post Tsunami recovery has exacerbated vulnerability and exclusion, (2007) * *The Affected and the Relief & Rehabilitation-Status report on Bihar Flood, 2007 * For a Morsel of Life! (2008) 2 NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  7. 7. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 NATIONAL DALIT WATCH Instituted to work at the national and state level, NDW is currently aligned OUR OBJECTIVES:- with the like minded organisations working on the issue of exclusion/inclusion in the flood prone states of Bihar, Assam, Andhra - ENSURE a truly inclusive disaster preparedness Pradesh and Karnataka for a truly inclusive and egalitarian disaster mechanism; response and preparedness. For this, NDW is working towards developing a refined tools and methods to identify; expose and document this form of - GET in place a just system discrimination. of Recovery and Rehabilitation; Components of collaborative work with state counterparts have included providing assistance in documentation, information dissemination, - DEVELOP vulnerability accompaniment to the field, periodic meetings, capacity building in latest mapping tool which would disaster management techniques and practice of Community Managed also assist other Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR), facilitation in state level advocacy, organizations in assessing campaign and lobby. causes of vulnerability of the socially excluded NDW enables Dalits‟ rights organizations, local activists and the sections; & community leadership in various parts of the country to effectively monitor discrimination and exclusion during disasters. All this, with the objective of - ADVOCATE for policies having inclusive policies and guidelines in place, by acknowledging the and legislation that existence of Dalits and their vulnerability in disasters, owing to their social recognize discrimination positioning. At the national level through advocacy and lobby means, which exists by default, and NDW works towards instituting a policy environment that recognizes such thereby, make it imperative for state and its agencies to discrimination and defines entitlements of survivors in a manner that makes have a special focus on the the state accountable. inclusion of Dalits and other marginalizedDalit Watch Bihar is a network of Dalit-focused organizations in Bihar, formed in response to communities in DRR.the severe floods of 2007. The network comprises Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Baadh Sukhad Mukti Andolan, Dalit Samanvay, Lok Shakti Sangathan, Nari Gunjan and Praxis (Patna).Apart from disaster risk reduction work, these individual organisations work on child rights, Dalit girls education (particularly of Musahar caste girls), land and water rights, right to information and participatory approaches to sustainable development. The Human Rights Forum for Dalit Liberation - Karnataka (HRFDL-K) members belong to the Dalit community. Its Karnataka-based activists have been active members of various social movements, particularly Dalit Sangharsh Samiti. It was conceived to accelerate the Dalit struggle in Karnataka with a human rights perspective. The interventions include land struggle, panchayat election campaign, campaign for justice in caste violence and violence against Dalit women, right to education of Dalit children, food security, right to health campaign, campaigns for SC/ST hostels, implementation of reservation especially in the WHOM WE WORK private sector and struggle against the impacts of globalisation. WITH? Rural Volunteers Centre, Assam is one of the leading grass roots organizations of North East India committed towards promoting self-sustaining development initiatives, determined bypeople‟s needs, choices and priorities and capitalizing on local skills and resources. The worksof RVC mainly focus on promoting appropriate technology, creating opportunities and spaces for learning through practices of the local people, value addition to the traditional livelihood practices, educating policy and promoting advocacy works. Dalit Watch Andhra Pradesh is an amalgam of several community based, state and national level organisations, namely, Sakshi Human Rights Watch, Dalit Bahujan Sramik Union .A.P. (DBSU), Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation (MVF), Confederation of Voluntary Associations (COVA), Bhavita, PARA, OOTA, ROADS, SAFE, PREACHERS, SPEAR, and Indira Chaitanya Mahila Mandali. These constituents work on issues of Dalit economic empowerment, implementation of SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, women self help groups, capacity building, child rights, education, agriculture and labour rights and so on. 3 NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  8. 8. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 2009-10 THE PREMISE As said above, the key learning from the DW-Bihar experience of monitoring the 2007 and 2008 floods formed the premise for NDW‟s work. These THE MODUS OPERANDI learnings are:- Capacity building of frontline staff with 1. Dalits live in secluded habitations outside the main village thus limiting contemporary applications in CMDRR and Monitoring, for inclusion of their access to the mainstream society which is apt to have better access excluded Dalit victims in disaster to information and infrastructure. By the very location of habitation they recovery and rehabilitation have lower access to information, public education, disaster resilient infrastructure or communication for immediate action.- Inclusion monitoring (rapid assessment and full fledged) studies during and 2. The livelihood situation of Dalits, dependent on wage labour coming post disaster from working for the dominant castes, without assets, are particularly vulnerable to hazards when their ability to access daily employment is- Filing of RTI applications to gather affected. Any protracted lack of employment exposes them to the danger required information on disaster relief of hunger, starvation and ill health. and rehabilitation.- Submission of memoranda to 3. The norms of untouchability also place many limitations on how Dalits concerned authorities can access safety, security or relief during disaster. Continuing societal norms of pollution in using common water sources, common dining and- National, State and regional level common place for accommodation are prevalent in the minds of non advocacy and campaigns for securing Dalits propel Dalits to keep out of the way of non Dalits owing to fear of entitlements and compensation to the reprisals and conflicts. excluded victims 4. They often live in unsafe conditions that expose them more severely to- Organisation of Dalit survivors into disasters. There are very few infrastructure provisions or community cadre of volunteers, awareness building and engagement with political leaders facilities in these habitations and protection in times of disaster is a serious problem.- Engaging with the CSOs, INGOs, NGOs, UN agencies, bi-lateral and 5. With the poverty situation, the nutrition and health conditions of Dalits multi-lateral agencies for wider are poorer and their resistance to illnesses low. Anaemia, malnutrition endorsement of the problem and and other ailments also make them more vulnerable. Combined with the collective actions unhealthy conditions of their living, they are most prone to suffer the outbreak of diseases in times of disaster. The learning generated an advocacy agenda for NDW for equity and inclusion in disaster management to (i) Put in place just and inclusive mechanisms of pre-disaster warning; (ii) relief services during disaster and (iii) post disaster recovery and rehabilitation. „Discrimination by default‟ is as much an issue as discrimination by norm and intent and is prevalent both within the civil society and administration. Even in cases where there is no intentional bias against Dalit communities, the lack of knowledge about their vulnerabilities, not mapping these communities in the context of the disaster and prevalent norms of operations result in the administration not taking up the cause of Dalit and other marginalized “We lost our ration cards to communities in times of disaster. Often this is also co-existent and the floods, and are not accentuated with the overt and covert dominant community bias and pressures, shoeing away Dalits from channels and means of gathering pre- getting regular rations from disaster warning and relief and rehabilitation benefits. the dealer because he does not accept the temporary A series of disasters, including the Gujarat earthquake (2001), tsunami (2004), cards issued to us by the Bihar floods (2007 and 2008), Assam floods over several years (particularly authority, despite being 2009), Andhra Pradesh (2009) and Yamuna floods (2010), have highlighted instructed by the Mandal the degree to which, by virtue of their inherent socio-economic Revenue Officer”. vulnerability, Dalits have been systematically excluded from relief and rehabilitation efforts. 4 NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  9. 9. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 2009-10THE MONITORING STUDIESTHE RATIONALEGiven the above scenario, and having ascertained the practice ofexclusion and discrimination, in Andhra Pradesh, two studies wereundertaken in 2009 and 2010 respectively, and in March 2010,Karnataka flood study was conducted. Later in the year 2010, Delhireceived heavy rainfall and water from the Hathnikund barrage ofHaryana, which resulted in floods. Some parts of Bihar alsowitnessed flood situation when river Gandak breached its coursein tesame year. The studies commissioned look at the pre-existingvulnerabilities of these victims, their socio-economic background, theperils and troubles they have been landed into post floods.The specific objectives of conducting studies in *AP and *Karnataka areas below:-- To monitor whether the authorities gave relief to the affected Dalitswith dignity;- To verify whether there was any discrimination in givingrelief;- To figure out if Dalits received equal attention and care as did theupper caste people when the relief operations were underway;- To check whether the temporary shelters erected by the governmentwere helpful and compensation given against the losses wassufficient; &- To find out about the plight of women and children in particular.The surveys conducted soon after the Yamuna floods in Delhi* andGandak river floods in Bihar had the following objectives:--To assess the efforts made by the government to mitigate thelooming threat of floods;-Steps advanced in providing relief to the Dalits and othermarginalized sections;-To assess the extent of damage borne by the Dalit and othermarginalised sections;-To find out if any scientific damage assessment was carried out bythe officials following the floods. *Report on Monitoring Exclusion of Dalits in Relief and Rehabilitation Interventions following AP floods, 2009 ‘The Excluded in Relief & Rehabilitation’, following the AP floods, 2009 [phase II] *The Uncertainties of life…living through waters of dejection, 2010 5 NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  10. 10. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 2009-10 ` Floods in Andhra Pradesh, October 2009 Past experiences of discrimination of Dalits and media reporting on the same in rescue and relief operations during the 2009 floods in AP had alerted the Civil Society Organisations concerned about Dalit rights. e This resulted in the constitution of Dalit Watch-AP. Sudden depressions in Bay of Bengal caused heavy downpour in the catchment areas of Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers causing heavy flooding of the state of Andhra Pradesh. A survey was conducted by Dalit Watch AP, covering 308 villages of the 565 affected villages of five districts, namely, Karnool, Mahboobnagar, Nalgonda, Krishna and Guntur, from 20-26 October 2009. In 60% of the SC and ST habitations the people weren‟t aware of the government relief package. The second phase survey was conducted covering two most badly affected districts, Kurnool and Mehboobnagar, from 23 February-2 March 2010, at the behest of the Principal Secretary to the Chief Minister. It was found that a significant proportion of Dalits had not received the immediate relief of essential commodities as per the Calamity Relief Fund (CRF) norms. Quite a substantial number of SCs and STs had not received compensation for loss of their belongings, and many families went non-enumerated in the lists of compensation. With the findings of the studies, DW-AP has engaged in a dialogue with political leaders and responsible authorities from the block to state levels, for making them to take corrective steps to register the material and human losses and damages suffered by Dalit victims. The activities conducted to strike a dialogue with these authorities will be learnt in the later section. Floods in Karnataka, October 2009 Almost five months after the devastation, a study was undertaken in the worst-hit district, Bijapur. Many Dalits regretted how the local officials favoured people of their own caste and ill-treated the Dalits. 75% of the respondents assented to the question of discrimination during the distribution of the relief material, and an overwhelming 92% of the Dalits denied suitable compensation. The floods had only worsened the drudgery of the everyday life of the women. The main reasons behind this dissatisfaction was lack of proper survey of Dalit colonies, lack of scientific and professional assessment of the damage caused by the“The local officials were floods, and of course, large-scale corruption especially at the local level. reluctant to visit our The sheds constructed to house the victims immediately after the floods turned out to be inhospitable for Dalits as most of them were chasedDalit basti to assess the away by the so called upper caste people. damage caused by floods („09) and In pursuance of the matter, HRFDL-K has filed RTI applications, heldenumerate our losses”. direct mass programmes to protest against non-compliance of the authorities to the rehabilitation code, and got the State Human Rights Commission to acknowledge the negligence on the part of the administration, amounting to violation of basic human rights of Dalits. 6 NDW-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  11. 11. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 2009-10The Yamuna floods, Sept-Oct 2010NDW commissioned a weeklong survey from 19-25 October, stretchingover three locations, Shastri Park, Vijay Ghat and Mayur village (ChillaKhadar village), covering 409 families in the jhuggi-jhonpri (JJ)clusters. The idea was to ascertain the extent of inclusion/exclusion ofDalits in relief and rehabilitation measures during the Yamuna floodsof 2010. Before embarking on the study, the social category of thevictims was not known, and it was only after fact finding visits made tobadly affected regions of Delhi that the caste dynamics unfolded.Amongst the worst affected households in these JJ clusters, 79%belonged to the Dalits, followed by the second highest prevalence ofOther Backward Castes (OBC) at 14%. The Yamuna floods haddecimated every shack on its plain. These areas were found to bepredominated by Dalits (42%) from UP and Bihar (18%), settled inDelhi for over 50 years, cultivating the river bed.During the survey, the inconsistencies and flaws in the relief operationcame to light apart from the deep sense of loss faced by the survivors.The compensation and entitlements of the survivors are yet to beknown from the Delhi government, for as of now, there has been nosuch announcement. Critical evaluation of facts helped to establish thesuccess of the mechanism and steps taken by the Delhi government inmaking the lives and property of the victims secure.In order to chalk out specific strategies to demand the entitlements ofthe Yamuna flood affected people in 2010, a preliminary meeting of allconcerned organizations and individuals was arranged, on January7,2011, at NCDHR. With this meeting, the process of gatheringrepresentation/applications from the victims and their submission andmeeting with the authorities was mutually decided upon. Since then,community consultations have been conducted and periodical visitsmade to the locations surveyed to organise the communities to facilitatetheir application for compensation and entitlements. Applications forcompensation have been received from the survivors.The Gandak floods, Sept-Oct 2010Gandak River breached its embankment at village Simariya (blockBaraulli) on the 19 September 2010, inundating many villages, whichhad not seen floods for quite long. With the monitoring experience of the “We were charged for2008 Kosi floods, DW-B set out to monitor the situation and damagesincurred by Dalits and other marginalised communities, from 8-13 receiving governmentOctober „10, across five blocks in district Gopalganj, namely, Gopalganj boat services whichSadar, Majhagar, Sidhwalia, Kutchai Kot and Barauli. Approx. 6000 we could ill-families, inclusive of Dalits and minorities were covered. The study afford…hence, had torevealed that the administration swung into action only after the fall out forego our householdof the embankment, while preventive measures were not taken to avoid belongings”.the deluge. 7 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  12. 12. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12Though loss of life and other assets at homewas found to be minimal, affect to the huts and Thane cyclone Social audit and Inclusion Monitoringcrops, severely hit the Dalits, taking away theirdwelling place and livelihood as daily wage Thane Cyclone wrecked havoc in the state of Tamil Nadu in Decemberearners 2011, badly hitting the districts of Cuddalore, Villupuram and Pondicherry. Spurred by the media reports of atrocities against Dalits and past Even after 5 days of the cyclone, when the documented evidences of CBD and exclusion during the tsunami in Tamil Nadu in 2004, NDW conducted the social audit through a team of social electricity was not restored, the villagers activists to look into the situation of Dalits. The social audit re-confirmedapproached the Panchayat president who denied the same tragic state of affairs for Tamil Nadu, leading to extreme forms of supporting them stating that they didn‟t vote exclusion, thus exacerbating vulnerability of Dalits by manifold. The social for him, and they shouldn‟t ask him any favors. audit in the district of Cuddalore highlighted yet again that location of With no water supply restored on 7th January, public tube wells (with or without raised platforms), cyclone/flood shelters, villagers Mr. Murugan and Jayachanran went to distribution centres, etc. are often decided on the basis of perceived meet the Panchayat president at the Panchayat physical access without taking in to consideration the aspect of social office where there were several people in the access. room. When they enquired about the water Subsequently, an Inclusion Monitoring survey was also undertaken in the supply and electricity, the Panchayat president districts of Cuddalore and Villupuram, across 40 identified Dalit villages rudely abused them mentioning them their having around 2000 households, through 30 trained volunteers, which also caste. When they got upset and tried to leave, included TISS students. The study was commissioned with assistance fromthe group tried to tie them up and slapped them, local organizations and our CMDRR network associates, Kalvikendra, but with help from other villagers the duo were Hope and HelpAge India. released. Inclusion Monitoring in Odisha floods 2011In village Ameipala of Block Mahakalapara,Kendrapara, Bidulata, a widow with two married Odisha also witnessed an intense flood situation in the year 2011. Itsons and their children, came to know of the affected 19 districts, of which, the situation in Puri, Kendrapara,flood with unceasing barking of the dog. She lost Jagatsinghpur, Jajapur and Cuttack districts was more critical. Knowing of the state‟s following of the caste system and documented evidences of CBDeverything to the flood, and her name didn‟t and exclusion during the Orissa Super Cyclone of 1999, NDW, along witheven feature in the damaged houses its local partners like Action for Rural Upliftment and Planning (ARUP),enumeration list of the government. Moreover, REISWA, CSJD and VICALP monitored government‟s rescue and reliefshe was persuaded by a local leader to give operations to assess their reach to SC/ST for getting her name enumerated in thelist. The immediate objectives of the surveys were to (i) assess the process of relief of the government during the Thane cyclone and Orissa floods; and At the time of flood, Bijay, of village Sansidha of (ii) assist the communities in accessing entitlements from the authorities,Aul block, approached the Anganwadi worker for besides the long term advocacy with the humanitarian stakeholders and governments to make DR-DRR responsive and inclusive to Dalits. relief. The Anganwadi worker belonging to the upper caste did not open the door for him at In Orissa, about 1400 individual applications for compensation of Dalit first. After much persuasion, the Anganwadi victims have been filed in Kendrapara alone, supplemented by application worker gave him poor quality chuda (flat rice) under RTI Act, which are being followed up regularly through state and rice, on consuming which Bijay‟s family personnel and special core group constituted for the purpose of inclusion suffered with diarrhea and dysentery .No monitoring in the state, who meet regularly to review and plan way ahead. medical assistance too was available at hand.TSUNAMI („04) BIHAR FLOODS (‟07), KOSI FLOODS(‟08) AP & KARNATAKA FLOODS („09), YAMUNAFLOODS IN DELHI (‟10), THANE CYCLONE IN TAMILNADU & ODISHA FLOODS (‟12) 8 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  13. 13. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 A Glimpse into… DISCRIMINATION IN DISASTERS“I delivered my baby amid flood and rain under the open sky…”The village Balipatana is situated near the catchment area of river In East Champaran, Dalits were compelled toBrahmani. The total population of the village is more than 6000, of which drink flood water after being beaten up by thefive to six hundreds are Dalits. The flood had gutted the entire village, and dominant castes for fetching water in theironly four boats were provided to the Panchayat for two villages. The two locality, when their hand pump wasboats were captured by dominant caste and used by the followers of a submerged in floods.particular political party. In these circumstances, Puspa Jena, wasundergoing labour and her condition required immediate medical “The local officials demandes a part of theassistance. The nearby hospital being 4 KM away from the village, her compensation first and then tell us how muchbrother, rushed to the village head for help. The village head when we are going to get. Because of our caste, wereproached, denied help saying the boats were provided for plying relief weren‟t given shelter.”material, and not for medical use. On consistent pleading, Pushpa wasrefused assistance saying she was a Dalit. Amidst chaos and lack of medical The families that were given temporary tinattention, she delivered in unhygienic condition. Moreover, her name could sheds by the government are suffering fornot be enumerated for benefits under the schemes of Mamata and Janani want for basic amenities like toilets.Surakshya yojana as she delivered at her house. “I could not procure a tent for my family Odisha flood, 2011 during floods, whereas, some families“The floods washed away my eight-year-old daughter and I lost my second child possessed extra numbers; nor could we gettoo. Both my children have left me in pain. I don‟t know what to live for.” food… because we are Muslims.”25-year-old Dyamavva Ravikanth of Arjunagi, one of the worst flood-hit “We had to either purchase fodder on pricesvillages in Bijapur district, lost her two children to the floods. The floods ranging from Rs.150-250 per sack, or had toencircled her village when she was in the last few days of her second offer bribe to the gate keepers of publicpregnancy. Even as her husband was struggling to shift her to a safer place, gardens to seek permission to cut somethe couple saw their little daughter being washed away by the floods. A grass… the government had no arrangementcouple of days later, Dyamavva saw the girl‟s body floating in the stagnant at all for the livestock.”water some miles away from her village. A few days later, she delivered ababy boy only to see the newborn succumb to an undiagnosed illness a few The tents and food were not properlydays later. What could be possibly asked of a woman who has lost two distributed to all victims spread acrosschildren to the floods and is still waiting for compensation? different locations. This excluded those that stayed up on the embankment and those“We saw loads of relief material being offloaded from trucks. But the local trapped in the interiors.officials (the tahsildar and the village accountant) made sure that only the uppercaste people got it and we were left behind.” A sizeable proportion of school going children lost their school books due to which theyAccording to Peerappa Madar of Bijapur, although the entire village could not resume school after floods. Also,suffered huge losses in the floods, the Dalit families received paltry water logging and overflowing open pits oncompensation ranging from Rs 500 to Rs 3,000 apart from five kilos of rice. the road made parents hold back their wardsIn contrast, many upper caste families got up to Rs 37,000 as compensation. to avoid any risks of falling into those.The situation wasn‟t any better at the gruel centre either. Since Arjunagiwas one of the worst-affected villages in Bijapur district, the centre was run TSUNAMI („04) BIHAR FLOODS (‟07), KOSI FLOODSfor nearly 15-20 days. Dalits were made to queue up for hours on end while (‟08) AP & KARNATAKA FLOODS („09), YAMUNAthe upper caste people, especially women and children, were given the FLOODS IN DELHI (‟10), THANE CYCLONE In TAMILpriority. The plight of Dalit children was even more heart-rending as they NADU AND ODISHA FLOODS (2011-12)had to eat out of their parents‟ plates and were even reduced to begging. 9 Karnataka floods, October 2009 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  14. 14. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12PROMISING PRACTICES While at work, certain strategic steps have been taken in order to visibalise the issue before the agencies and authorities concerned. A series of activities were conducted which have helped in establishing the need before the CSOs, NGOs and the UN agencies to address the issue of caste based discrimination and exclusion, by default or by design, in all their approaches to the DRR work. These activities and practices have also helped bring synergy between the work done at the community level, state and the national levels. Some such practices are:- 1. PREPARING FOR THE SURVEY: A COLLECTIVE PROCESS a. Adequate preparation: Demographic information of the area, socio- economic profile, history of caste-based oppression / atrocities etc. The deciding factors for selection of flood affected areas were predominantly the scale of damage and devastation of human lives and the social composition of the areas. It is inevitable to possess demographic information of the area and its socio-economic profile before planning any intervention. In the process of equipping oneself with all these basic and vital information the pre-existing vulnerabilities of the affected masses was equally focussed and is handy with the researchers. Thereby, building perspective and capturing the deep rooted causes of the marginalisation. In the context of Dalits, the generational discrimination is well known to all. The need was to find out what forms of discrimination prevailed in the affected localities, practiced both by the upper castes people and the officials, be it by default or age old caste bias. In all monitoring studies, such information was sought from the local organisations and groups operating in the areas, and through intensive research on the issue and the community. All this information helps in strategically planning out the survey in Dalit colonies. b. Vulnerability Mapping & Inclusion Monitoring Manual (monitoring through Dalit lens) Developed community friendly Vulnerability Mapping & Inclusion Monitoring frameworks for tracking down caste-induced vulnerabilities for inclusion in Disaster Response and Risk Reduction programme of the government and humanitarian organisations. The training manual lays down a process of tracking and assessing the specific vulnerabilities of Dalits. In the process, the communities will be able to identify the key government authorities obligated to meet their needs and demands in (i) pre- disaster (ii) during disaster; and (iii) post disaster scenario. The manual primarily aims at engaging the community volunteers in assessing their own vulnerabilities associated with caste and other factors, and thereby taking measures to approach the authorities for their entitlements, and preparedness to hazards/ disasters. The VM-IM tools have been evolved in association with Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) network of organisations under Cordaid, the Netherlands to The optimum utility of the VM-IM frameworks is envisaged to be a mechanism whereby information thus generated would feed into the process of formation of inclusive District Disaster Management Plans. 10 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  15. 15. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12c. Pilot applications of VM-IM tools in the field The VM-IM tools have been piloted in the flood affected regions of NDWinterventions in Mehboobnagar, Kurnool, Vijaynagaram and Prakashamdistricts of Andhra Pradesh, Raichur, Yadagir and Bijapur districts inKarnataka, Jorhat and Lakhimpur districts in Assam, and Kendrapara andJajpur districts in Orissa. About 25-30 trained volunteers constitute taskforces in each of the states. The process of identification of volunteers is anongoing continuous process to train as many as possible and available forthe same, thereby ensuring the task forces always have the required strength.Pilot application of VM-IM has generated additional information and factson forms of exclusion of Dalits in DR-DRR. This exercise has helpedcommunity identify their vulnerabilities and has created rights awarenessamong them. The authorities have been approached with supplementarymemoranda and victims compensated with housing in Bijapur district,Karnataka. Applications have also been filed in Orissa for the first time forentitlements of the victims after inclusion monitoring survey as people hadno knowledge whatsoever about the compensation packages andmechanisms of the state.d. Confluence of human rights groups, activists and organisationsHaving started the work through a coalition in Bihar, which helped in theexchange of each organisation‟s expertise and knowledge base, consciousefforts have been made by the organisations in the states to work incoalitions. The organisations in coalition have different target groups andmandates. Yet when these like organisations came together, they brought inthe added value to the work for securing entitlements for disaster victims.While DW-B and Andhra Pradesh are constituted of state levelorganisations and a union, HRFDL-K has support of field activists and localorganisations and CBOs. In this process, the communities and Dalitcommunity leaders have been educated about the entitlements. Withfacilitation from these entities, the survivors‟ communities have beenorganised and empowered to approach the local authorities. Engagement ofa coalition and a union on the issue has enriched the entire process ofsubsequent follow ups on the situation of victims at the block and districtlevels. This has also strengthened the survivors to claim their entitlements,facilitating leadership among Dalit victims. 11 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  16. 16. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 2. ADVOCACY & LOBBY Public Interest Litigation for Entitlements against 2009 Floods to the excluded Dalit victims of, Andhra Pradesh 3.1. I. Engaging with the stateAfter having extensively followed up 3.2.with the authorities on entitlements of 3.3. After having gathered evidences and testimonials to prevalent casteDalit victims post 2009 floods, Dalit biases in the relief and rehabilitation during some these recent disasters,Watch-Andhra Pradesh has taken to advocacy and lobby measures are being taken at diverse levels, to securelegal recourse after undue silence of the entitlements of the victims and make the existing policies and guidelinesauthorities in the matter. A Public inherently inclusive to Dalits and other vulnerable sections. TheInterest Litigation (W.No. 46 of 2012) is endeavours are summed up below:-filed in the Hyderabad High Court, for notjust praying the government to pay the - NDW representative participated in the „DDMP District levelcompensation to the victims, but alsoinitiate action against the concerned Stakeholders‟ Consultation‟ at Madhubani, Bihar, in 9-11 June 2011,authorities under Section 61 of the Disaster organized by Sphere India. NDW‟s participation was called upon forManagement Act, 2005, and under the ensuring inclusion of concerns pertaining to Dalits and otherprovisions of the Scheduled Castes and marginalized groups in the process of formulation of DDMP. BesidesScheduled Tribes (Prevention of ongoing dialogue for the same, NDW has provided inputs to SphereAtrocities) Act, 1989, for discriminating India‟s Madhubani DDMP model Stakeholder plan for Dalit and Tribaland excluding the Dalit families from Associations. DDMP process is one where the national disasterenumerating their losses. The case is management law in the country mandates consultation with thepending in the state High court. community and CSOs for people‟s concerns and needs to reflect in plans for decentralised and proper management of disasters. -Constitution of Information & Action centres (IACs) in 11 districts of Bihar, envisioned being a model that would be an antecedent for an effective community–state interface at the Panchayat, block and district levels. IACs intervene on specific exclusion instances in disasters by getting into dialogue with local village level administration; paying adequate attention to other important issues impacting the lives of Dalits, such as the implementation of NREGA. Besides exercising pressure on the authorities, IACs report on the basis of disaggregated data for all the vulnerable groups, mainly Dalits, women, disabled, children and aged, particularly belonging to the marginalized communities. -Continuous engagement with the Principal Secretary to Chief Minister, AP, (resulting into second phase survey) and dialogue with Karnataka State Human Rights Commission, and the Backward Class Commission; persistent work with the officials comprising the Commissioner of Disaster Management, Block Revenue Officers, Village Revenue officers, Executive Director of Housing Corporation, Commissioner Panchayat Raj, the Commissioner and Additional Commissioner of Disaster Management, Commissioner of Civil Supplies and the District Revenue officers. 3.4. - Letters to the Chief Minister and Governor of Karnataka, bringing the issue to their cognizance and seeking the timeline set for providing (63,000) houses to the flood victims by the government. HRFDL-K has demanded the constitution of the State Disaster Management Authority Despite several and formation of district level special task forces for immediate redress of complaints given by the issues pertaining to disaster management. Dalits to the concerned police officials, regarding - Submission of the declaration to the National Disaster Management the ill-treatment and Authority by a team of delegates comprising representatives of the CSOs, discriminatory having met with the Hon‟ble Member of NDMA. distribution of relief, none were registered. 12 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  17. 17. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 - Application under the Right to Information Act 2005 filed to the office of the Principal Secretary (Revenue)-cum- Divisional Commissioner, Delhi, seeking precise and detailed information regarding various aspects of flood control and disaster response work, as per the “Flood Control Order, 2009 and ‟10, of the Government of Delhi; and application to the Kollapur Block of Mehboobnagar in AP, seeking disaggregated record of the affected people belonging to SC/ST and Minority, their losses and corresponding compensations as per the CRF guidelines. - Submission of the Memoranda to the district collectors and other concerned officials in AP and Karnataka. - DW-AP is advocating and working on the framing of state‟s model rules on disaster management (with reference to the Juvenile Justice Act), demanding dignified and human treatment to Dalits in all respect.3.5. II. Drawing the civil society organisations and the media towards ‘inclusion’ 1. Addressing caste discrimination in Humanitarian Response NDW commissioned a study Addressing caste discrimination in Humanitarian Response, supported by IDSN and EU in the year 2011-12. It contains a draft framework for International Humanitarian Stakeholders for addressing CBD in Disaster Response (DR), and Good practices case studies from India on inclusion of caste affected groups in DRR intervention. The study extract was presented at the International Consultation on Caste-Based Discrimination, on 29 November - 1 December 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal and later in New Delhi, at the National Consultation, on 14-15 December 2011. The draft received inputs and comments from ECHO and the UNDP personnel at Delhi consultation which were incorporated in the final document. 2. National Consultation on „Addressing Caste Based Discrimination in Humanitarian Response‟, New Delhi NDW co-organised with Sphere India, Christian Aid-India, Oxfam and Cordaid, a National Consultation (NC) on „Addressing Caste Based Discrimination in Humanitarian Response‟, on the 14 and 15 of December 2011, in New Delhi. The primary objectives were to (i) take stock of the emerging context of inclusion in DR-DRR; (ii) elicit response/comments on the draft framework for making Dalit inclusion in DR-DRR possible under the study named „Draft Framework for Addressing caste based discrimination in humanitarian response‟; and (iii) extract inputs from humanitarian stakeholders for sharpening the VM-IM frameworks. The consultation observed active presence of Dr. Muzzaffar Ahmad, Hon‟ble Member, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), among other representatives, and members of European Commission Humanitarian Organisation (ECHO), United Nations Development Pprogramme (UNDP), International and domestic NGOs, several civil society representatives, social activists and academics. The forum witnessed reinforced commitment by the Member of NDMA to cater to the Dalits and other marginalized sections. ECHO senior personnel also expressed the interest in using the VM-IM tool in their assessments; asking for disaggregated data from their implementing agencies; and involving the presence of Dalits in their task forces in the field to ensure inclusion. 13 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  18. 18. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘123. Inclusion of Dalits: An agenda on 9th Sphere India Foundation Day eventThe 9th Sphere India Foundation Day, chaired by Dr. Muzzaffar Ahmad,Member, NDMA saw the agenda of Dalit inclusion in Humanitarianaction (HA) included in the programme, among other thematic issues forgroup discussion. NDW representative articulated the need for Collectiveadvocacy with Sphere networks and IAGs for recognition of caste inducedvulnerabilities in the Disaster Management Act and Rules, Guidelines andPolicy, as one of the points of the 5 core recommendations to SphereIndia‟s unified response for the year 2012. Sphere India being a coalitionof several expert and leading humanitarian organizations in India isalways a platform of strategic importance. Since Sphere India worksclosely with the NDMA, efforts are made to visibalise and articulate theissue at every forum of Sphere India, for the guaranteed presence ofNDMA Members on its panel. The need for collective advocacy withactive lead and support of Sphere India for inclusive legal mechanisms wasendorsed by other group members comprising representatives of ECHOand Save the Children among other organisations. 4. Deliberations with the ECHO, Sphere India and UNDPA series of important meetings have taken place from time to time in thistime period with the ECHO, UNDP and Sphere India. These dialogueshave been crucial for NDW for these leading and widely workingorganizations have the mandate of working for marginalised groups. Theagenda has been of working out modalities and possibilities of jointadvocacy for inclusive legal systems in India for disaster management, andinclusive humanitarian approaches.Meetings with UNDP‟s DRR wing have primarily been to discuss ways ofintegrating aspects of VM-IM tools into the existing vulnerabilityassessment formats of various organizations and UNDP members. Thesubsidiary agenda being to use the UN Solution exchange community onDisaster Management for highlighting critical issues of CBD in disasters,for inviting public opinion/comments and reactions to the same, to build astrong voice of consensus on the advocacy issues of NDW. UNDP hasbeen quite forthcoming in meeting with us and charting out a way aheadfor collective steps in taking the issue of exclusion to wider humanitarianactors through its online query posting, where NDW has posted queriespost Thane cyclone in Tamil Nadu 2011. (Ref. [se-drm] QUERY:Inclusion and Protection of Dalits in Disaster Response and RiskReduction-Advice, March 23, 2012)5. National consultation on, “Exclusion of Dalits in Disaster Risk ReductionInterventions- effective civil society monitoring”Co-organised with Sphere India on 18-19 June 2010, this event markedparticipation of representatives from NGOs, International NGOs, Memberof NDMA,, academics from TISS, and officers from the UN bodies, viz.the UNDP, to deliberate on the issue to conceive effective solutions for aninclusive disaster management mechanism. Such a consultation placingforward the issue of CBD in disasters was unique in its own way. Thedeclarations formulated received endorsement from the CSOs andinternational organisations working on the issues of Dalits and ethnicminorities. The declaration also was further developed in the IDSN-EUsupported study, mentioned above. (Available at - ) 14 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  19. 19. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 MAIN ACTIVITIES- Vulnerability Mapping & Inclusion Monitoring (VM-IM) workshop, 10-11 March 2011, NCDHR, New Delhi INTERMEDIATE ACHIEVEMENTS IN A NUTSHELL- Planning meeting for compensation of Yamuna flood victims on 07 Jan 2011, in NCDHR - Vulnerability Mapping-Inclusion Monitoring Tool- One day consultation to address the issues of Exclusion under Rescue and Relief Operation, 27 October 2010, Kurnool, AP - Creation of a committed and professional- Press Meet in district Kurnool, AP, 26 September 2010 cadre of monitors at every district, supported by the nodal / partner- Mass convention in Mahboobnagar, AP, 21 September 2010 organizations to monitor Dalit exclusion- Press Meet following Gandak Floods, Patna, Bihar, 20 September 2010 - Strengthened the advocacy agenda of- Mass Convention on Experiences of Dalit Communities in the wake of NDW nationally and internationally Disasters, 28 August ‟10, Patna, Bihar - Strategically important study- Public hearing , 21 August 2010, Bangalore, Karnataka „Addressing caste discrimination in humanitarian response‟- Press Meet in Hyderabad, on 7 July 2010- National Consultation on, “Exclusion of Dalit in DRR Interventions- - Inclusion agenda being mainstreamed Effective Civil Society Monitoring”, 18 & 19 June 2010, New Delhi into the Sphere humanitarian agenda- Coordination & Orientation meeting for Information and Action centres‟ - The issue is visibalised and articulated on monitors, 3rd February 2010, Patna, Bihar different crucial public forums and the- Consultation on Disasters, Discrimination & Dalit Rights, 4 -5 March 2010, NDMA leading to slow yet important Patna, Bihar dialogues - Total number of volunteers capacitated in VM-IM across Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Assam – 180 CHALLENGES - Sustainability of the programme, the structures and liabilities that it builds up - Unpreparedness among the legislative members in states to take up the issue of CBD in disasters due to difficult political terrains - Proactiveness of the government servants at all levels to engage and hostility of the bureaucrats is a risk 15 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  20. 20. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12REPORTS & PUBLICATIONS --The report of the Yamuna flood monitoring survey, “The uncertainties of life…living through waters of dejection” (soft version available in Hindi and English) - National Consultation on “Exclusion of Dalit in DRR Interventions” report - Report of the study conducted in AP, “The Excluded in Relief and Rehabilitation”, following October ‟09 floods - Report of the study conducted after floods in Assam in 2009 - For a Morsel of Life... Bihar Relief Camp report 2008 activities/Dalit_Watch_Report_on_Flood_Relief_Camps_in_Bihar_Oct%202008.pdf - The Resource Bank: This includes national and international disaster management initiatives, best practices in DRR and related subjects, Government circulars, orders, national and UN legal instruments pertaining to disaster management, schemes for SC/STs, documents related to inclusion in DRR abroad, national legislation, policies and rules of Disaster Management (updated regularly). - NCDHR Newsletters highlighting NDW„s work (accessible at: DALIT WATCH NEWS LINKS NDW reports on knowledge portal for Water and Environment related issues in India: Thane cyclone social audit report pondicherry-ndw-ncdhr/ Why are flood-hit homeless one year on, (28 August 2010) Dalits discriminated against in flood relief, says Dalit Watch (July 10, 2010) Flood-affected Dalits discriminated: Survey (July 10, 2010) Survey/articleshow/6149802.cms Dalits worst hit in floods-Andhra Pradesh (February 5, 2010) Devastated by floods, but drowned by corruption, Karnataka news (December 16, 2009) Caste Discrimination in Karnataka flood relief operations (November 9, 2009) 16 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  21. 21. Interventions October ‘09-March ‘12 THE WAY AHEADIn order to sustain its efforts, NDW, envisions achieving the followingobjective in the time to come:- - Amendments to the Disaster Management Act 2005 - Inclusive and People centric version of the SDRF/NDRF norms of compensation - Parliamentary advocacy - Inclusion in Climate Change & DRR discourse and programmes For more details log on 17 NDW- National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights