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Quantifiers Quantifiers Presentation Transcript

  • Quantifiers All/every, etc.
  • All, every, most
    • All plants need water.
    • All+a plural noun
    • All sugar is sweet.
    • All+an uncountable noun.
    • All has arrived.  WRONG
    • All can’t be used without a noun.
    • Everybody has arrived  RIGHT
    All + plural or uncountable noun  in general
  • All, every , most
    • All (of) the children in this class look happy.
    • All of you have got a big car.
    • All I’ve eaten today is a sandwich
    • All = the only thing I’ve eaten today.
    All (of) the + plural or uncountable noun  specific All of + object pronoun.
  • All, every, most
    • Most people love enjoying in their free time./Most pop music is fantastic.
    • Most = general
    • Most is a determiner. It can be used with a noun alone, or a noun with an adjective. It cannot be used directly together with another determiner (the, my, these…)
    • Most of the people in this class love enjoying their free time. // Most of your books are interesting.
    • Most of= specific
    • Together with of , it can be used before another determiner or another pronoun.
    • Most of you love enjoying in your free time.
    • Most of + object pronoun.
    • Most of people / the most people /most my friends  WRONG!!!
  • All, every, most
    • Every cup has got a picture .
    • I am free every Sunday.
    • We use every to say how often sth happens.
    • Eg. Every day/every week/every ten minutes .
    • She was here every day (she didn’t miss a day)
    • She was here all day. (the whole of the day)
    Every+ singular countable noun
  • All, every , most
    • Every & Each.
    • We want every child to succeed.
    • We are stressing the idea of a whole group. (between all and each) To talk about three or more, never two.
    • Each child will find his own personal road to success.
    • Each separates, we think of the people doing things separately, differently.To talk about two, or more.
    • Each sex has its own physical and psychological characteristics. ( NOT EVERY)
    • Every professional violinist practises for several hours a day.
    • Each violinist has his own way of playing the Beethoven concerto.
  • Zero quantities
    • Not....any is the most common way to talk about zero quantities.
    • Eg: There isn’t any milk in the fridge.
    • We can also use no+noun with an affirmative verb. A common way to use it is with there is and have .
    • Eg:There is no cheese in the fridge.
    • I have no money.
    • None is a pronoun so is used on its own (usually in short answers).
    • Eg: Is there any milk? None .
    • None of + pronoun
    • Eg: None of us are hungry.
  • Both, neither, either
    • Both Sarah and Joe are short. Neither Sarah nor Joe play basketball. Sarah wanted to play either tennis or football. In the end she played both sports.
    • Both= A and B
    • Either= A or B
    • Neither= not A not B.
    • Both: plural verb // Neither: singular/ plural
    • We are talking about two things.
    • Sarah and Joe both played tennis.
    • When both refers to the subject of a clause it can also be used before a main verb.
    • Neither of them saw the car.
    • Neither/both/ either + of + object pronoun.
  • Both, neither, either
    • Is he British or American? Neither. He’s Australian.
    • Do you want tea or coffee? Either . I don’t mind.
    • I couldn’t decide which one to choose. I liked both.
    • You can also use both/neither/either alone.