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Countable and uncountable nouns
 

Countable and uncountable nouns

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    Countable and uncountable nouns Countable and uncountable nouns Presentation Transcript

    • COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Some bread or a loaf of bread…
    • Countable or uncountable nouns
      • Uncountable nouns are, for example:
      • gold music blood excitement
      • Before uncountable nouns you can say the/some/any/much/this/his, etc.
      • the music/ some gold /much excitement /his blood
      • But you can also use uncountable nouns alone, with no article
      • Eg: This ring is made of gold
      • Blood is red (without the : talking in general)
      • Your T-shirt is getting dirty because of the blood (particular situation)
    • Countable or uncountable nouns
      • Many nouns can be used as countable or as uncountable nouns. Usually there is a difference in meaning.
      • -I bought a paper (=a newspaper, countable)
      • -I bought some paper (=material for writing on, uncountable)
      • - Iron is a metal of heavy weight. (=metal, uncountable)
      • -We need to buy a new iron. (=object, countable)
      • -We had many interesting experiences during our holiday
      • (=things that happened to us ,count.)
      • -You need experience for this job (=knowledge of something, uncount.)
    • The soup has got long dark hair.
    • Can you see a hair in this soup?
    • Countable or uncountable nouns
      • Other words that can be countable or uncountable (changing their meaning):
      • iron, wood, paper, fruit, chicken, business, gossip, toast, coffee
      • **We can say a coffee when it means a cup of coffee.
    • I love coffee !!
    • They always drink a coffee (=a cup of coffe) in the morning.
    • Countable or uncountables nouns
      • Nouns that are uncountable but often countable in other languages:
      • accomodation, behaviour, furniture, news, scenery, trouble, advice, bread, information, permission, traffic, weather, baggage, chaos, luggage, progress, travel, work
      • Typical uncountables:
      • Substances (iron, plastic…), liquids and gases (water, oxygen…), abstract ideas (happiness, anger…), mass/collection (furniture, luggage…)
    • Do you need some bread ?
    • Can I have a slice of bread ?
    • Plural nouns
      • There are some nouns that are always plural like: clothes, trousers, scissors, shorts, manners, etc.
      • They need a plural verb.
      • E.g: Your clothes are so cute!
      • If they consist of two parts, e.g. scissors, they can be sued with a pair of/ some:
      • E.g: I’ve just bought a pair of trousers.
    • Singular or plural?
      • We do not often use the plural of person (persons) .Instead we use people .
      • These nouns end in –s but they are not usually pluaral: mathematics, physics, economics, athletics, news, gymnastics,etc.
      • These nouns end in -s can be singular or plural: means, series, species.
      • E.g. a means of transport, many means of transport
      • Some singular nouns are often used with a plural verb (we think of them as a number of people ‘they’): government, staff, team, family, audience, committee.
      • **But a singular verb is also possible: The government is…
    • Singular or plural?
      • Sports teams are normally plural:
      • E.g. Manchester United are playing next week.
      • We always use a plural verb with the police :
      • E.g. The police have arrested Tom.
      • We sometimes use a plural noun with a singular verb: talking about a sum of money, period of time, a distance, etc.
      • E.g. Three years is a long time.
      • Five thousand pounds was stolen in the robbery.
    • Now you try!
    • -She has got very long black hair/hairs.
    • HAIR
    • -He had a very good weather/very good weather .
    • VERY GOOD WEATHER
    • -I want something to read. I’m going to buy a/some paper.
    • A PAPER
    • -It’s very difficult to find a work/job at the moment.
    • A JOB
    • -Bad news doesn’t/don’t make people happy.
    • DOESN ‘T
    • -The flat is empty.We haven’t got any furnitures/furniture yet.
    • FURNITURE
    • -I had to buy a/some bread .
    • SOME BREAD
    • The police is/are having a good time.
    • ARE
    • The staff aren’t / isn’t happy with the new working conditions.
    • AREN’T
    •