Connectors contrast and purposePresentation Transcript
Although I’m in class, I can’t concentrate, I’m miles away! I’m in class though I can’t concentrate, I’m miles away! (more informal than although)/middle of the sentence) I went to class even though I was ill (It is stronger than although, to express a big or surprising contrast) Although/even though/though+ clause
Don’t use of with despite!! NOT Despite of… In spite of / Despite + noun /-ing /the fact that +subj+verb In spite of/Despite his age, he is very active being 80, he is very active the fact that he’s 80, he’s very active.
CLAUSES OF PURPOSE
I went to the libary to borrow a book in order to borrow a book. so as to borrow a book. for a book. so that I could borrow a book.
I wrote it down so as not to forget it.
in order not to for get it.
so that I wouldn’t for get it.
So as not to /in order not to/ + infinitive
So that + subject+ wouldn’t
Eg: I wrote it down so that I wouldn’t forget it.
So that + subject + modal verb (would, could, can..)
For + noun
For + ing
(only when describing the exact purpose of a thing) Eg: This liquid is for cleaning metal.
To/in order to/ so as to + infinitive
In spite of looking like one´s living room, it’s just the bus-stop.
Although there is a tree in the middle of the parking space, drunk drivers may not even notice it.
Although this chinese man looks cool in that hair, the girl is not even looking at him.
In spite of the cold, the steam keeps the coffee hot.
Even though they are trying to create a sense of green in the centre of this city, nothing can replace a tree.
Connectors are easy to use ! Although I am alone here, I have a large gang of friends In spite of my age, I’ve already got a degree ! Look at me ! I can dance and use connectors at the same time